Colonial art & architecture

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Colonial art & architecture

  1. 1. Colonial Art & Architecture AP US History
  2. 2. PrimitiveJohn Brewster
  3. 3. PrimitiveWinthrop ChandlerCaptain Samuel Chandler, c. 1780
  4. 4. PrimitiveThe Denison Limner (Probably Joseph Steward)Elizabeth Denison, c. 1790
  5. 5. Primitive “The wolf shall also dwell with the lamb, andPeaceable Kingdom the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and theEdward Hicks (1780-1849) calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.” (Isa. 11:6)
  6. 6. West, Benjamin. The Death of General Wolfe 1770
  7. 7. Copley, John SingletonPaul Reverec. 1768-70
  8. 8. Copley, John Singleton Watson and the Shark 1778
  9. 9. Copley, John SingletonMr. and Mrs. Thomas Mifflin 1773
  10. 10. Copley, John Singleton
  11. 11. Plan - one room deep with prominentArchitecture 17th Century central chimney - a second story overhang on front and/or side with lean-to added to rear of building Doorway - entrance on long side of building - little concern for symmetry Windows - small - few in number - asymmetrically placed. - framed simply - usually casement - diagonal shaped leaded panes Roofline - steep pitch - many gables - massive central chimney Materials - timber frame construction - unpainted wood - narrow clapboards. Decoration - minimal
  12. 12. The Capt. John Turner House 1668“The House of the Seven Gables”
  13. 13. Furniture17th Century
  14. 14. Georgian Colonial 18th Century Plan -classical symmetry of floor plan and facade composition - central hall flanked by 1 or 2 rooms was common -central chimney replaced by end/side chimneys Doorway - main doorway often had a row of rectangular windows ( called "lights" ) in the door itself or above - columns capped by a cornice or triangular pediment frequently framed the door. -door had 6 or 8 panels with smaller panels in middle. Windows - double-hung sash - symmetrical placement - pedimented dormers Roofline - usually gambrel - sometimes gabled. Materials - wood or brick. Decoration - molded cornice - quoined corners
  15. 15. The Crowninshield Bentley House c.1727-30
  16. 16. P. Harrison: Redwood Library, Newport, RI, 1748-50
  17. 17. Furniture18th Century
  18. 18. Federal Early 19th Century Plan - usually a central hall plan, five-bay facade arrangement with central front door - symmetry of Georgian style retained Doorway - often semi-elliptical or semi-circular fanlight with flanking sidelights - frequently decorated by columns - semi-circular or rectangular porticos were common -Usually a six-panel door Windows - Narrow proportions with simple casing and slender mullions - often stone lintels over windows in brick examples Roofline - gable or shallow hip roof often hidden by balustrade - tall, slender chimneys appeared at ends of building Materials - wood or brick - sometimes flatboards on the front facade with brick on the sides and rear Decoration - simplicity and lightness of detail - more refined than the heavier Georgian style
  19. 19. The Peirce-Nichols House 1782, 1801
  20. 20. The Gardner-Pingree House 1805
  21. 21. FurnitureEarly 19th Century

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