8 April 1938 - Now (age 74)Seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations. From 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2006.
Born in 8th April 1938 in Kumasi, Ghana with a twin sister. His parents are Mr. & Mrs. Henry Reginald. His father is Henry Reginald Annan is a local governor and had a great honour there. And he always did his performance as a chief. His religion is “Protestantism”.
Education–1958: Degree in Economics, University ofScience & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.–1962: Graduate studies at the Institutesof International Affaires, Geneva, Switzerland.– 1972: Master degree of Science inManagement, MIT,USA.
1961-1962: Annan started working as a Budget Officer for the World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of Geneva, Switzerland. 1974 - 1976: Director of Tourism, Ghana. 1976 - 1996: Several positions in the UN system. 1996 – 2006: Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Secretary - General of the United Nations Appointment: On 13 December 1996, the United Nations Security Council recommended Annan to replace the previous Secretary-General, Dr. Boutros-Ghali of Egypt. He started his first term as Secretary- General on 1 January 1997. He worked here till last of 2006.
Work at SyriaFrom 23 February until31 August 2012, Annanwas the UN – ArabLeague envoy to Syria,to help find a resolutionto ongoing conflictthere.
Kofi Annan resigns as Syria envoy• He said Syrian peace mission impossible because the lack of international unity.• There was international disarray over the bloody crisis in Syria. So Kofi Annan announced that he was resigning because of the failure of what he said had become a "mission impossible". Annan quits as international envoy to Syria
Activities• Millennium Goals (2000) – Commitment of the world leaders to reduce extreme poverty and to set out a series of time bound targets to be reached by 2015.• The Global Fund (2002) – Fund raising agency to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.• The Global Compact (2000) – Policy initiative for businesses to follow principles.
UN Resolution 61/225: World Diabetes DayKofi Annan witnessed the United NationsGeneral Assemblys passage of UN Resolution61/225, to establish World Diabetes Day. TheResolution was the second UN GeneralAssembly Resolution on a health-related issue(the other being HIV/AIDS). Resolution 61/225is the only Health-related UN Resolution to passby consensus. Sponsored by the Republic ofSouth Africa and Bangladesh, the Resolutionwas passed on 20 December 2006.
Farewell addresses• On 19 September 2006, Annan gave a farewell address to world leaders gathered at the UN headquarters in New York.• On 11 December 2006, in his final speech as Secretary-General, delivered at the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library in Independence.• He said that the United States must maintain its commitment to human rights, "including in the struggle against terrorism."
Personal life• In 1965 Kofi Annan married Titi Alakija, a Nigerian woman from a well-to-do family. Several years later they had a daughter Ama and later a son Kojo. The couple separated in the late seventies. In 1984 Annan remarried to Nane Lagergrenat - a Swedish lawyer at the U.N.
Memoir• On September 4, 2012, Annan published his memoir, Interventions: A Life in War and Peace, written with Nader Mousavizadeh, ISBN 978-159420420-3. The book is described as a personal biography of so-called global statecraft.
Honors• 2000: Companion of the Order of the Star of Ghana• 2001: Grand Collar of the Star of Romania.• 2005: Grand the Order of Liberty (Portugal).• 2006: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion.• 2007: Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria.• 2007: Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) from Queen Elizabeth II (UK).• 2008: Grand Cross 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.
• 2000: Kora All Africa Music Awards in the category of Lifetime Achievement.• 2001: Nobel Foundation, The Nobel Peace Prize, jointly presented to Kofi Annan and the United Nations.• 2002: winner of the Profiles in Courage Award.• 2003: Freedom Prize of the Max Schmidheiny Foundation at the University of St. Gallen.• 2006: Inter Press Service, International Achievement Award for Annans lasting contributions to peace, security, and development.• 2007: North-South Prize of the Council of Europe.• 2008:Gottlieb Duttweiler Prize.
Freedom Prize of the Max SchmidheinyFoundation at the University of St. Gallen(2003).
Definition of leader and leadershipLeader: A leader is a person who can or doinfluence people towards gaining theorganizational objectives and goals.Leadership: It is simply the art of toinfluence people towards the achievementobjectives. Leadership is the process ofinfluencing people towards theachievements of organizational goals(Naylor, 2004).
Sources of POWER Annan is holding a formal position as the secretary General of the united nations. So he has the Legitimate power. Though he is in a formal position he has the ability to grant reward. So he has also the Reward power.
Cont’d…• Though he was in a formal position so he had the reward power as well as the right to give threat or punishment. So he also had the Coercive power.• His speeches are often a call to action and eloquently delivered to achieve moving the audience in such a way. An example of the charismatic nature of Kofi Annan’s speeches is this extract from his speech at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland in 1999. The speech centres around globalization and how the worlds corporate leaders can make a choice to operate in a manner that takes into consideration the world at large.• This speaching quality is his Expert power .
Cont’d…• In April 2001, Annan work on HIV/AIDS and proposed Global AIDS and Health Fund to aware the world about it’s crisis. And awarded “Nobel Peace Prize” On 10 December 2001 with United Nations jointly.• He knew by name almost everyone in the UN headquarters, regardless of position• He acquired a big personal identity through this prize. So it is his Referent Power.
The Managerial GridConcern for people (9,9) (1,9) (5,5) (1,1) (9,1) Concern For Production
Managerial Grid By paying much attention to the personal relationships with his subordinates, Annan applied the country club management (9,1) leadership style. From (9,1) he gone (5,5). Where he paid equal attention on both people and production. Then he reached (9,9). And made him self more successful and give maximum emphasis on people and production.
Democratic Leadership• Annan spent his first months as the UN Secretary General visiting world leaders and stakeholders to inspire them, share his vision of the UN to obtaining feedback.• His behavior towards his stuff was according to theory X. That is motivational.• He inspired them to achieve the organizational or personal development.• So his behavior leadership style is totally Democratic.
Transactional Leadership• In promoting modernization, Annan applied the transformational leadership style, which shows that transformational leaders have special capacity to motivate their staff towards innovation. Modernization encouraged research and development in the United Nations, thereby challenging the intellectual capacity of the employees.• Here he choose Transactional Leadership.
Trait Theory (By born)• Kofi Annans father Henry Annan was one of the beneficiaries of modern education in Ghana. He was also an elected governor of there. As Kofi grew up, he observed his father perform his duties as a chief. Henry Annan used to bring together both parties , listen to their arguments, and provide them opportunity to suggest possible solutions to resolve their disputes. Henry was a respected man and prominent local leaders frequently visited his household to seek advice from him. Such family background helped Kofi gain wisdom from an early age that he would use later in his life.• So he has the leading quality from his childhood. That means he is a by born leader. And it support the Trait Theory.
Contingency Theory (Situational)• Contingency Theory, which seeks to explain leadership effectiveness in terms of situational moderator variables.• The contingency theory is a leader-match theory, which tries to match leaders to appropriate situations.• He had the capability to take decision in different types of leadership style with motivational inspiration. It means Kofi Annan’ s leadership support Contingency Theory.
Criticism• From 1993 to 1995. During this time, he was the supervisor of about 70,000 military and civilian personnel deployed in UN operations around the world. It was during that period that the world severely criticized him for his failure to respond rapidly to stop the escalation of genocide in Rwanda in 1994, which claimed lives of about 800,000 Tutsis.
Summary• There is a general understanding that leadership is the key to the success of any organization.• The study indicated Annan‘s leadership style had significant influence on bringing the peace process to an advanced level.• He has the quality of inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individual consideration.
It was said of Gandhi that he had eyes thatreflected the world’s sorrows. Annan’s seem tohold the world’s hopes……… Signature
Kofi Annan at a glanceKofi Atta Annan ( born in Kumasi, Ghana on 8April 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who servedas the seventh Secretary - General of the UnitedNations, from 1 January 1997 to 31 December2006. Annan won Nobel Prize on PEACH forGlobal AIDS and Health Fund in 2001 and theUnited nation was also co- recipient of thathonor He developed a six-point plan for peacein Syria at the time of civil war.