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03 dr. muhammad shahidullah

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  • 1. Welcome to my presentation.Presentation topic is biography and analysis of leadership of Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah
  • 2. Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah Early lifeHe was born in the village Peyara, 24Pargana, West Bengal (now in India).His father Mafizuddin Ahmed was awarden of a shrine . .
  • 3. EducationMuhammad Shahidullah passed his entrance examination in 1904 from Howrah Zila School. In 1906 he passed the FA exam from residency college ,Calcutta. He received theBachelor of arts degree with Honors in Sanskrit in 1910 from City College, Kolkata and Master of Arts in 1912 in Comparative Philology from the University of Calcutta. He also received a PhD from Sorbonne university. Teaching career started in JessoreSchool where he taught between 1908 and 1909. He also worked as the headmaster of Sitakunda High School, Chittagong between 1914 and 1915. Shahidullah joined the University of Dhaka as a lecturer of Sanskrit and Bengali languages in 1921 .
  • 4. Teaching career• After completing his • He became principal of Bogra Govt. Azizul Haque College doctorate, he returned after retirement. He then home and started teaching. rejoined the Bengali When the Sanskrit and Department of the University of Dhaka as a supernumerary Bengali Department was teacher and taught there for split into two separate six years as departmental head departments, he became and dean of the Faculty of Arts and International Relation head of the Bengali Department .He also worked Department in 1937 and as head of the Bengali and Sanskrit Department of the retired from this position in University of Rajshahi from 1944. 1955-58.
  • 5. Reaserch and great achievement After 1915 he returned to research and worked as Sharatchandra Lahiri Research Fellow (1919–21) under the supervision of Prof. Dinesh Chandra Sen at the University of calcutta. His years at the University of Dhaka constituted the most important period of his life. During his teaching and research career there, he explored the origins of the Bengali language. In 1925, he was able to show that Bengali originated from Gaudi or Magadhan Prakrit. Topursue his doctoral studies, Muhammad Shahidullah wentto France and Germany in 1926. He learnt Vedic Sanskrit,Buddhist Sanskrit, Comparative Philology, and Tibetan andancient Persian language at University of Paris and ancient Khotni, ancient Vedic Sanskrit and Prakrt at freiburgUniversity in Germany. He received his doctorate from theSorbonne in Paris in 1928 for his research on the distiches of the Charyapada, the earliest extant specimens of Bengali language.
  • 6. Reaserch and great achievement Dr. Shahidullah was the first Indian Muslim to receive the doctorate degree. He also received a diploma for his fundamentalresearch in phonetics from the University of Paris the same year. A dormitory in University of Dhaka is named after him . Important worksMuhammad Shahidullah explored deep into the history of old and middle Age Bengali literature. He wrote many books on these subjects, and his research answered many of the interesting questions about specific properties of Bengali language and literature.
  • 7. language related writings Bhasa O Sahitya ,Bangala Byakaran , Bangla shahityar kotha,Bangla adab ki tarikh, Bangla Sahityer Itihas , Bangala Bhasar Itibrtta .He also wrote about children. Hetranslated and edited a number of books. He took active interest in Bengali folk literature.
  • 8. His Family and dreamsDr. Muhammad Shahidullah has seven sons and two daughters. His dream was to build a knowledge –based society free fromhunger, poverty, corruption, and injustice.He tried his level best to materialize his dream through writtings on different sides specially on historic and scientific study of language.
  • 9. His collaboration to establish Bangla AcademyThe importance of establishing Bangla Academy to researchon Bengali language,culture,history was first emphasized by the linguist Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah.In 1955,theGovernment,the United Front,formed a committee includingShahidullah to expedite the process .He worked friendly with his other members(Hossain,Shadani,Barkatullah).On December 3,1955,the prime minister, Abu Hossain inaugurated the Bangla academy. Death:He breathed his last on the 13th of July in 1969.
  • 10. Leadership AnalysisA)Sources of power :There are • 3.Referent power:gaining five bases of power compliance based on• 1.Legitimate power charisma .• 2.Expert power • Dr.Muhammad Shahidullah• 3.Referent power is the combination of expert• 4.Reward power power and referent power• 5.Coercive power. as he is versed in the• 2.Expert power:means the ability methods of education,the to research on any particular historic and scientific study subject and gaining compliance to dispense valued information. of language.And without strong charisma not possible to obtain such great achievement.
  • 11. B)Trait Theory• Trait theory deals with the search • . He learnt Vedic for the universal traits or features possessed by all leaders.Five Sanskrit, Buddhist traits are in trait theory i.e. Sanskrit, Comparative• Intelligence• Scholarship Philology, and Tibetan and• Dependability ancient Persian language at• Social participation University of Paris and• Socio-economic status. ancient Khotni, ancient• Dr.Muhammad Shahidullah a’s Vedic Sanskrit and Prakrt at life is constituted on trait theory .He was an freiburg University in educationist, philologist and Germany. We can see that linguist so it goes without saying that he was an intelligent man. he had a good scholarship over different languages.
  • 12. B)Trait Theory .He passed his professional life through teaching in various educational institutions. Sometimes he was lecturer,additional teacher, departmental head, dean of faculty. And as he carried out his responsibility sincerely, he was able toascend to the top position. He gained his PhD from Sorbonne university.He researched on Bengali language. As he chosethe teaching as his profession, he got socio-economic status.
  • 13. C)Managerial Grid• There are five managerial grid : • Dr.Muhammad Shahidullah• 1)impoverished management always thought how to find out• 2)middle of the road the history of Bengali management language, research on Bengali language, culture and how to• 3)team management dispense it to the folk. His dream• 4)country club management was to build a knowledge-based• 5)authority –compliance. society free from hunger, poverty, corruption, and injustice. This is really very high concern for people. To materialize• 3)Team management: very high his dream he went to different concern for people and high countries to study and know concern for production. about their language ,culture etc.He researched a lot about language. He wrote many effective language and literary related writings. This is very high concern for production.
  • 14. D)Behavioral styles theory• There are 3 leadership • Dr. Shahidullah style in behavioral theory: maintained democratic• 1)Democratic style style as he felt the need• 2)Authoritarian style and of help of others whenever a committee• 3)Laissez-faire style. was formed to expedite the process of• 1)Democratic style: the establishing Bangla leader feels the need of Academy. help ,decision of others.
  • 15. E)The Ohio Model• Initiating structure: • Dr.Muhammad leader’s efforts to get Shahidullah devoted things organized and his attention to get the done. all requirements of• Consideration: the research on Bengali degree of language organized by trust, friendship etc. his own efforts and his personal concerns were strictly as primary as initiating structure. So his leadership style was