Essay types

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  • 1. IELTS 1 WRITING: TASK II Task 2 essays require you to explore issues by comparing, evaluating or challenging ideas. You may be asked to present an argument or offer a solution to a problem, which means you have to demonstrate your understanding of the topic by including examples and evidence. You must regard the reader as educated but non-specialist. There are FIVE main types of essays: ESSAY TYPES HOW TO IDENTIFY THE TASK WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? EXAMPLE QUESTIONS Problem-solution What can be done to solve…? What challenges…? What strategies…? How can this problem be addressed…? Explain 2 or 3 aspects of the issue using one paragraph for each one. -Suggest solutions. -Make recommendations. Traffic congestion seems to be increasing. What do you think are the causes of traffic congestion and what, if anything, can be done to reduce the problems? Agree/Disagree Do you agree or disagree? Why? -Explain your position -Justify your opinion. Take a position and defend it strongly. Give several reasons to support your argument— one paragraph for each. Try to acknowledge the counter-argument and then weaken or dismiss it. Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Two sides of an argument Discuss (both the views) -Compare/ Contrast -Advantages/ Disadvantages Give a balanced presentation. This means you should write equally about both sides of the issue. In conclusion, you may indicate your position. Some people think that teenagers’ use of the internet should be limited. Others feel that the internet is an academic resource that they should have free access to, in order to do things such as homework and projects. Discuss both the views and give your opinion. Make choices and justify From the options given, choose the (3) most important… -Justify your choice. Each of your choices becomes the topic of one paragraph. Give reasons for choosing in this order. If you are given 1 million dollars for the development of your country, which of the following would you focus on--education, poverty, pollution, unemployment, and health-care? Why? Evaluate an argument To what extent…? How important…? What do you think…? Take a position neither in total agreement or total disagreement but somewhere in between and explain why you choose to do so. To what extent do you believe there should be absolute freedom of speech in your country?