Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Gender, disaster and conflict
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Gender, disaster and conflict

225

Published on

Defines disasters and conflict, delineates gender issues in conflicts and disasters, summarises UN Conventions/agreements on gender, disasters and conflict and good practices in addresses gender …

Defines disasters and conflict, delineates gender issues in conflicts and disasters, summarises UN Conventions/agreements on gender, disasters and conflict and good practices in addresses gender issues in conflicts and disasters

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
225
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Gender, disasters and conflicts Ranjani and Mercy
  • 2. Objectives • To reflect on the range of disasters and conflicts and reasons for the same • To reflect on the gender and socially differentiated impact of disasters and conflicts • To reflect on the sex, gender and socially differentiated needs and interests at different stages • To reflect on ways to strengthen sensitivity of our own organizations work on disasters and conflicts
  • 3. Disasters
  • 4. Important terms • Emergencies • Disasters • Disaster risk reduction • Disaster response • Disaster recovery • Human made or natural or both • Nature of disasters
  • 5. Exercise 1: gender issues in disasters • Hypothetical situations/case studies
  • 6. Questions • How far are the women and men likely to have access to early warning systems and be prepared for the disaster? • What is the likely impact of disaster on women and men in the hypothetical situation/case study? • What is the likely access of the women and men concerned to response and recovery in the hypothetical situation/case study? To participation?
  • 7. Gender issues in disaster situations • Disaster preparedness measures often do not reach women, marginalized men and transgender people • Disasters have worse impact – e.g death-on above groups • The above groups have lesser access to response and recovery measures • The above groups face greater assault on their bodily integrity
  • 8. Gender issues in disaster situations • The above groups are less represented in leadership positions and exercise leadership • The needs and interests of the above groups are not taken into account in preparedness, response, recovery • The above groups face greater increase in their work load
  • 9. Reasons: Sex or gender? • Sex • Gender • Combination
  • 10. Reasons continued Individual identity Household identity Community identity Habitat location
  • 11. Reasons continued Pre existing norms Gender blind/neutral policies in pre- disaster contexts Gender blind /neutral disaster policies and law
  • 12. Two forms of unequal access • Exclusion :e.g. denied housing • Unwanted inclusion: e.g. girl child labour May strengthen pre existing biases or lead to new ones
  • 13. A word of caution • Though women and girls bear a disproportionate burden of disasters, men and boys are also affected in gender specific ways
  • 14. Exercise 2: Gender differentiated needs and interests Disaster risk reduction Response and recovery • Food & Non food items • Nutrition and child care, health • WATSAN • Shelter • Education • Livelihood • Violence • participation
  • 15. Conflict
  • 16. Important terms • Conflict • Conflict prevention • Conflict recovery • Disarmament • Demobilization • Reintegration
  • 17. Different types of conflict • Where armed groups are conservative for women • Where armed groups are progressive • Neither conservative nor progressive but are struggling for autonomy of a particular area or people.
  • 18. Gender issues in conflict • Hypothetical situations/case studies
  • 19. Gender issues before conflict • More men than women mobilized as soldiers • If refused to join they are called as transgender or women
  • 20. Other Gender issues during conflict • Men and women involved in different ways in conflict situations • High rates of sexual violence • Increase in number of women headed households • Women relatives of men involved in armed conflict enter new roles • Huge displacement- gender issues in response stage of disasters applies here
  • 21. Gender issues in post conflict • Privacy for women in disarmament • Special needs of women, transgender people in demobilization ignored • Women have lesser access to recovery • Women, marginalized men and transgender people less found in peace committees • Women face greater problems in reintegration • Women get pushed back into traditional roles
  • 22. Gender issues in post conflict • Getting justice in case of sexual violence is difficult • Less emphasis on involving women in electoral process • Less participation of women in peace committees
  • 23. Various guidelines • IASC, 2006 women, girls, boys and men: different needs equal opportunity gender handbook in humanitarian action • IASC, 2005, guidelines for gender based violence interventions in humanitarian settings • Inter-agency working group on Reproductive health in crisis, 2010 • UNDP, 2003 Gender approaches in conflict and post conflict situations • UN security council resolution 1325
  • 24. IASC: women, girls, boys and men: different needs equal opportunity • Multi sectors- registering, site selection additions • Gender based violence as cross cutting in each • Analysis, design, access, participation, training capacity building, targeted action based on analysis, monitoring and evaluation, coordination • No focus on DRR, or distinction between response and recovery. Similarly no distinction between different stages of conflict • Transgender missing
  • 25. IASC, 2005, guidelines for gender based violence interventions in humanitarian settings • Various sectors • Coordination, human resources, protection, • Emergency preparedness, minimum prevention and response and comprehensive prevention and response • Transgender missing • More applicable to disasters than conflicts
  • 26. MISP for RH Fact sheet • Investing in responsibility for coordination of RH work • Prevention of sexual violence • Reduce the transmission of HIV • Prevent excess maternal and neo natal mortality • Focuses mainly on response stage • No reference to transgender people
  • 27. UN resolution 1325 • Representation of women in decision making • Govt. to appoint more women as special envoys • Expand the role of women in UN field based operations • Gender perspective in repatriation, resettlement and rehabilitation, • Gender perspective in peace keeping operations and all field operations • Gender training and HIV/AIDS awareness training for army • Measures against gender based violence, and put an end to impunity and prosecute those responsible
  • 28. Overall • While there are several important guidelines, not all stakeholders aware of the same • Operationalized to varying degrees in countries due to above as well as constraints of funds, co-ordination and socio economic and political contexts • NGOs can use only UN Resolution 1325 to hold governments to account • Transgender issues are not well integrated.

×