Precocious Puberty

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abt precocious puberty

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Precocious Puberty

  1. 1. PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY BY DR.LOGARANGAN IUHS
  2. 2. PUBERTY <ul><li>When Kids develop physically and emotionally as young men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>By definition the process of maturation of sexual organs for the production of sexual hormones under the process of normal maturation…. </li></ul><ul><li>Males 14-16 </li></ul><ul><li>Females 11-14 </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY <ul><li>The process of puberty before 7-8 yrs in females and 9 yrs of age in Males.. </li></ul><ul><li>Its both a physical and mental problem for the children and many girls mentally affected more.. </li></ul>
  4. 4. SIGNS (girls) <ul><li>Breast development </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic and underarm hair development </li></ul><ul><li>Growth spurt </li></ul><ul><li>Onset of menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Acne </li></ul><ul><li>Mature body odor </li></ul>
  5. 5. SIGNS (boys) <ul><li>Enlargement of testis or Penis </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic underarm & facial hair development </li></ul><ul><li>Growth spurt </li></ul><ul><li>Voice deepening </li></ul><ul><li>Acne </li></ul><ul><li>Mature body odor </li></ul>
  6. 6. PARTIAL PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY <ul><li>Girls show signs of breast development from age group 6 months to 3 yrs later disappears and persists with sexual changes. </li></ul><ul><li>In others both boys and girls they may be ruled out for true precocious puberty and generally need no treatment and show other signs of puberty. </li></ul>
  7. 7. CAUSES <ul><li>Structural </li></ul><ul><li>Head injury </li></ul><ul><li>Infection of brain (Meningitis) </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sexual organs </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In maximum no: of girls there is no proper reason mentioned about their precocious puberty and the etiology is mostly unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>In boys its more common to have a cause for precocious puberty but still its less common to find a cause. </li></ul><ul><li>About 5% of inheritance is seen in the case of boys and less than 1% in the case of girls. </li></ul><ul><li>May travel to two generations even in the criss cross pattern. </li></ul>
  9. 9. DIAGNOSIS <ul><li>Signs of sexual maturation </li></ul><ul><li>Blood and urine levels </li></ul><ul><li>Hormone levels </li></ul><ul><li>X-ray to show Bone maturation </li></ul><ul><li>CT/MRI to detect tumors in the brain/ovary/testicle. </li></ul>
  10. 10. TREATMENT <ul><li>There are 2 approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Treat the underlying cause or disease </li></ul><ul><li>Lowering the high levels of sex hormones with medication to stop the progression of sexual development </li></ul><ul><li>LHRH- synthetic hormones that block the body production of sex hormones. </li></ul>
  11. 11. LHRH <ul><li>Synthetic hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic results and no side effects </li></ul><ul><li>In boys penis and testicles shrink back to the normal size or no further development. </li></ul><ul><li>In girls breast size may decrease / at least there is no further development seen </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and behavior of the child will return to normal and will reach an appropriate level. </li></ul>
  12. 12. CARING <ul><li>More compulsory than treatment and is very necessary for the emotional support of the child. </li></ul><ul><li>Important points at school </li></ul><ul><li>Poor grades </li></ul><ul><li>Problems at school </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in daily activities </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul>
  13. 13. SUPPORT <ul><li>To create a supportive environment, try not to focus your comments on your child's appearance; instead, offer praise for achievements in school or sports and support your child's participation in other activities. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THANK U

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