Tanzania Country Plan


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Tanzania Country Plan

  1. 1. Developed by: Bany Noguera Jesus Chavez Antonio Islas Lindsay Young
  2. 2. Tanzania is a country located in eastern Africa. Tanzania is slightly larger than twice the size of Cali- The biggest problem in Tanzania is poverty. Most of the people are poor because they fornia. Tanzania has a tropical climate which means that most of the time is humid and warm. Also it has many didn’t have a good education, so they don’t have the skills needed to get a good job. The poverty beautiful beaches and forests. English and Swahili are two primary languages spoken there. Most of the people leads to hunger. As you can see all these three problems are linked. So in order to get rid of one living in Tanzania are Muslims and Christians. Before this country became Tanzania it was two separate coun- we have to exterminate all three. With this project we will be helping two Millennium Develop- tries. There was Zanzibar who was ones part of Britain and gained its independence in 1962. There was also ment Goals. These are eradication of extreme poverty and hunger and achieving universal primary Tanganyika who gained its independence in 1961 from Russia. In 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar united and education. that’s when Tanzania was created. Even though this country does not produce much it has a big variety of natu- ral resources. Some of its natural resources are cotton, coffee, tea, sugar, rice, corn and wheat. It also produces Our project is build a community center that will teach children primary education. Also hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, and nickel. it will be open the people of Tanzania, we will have rehabilitation, therapy, health classes, and job training for adults. Our community center will have a garden and a water well that will also be Tanzania does not have a strong government. This is the reason why the country has many problems. open to everyone in Tanzania so that they can have good food and clean water. This project will hit Tanzania has a big problem in its human rights. Women do not get the same respect as man and most of the time many targets at the same time but we are hoping that it will help education, poverty, and hunger. they are raped by their husbands and do not report it. They also have a big problem in prostitution. The biggest We will focus on the future of this world which is children. The world might not change a person, problem in children is the child labor. Most of are under the age of 14. Also they really never get paid because but a person can change this world of the good. they dint have the rights to claimed their money because they are under age.
  3. 3. 1890 - Britain takes over Zanzibar as a protectorate. 1992 - Constitution amended to allow multi-party politics. 1905-07 - Maji Maji Rebellion put down by German troops. 1995 - Benjamin Mkapa chosen as president in Tanzania’s first multi-party election. 1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent with Julius Nyerere as prime minister. 2001 - Governing Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), and main opposition in Zanzibar, CUF, agree to form joint committee to restore calm and to encourage return of refugees from Kenya. 1962 - Tanganyika becomes a republic with Nyerere as president. 2006 - The African Development Bank announces the cancellation of more than $640m of debt owed by Tanza- 1963 - Zanzibar becomes independent. nia, saying it was impressed with Tanzania’s economic record and the level of accountability of public finance. 1964 - Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to become Tanzania, with Nyerere as president and the head of the Zan- 2008 - President dissolves his cabinet following a corruption scandal which forced the premier and two minis- zibar government and leader of the Afro-Shirazi Party, Abeid Amani Karume, as vice-president. ters to resign. 1977 - The Tanganyika African National Union and Zanzibar’s Afro-Shirazi Party merge to become the Party of 2009 - Opposition party in Zanzibar, the CUF, ends boycott of the island’s parliament ahead of upcoming elec- the Revolution, which is proclaimed as the only legal party. tions. 1978 - Ugandans temporarily occupy a piece of Tanzanian territory. 1985 - Nyerere retires and is replaced by the president of Zanzibar, Ali Mwinyi.
  4. 4. Tanzania is probably one of the oldest countries human fossil remains and pre-human hominids have been In Tanzania, Africa prostitution, FGM (female genital multilation), domestic violence, and rape are common found dating back over two million years. More recently Tanzania has been believed to have been populated by among women. Most of these things go against the law, but the Government does little to in force those laws. hunter gatherer communities, probably Cushitic and Khoisan speaking people. About 2,000 years ago,Bantu- They rarely in force these laws because women to are not important (equal to men). Child labor is also a big is- speaking people began to arrive from Western Africa in a series of migrations later Nilotic pastoralists ar- sue in tanzania. Under the law it is okay for a child to start working At the age of 14, but there are some children rived and continued to migrate all over the area through to the 18th century. Travelers and merchants from the that start working at age five. When some one hires children of ages 5- 17 they are contribuing with the growing Persian Gulf and Western India have visited the East African coast since early in the first millennium. Islam of child labor and this is against the law. most of the people working make less that a dollar a day. was practiced in the Swahili Coast as early as the 8th or 9th century. Claiming the coastal strip, Omani Sultan Seyyid moved his capital to Zanzibar city in 1840. During this time, Zanzibar became the center of the arab slave trade. Between 65% and 90% of the population of Arab Swahili Zanzibar was enslaved. In the late 19th century imperial Germany conquered the regions that are now Tanzania (minus Zanzibar)Rwanda,and Bu rundi and incorporated them in German East Africa. During World War I, an inva- Prostitution sion attempt by British was threaten by German general Paul Von Lettow-Vorbeck who then mounted a drawn The law prohibits prostitution, but it is still common. Prostituted women were out guerilla campaign against British. The post World War I accords in the league of nations charter desig- occasionally arrested, but the police did not keep official statistics on prostitution arrests. Women and young nated the area a British mandate,except for a small area on the northwest, which was ceded to Belgium and girls immigrating to urban areas are most at risk for prostitution. later became Rwanda and Burundi. British rule came to a end in 1961 after a relatively peaceful compared to independence. In 1954 Julius. Nyerere transformed an organization into the politically oriented Tanganyika. FMG Main objective was to achieve national sovereignty for Tanganyika. The regime burned villages and forced Female Genital mutilation is common amongyoung girls. The law prohibits it, but some tribes and families people to relocate onto collective farms, which greatly disrupted agriculture output. Tanzania turned from a practice it. People who do this to girls under age commit the offense of cruelty to children. The person commit- nation of struggle to a nation starving farmers. From the late 1970s, Tanzania’s economy took a turn for the ting the crime will either be charged with $220 (300,000 shillings) or will spend up to 15 years in prison. 15% worst. Tanzania also aligned with china, seeking Chinese aid. The Chinese where quick to comply, but with the of women get FGM. 20 out of 130 counties practice it. conditions that all projects where completed by imported Chinese labor.
  5. 5. Minimum Wage Lowest minimum wage is about $50 per month most of these people work in hotel. The highest wage is about $260 per month these people work in the mineral sector mining, the poverty line is at $11 per month. Domestic Violence Domestic violence is widespread. The law prohibits it, but doesn’t prohibit spousal violence. Most of the time women tolerate this for some years before going into divorce. The government does little protect women. Right s for Unions Unions consist of more than 20 employees and are required to register with the law. A trade union and em- Rape ployers must register within 6 months, not doing this is considered a crime. Around 80% of victims do not report the rape. Over the period of one year there where 7,325 reported rape cases, 2,969 prosecutions, 362 convictions, and 67 acquittals.The law requires imprisonment for persons who convicted any kind of rape (including spousal rape). Child Labor Equality for Women Under the law the minimum age for a child to start working is 14 years. These children may not do jobs that While traditional gender roles favor men, the Tanzanian government is commited to protecting women. In addi- can harm them in health or attendance in school. Children under 18 may not work in mines, ships or facto- tion, there exist organizations that are dedicated to make peole undestand that men and women are equal. ries. Violators can be fined with $3,500(4,680,000). 27% of five to 17 year olds were engaged in child labor. Between the years 2007 and 2009, 2,000 children were rescued from child labor. The government established monitoring system to try to stop child labor.
  6. 6. Throughout the years Tanzania has tried to eliminate extreme poverty and hunger. In order to reach this goal they have increased the GDP per person employed, which means they are approximating the value of goods produced per person in the country. They also want to improve maternal health so the contraceptive prevalence rate has increased. Reduce child mortality -Proportion of children vaccinated against mea- 85% Goals Statistics sles Eradicate extreme poverty and -Growth rate of GDP per person employed. 33.4% hunger Improve maternal health -Proportion of births attended by a skilled health 5.2% -Emploment-to-population ratio 11.7% personnel -Proportion of people living below national pov- 16.6% -Contraceptive prevalence rate 26.4% erty line -Adolescent birth rate 34.29% Achieve universal primary educa- -Net enrollment ratio in primary education 97.7% tion -Proportion of pupils starting first grade who 56.7% Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and -HIV prevalence rate 5.7% reach last grade of primary education other diseases -Number of malaria cases and incidences 27,030 (cases per 100,000) Promote gender equality -Ratios of girls to boys in primary school 101% and empower women -Ratio to boys and girls in secondary school 105% Ensure environmental sustainability -Proportion of land area covered by forest 36% -Ratio to boys and girls in tertiary education 68.0% -Proportion of population with sustainable access 57% and 83% to an improved water source
  7. 7. Tanzania is located in Eastern Af- Tanzania is one of the least developed nation’s cities produce about 1.8 million tons rica it borders the Indian Ocean and countries. It is located in the southern part of of solid waste per year. is between Kenya and Mozambique. Africa. It has a population of about 35 million As of 2001, 33 of Tanzania’s mam- and a per capita income of $ 255.97. One of mal species were in danger of extinction, 30 Tanzania has a distance of 945,087 Tanzania’s major concerns is soil degradation bird species and 326 plant species are also km² and it is the worlds 31st largest as a result of recent droughts. Tanzanias land endangered. The nation’s marine habitats are country. Its temperature varies from is also affected by desertification. Tanzania also threatened by a damage to its coral reefs lost 14.4% of its forest and woodland area caused by the fishing industry’s use of dyna- tropical along coast to temperate in between 1983 and 1993. Tanzania also has a mite. Endangered species include the Uluguru highlands. Its land has plains along tropical weather, mist of the time is humid. bush-shrike, green sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, coast, plateau in the center, and Also it has many beautiful beaches Tanzania is olive ridley turtle, and Zanzibar suni. Sixteen poor agricultural practices such as shifting cul- species of fish have become extinct. highlands in north and south. Tan- tivation, lack of crop rotation practices, lack Pollution is a major problem in urban zania is home of Africa’s highest of agricultural technology and land husbandry areas of Tanzania. Improper treatment and mountain Kilimanjaro with 5,895 techniques exacerbate the problem. disposal of solid and liquid wastes are the m. Tanzania’s natural resources are Tanzania has 19.19 cu mi of renewable major contributors to urban area pollution. The water resources with 89% used for farming combined results of these problems are that hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron and 2% for industrial activity. About 99% of both air and water have been contaminated ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, urban dwellers and 66% of the people living with pollutants, which are detrimental to hu- gold, natural gas, and nickel. in rural areas have pure drinking water. The man health.
  8. 8. agriculture as their main source of income and livelihood. 51% of the population is living under the poverty line. Only 49% of the people have access to safe water. Trying to lower poverty can also act upon other millennium development goals. For example hunger. If they have a better Recently the government of tanzania stated the the food situation was stable. They also stated economy they will have better nutrition. Health care in tanzania is poor. 118 in 1000 children die that national reserves had enough food incase of food crisis. They raised the food up to 25%. before the age of five. Poverty again is a big cause of this. They don’t have enough money for Thats really an issue because they barely have enough money for regular priced food. The gov- any medicine and research is poor. ernment has promised an agricultural revolution, but not much action has been taken. The people of tanzania must be educated with proper useful ways to grow and maintain their own drought- resistant crops. 5.6% of children under five are to short for their age. 21% of them are under- weight. Persistent hunger has led to an increase in the number of pupils dropping out of schools from 10% in 2008 to 45 % by July 2009. A shocking result in a country trying to work itself out of poverty through education. Just one of the districts in tanzania has 17,963 households that are food insecure and unable to purchase enough food to feed themselves. With research we have found that children attending school in Tanzania must pay for books, uniforms, and for enrollment fees for students beginning with first year of high school. This is a serious problem for the people of Tanzania because of poverty. A lot of the parents cant afford this and they’ll rather send their children to work. Poor nutrition, poor health, and other eco- nomic issues are the biggest obstacles students must overcome. There has been lack of resources for additional teachers, classrooms, and books. There are also reports of children not attending Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. Their economy depends heavily on agri- school because of poorly paid teachers demanding money from them in order to be enrolled. The cultural. Agriculture accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs children cant focus on school when they’re starving. Improving the education of the Tanzania 80% of the work force. About 85 % of the country’s poor people live in rural areas and rely on people can really help the economy. If you improve their education they’ll know more about crops, material, and selling their goods.
  9. 9. We will build our community center in Iramba. Iramba is in the Singida Region which is located in the center of tanzania. We choose this place because English is spoken there. Also because there are rural areas around this place. Most of the people living in this are don’t know have any education. During the hours of 8am to 3pm we will teach the children k-12. All the children will learn the In the center of our territory we will build a garden and a water well. The garden and the well basic skills of writing reading and math. Most of the children we will teach normally work to will be open to the community. We allowed this because the people in tanzania don’t have clean help their families, when we take the children the families wont be happy because their children are not contributing to the economy. For this reason we will pay the children a dollar a day so water. In the first few years all of our teachers will be volunteers. they would go to school. During the class hors we will feed the children. In order to do this we will build a cafeteria. This cafeteria will be free to all the students. I know that getting people interested in our school will be hard. We decided that we will pass out journals with the country’s name and the name of our organization. We know that most of these people don’t know how to read or write so the journal will include a cartoon expressing our pur- pose in tanzania. We will go out to the streets and recruit all the orphans. We will get the home In the evening the community center will be open to everyone. We will provide job training for less out of the streets and have them all live in our dorms and eat in the cafeteria. adults in the area of farming. This training will allow them to know the best ways to grow things. Also we will provide rehabilitation and therapy for everyone. Most of the people in tanzania have experienced rape. Also we will have doctors and nurses, these doctors and nurses will all be volunteers. More than 75% of the people don’t have medical treatment. Not every one will be accepted in our school. Children will have the priority for a place in this school.Also the orphans, the children working, and the poorest will have priority for a place. As the years pass we will allow adults (older than 18) to enroll in our classes. We will teach k-12. As the years pass we will allowed the people with more money to enroll but we will charge them some amount of money for each class they take.
  10. 10. We believe that the impact our project will have on this community is immense. We plan to get the It will take years to finish this project and to get it the closest to perfection. But at the end it will all be worth it. people of Tanzania to help us build the school, this will create temporary jobs for the people helping. When we Nothing is impossible when it comes to helping people. Building acommunity center where children can have have finished building the school we will start teaching. The first generation we teach will be our teachers for regular classes (math, Reading, writing) and adults can have recreational classes. the next generation. Therefore, they will have jobs and this can help with poverty a little. We will be teaching In year 1: In year 3: them useful information that will help them be successful. We will be providing job training, healthy living, -Start planning the design of the buildings. -Start the school basic education, and other information that will help them succeed in the community. Some people might not -Look for the construction workers -Start building water well agree because of traditional or religious beliefs. We will also be providing sports for the children. The sports can -Start excavation -Building of the garden help the children stay out of trouble after school and since soccer is one of the biggest sports in Africa they can -Start training future teachers seek future in the professional soccer. In year 2: There’s a lot of starvation in Tanzania so we will be serving lunches for the children and for the work- -Start building classrooms and cafeteria In year 4: (classes in session) ers. For the adults that want to study with us in the evening we will be providing child care for their children. -Look for teachers and volunteers to help in cafeteria -Start the building of the dorms Our main interest will be focused on the people with the most needs, orphans, street children, and child workers. -Promote the Community Center -Center opens to the community Since child workers will be taken out of work to study we will have to pay them because their parents would not -Start health classes let them study because no one would be making money anymore. During these four years we are hoping that student will learn basic literature like reading, writing, and math. We The impact that all this will have is that the people of Tanzania will be more educated. They can study hope that this doesn’t just stoop when we are no longer there, but the the people we teach will teach the future and work at another time if they’d like. Other impacts include less poverty, and less hunger. When the people generations. Also the building with the water well will stay there so they can have clean water, and the garden have graduated from our school they can implement their skills in helping out their community and seek job so they can all grow food. Te goal to all this is to teach people in Tanzania more than what they know so they somewhere else to bring money to their family. The impact of the people leaving the community can have both industrialize like the rest of this world is doing. When they have more knowledge they will be able to get more jobs which will get them out of poverty, and if they are no longet poor they will be able to buy and grow more a positive and negative impact. The positive impact is that they will seek for a job and be successful. The nega- food which will get ride of hunger. tive impact is that if all the smart people leave the community no one will be able to help it succeed. People that stay in the community can start agricultural work. They can also pass their knowledge on to other people. This can be a big impact because with the knowledge spreading more and more people can have their own food