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Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST
 

Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST

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Presentation to NIST re: cloud computing, open clouds, and the disruption to existing enterprise IT patterns. ...

Presentation to NIST re: cloud computing, open clouds, and the disruption to existing enterprise IT patterns.

A lot of the content was delivered verbally, so the deck makes less sense standalone. Note that NIST is supposed to eventually post the video.

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    Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST Presentation Transcript

    • Clouds, Open-ness, and IT PatternsRandy Bias, CTO & Co-FounderNIST Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV, November - 2011
    • Cloudification 2
    • What is Cloud Computing?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? ? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 3
    • ... could it be something else?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 4
    • ... could it be something else?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? Disruption? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 4
    • Enterprise Computing (Legacy) 5
    • Cloud Computing (Web-scale) 6
    • Cloud Computing’s Pioneers
    • IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 8
    • IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption 8
    • IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption Disruption 8
    • IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption Disruption Disruption 8
    • IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA Scaling Hardware HA Type SoftwareConsumption Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
    • IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 Scaling Vertical Hardware Custom HA Type Hardware Software CentralizedConsumption Centralized Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
    • IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 99.9 Scaling Vertical Horizontal Hardware Custom Enterprise HA Type Hardware Software Software Centralized DecentralizedConsumption Centralized Shared Service Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
    • IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 99.9 Always On Scaling Vertical Horizontal Hardware Custom Enterprise Commodity HA Type Hardware Software Software Centralized Decentralized DistributedConsumption Centralized Shared Self-service Service Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
    • Essential Understanding“The cloud lets its “... get into the [Google] mind-users focus on set ... robustness ... has to bedelivering designed into your software ...differentiating assume that the hardware [is] ...business value ... ” unreliable and broken ... at any point.”-- Werner Vogels, Amazon CTO -- Adrian Cockcroft, Netflix Chief Cloud Architect 10
    • Amazon Web Services (a guiding light) 11
    • Why is AWS Different?
    • SCALE
    • AWS uses non-Enterprise IT patterns IT Pattern EnterpriseSLA Target (Uptime) 99.999% (pretend) 99.95% (realistic)SLA Actual 99.9% (if lucky) 99.99% (or more)Scaling Vertical HorizontalHardware Vanity Hardware Commodity HardwareHA Type Use hardware and pray Use software and plan for failureSoftware Arch Centralized & brittle Decentralized and isolated fault domainsConsumption Model Call the help desk Self-service 14
    • 1990’s “Big App” in the Enterprise100K end users? 15
    • 2010’s “Big App” on the Internet 800M+end users 16
    • “Enterprise-class” isn’tgood enough any more
    • Cloud Computing is the new IT -an IT that is massive scale for utility use Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 18
    • Cloud Computing 19
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down 20
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down 20
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down +Commodity Hardware 20
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down + +Commodity Hardware 20
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down Scale Engineering + +Commodity Hardware 20
    • Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down Scale Engineering + + +Commodity Hardware Operational Excellence 20
    • Open Source
    • Commodity Hardware
    • Scale Engineering
    • Operational Excellence
    • Open Clouds?Combination of: Open Network (Internet) Open APIs (AWS? OpenStack API?) Open Source (OpenStack, Hadoop, Cassandra) Open Hardware (Open Compute) Open Standards (TBD?)No single ownerMeaning ... Federation, interoperability, and leverage 25
    • OpenStack Momentum • >50,000 downloads • 600+ Summit attendees • 1,200+ active participants In use today at scale • RAX running storage at >30PB • NASA at >20,000 VMs • Govt Agency running 600+ nodes • Govt Agency using it for HPC • KT / INAP at >2.5 PB storage • HP - 1000 nodes, >2 PB • Mercado Libre - 5,000 VMs 26
    • Call to Arms 27
    • Action Plan #1 - How to Build ITLearn from the pioneers AMZN & GOOG, not VMW Next generation vendors Scale engineering & operational excellenceOpen Clouds are the future Open source is key Skate to where puck will be 28
    • Action Plan #2 - How the Gov Can Help Support Open Initiatives: OpenStack, Open Compute, etc. Press AMZN to Open License their APIs What if Gov only talked to open licensed APIs? Avoids lock-in and opens market to competition Demand open cloud solutions in bids 29
    • Thank You! twitter: @randybiasemail: randyb@cloudscaling.com