Open Edu Movement <ul><li>Shaomeng Zhang </li></ul>
What? <ul><li>Social movement: globalization movement </li></ul><ul><li>Political movement: civil rights movement </li></u...
movement? <ul><li>A movement is a motion, a change in position. </li></ul>Wikipedia(2009)
Idealist <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human...
Open Edu Declaration <ul><li>Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources </l...
Open Education Institutions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
massive open online course (MOOC)
 
 
Open? <ul><li>Free to access </li></ul><ul><li>Free to copy/modify/redistribute </li></ul>Downes(2009)
why now?
Scarcity vs. abundance <ul><li>limited resources(teacher, paper, distribution, space, tools) non-zero marginal cost VS. ne...
conditions <ul><li>Abundance of tools and reduced cost of production and distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of creat...
Tools
license <ul><li>By default everything published on the web are copyrighted </li></ul>Pic: Paul Boutin(2007)
Open culture <ul><li>An open system </li></ul><ul><li>Funding/different models of supporting OER </li></ul><ul><li>More su...
issues <ul><li>Usability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content completeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
who cares? <ul><li>Monopoly of education is breaking down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support...
the world is open <ul><li>Content could reach wider community (the world!) </li></ul><ul><li>High quality courses is no lo...
change is coming...
challenges Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
In the end,  It’s all personal <ul><li>Empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized </li></ul><ul>...
resources <ul><li>“ Connexions - Sharing Knowledge and Building Communities.”  http://cnx.org /  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Curri...
reference <ul><li>The Cape Town Open Education Declaration,  2007. Available from:  http://www.capetowndeclaration.org / [...
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Open Education Movement

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  • Before beginning the Level 1 quests in Week 5, players must select one of four character classes . Each class focuses on a specific area of expertise relevant to open education. The classes are: Artisan – The Art isan ha s digital materials production skills in all the necessary Web 1.0 and 2.0 tools of open publishing and open education like HTML, video sharing, podcasting. Bard – The Bard is the M aste r of Lore, and is versed in the history, people, and politics of the field of open education. The Bard knows what open educational resources are “out there” as well as what’s available within the university. Merchant – The Merchant deal s with s hort-term and long-term sustainability issues and business models relating to open education projects. Monk – The Monk is a student of copy righ t and licensing arcana and defender of the university brand. Rogue – The Rogue utilizes digital material production and web dev skills to obtain, reuse, and remix OER, using stealth and cunning to unlock and re-release OER materials that may be guarded or trapped by publishing technology. The Rogue uses adapted versions of the Artisan’s Quests . Thanks to Jared Stein for this additio n!
  • you can play courses on ipod at one and half speed...
  • it’s not all about institution, creating and distributing is never easier today take wiley’s example, he used blip.tv to distribute video, wiki to organize materials, which is unimaginable 10 years ago.
  • now it’s possible to personalize the content book-ification of courses hulu book-ification of TV
  • Open system: more information and resources would flow into this system, sustain and grow the system. funding:Hewlett FoundationUNESCO OER projectsCommonwealth of LearningModel:endowment modelmembership modeldonations modelconversion modelcontributor paysponsorship modelinstitutional modelgovernment funding model
  • content-OER, wikipedia yahoo answers, chacha.com... social: facebook, meetup, foursquare degrees: certificate, western governors university
  • empowered to take control your learning, with emotion if you connect actively to others. distributed in networks, Personal learning networks you can remix the course, personalize to your pace, translate it to your own language; you are no longer constrained by the curriculum of specific major
  • Open Education Movement

    1. 1. Open Edu Movement <ul><li>Shaomeng Zhang </li></ul>
    2. 2. What? <ul><li>Social movement: globalization movement </li></ul><ul><li>Political movement: civil rights movement </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural movement: Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Economic movement: flatened world </li></ul>
    3. 3. movement? <ul><li>A movement is a motion, a change in position. </li></ul>Wikipedia(2009)
    4. 4. Idealist <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge.” -Jimmy Wales(2004) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Open Edu Declaration <ul><li>Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>  We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use. These educators are creating a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge. They are also planting the seeds of a new pedagogy where educators and learners create, shape and evolve knowledge together, deepening their skills and understanding as they go. </li></ul><ul><li>This emerging open education movement combines the established tradition of sharing good ideas with fellow educators and the collaborative, interactive culture of the Internet. It is built on the belief that everyone should have the freedom to use, customize, improve and redistribute educational resources without constraint. Educators, learners and others who share this belief are gathering together as part of a worldwide effort to make education both more accessible and more effective. </li></ul><ul><li>The expanding global collection of open educational resources has created fertile ground for this effort. These resources include openly licensed course materials, lesson plans, textbooks, games, software and other materials that support teaching and learning. They contribute to making education more accessible, especially where money for learning materials is scarce. They also nourish the kind of participatory culture of learning, creating, sharing and cooperation that rapidly changing knowledge societies need. </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Cape Town Open Education Declaration (2007)
    6. 6. Open Education Institutions
    7. 16. massive open online course (MOOC)
    8. 19. Open? <ul><li>Free to access </li></ul><ul><li>Free to copy/modify/redistribute </li></ul>Downes(2009)
    9. 20. why now?
    10. 21. Scarcity vs. abundance <ul><li>limited resources(teacher, paper, distribution, space, tools) non-zero marginal cost VS. near-zero marginal cost </li></ul><ul><li>limited information processing/filtering capacity VS. learning networks, distributed learning </li></ul><ul><li>limited time/space to learn VS. ubiquitous learning/informal learning </li></ul>
    11. 22. conditions <ul><li>Abundance of tools and reduced cost of production and distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of creative licenses: Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of open culture </li></ul>
    12. 23. Tools
    13. 24. license <ul><li>By default everything published on the web are copyrighted </li></ul>Pic: Paul Boutin(2007)
    14. 25. Open culture <ul><li>An open system </li></ul><ul><li>Funding/different models of supporting OER </li></ul><ul><li>More surstainable resources... </li></ul>
    15. 26. issues <ul><li>Usability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content completeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content-specific usability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>language/culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical/economic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>feedback/interactivity </li></ul></ul>Downes(2009)
    16. 27. who cares? <ul><li>Monopoly of education is breaking down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>degrees </li></ul></ul>Wiley(2009)
    17. 28. the world is open <ul><li>Content could reach wider community (the world!) </li></ul><ul><li>High quality courses is no longer constrained by time/space/resources </li></ul><ul><li>More courses would accumulate online over time, providing more choices </li></ul><ul><li>Free! </li></ul>
    18. 29. change is coming...
    19. 30. challenges Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
    20. 31. In the end, It’s all personal <ul><li>Empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstrained </li></ul>Alan Levine(2009)
    21. 32. resources <ul><li>“ Connexions - Sharing Knowledge and Building Communities.” http://cnx.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Curriki - WebHome.” http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome </li></ul><ul><li>“ Directory of open access journals.” http://www.doaj.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Internet Archive.” http://www.archive.org/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>“ Intute - Home.” http://intute.ac.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Online Video Lectures and Course Materials — Open Yale Courses.” http://oyc.yale.edu / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Welcome | Flat World Knowledge.” http://www.flatworldknowledge.com / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wikiversity.” http://www.wikiversity.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Connectivism & Connective Knowledge » Connectivism and Connective Knowledge 2009.” http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/connectivism/?p=189 </li></ul><ul><li>“ IPT 692R (Wiley).” http://open.byu.edu/ipt692r-wiley/ </li></ul>
    22. 33. reference <ul><li>The Cape Town Open Education Declaration, 2007. Available from: http://www.capetowndeclaration.org / [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Downes, Stephen, 2009. Open Education: Projects and Potential, Available from: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Levine, 2009. Amazing Stories of Openness Available from: http://cogdogblog.com/stuff/opened09/ [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Boutin , Picture available from: http://valleywag.gawker.com/334726/creative-commons-propaganda--the-1+slide-version [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul>
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