…………. Yr 12 DT Major Design ProjectGood starting references ……………… http://www.design-technology.info/alphaindex/index.htm for All things DT http://www.designboom.com/eng For all things design http://www.core77.com Great Design Website http://www.treehugger.com/design_architecture/ Green Website for all things ecological http://www.tuvie.com Future of Design http://www.superuse.org. Ecological, Green Design, sustainable designPlanning- IA Criteria 1 Tasks for you to complete Aspect 1 - Defining the problemGrades 0-1-2Introduction to the design situation or challenge Must involve research and discussion of Human Factors and which ones are important in your projectIdentify and analyse the design problem you have identified- include a user trial and again a reference to Human factors is neededIntroduction to brainstorm of areas to research- Target Market, resources, materials, standard parts, materials, joining techniques etcIdentify a projected timescale for the design project to reach conclusion. Introduction and Simple Gantt Chart or project time planConcluding paragraph detailing all the previous discussion and stating exactly what the problem is. Aspect 2 - Formulating the brief or research questionGrades 0-1-2Introduction to a questionnaire explain its purposeQuestionnaire based on specification pointsResults of questionnaire form a target market groupDialogue from an interview with a client- include discussion and images of their user trial.Show images that are specific to the design problem – these might include ergonomic, historical,aesthetic, Functional, material or any other appropriate issues.Design Brief outlining the client/target market group, product requirements including design goal,target market, major constraints, design criteria to be included in the design product Aspect 3 – Selecting Variables or SpecificationGrades 0-1-2Introduction to a Specification describing its purpose for developing suitable design ideas andidentify/propose the sort of testing, checks and evaluative process that you are going to apply tothe final product that best evaluates the process and the productFull product specification- using a detailed format, eg 1.1, 1.2 with clear headings indicated. The specification must be fully justified/reasoned, with the tests and links tothe evaluation…
Research- IA Criteria 2 Tasks for you to complete Aspect 1 - StrategiesGrades 0-1-2Introduction and aim for these pages - Brainstorm areas to research- resources, materials, standard parts, materials, joining techniques etcDiscuss Primary & Secondary research strategies, qualitative & quantitative information again with a link to Human factors Design.Gannt Chart or CPA identifying the main activities of research and its timingDemonstrate how you might communicate the information that you collect- graphs, tablesdiagrams- what is the theory behind these? Aspect 2 – Data collectionGrades 0-1-2Carry out Primary & secondary research, qualitative & quantitative information.User Trials to investigate the all aspects of the design- performance, ease of use, safety,aesthetics, construction, costs, dimensions, materials, mechanisms, finishes, standardcomponents, reliability, ergonomics. Must involve interviews or questionnaires surveys etcInvestigate cost and which organizations sell this item.Present all data using tables, graphs photographs and mind maps Aspect 3 – Data Processing and AnalysisGrades 0-1-2Full product analysis of including high quality images, sketches of the product (use all design specification points)Include all supporting information about dimensions etc – see focus group in data collection.Analyse data from tables, graphs photographs and mind maps and create a summaryConclusion- Identify what have you now discovered that assists you to design the product. Or what has helped to re-definethe brief and/or design specifications of this project
Development- IA Criteria 3 Tasks for you to complete Aspect 1 - CreativityGrades 0-1-2Introduction to design ideas and brainstorming of requests from client and research findings. Display innovation when developing aProduct - Create 10-15 sketches of features or even concepts that are supported by the research. (Could be of some process,Product, ideas or doodles - quick sketches of initial thoughts. Come up with ideas that may sound fantastic but could possibly be madeRemember that we want to ‘smash the mould” and be innovative in our approach to the design problemAt least 3 or 4 full product sketches….Remember to annotate all sketches, use design specs as a reference point. Aspect 2 – TechniquesGrades 0-1-2Clear introduction to techniques and development of a range of hand drawn ideas and any models or modelling showinginformation about construction methods, materials and function. Consider doing any tests for material choices etc and analyse ideasLink any research with the ideas and discuss key points.Use a variety of graphic techniques: concept sketches- 2-D & 3-D perspective, orthographic views, exploded views, sectional views, close up views etc…)Create a Scale model of your final design. Can be Card, Foamboard etcDevelop preferred idea in detail by modeling in both 2-D & 3-D including photographic evidence.Analyse/ annotate all your material selection, joining methods, colour/style combinations.Suggest and discuss materials and industrial processes that could be used in its manufacture Aspect 3 – SolutionGrades 0-1-2Pictorial Drawing of Final Design. Can be hand drawn or Computer generated eg Sketch UpCAD drawing of final product Orthographic drawing fully dimensioned including a parts listInclude annotation of purpose of Manufacturing TechniquesManufacturing Techniques including an annotated diagram of each stage, a photo of the toolsand equipment that will be used and any associated theory or details of your design.
Manipulative Skills- IA Criteria 4 Tasks for you to complete Aspect 1 - ProcedureGrades 0-1-2Introduction to procedures and purpose of a Flowchart Complete a Flow Chart for your own project. Use internationalsymbols to demonstrate the sequence of tasks and operations that will be required to makeyour design project. Flowchart and show actual time spent of each stage in minutes. Completedafter making the project.Introduction to purpose of a Gannt Chart and complete a Gannt Chart to show all stages of productionincluding all processes and time plannedRisk Assessment of each of the processes and Health and safety considerations necessary.Grades 0-1-2 Aspect 2 – Use of equipment and materialsDiary of Manufacture - Manufacturing Stages- use photographs and diagrams to show in detail each process and stage ofmaking. Discuss all tools and processes in detail using photographs and annotated sketches.Evaluate as you make- clearly annotate with text and diagrams what you did and how someparts had to be changed and altered or made differently from the original plan.Discuss your own Health and Safety awareness, use icons, Safety, and other students- andshow photographic evidence to connect your Risk Assessment showing the issues of health and safetyduring the production including control measuresConsider issues relating to Quality- how did your process encourage a high quality product show photographic evidence. Aspect 3 - TechniquesGrades 0-1-2Produce a high quality product that is complete, fully functional and meets all the design specifications.Show photos of the finished product displaying any special features, quality of joining techniques surface finish etc.Take studio photos and images of the product in use in its intended environment and with the user group or client.Review the manufacturing techniques, materials, components and equipment used tocomplete the product. Any difficulties need to be discussed including the timing of the stages of manufacture.
Evaluation - IA Criteria 5 Tasks for you to complete Aspect 1 – ConclusionGrades 0-1-2Conducting tests and checks- to the final product to gauge how successful it has been, and howsuccessful you have been in designing it. Test the final product against the full product specification(FPS) to see whether you have met all the points- discuss using photographic evidence to supportyour justification.Consider all positive and negatives aspects of all areas of the project.Fully evaluate the product by through a survey/questionnaire, Expert Appraisal, detailed interview and/orobserving/recording the end user, using it.Show photographic evidence of the product being tested by the client in its environment. Document all evaluationwith photos supporting the feedback about the products functionality and suitability. Aspect 2 – ProcedureGrades 0-1-2Evaluate your strategies for design and designing. How well have you used or implemented aDCM and completed each stage/criteria of the project? What have you learnt about designingand about yourself as a designer. Highlight weaknesses of your design and procedures. Where could you have improved?Comment on all positives and negatives, include all resources and time considerations. Aspect 3 - RecommendationsGrades 0-1-2Create a summary of all recommendations that have you have gathered during the evaluation processes- client interviews, questionnaires etc.Discuss all modifications and use clear drawings with annotation to show changes and alterationsthat improve and refine your design if you were to make it again.Consider how the production would be produced on a larger scale - what would the implications be and how might this be achieved-eg. CAM, CNC routers, laser cutter, plastic forming techniques etc.Could you create a family of products from this one?Complete a summary by showing how the modifications would affect a re-design of yourProduct. Were any new specifications created?.