Evolution of the modern day space shuttle

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  • 1. Evolution of the modern day Space Shuttle Davis Ranburger IED 1 st period
  • 2. Nasa
    • After reaching and breaking the sound barrier in 1947, and breaking Mach2 (twice the speed of sound) in 1953, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was formed. The 1958 Space Act was signed, establishing NASA as the organization responsible for both aeronautics and astronautics.
  • 3. Space Shuttle
    • It cost on average $450 million per launch
    • Space Shuttles must reach a speed of 17,500mph, or Mach 22.9906, in order to remain in orbit.
    • The total weight of a shuttle before take off is around 1,607,200 lbs.
  • 4. First Steps
    • Many advancements made to airplanes during this time gave new insight and data that would eventually help make the space shuttle what it is today. These advancements include;
            • Rocket Power (1947- “X” series)
            • Wind Tunnels helped with aerodynamics and provided the test to reduce the “choking” effects (1951- Slotted Throat Transonic Wind Tunnel )
    1940 1950 . .
  • 5. First Steps Cont.
            • H. Julian Allen develops the blunt body reentry theory (1951)
            • NASA is formed (Oct. 1, 1958)
            • Between 1959 and 1969, 199 flights were made by three X-15 aircraft. This program produced the data to help scientist on the problems of heating with aerodynamics, high temperature materials, and the first space suits.
    1950 1970 1960 . . .
  • 6. 1981- Columbia
      • The first Space Shuttle launch of a partially reusable space vehicle.
    1980 2011
  • 7. Columbia and other Space Shuttles
        • The Columbia was one of the 5 original space shuttle programs (Atlantis, Challenger, Columbia, Discovery, and Endeavour)
        • Among the five, both the Challenger and the Columbia went down in tragic accidents.
        • NASA ran 135 manned missions into outer space.
  • 8. Apollo 11
    • This all eventually lead to the “Space Race” with many other countries including Russia, or our main competitor, and a race to the moon.
    • On July 20, 1969 the crew of Apollo 11 were the first to ever step foot on the moon all thanks to all the experiments, tests, and results.
  • 9. Last Flight
    • Atlantis flew the last mission of the space shuttle program in July of 2011.
  • 10. Next to come…
    • Although the Space Shuttle program has come to an end after 30 years there is still plans for the future of American space travel.
    • President Obama believes that by the 2030’s we will be on our way to an orbit around Mars and back, and then that will eventually lead to landing on Mars.
    • Unlimited Possibilities
  • 11. Works Sited
    • http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Evolution_of_Technology/NASA/Tech2.htm
    • http://history.nasa.gov/refcoll.html
    • http://history.nasa.gov/centtimeline/index.html
    • http://www.astronomytoday.com/exploration/shuttle.html
    • http://www.newsy.com/videos/what-comes-after-the-space-shuttle/