Transcript of "Basic things about tennis and basketball"
EquipmentThe right equipment is essential for a good game of tennis, along withdemarcation of the court according to international standards. Here are thespecifications.The Tennis CourtTennis is required to be played in a regulation size tennis court. This means that ithas to be 78 feet long (23.77 m) and 27 feet (8.23 m) wide (for singles matches) or36 feet (10.97 m) wide (for doubles matches). The court must have a 3 feet (0.914meter) high net (with 3 ½ feet net posts), dividing it down the center. The type ofcourt floor varies. It may be asphalt, clay, concrete, grass, artificial grass, wood ormade of other synthetic materials. The parallel line at both ends of the court,which marks its border, is known as a baseline, while the line marking the side ofthe court is known as sideline.A line parallel to the baseline, known as server line, is marked at a distance of 21feet from the net, on either side. The center line, which is perpendicular to thenet, is drawn halfway between the sidelines and exactly divides the courts intotwo halves on either side. Moreover, the server line and the center line on eitherside, divides each side of the court into four quarters. The quarter courts near thenet are known as service courts.Tennis RacketsThe usual tournament size racket should not be more than 29 inches in length and12.5 inches in width. The hitting area of the racket cannot be more than 15.5inches long and 11.5 inches wide.
Tennis BallsThese vary in color, but for official tournaments the ball must be yellow or white incolor. Two, three, four or six balls may be used in a match.Singles Game BasicsThe server is chosen by a coin toss. The player who wins the toss can choose toserve or choose the side he wants. If the toss winner chooses to serve, hisopponent gets to choose the side and vice versa. This applies to both singles anddoubles games. In singles, the server (person playing first) and receiver (one whoreceives the serve) change position (left/right), after every point and the ends arechanged after every odd numbered game.Doubles Game Basicsserving is alternated from team to team and from player to player so that eachplayer serves every fourth game. Both partners (receivers and servers) can standanywhere they want, however it is traditional for partners to stand side by side.The order of serving needs to be decided before the first game of any set begins.Scoringa match can either be Best of Three Sets (First player to win 2 sets, wins thematch) or Best of Five Sets (First player to win 3 sets, wins the match). A playerwins a set, when he wins 6 games, provided he is ahead of his opponent by twogames. If the difference between the players is less than 2 games, the game maycontinue till either wins the set by a margin of two (known as the Advantage setscoring method).The RulesBasketball is a team sport. Two teams of five players each try to score by shootinga ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. The game is played on arectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end. The court isdivided into two main sections by the mid-court line. If the offensive team putsthe ball into play behind the mid-court line, it has ten seconds to get the ball overthe mid-court line. If it doesnt, then the defense gets the ball. Once the offensive
team gets the ball over the mid-court line, it can no longer have possession of theball in the area in back of the line. If it does, the defense is awarded the ball.FOULSPersonal fouls: Personal fouls include any type of illegal physical contact. Hitting Pushing Slapping Holding Illegal pick/screen -- when an offensive player is moving. When an offensive player sticks out a limb and makes physical contact with a defender in an attempt to block the path of the defender.Player PositionsCenter. Centers are generally your tallest players. They generally are positionednear the basket.Offensive -- The centers goal is to get open for a pass and to shoot. They are alsoresponsible for blocking defenders, known as picking or screening, to open otherplayers up for driving to the basket for a goal. Centers are expected to get someoffensive rebounds and put-backs.Defensive -- On defense, the centers main responsibility is to keep opponentsfrom shooting by blocking shots and passes in the key area. They also are expectedto get a lot of rebounds because theyre taller.Forward. Your next tallest players will most likely be your forwards. While aforward may be called upon to play under the hoop, they may also be required tooperate in the wings and corner areas. Offensive -- Forwards are responsible to get free for a pass, take outside shots, drive for goals, and rebound.
ScoringIn basketball, there are about 3 different ways to score: free throws (1 point), fieldgoals (2 points), and 3 pointers (nuff said). Anything made within the big arch isconsidered a field goal (jumper/J). If you are fouled (forceful physical contactwhich could inhibit a shot) while shooting a field goal, you get a free throw. Youget two free throws (made from the mark right in front of the goal) if you miss theshot, and one if you made the shot, making a three point play. If you shoot a 3,and make it, and get fouled, you could have the chance at making arguably themost points in one play, 4 (a 3 pointer plus a free throw).
Questions 1- According to the articles and the videos what are the meanings of the following words:Baseline:Net:Racket:Set:Offensive:Score:Forward:Questions true/false true/falseIs completely necessary a racket to play tennis?In tennis; is necessary hit ball behind the baseline?Are white balls obligatory for official tournaments?In basketball, is there only one way to score?Is holding an illegal foul?Is dribbling a movement in basketball?The order of serving needs to be decided before the first game?