Rana Zhafira Dewi 7 – A SMPN 73 ICT ( Information Communication Technology )
Topic Problem1. What is ICT?2. Why we need ICT?3. Brief history about ICT4. ICT now and then ( comparison )5. ICT gadget or media6. Breakthrough on ICT7. Positive and negative effect of ICT8. Summary
What is ICT?- According to longman dictionaryINFORMATION is = Facts or details that tell you something about a situation, person, event, and etc.COMUNICATION is = The process by which people exchange information or their thoughts and feelingTECHNOLOGY is = New machines, equipment, and ways of doing things that based on modern knowledge about science and computer So ICT is machines, equipment or ways of giving orexcahange fact or detail about a situation, person, event, etc.
Why we need ICT? Imagine yourself living in a jungle alone. No TV, telephone, electricity, internet, radio, satelit, friends to talk to. Just like the stone age period. How do you feel about it? Human being is a social creature. We must live and communicate each other. For than reason people invent many thing to ease their social needs. Nowadays, people hardly live without ICT. It’s almost in every sectors of our life. Kitchen, bedroom,office, school, mosque, church, even open spaces like park or street have available communication media. Internet, TV, radio, telephone, newspaper, ar unavailable source to our live Bussenis and pleasure runs smoothly with ICT
Brief history about ICT Premechanical The premechanical age is the earliest age of information technology. If can defined as the time between 3000B.C When humans first started communicating they would try to use languange or simple picture drawings known as petroglyths which were usually carved in rock. Early alphabets were developed such as the Phoenician alphabet.
ICT now and then ( comparison ) ICT will be growing, increasingly sophisticated, and the ease of human life in the future. But do not misuse of ICT to do things that are not good Because it would be bad for our lives
ICT gadget or media ICT gadget or media are : Computer Television Radio Handphone Tablet PC, etc.
Breaktrough on ICT Detection of new discoveries that further facilitate humanlife. For example, first we have to send money by post or goto the bank. But now, we can send money only with SMS,we can do it anywhere and anytime.
Positive and negative effect of ICT ICT can have a positive impact on people Access to information. Possibly the greatest effect of ICT on individuals is the huge increase in access to information and services that has accompanied the growth of the Internet Some of the positive aspects of this increased access are: Better, and often cheaper, communications, such asVoIP phones and Instant Messaging. Improved access to education, e.g. distance learning and on-line tutorials. New ways of learning, e.g. interactive multimediaand virtual reality. New job opportunities, e.g. flexible and mobile
In addition, the use of ICT to access information has brought new opportunities for leisure and entertainment, the facility to make contacts and form relationships, social networks, with people around the world, and the ability to obtain goods and services from a wider range of suppliers. New tools, new opportunities. The second big effect of ICT is that it gives access to new tools that did not previously exist. A lot of these are tied into the access to information mentioned above, but there are many examples of stand-alone ICT systems as well: ICT can be used for processes that had previously been out of the reach of most individuals, e.g. photography, where digital cameras, photo-editing software and high quality printers have enabled people to produce results that would previously required a photographic studio. ICT can be used to help people overcome disabilities. e.g. screen magnification or screen reading software enables partially sighted or blind people to work with ordinary text rather than Braille.
ICT can have a negative impact on people Job loss. One of the largest negative effects of ICT can be the loss of a persons job. This has both economic consequences, loss of income, and social consequences, loss of status and self esteem. Job losses may occur for several reasons, including: Manual operations being replaced by automation. e.g. robots replacing people on an assembly line. Job export. e.g. Data processing work being sent to other countries where operating costs are lower. Multiple workers being replaced by a smaller number who are able to do the same amount of work. e.g. A worker on a supermarket checkout can serve more customers per hour if a barcode scanner linked to a computerised till is used to detect goods instead of the worker having to enter the item and price manually.
Reduced personal interaction. Being able to work from home is usually regarded as being a positive effect of using ICT, but there can be negative aspects as well. Most people need some form of social interaction in their daily lives and if they do not get the chance to meet and talk with other people they may feel isolated and unhappy. Of course, it is possible to overcome the lack of social interaction, but this usually involves deliberate planning and the active pursuit of relationships which might otherwise dwindle away. Reduced physical activity. A third negative effect of ICT is that users may adopt a more sedentary lifestyle. This can lead to health problems such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. Many countries, including the UK, have workplace regulations to prevent problems such as repetitive strain injury or eyestrain, but lack of physical exercise is rarely addressed as a specific health hazard. Of course, this must be balanced against the effect of having to travel to work. The stress of travel can itself give rise to health problems.
Summary Thus, ICT is very useful to help our daily activities. But we also have to be careful using it. Since ICT is also having a negative impact in our lives. We also have to make use of ICT as well as possible in order to facilitate our daily lives