Victorian Age Oscar Wilde

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Victorian Age Oscar Wilde

  1. 1. The Victorian Age Oscar Wilde Raffaele Nardella http://14.media.tumblr.com/1cvPLB9Qzl5lbur0unLrg3Jxo1_400.jpg
  2. 2. Life and Works <ul><li>Born in Dublin(1854) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>Walter Pater – aestheticism -> Art for Art’s Sake (cult of Beauty) </li></ul><ul><li>London – dandy </li></ul><ul><li>First work (Poems) </li></ul><ul><li>Success in USA in 1881 </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage in 1883 </li></ul><ul><li>Great talker </li></ul><ul><li>Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short stories (The Canterville Ghost, Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel (The Picture of Dorian Gray) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays (Lady Windermere’s Fan, A woman of no importance, The Importance of being Earnest) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedy (Salomé) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bad reputation -> public trial for homosexuality -> prison </li></ul><ul><li>De profundis - The Ballad of Reading Gaol </li></ul><ul><li>Paris – poverty – death in 1900 </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://atanasov.files.wordpress.com/2007/05/wilde_oscar.jpg
  3. 3. A professor of Aesthetic <ul><li>“ My life is like a work of Art” </li></ul><ul><li>Double Role: </li></ul><ul><li>Rebel </li></ul><ul><li>Dandy (vs Bohemian) </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy – Elegance – Superiority of Spirit – Wit to shock - Individualism – Freedom – Pleasure – Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is no such thing as a moral or immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all.” </li></ul><ul><li>No didacticism of the early Victorian novel </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  4. 4. Art for Art’s Sake <ul><li>A moral imperative </li></ul><ul><li>“ Art as a cult of Beauty” </li></ul><ul><li>Artist = Alien in a materialistic world </li></ul><ul><li>Not concerned with communicating his theories </li></ul><ul><li>Persuit of Beauty -> Tragic act -> Outcast </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella Picture from http://oddbooks.co.uk/files/images/wilde1882.jpg

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