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Daniel Defoe Raffaele Nardella http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/D/Defoe.html
An eventful life (1660-1731) <ul><li>Family of Dissenters </li></ul><ul><li>Modern languages, economics, geography </li></...
Structure of the novels <ul><li>Fictional autobiographies (details and memories) </li></ul><ul><li>Preface (stress on auth...
Characterisation Raffaele Nardella <ul><li>Characters from inside and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Physical (Crusoe) or socia...
Robinson Crusoe  – The Plot Raffaele Nardella http://www.pierre-marteau.com/library/e-1719-0027.html <ul><li>Main characte...
Robinson Crusoe  –  The new middle class hero <ul><li>Hero    middle class (middle state) </li></ul><ul><li>Classical her...
Robinson Crusoe  –  The Island Setting    Island    To prove his qualities Primitive Empire    Prototype of English col...
Robinson Crusoe  –  Individual and society <ul><li>Relationship between private and public spheres </li></ul><ul><li>Exalt...
Robinson Crusoe  –  The Style Raffaele Nardella http://hugereviews.com/images/Movies/castaway1.gif <ul><li>Objective appro...
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The Augustan Age Daniel Defoe

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Transcript of "The Augustan Age Daniel Defoe"

  1. 1. Daniel Defoe Raffaele Nardella http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/D/Defoe.html
  2. 2. An eventful life (1660-1731) <ul><li>Family of Dissenters </li></ul><ul><li>Modern languages, economics, geography </li></ul><ul><li>Financial problems </li></ul><ul><li>Whig papers </li></ul><ul><li>The Review  Famous for political essays and pamphlets </li></ul><ul><li>Prison  Pillory, a triumph </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Novels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robinson Crusoe 1719 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captain Singleton 1720 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moll Flanders 1722 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonel Jack 1722 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roxana1724 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comfortable standard of life </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://www.bpears.org.uk/Misc/Gateshead_Plaques/
  3. 3. Structure of the novels <ul><li>Fictional autobiographies (details and memories) </li></ul><ul><li>Preface (stress on authenticity - journal) </li></ul><ul><li>Series of episodes and adventures (single hero) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of coherent plot (large production) </li></ul><ul><li>Method of retrospective 1st-person narration </li></ul><ul><li> characterisation </li></ul><ul><li>Same point of view (author-main character) </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  4. 4. Characterisation Raffaele Nardella <ul><li>Characters from inside and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Physical (Crusoe) or social (Flanders) isolation in struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Father of English novel, representative of new social class </li></ul><ul><li>Original narrative technique  realistic novel </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Defoe
  5. 5. Robinson Crusoe – The Plot Raffaele Nardella http://www.pierre-marteau.com/library/e-1719-0027.html <ul><li>Main character : Robinson Kreutznaer </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving home at 19 to travel and to make fortune </li></ul><ul><li>First Voyage to Guinea </li></ul><ul><li>Second Voyage to Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pirates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>owner of plantation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Voyage to Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>shipwreck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28 years on a desert island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rebuilding his society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>writing a diary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cannibals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back to England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich thanks to the plantation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Robinson Crusoe – The new middle class hero <ul><li>Hero  middle class (middle state) </li></ul><ul><li>Classical hero of travel literature </li></ul><ul><li>restlessness search for identity </li></ul><ul><li>Act of transgression  Separation  Isolation </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=68626&rendTypeId=4
  7. 7. Robinson Crusoe – The Island Setting  Island  To prove his qualities Primitive Empire  Prototype of English coloniser dominating Nature Raffaele Nardella http://images.politico.com/global/robinson_crusoe.jpg
  8. 8. Robinson Crusoe – Individual and society <ul><li>Relationship between private and public spheres </li></ul><ul><li>Exaltation of English society </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility Material Productiveness Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Modification of Reality through work in the light of God ’s will </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic and Individualistic Outlook  Rational Method: </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Listing solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Pros and cons </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing the best </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  9. 9. Robinson Crusoe – The Style Raffaele Nardella http://hugereviews.com/images/Movies/castaway1.gif <ul><li>Objective approach  Details </li></ul><ul><li>Description on primary qualities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solidity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language  Simple, Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Narration  1st-person </li></ul>Cast Away (2000)
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