James Joyce
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James Joyce

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James Joyce James Joyce Presentation Transcript

  • James Joyce Raffaele Nardella http://arjunpuri.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/6-james-joyce.jpg
  • James Joyce Impersonality of the Artist Raffaele Nardella
    • Influence from Baudelaire, Flaubert
    • Artist’s task:
        • Describing life objectively -> True image -> Detachment from society -> No writer’s point of view (p.o.v.) -> Different p.o.v. and narrative techniques for the characters
  • James Joyce Impersonality of the Artist Raffaele Nardella
    • Style – Technique – Language
    • realism and disciplined prose
    • exploration of characters’ impressions and p.o.v.
    • free direct speech and epiphany
    • interior monologue with 2 levels of narration
    • succession of words with no punctuation, grammar rules
  • James Joyce Subjective perception of Time Raffaele Nardella
    • modernist writer
    • narrative more important than themes
    • different p.o.v. simultaneously
    • no omniscent narrator
    • geographical and sociological details
    • impressions and thoughts caused by an outer event
    • opening “in media res”
    • introspection rather than description
    • time as subjective
  • James Joyce Ulysses - Plot Raffaele Nardella
    • On Thursday June 16, 1904 (18 hours) -> fist date with Nora
    • 3 characters:
      • Leopold Bloom: Jew adv canvasser, alienated common man, in the streets, funeral, meeting Dedalus
      • Stephen Dedalus: alienated artist, saved from a brothel
      • Molly Bloom: Leopold’s wife, singer, adultery
  • James Joyce Ulysses - Odyssey Raffaele Nardella
    • Odyssey as structural framework for “Ulysses”:
      • Leopold as Ulysses
      • Stephen as Telemachus
      • Molly as Penepole
    • “ Ulysses” in 3 parts (as in the Odyssey) – 18 episodes:
    • Telemachiad (ch. 1-3)
    • Odyssey (ch. 4-15)
    • Nostos (ch. 15-18)
    • Homeric parallels -> important structural devices in the novel
    • Episodes -> hour, colour, organ of the body, sense, symbol
  • James Joyce Ulysses - Setting Raffaele Nardella Climax of creativity Detailed account of ordinary life Like a play of chess Dublin as a character of the novel
  • James Joyce Ulysses – Mythical Method Raffaele Nardella
    • Prose based on mythical method:
    • Psychology
    • Ethnology
    • Anthropology
    • Parallel with the Odyssey: symbolic meaning - another dimension - universal in the particular
    • Modern epic in prose -> a new form of realism
  • James Joyce Ulysses – Human Nature Raffaele Nardella
    • Leopold, Molly, Stephen -> 2 aspects of human nature
    • Stephen : intellect, young looking for maturity
    • Molly : flesh, sensual nature, fecundity
    • Leopold : everybody, uniting the extremes
    • Moral Theme (quest/journey) -> human life:
    • Suffering
    • Struggling to rise
    • Looking for good
  • James Joyce Ulysses – Prose Raffaele Nardella
    • Revolutionary Prose -> several methods for lots of matters:
    • Stream of consciousness
    • Cinematic technique
    • Question and answer
    • Dramatic dialogue
    • Juxtaposition of events -> collage technique (cubist artists – a scene from all perspectives)
    • Interior monologue -> 2 levels of narrration:
      • External to character’s mind
      • Internal to character’s mind
    • Language: puns, images, contrasts, paradoxes, false clues, symbols, slang, nicknames, slogans, foreign words, literary quotations
  • James Joyce The Interior Monologue Raffaele Nardella William James -> stream of consciousness – inner process Introspection in the 18th century novels (Defoe) 20th century fiction -> subjective consciousness – difficulty to reproduce the human mind through traditional techniques – interior monologue to represent the unspoken activity of the mind Interior Monologue: verbal expression of a psychic phenomenon Stream of consciousness: psychic phenomenon
  • James Joyce The Interior Monologue Raffaele Nardella
    • Main features:
    • verbal expression of a psychic phenomenon
    • immediate
    • free from introductory expressions
    • 2 levels of narration (external – internal)
    • no chronological order
    • subjective time
    • no rules of punctuation
    • no formal logical order