Augustan Age The First Hanoverians
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  • 1. The First Hanoverians Raffaele Nardella http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/William_Pitt_the_Younger_at_Westminster.gif
  • 2. The Whigs and the Tories
    • Royalists
    • Tories (1679-1680) Irish outlaws Church
    • Divine right Landowners
    • Power No religious tolerance
    • Queen Anne +/ Hanovers –
    • Parliamentarians
    • Whigs (1679-1680) Cattle drivers Wealthy Classes
    • Strong Foreign Policy Commercial Classes
    • Religious tolerance
    • Power Commerce and Industry
    • 1714 – 1760
    • Cabinet (without the King)
    • Prime Minister
    Raffaele Nardella http://www.mevx.net/2008-09-28/speaker_of_the_house.aspx
  • 3. The First Prime Minister
    • Robert Walpole (20 years)
    • England out of foreign conflicts
      • Taxes down
      • Flourishing of trade  Removal of custom
      • duties
    • Corruption
    • George I
    • 10 Downing Street
    • Agrarian and Industrial Revolution
      • Cloth-making industry
      • Coal mining
      • Iron-melting process
    • Lack of Capital and Banks + Poor Transport Facilities
    Raffaele Nardella http://www.gac.culture.gov.uk/gac_images/Fullsize/00007.jpg
  • 4. William Pitt Raffaele Nardella http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/31/3531-004-A302D040.jpg
    • Mercantilistic Policy
    • Set of values
      • power
      • wealth
      • prestige
    • Middle class man (Defoe)
    • Expansion of colonies
  • 5.
    • Expansion of the Middle Class
    • Merchants
    • Mines - Factories - Walpole
    • Large estates  Aristocracy
    • Artisans & Craftsmen
    • Hard work for low wage
    • Urban Population
    • No political rights – Terrible conditions
    English Society in the 18th century Raffaele Nardella http://www.michellehiggs.co.uk/images/Instruction%20of%20Pauper%20Children,%20ILN%201872.jpg
  • 6. English Society in the 18th century
    • Living conditions of children
      • London 51% dead before 5
      • Apprentices at 7
      • Chimney-sweepers
      • Workhouses
      • Drinking habits
      • Organized crime
    • Life in the Countryside
      • Enclosure system (no open fields)
      • Misery of labourers
      • Urban proletariat
      • Improvement of farming methods
      • Transformation of landscape
    Raffaele Nardella http://lve.scola.ac-paris.fr/anglais/images/Literature/work.jpg http://www.hrfw.supanet.com/St_Mary_Stoke_Ips.jpg
  • 7. The Coffee-Houses http://harryosoffdesign.com/fyi/images/coffeehouse_17thCentury.gif
    • News, gossip, entertainment
    • Same function as theatre in the Elizabethan Age
    • Postal system
        • box number for advertisers in newspapers
        • meeting places
    • Gathering points
    • Public opinion and journalism
    • Just for men
    Raffaele Nardella