The Science Behind Coaching

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The Science Behind Coaching - Presented at Mile High Agile 2014. http://milehighagile2014.agiledenver.org/program/

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  • Suppression – brute force approach – control one’s facial expression, tone and body language to hide emotions
    Suppression is distracting
    impairs perceiving incoming information, memory and focusing on task

    What topic would you want to learn more?
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775274/pdf/nihms492441.pdf
  • The Science Behind Coaching

    1. 1. The Science Behind Coaching -By Ram Srinivasan Agile Coach and Trainer @ramvasan, http://linkedin.com/in/ramvasan
    2. 2. About This Session • Is not a “Learn about Coaching 101” session. • Brain Science is an evolving field, multiple models exist for complex processes • Though I explain a “process” by itself, the brain “parallelizes” a lot of processes at the same time • Same brain regions can be active during different processes
    3. 3. How It Works- You Choose Or1. 2. Or Or 3. Or
    4. 4. The Basics – Triune Brain Theory
    5. 5. Brain’s Braking System and Emotional Regulation
    6. 6. What different strategies do you use to regulate your own emotions (as coaches)? Lets Talk About Emotions What different strategies do you use with your clients to regulate their emotions?
    7. 7. The Thinking vs. The Feeling
    8. 8. The Thinking vs. The Feeling (Thinking) (Feeling) Slow Accurate Rational(Thinking) vs. Fast Approximate Action(Feeling)
    9. 9. An “Quick” Example If a bat and a ball together cost $1.10, and the bat costs a dollar more than the ball, what does the ball cost?
    10. 10. The “Negative” Limbic Arousal are Faster, Longer and Stronger
    11. 11. Would You Buy a Car If … • The brakes are fragile, get worn out easily • Works only now and then and is temperamental • Capacity to apply brakes decrease each time you use it? • Consumes a lot of “fuel” when you use the brake?
    12. 12. Our Brain’s Braking System Motor (associated with movement) Self Control Cognitive (“thinking”) Self Control
    13. 13. Cognitive (Thinking Based) Emotional Regulation • Suppressing Emotions • Incidental Emotional Regulation (Labeling/ Symbolic Labeling/ Affect labeling/Naming Emotions) • Intentional Emotional Regulation (reappraisal, reframing, normalizing, reinterpreting, perspective taking) • Mirror Neuron Intervention
    14. 14. Talking About Emotions • Would you feel better or worse if you talked about your emotions? • Labeling vs Venting • Labeling with Symbolic Language (metaphors, metrics, simplification of the experience) • Ironic inference after “Affect Labeling” experiments
    15. 15. Labeling / Naming Emotions HELLO My emotional state is Certain intentional activities have incidental or unintentional effect on emotions
    16. 16. Exercise: What questions can you ask your coachee so that he/she can “label” emotions? Example: In a word or two, how would you describe that experience?
    17. 17. Labeling – Tips and Tricks • Disentangling input from interpretation of input (feelings) makes it easy to label emotions and makes it easy to identify them when they arise • An emotionally rich vocabulary will help someone label emotions better • Ability to observe our own thoughts, feelings and behaviors will help us be more aware of our emotions • I.e. Merely seeing yourself promotes self-restrain • Affect labeling also promotes decentering (ability to perceive thoughts and feelings as both impermanent and objective occurrences in the mind)
    18. 18. Intentional Emotional Regulation Would you rather have $5, no strings attached, or instead flip and coin and win $10 or nothing?
    19. 19. Intentional Emotional Regulation I give you $10, you can give me $5 back, or we can flip a coin and can lose $10 or nothing
    20. 20. Intentional Emotional Regulation Would you rather have $5, no strings attached, or instead flip and coin and win $10 or nothing? I give you $10, you can give me $5 back, or we can flip a coin and can lose $10 or nothing Our “Feeling Brain” is more sensitive to framing whereas our “Thinking Brain” is more sensitive to facts
    21. 21. Intentional Emotional Regulation Cognitive Reappraisal: Our realities derives from the stories we tell ourselves, at least the ones we believe Works when we are not in the most intense part of our emotional reaction • Some cognitive clarity needed • Depends on other people in the room
    22. 22. Intentional Emotional Regulation Perspective Taking: Ability to think in terms of what the other person might be thinking • Empathy kicks in before perspective taking • Taking a third person perspective and first person perspective activate different regions of the brain • Shaking off and physically moving (to a different perspective) help brain get more oxygen and also generate new thoughts
    23. 23. Mirror Neurons Mirror System in monkey and humans
    24. 24. Counter Mirroring - Mirror Neuron Intervention • Identify what you are feeling • Entertain the idea that your brain may be mirroring others’ feeling • Stop negative self-talk, attacks and complaints temporarily • Your emotions also reflect the sum total of other people’s emotions • Think about a complementary feeling or action
    25. 25. References

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