History of Union, Iran


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The history of Union Labor activity/organization in Iran

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History of Union, Iran

  1. 1. 
  2. 2. 1905
  3. 3. History Of Union  Founded by Workers- returned from overseas - familiar with ideas of Social Democracy and workers right. 1906, establish at printer house (publication), Tehran. Believe to be reorganized under leadership of Russian-educated 1908, The Iran government announce any Union gathering are illegal. 1909, branch out through different cities with:- (a) 15 union labor in big cities (b) approximately more than 40 000 members Under banner of
  4. 4. The Union Revelation  cities. 1909-1913, Went strike around the Demand for:- -Political & democratic freedom in the fight against imperialism & colonial domination arose. Establish and attach themselves internationally union workers.
  5. 5. Consequences of Union Movement  Massive lost to most Iranian factories and Industries. Agreement signs under Term & Conditions. Both party agree on POSITIVE SIDE:- (a) 9 hours of working time (b) little extra wages NEGATIVE SIDE:- (a) big cost for factories & industries.
  6. 6. The Bloom Time of Iranian Union 
  7. 7.  Fall 1945, CCUTU leader arrested to avoid from participating World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) 1946, CCUTU recognized as member of Estimate more than 300 thousand of Iranian worker. Recognized as voice of Iranian Labors by:- (a) The national Labor of Iran (b) Ministry of Labor and social affairs
  8. 8. Union Activity Ban  Early 1949, Tudeh Party (opposition party), took and initiative to revive in CCUTU. Efforts – was Interrupted Tudeh Party and CCUTU were banned and outlaw after assassination attempt against Shah (February 1949) Several CCUTU activist were arrested & 7 others sentenced to death.
  9. 9. Union Activity Ban  1952 CCUTU 400 thousand members came up with new leaders to be united and take back CCUTU from ashes. Industries and factories faced most unbreakable lost which government agree on:-
  10. 10. The Rising of CCUTU  From 1952 onwards CCUTU” Central Council of United Trade Unions” has been goes through so many strike and has had hard situation on the road to stand at present time to become part and recognise by all international union such as : World Federation of Trade Unions(WFTU) The International Transport Workers Federation (ITF) The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) World Confederation of Labour (WCL) International Labour Organization (ILO) International Alliance in Support of Workers in Iran (IASWI)-Switzerland The British Trades Union Congress, the International Transport Workers Federation, The Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging”FNV”(English: Federation Dutch Labour Movement)
  11. 11. The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU)  Established in 1945 to replace the International Federation of Trade Unions. Mission to bring together trade unions across the world in a single international organization, much like the United Nations. The following Trade Unions Internationals are constituted within the WFTU:  Trade Unions International of Agriculture, Food, Commerce, Textile, and Allied Industries  Trade Unions International of Public and Allied Employees  Trade Unions International of Energy, Metal, Chemical, Oil and Allied Industries  Trade Unions International of Transport Workers  Trade Unions International of Building, Wood and Building Materials Industries  World Federation of Teachers Unions
  12. 12.  The International Transport Workers Federation (ITF)is a global union federation of transport workers trade unions, founded in 1896. In 2009 the ITF had 654 member organizations in 148  countries, representing a combined membership of 4.5 million workers. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards and decent work for all.From 193 countries UN members only 185 are part of the ILO.
  13. 13.  International Trade Union Confederation - The ITUC represents 175 million workers in 153 countries and territories and has 308 national affiliates. The founding congress of the ITUC was held on 1-3  November 2006 in Vienna, Austria.ITUC Offices are in Switzerland ,Britain , U.S, Russia ,Jordan Hong-Kong and Bosnia and Herzegovina The International Alliance in Support of Workers in Iran (IASWI)  Formed in January 2000, with labour endorsements, particularly from Canadian labour movement, to launch and organize collaborative international solidarity campaigns in support of workers rights and struggles in Iran.
  14. 14. Iranian Union Activity Worker’s House(Persian:Khaneh kargar) workers Union (Persian:  The head quarter is Tehran in order to Gathering place for labour activity from Tehran and other cities. Dismissed and Unemployment Etehadie Kargaran Ekhraji va Bikar)  Free Union of Iranian Workers  The head quarter is in Sanandaj in order to fight for right of those employees/workers who layoff terminated or lost their job or they are jobless. National Union of Women Workers  Mostly fight for equality and the right of women workers in Iran .The head quarter is in Tehran. Iranian Workers Solidarity Network  Persian: (Shabakeh ye Hambasteghie Kargari) often abbreviated as IWSN, is an international network of Iranian trade union and workers right activists. Established in 2000, it currently has chapters in 13 countries around the world.
  15. 15.  Ettehadiyeh-ye Sendika-ye Kargaran-e Iran  English:Syndicate of Union Workers of Iran known by its acronym ESKI was a trade union centre in Iran. It was founded on the initiative of the Ministry of Labour and  Propaganda in September  ESKI published the newspaper Kargaran-e Iran(Iran Workers) ESKI was a founding member of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions which later merged into ITUC(International Trade Union Confederation) Central Union of Workers and Peasants of Iran the Syndicate of Engineers and Technicians and the Society of Doctors
  16. 16.  The Railway Workers union The loaf and Textile Industries union The Syndicate of Workers of Tehran and Suburbs Bus Company (SWTSBC) The Iranian Taxi Drivers unions  IUF-affiliated independent Haft Tapeh sugarworkers union in Iran The Heavy Machinery Unions of Iran The Iranian Automotive Industry Worker union The Mine Workers Union The Aluminium Industries Union National Union of Women Workers The Bakery Union The Union of Petrochemical And Gas Workers in Iran The Petroleum and Oil Industry Union Iranian Chemical Workers Union The Printer and Publication Union The Union of Painters The Carpet and Workshop Union National Union of Teachers EI’s affiliate, the Cooperative Council of Iranian Teachers Trade Associations”CCITTA” And …….
  17. 17. Iranian Government Labor Protection Organization   Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of Iran  The Ministry of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Welfare  Department of Health and Safety in Workplaces  Department of Labor Inspection  Department of Unemployment Insurance  Department of Labor Relation  Department of worker and Employer organizations  The Society of Islamic workers  The Retirees Club  Association of Employer Community  Association of Workers Community  The Workers Representative  The Ministry of Welfare and Social Security
  18. 18.  Physics Teacher arrested for union activity
  19. 19.
  20. 20.  The Co founder of painters unions