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SATYAGRAHA:
Social Movement & Cinema

A Presentation by
Prof. Ram P Dwivedi
Reality Vs Imaginative






Imagination is essential to communicate the
real.
Language is also a kind of imagination a...
Cinema with Social Concern







ACHHOOT KANYA(The Untouchable Girl,
1936)
DO BIGHA JAMIN (Two Acres of Land,1953)
M...
Cinema: Art or Tool of Social Change
Art for art’s sake or art for society: An old
debate(Marxism Vs Others )
 SATYAGRAHA...
My Points of Discussion








1-The Plot/Story of the film as a mirror image
of the happenings around the nation. If...
Understanding the Movement 1







Understanding Corruption (Give & Take)
Crime & Corruption
The Politics, Democracy...
Understanding the Movement 2


Scams in India

Based on Media Reports/Alternative

Sources

1 Crore=10000000

Name

Natur...
Understanding the Movement 3









Anna Hazare & Arvind Kejriwal: Who are
they?
Difference of Opinion: Reason & Di...
Understanding The Title






SATYAGRAHA:
Meaning
(Encyclopedia
Britannica
)Satyagraha, ( Hindi: ―insistence on truth‖ ...
SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 1






The film begins with arrival of a train at
Ambika Pur (Small Town/ District) station.
Mana...
SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 2








Corruption makes a bridge to fall and conspiracy
makes the the honest engineer to be ki...
SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 3






Due to pressure from all around Dwarka
Anand is released and he comes to know that
his son...
SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 4










He returns back to the town but no one believes him any
more. He clarifies his stand...
Reflections of Reality
India Against Corruption/ Black Money :
Anna Hazare/ Kejriwal/ Kiran Bedi & Baba
Ram Dev
 May Be: ...
The Limitations









Farmers’ protest
Laborers wages and other issues
The poverty
Issues of Untouchables/ Tribes...
Cinema of Upper Middle Class
All movements cited above were managed by
 1-Media, particularly TV
 2-Social media or Inte...
Mobile Users
Courtesy:
WIKIPEDIA

Country or
region

Rank

Number of
mobile
phones

Phones per
100 citizens

Population

D...
Internet Users 2012
Courtesy: WIKIPEDIA

Internet
users[2]

Rank Penetrat
ion[3]

Rank

Country or area

China

568,192,06...
Urban Centric
The movement was urban(Metro) centric BUT
 The film goes to villages and towns..
 One SCENE shows the farm...
Farmers’ Distress
Arjun Sengupta: Report
source: http://odrf.wordpress.com/2007/09/01/836-million-indians-live-on-less-than-rs-20-a-day-ibnl...
India: The Largest Democracy
Helplessness of common people.
 Democracy Vs Cartelization of Power
 Emergence of Regional ...
The Film Prefers









Urban-Caste, region, religion & lingual barriers
hardly matters.
Youth- Liberal new Genera...
A commercial Film

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Off Beat/Parallel –Commercial/ Popular
The Budget ( Rs.79 Crore)
Story
Actors
Loca...
Bollywood Top Grossers Movies in 2013
Bollywood
2013
Box Office
Positions

Movie

Lead Stars

Directors

India Nett
Collec...
Cine Language & Movement
Satyagraha: The Idea
Personal Distress --------Social Distress
 Loneliness among Crowd or THE CROWD IS
ALWAYS LONELY.
 F...
Evaluation-1




The Director tried to balance the movie- Item
song/Classical,
Reality/Fiction,
Documentary/Feature
Film...
Evaluation-2







Irony of life: We come across many people but
we remember only those whom we love the
most or thos...
THANK YOU
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Satyagraha:Social Movement and Cinema

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This presentation was delivered on 25 Feb, 2014 for the FINDAS group of Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo.

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Transcript of "Satyagraha:Social Movement and Cinema"

  1. 1. SATYAGRAHA: Social Movement & Cinema A Presentation by Prof. Ram P Dwivedi
  2. 2. Reality Vs Imaginative    Imagination is essential to communicate the real. Language is also a kind of imagination and so all art forms are like this Cinematic imagination seems very real but it is similar to others
  3. 3. Cinema with Social Concern      ACHHOOT KANYA(The Untouchable Girl, 1936) DO BIGHA JAMIN (Two Acres of Land,1953) MOTHER INDIA(1957) DAMUL (Directed by Prakash Jha, 1984) LAGAAN (The Land Tax,2001)
  4. 4. Cinema: Art or Tool of Social Change Art for art’s sake or art for society: An old debate(Marxism Vs Others )  SATYAGRAHA- Film / Movement  This film has clear-cut impact from real movements.  Film Analysis: Semiotics/Technical/Production/Marketing/Hist orical etc. 
  5. 5. My Points of Discussion     1-The Plot/Story of the film as a mirror image of the happenings around the nation. If so, why it is NOT a documentary. 2-As an ART PIECE : Story, Characterization, Location, Cinematography etc. 3-Investment and Recovery. Audience response An over all evaluation: You may agree or dissent
  6. 6. Understanding the Movement 1      Understanding Corruption (Give & Take) Crime & Corruption The Politics, Democracy & Public Protest Jan Lokpal (Citizens’ Charter /Public Ombudsman): Demand & Necessity Government & its Hesitations: Reasons & implications
  7. 7. Understanding the Movement 2  Scams in India Based on Media Reports/Alternative Sources 1 Crore=10000000 Name Nature Year Amount Involved(Rs) 2G Political 2008 176000 Crores Commonwealth Games Political 2010 35000 Crores Telgi Financial / Judicial 1992-2002 20000 Crores Satyam Financial 2009 14000 Crores Bofors Political 1989 16 Million US$ Fodder Political 1996 900 Crores Hawala Financial/ Pol 1991 19000 US $ IPL Games 1996 18 Million US$ Harshad Mehta & Ketan Parekh Stock Market 1991-92 & 2001 4000+1000 Crores
  8. 8. Understanding the Movement 3      Anna Hazare & Arvind Kejriwal: Who are they? Difference of Opinion: Reason & Division between them Political Vs Social: NOT two different things. Creativity, Imagination of a social movement Social Issues in a film
  9. 9. Understanding The Title    SATYAGRAHA: Meaning (Encyclopedia Britannica )Satyagraha, ( Hindi: ―insistence on truth‖ or ―zeal for truth‖) concept introduced in the early 20th century by Mahatma Gandhi to designate a determined but nonviolent resistance to evil. Gandhi’s satyagraha became a major tool in the Indian struggle against British imperialism and has since been adopted by protest groups in other countries. According to this philosophy, satyagrahis—practitioners of satyagraha—achieve correct insight into the real nature of an evil situation by observing a- nonviolence of the mind, by seeking truth in a spirit of peace and love, and by undergoing a rigorous process of self-scrutiny. In so doing, the satyagrahi encounters truth in the absolute. By his refusal to submit to the wrong or to cooperate with it in any way, the satyagrahi asserts this truth.
  10. 10. SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 1    The film begins with arrival of a train at Ambika Pur (Small Town/ District) station. Manav{Ajay Devgn}, a professional, capitalistic mind rich youth gets down and welcomed by his engineer friend who is brought up under guidance of his idealistic father, Dwarka Anand{Amitabh Bachchan} Manav & Dwarka Anand (Dadu Ji) had a discussion over dining in which Manav defends new economy and making profit.
  11. 11. SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 2     Corruption makes a bridge to fall and conspiracy makes the the honest engineer to be killed in a road accident.(Satyendra Dubey-Bihar, 200) Minister announces the compensation money which was not given to the family and finally Dwarka Anand slaps the commissioner and jailed. Manav tries to bail out Dwarka Anand but he failed and in despair he mobilizes the common man with the help of Arjun Singh & his journalist friend Yasmin Ahmad (Kareena Kapoor).
  12. 12. SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 3    Due to pressure from all around Dwarka Anand is released and he comes to know that his son was killed because of conspiracy and NOT an accident. He refused to take compensation money and asks the minister and the Commissioner to clear the pending files of the people within 30 days. Manav is trapped and asked to leave the town but he distributes all his belongings to his share holders
  13. 13. SATYAGRAHA: The Plot 4      He returns back to the town but no one believes him any more. He clarifies his stand and the movement again gains momentum. During the protest/ Dharna one person commits self immolation (real:Dinesh Yadav of Bihar State) & dies. Protesters want to demonstrate with his dead-body which creates differences among the protesters but finally it was allowed During demonstration the minister sends his goons and it becomes violent and firing from police kills DADU JI who says non-violence is his last wish to be practiced. Finally minister is sacked and put into the jail and the public wins. An idealistic ending.
  14. 14. Reflections of Reality India Against Corruption/ Black Money : Anna Hazare/ Kejriwal/ Kiran Bedi & Baba Ram Dev  May Be: EGYPT & other countries movements  The Brave Heart gang rape case of Delhi and public protest specially by Youths, students and intellectuals. Victory of Aam Aadmi Party (AAPCommon People’s Party) in Delhi Assembly Elections, Dec 2014. Now they run Delhi Gov.
  15. 15. The Limitations       Farmers’ protest Laborers wages and other issues The poverty Issues of Untouchables/ Tribes/Dalits Issues of Women & Children in a limited manner (The advertisement: Children Reach 5) Developmental issues in countryside/Villages (Road, Drinking Water, Electricity, Hospitals, Schools etc.)
  16. 16. Cinema of Upper Middle Class All movements cited above were managed by  1-Media, particularly TV  2-Social media or Internet, particularly by FACEBOOK  3-Mobile /SMS  PARTICIPANTS:  Youths, Students, Teachers, Advocates and few Businessmen indirectly supported by JOURNALISTS. 
  17. 17. Mobile Users Courtesy: WIKIPEDIA Country or region Rank Number of mobile phones Phones per 100 citizens Population Data evaluaton date 97 2013[2][3] - World 6,800,000,0 7,012,000,0 00+ 00[1] 01 China 1,227,360,0 00[4] 1,349,585,8 89.2 38[5] December 2013[4] 02 India 904,480,000 1,220,800,3 74.96 59[6] 31 October 2013[7] 03 United States 327,577,529 04 Brazil 268,440,423 05 Russia 256,116,000 06 Indonesia 236,800,000 07 Pakistan 130,583,076 08 Japan 121,246,700 127,628,095 95.1 June 2013[15] 09 Nigeria 114,000,000 165,200,000 69 May 2013[16] 10 Bangladesh 110,675,000 165,039,000 73.8 September 2013[17] 310,866,000[ 8] 192,379,287[ 10] 142,905,200[ 10] 103.9 June 2013[9] 135.4 August 2013[11] 155.5 July 2013[12] 237,556,363 99.68 188,854,781[ 13] 69.18 September 2013[10] December 2013[14]
  18. 18. Internet Users 2012 Courtesy: WIKIPEDIA Internet users[2] Rank Penetrat ion[3] Rank Country or area China 568,192,066 1 42.3% 102 United States 254,295,536 2 81.0% 28 India 151,598,994 3 12.6% 164 Japan 100,684,474 4 79.1% 33 Brazil 99,357,737 5 49.8% 86 Russia 75,926,004 6 53.3% 81 Germany 68,296,919 7 84.0% 22
  19. 19. Urban Centric The movement was urban(Metro) centric BUT  The film goes to villages and towns..  One SCENE shows the farmers’ protest but it is just referential.  ISRJ  1997-2008 : Total Farmers Suicides 199,132  Arjun Sengupta Committee: 836 M people live less than Rs. 20/day 
  20. 20. Farmers’ Distress
  21. 21. Arjun Sengupta: Report source: http://odrf.wordpress.com/2007/09/01/836-million-indians-live-on-less-than-rs-20-a-day-ibnlivecom-videos/  An overwhelming 836 million people in India live on a per capita consumption of less than Rs 20 a day, according to the findings of the Arjun Sengupta report on the Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihood in the Un-organized Sector. The report is based on government data for the period between 1993-94 and 2004-05. While the numbers rose by a staggering 100 million, the numbers of the new rich has also grown by 93 million. ―Our survey is very scientific. The other poverty estimates looked at the absolute poor only but we look at different categories of poor,‖ Chairman, National Commission for Enterprises in Un-organized Sector, Arjun Sengupta said. So, who are the ones who have actually benefitted from the boom in the economic growth of the country?
  22. 22. India: The Largest Democracy Helplessness of common people.  Democracy Vs Cartelization of Power  Emergence of Regional Political Parties as Black Mailers/Power Bargainers {character of MINISTER BALRAM Singh-Manoj Bajpai}  A Fractured Democracy- Caste, Region, Religion and Language  Need to Decide the preferences 
  23. 23. The Film Prefers       Urban-Caste, region, religion & lingual barriers hardly matters. Youth- Liberal new Generation [ JANTA ROCKS] Journalists-Deadly Professional People Advocates & Intellectuals-They know the reality and a strong will to change Private Service Class- Target oriented Servants Mahatma GANDHI- is a natural leader of masses (Peace & Non-violence)
  24. 24. A commercial Film  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Off Beat/Parallel –Commercial/ Popular The Budget ( Rs.79 Crore) Story Actors Location/ Set Design The Audience BOX-OFFICE
  25. 25. Bollywood Top Grossers Movies in 2013 Bollywood 2013 Box Office Positions Movie Lead Stars Directors India Nett Collection in Crores 1 Chennai Express Shah Rukh Khan, Deepika Padukone Rohit Shetty 226.70 Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani Ranbir Kapoor, Deepika Padukone, Kalki Koechlin, Aditya Roy Kapur Ayan Mukerji 190.03 Bhaag Milkha Bhaag Farhan Akhtar, Sonam Kapoor, Divya Dutta, Yograj Singh, Rebecca Breeds Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra 103.50 4 Grand Masti Riteish Deshmukh, Aftab Shivdasani, Vivek Oberoi Indra Kumar 102.50* 5 Race 2 Saif Ali Khan, Deepika Padukone, John Abraham Abbas Mustan 102.00 6 Aashiqui 2 Aditya Roy Kapur, Shraddha Kapoor, Shaad Randhawa Mohit Suri 85.40 7 Special Chabbis (26) 2 3 Akshay Kumar, Anupam Kher, Neeraj Pandey Kajal Aggarwal 70.00 Prakash Jha 67.85 8 Satyagraha Amitabh Bachchan, Ajay Devgn, Arjun Rampal, Kareena Kapoor, 9 Once Upon A Time In Mumbaai Dobaara! Akshay Kumar, Sonakshi Sinha, Imran Khan Milan Luthria 65.00 10 Raanjhanaa Dhanush, Sonam Kapoor, Abhay Deol Aanand L Rai 62.75 boxofficecapsule.net
  26. 26. Cine Language & Movement
  27. 27. Satyagraha: The Idea Personal Distress --------Social Distress  Loneliness among Crowd or THE CROWD IS ALWAYS LONELY.  Failure of the Success  Disappointment to Struggle  Prayer to ACTION[Raghupati Raghav Rajaram, humko karne hai kuch kaam]  Greed of few can destroy an entire civilization 
  28. 28. Evaluation-1   The Director tried to balance the movie- Item song/Classical, Reality/Fiction, Documentary/Feature Film, Message/Entertainment Indian Audience like the spice of MELODRAMA, DANCE, SONGS & ENTERTAINMENT and COMEDY
  29. 29. Evaluation-2     Irony of life: We come across many people but we remember only those whom we love the most or those we hate the most Similarly we like the film which entertains us completely or which disturbs us completely Unfortunately it failed on the both fronts, BUT Whenever we’ll try understand, to know about the social/political/economic status and happenings of the 2nd Decade of India, this film is an essential reference.
  30. 30. THANK YOU
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