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Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture
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Ecologically and economically sustainable agriculture

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CSA work in Maharashtra.

CSA work in Maharashtra.

Published in: Travel, Technology, Business
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  • 1. ECOLOGICALLY AND ECONOMICALLY SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Centre for Sustainable Agriculture
  • 2. FARMING BECOMING UNVIABLE       Increased costs of cultivation Increased risk of crop failures Lower Productivity Lower price realisation Drudgery for women Disguised unemployment
  • 3. INCREASING THE INCOMES OF THE FARMERS  Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture: basic principles  Regenerative, ecologically sound practices  Organized action by communities in planning, implementing and managing the program  Govt/ngos playing facilitating agency role  Farmer Field School approach  Value chain approach  Reducing the costs of cultivation  Reducing risk of crop failures  Increasing Productivity  Increasing the price realisation  Improving the work efficiency of the farmers/agriculture workers through small farm mechanisation and establishing custom hiring centres  Additional income generating activities
  • 4. IMPACT  Working with 1750 people in 35 villages in two districts (Yavatmal and Wardha) of Maharashtra  Among them about 724 (41%) are completely pesticide free and about 338 (19%) have become organic and others are in various stages of shift other are in various stages of shift  Pesticide use reduction it was 100% with 1062 farmers which includes 338 organic farmers (amounts to Rs. 53.10 lakhs) and about 70% with the rest (about Rs. 0.32 lakhs).  Fertiliser use reduction: 338 farmers have reduced their fertiliser use by 100% (amounts to Rs. 7.65, lakhs) and about 40% by the rest (amounts to Rs. 13.53).  One producer company currently into production and marketing of seed    Wheat (5.4 tons), Soybean Bengal gram (5.4 tons) 80% good seed realisation In Andhra Pradesh CSA directly works with 5000 farmers who adopt these practices and 3.5 lakh farmers covering 7.0 lakh acres through Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture during 2005-2008. Currently the program is spread over 36 lakh acres.
  • 5. COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS (2012-13) Operations Cotton Wheat Soybean Gram Cost (NPM) Cost (Chemical) Cost (NPM) Cost (Chemical) Cost (NPM) Cost (Chemical) Cost (NPM) Cost (Chemical) Preparatory Tillage ₹ 3,800.00 Seeds Bed Preparation ₹ 550.00 Seed & Sowing ₹ 2,400.00 Nutrient Management ₹ 500.00 Pest and Disease ₹ 200.00 Management Intercultural Operation ₹ 2,700.00 Harvesting ₹ 7,000.00 Transportation ₹ 1,400.00 Dealers margin/storage ₹ 750.00 Total Cost ₹ 19,300.00 Yield (q/acre) 14.00 Selling price (Rs/q) ₹ 4,000.00 Total Returns ₹ 56,000.00 Net income ₹ 36,700.00 Benefit: Cost 1.90 ₹ 2,900.00 ₹ 200.00 ₹ 2,060.00 ₹ 3,920.00 ₹ 3,000.00 ₹ 300.00 ₹ 500.00 ₹ 500.00 ₹ 830.00 ₹ 400.00 ₹ 2,250.00 ₹ 2,800.00 ₹ 6,000.00 ₹ 2,500.00 ₹ 1,200.00 ₹ 850.00 ₹ 600.00 ₹ 19,960.00 ₹ 10,850.00 12.00 17.00 ₹ 4,000.00 ₹ 1,800.00 ₹ 48,000.00 ₹ 30,600.00 ₹ 28,040.00 ₹ 19,750.00 1.40 1.82 ₹ 2,200.00 ₹ 3,500.00 ₹ 1,800.00 ₹ 1,800.00 ₹ 1,500.00 ₹ 500.00 ₹ 2,700.00 ₹ 1,800.00 ₹ 850.00 ₹ 3,000.00 ₹ 300.00 ₹ 500.00 ₹ 500.00 ₹ 2,100.00 ₹ 300.00 ₹ 1,100.00 ₹ 1,400.00 ₹ 200.00 ₹ 1,000.00 ₹ 200.00 ₹ 2,000.00 ₹ 900.00 ₹ 2,800.00 ₹ 2,500.00 ₹ 2,200.00 ₹ 600.00 ₹ 350.00 ₹ 1,800.00 ₹ 2,500.00 ₹ 450.00 - ₹ 9,500.00 12.00 ₹ 1,600.00 ₹ 19,200.00 ₹ 9,700.00 1.02 ₹ 11,350.00 8.00 ₹ 3,500.00 ₹ 28,000.00 ₹ 16,650.00 1.47 ₹ 11,100.00 9.00 ₹ 3,500.00 ₹ 31,500.00 ₹ 20,400.00 1.84 ₹ 2,800.00 ₹ 1,300.00 ₹ 2,200.00 ₹ 2,200.00 ₹ 700.00 ₹ 600.00 ₹ 1,400.00 1200 (storage) ₹ 11,600.00 ₹ 11,000.00 14.00 12.00 ₹ 3,000.00 ₹ 3,000.00 ₹ 42,000.00 ₹ 36,000.00 ₹ 30,400.00 ₹ 25,000.00 2.62 2.27
  • 6. COMMUNITY MANAGED SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE  Colloboration with women self help groups, Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty and NGOs  2004-05 started with 225 acres in one dist and reached 7 lakh acres in 2007-08 in 18 dist.  A national program called Mahila Krishi Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) is launched based on this experiencce 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 3500 3600 2800 2000 1300 0.225 25 15 0.1 200 80 700 300 Acerage ('000 acres) 1500 1000 600 Farmers ('000) 1600 1770
  • 7. STATUS OF PESTICIDE UTILIZATION IN DIFFERENT STATES** States/UTs 2005-06 2006-072007-08 2008-09 2009-10 kg/ha kg/ha 2000-01 2009-10 Punjab 5610 5975 6080 5760 5810 0.98 0.82 Haryana 4560 4600 4390 4288 4070 0.84 0.68 Andhra Pradesh 1997 1394 1541 1381 1015 0.34 0.09 Maharastra 3198 3193 3050 2400 4639 0.17 0.24 Tamil Nadu 2211 3940 2048 2317 2335 0.32 0.45 Gujarat 2700 2670 2660 2650 2750 0.30 0.29 Kerala 571 545 780 272.69 631 0.31 0.26 Karnataka 1638 1362 1588 1675 1647 0.17 0.14 **Source: http://ppqs.gov.in/IpmPesticides.htm MT of active ingredient
  • 8. REPLICABILITY, SCALABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY  The basic principles are replicable any where…production practices/models were evolved for Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Odisha, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh etc..  Institutional systems, knowledge management and extension are key for scaling up  Sustainability  The farmer groups needs five years of intensive support and five years of handholding support to become completely self-sustainable  After that beneficiaries would continue to use the practices as it would reduce their costs of cultivation  The capacities of the group and the community resource persons would be built to handle day to activities  They may need regular capacity building updating their knowledge and skills in production, institutional and financial management, marketing etc  By fifth year, the farmer cooperatives starts functioning and can generate enough surpluses to pay for the capacity building services.
  • 9. STRATEGIES  Scientific approach:  Focus on agroecological approaches  Evaluation in farmers fields  Mainly based on local situations and resources  Change as ‘Factor 10’  Knowledge based Extension  Using ICT tools: Krishi TV (http://www.krishi.tv)  Incremental change  Viable Community Institutions  Convergence with the ongoing government programmes  Showcasing the success stories VRC1 Farmer Service Cente Integrated services: • Knowledge • Inputs • Market • Financial VRC2 VRC3 VRC4 VRC5
  • 10. ORGANISATIONAL CAPABILITIES  Well experienced agricultural scientists and field staff  Research on Agroecological practices, participatory breeding and selection of seeds, Quick composting methods, green enterprises like Malkha,  Currently working with 5000 farmers in AP, Maharashtra and Punjab and supporting various groups in Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar  Seed Producer Company registered and is operational at Wardha. Seed production and sales are operational  Sahaja aharam marketing procurement was initiated 4 years back.
  • 11. www.csa-india.org www.krishi.tv www.agrariancrisis.in Facebook: ramoo.agripage Twitter: ramanjaneyuluGV Email: ramoo.csa@gmail.com Phone: 040-27017735, 09000699702

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