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  • 1. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 1 CURRENT AFFAIRS PDFWWW.JAGRANJOSH.COM SEPTEMBER 2012 www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 1
  • 2. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 2 Table of ContentsPick of the Month ......................................................................................................................... 12 The 16th Non-Aligned Movement Summit Was Held In Tehran .......................................... 12 Child Mortality Estimates Report 2012 released: India at top ............................................. 12 Jal Satyagraha ended after 17 days demonstration ............................................................. 13 51 percent FDI in multi-brand retail and 49 percent in Aviation ......................................... 14 Verghese Kurien, the Milkman of India died ........................................................................ 15 Russia declassified the existence richest diamond field ....................................................... 16International ................................................................................................................................. 18 USA slapped sanctions on laskar-e-toiba’s eight commanders ............................................ 18 India and Tajikistan signed six agreements .......................................................................... 18 Sixth Mekong–Ganga cooperation meeting held in New Delhi ........................................... 18 Smita Shah, the first Indian American at DNC Parliamentarian ........................................... 19 Gaurav Shumsher Rana became Nepal’s Army Chief ........................................................... 19 US uplifted Terrorist designation from Nepali Maoists ........................................................ 20 India & Pakistan issued joint statement on SM Krishnas visit ............................................. 20 Worldwide protests against the film Innocence of Muslims ................................................ 21 US Diplomat to Libya killed in Benghazi Attack .................................................................... 22 Pieta the South Korean Film won Golden Lion Venice Top Prize ......................................... 22 A Merchant Vessel was on fire near Mumbai Coast............................................................. 23 Trilateral Connectivity Project by 2016 ................................................................................ 23 India extended a credit of $10 Million to Palestine.............................................................. 23 MIT topped on the Qs World University Rankings Chart ..................................................... 24 India and Saudi Arabia hold their first talk on defence ties ................................................. 24 India and Pakistan signed MoU to expand business base .................................................... 25www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 2
  • 3. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 3 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is the new president of Somalia.................................................. 25 Hassan Sheikh Somalian president survived assassination .................................................. 26 Farida Malik a girl of Indian Kazakh became Miss Almaty 2012........................................... 26 Defence Minister, A.K. Antony opened an Army Hospital in Male ...................................... 27 China signed 16 new Agreements with Sri Lanka ................................................................. 27 India Offered Telecom Support to Turkmenistan ................................................................. 27 US & Japan agreed to deploy advanced missile defense system ......................................... 28 Pakistan test fired cruise missile, Babur ............................................................................... 28 Majeed became Chief Minister of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka ............................................ 29 Salman Rushdie released his Book Joseph Anton ................................................................ 29 India and Nepal signed MoU for constructing School Building ............................................ 29 India and Burundi signed 3 Major Agreements .................................................................... 29 India signed a memorandum of understanding with Egypt ................................................. 30 Hadia Tajik appointed as Norwegian Cultural Minister ........................................................ 30 China included Liaoning as its first Aircraft Carrier .............................................................. 31 India Malaysia to achieve a target trade of USD 15 Million ................................................. 31 US, India and Afghanistan held its First Trilateral Discussion ............................................... 32 International Current Affairs Quiz ........................................................................................ 32World Dairy ................................................................................................................................... 38Economy........................................................................................................................................ 41 GAAR Report submitted by the Shome Committee ............................................................. 41 Government cleared Rs 808 crore FDI proposal by Cloverdell ............................................. 43 Cabinet gave a nod to two subsidiaries of Air India ............................................................. 43 Report: Indian external debts are within manageable limits ............................................... 44 Karnataka agreed to release 10,000 cusecs of water ........................................................... 45 EGoM cut down the loan interest rate to 7 percent ............................................................ 45www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 3
  • 4. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 4 Sc asked Essar Oil to pay the sales tax dues in phases ......................................................... 45 Inflation rose by 0.68 percent in a month’s time ................................................................. 46 IRCTC introduced Interbank Mobile Payment System ......................................................... 46 Chidambaram pitched for National Investment Board ........................................................ 46 Green Tax introduced on vehicles entering Shimla .............................................................. 47 Trial to make Maharaja Express affordable .......................................................................... 47 Cash Reserve Ratio slashed to inject Rs 17000 crore ........................................................... 48 Indigo Airlines emerged to be the top ranked carrier .......................................................... 48 Bank details of mining firms demanded by Finance Ministry .............................................. 49 Foreign Investment cap hiked to 74 percent on Broadcasting............................................. 50 CCEA approved 1.90 crore lakh package on debt restructuring........................................... 50 CVC instructed CBI to expand the scope of investigation .................................................... 50 Economy Current Affairs Quiz............................................................................................... 51Corporate ...................................................................................................................................... 58 SC directed Sahara to refund 17400 Crore to its Investors .................................................. 58 Deepak Parekh nominated to Competition Commission of India ........................................ 58 Tech Mahindra Acquired Hutchinson Global Services .......................................................... 58 Jindal Steel & Power acquired Canadian firm CIC for Rs 650 cr ........................................... 59 BEL and Thales entered into a joint venture ........................................................................ 59 Cargotec tied up with Tata Communication ......................................................................... 60 ICICI to extend its net banking services through Facebook .................................................. 60 Partnership in between Alstom Grid and Toshiba Corp ....................................................... 60 Infosys acquired Switzerland based firm Lodestone ............................................................ 61 Sales percentage of car declined in India ............................................................................. 61 Welspun found lenders for its 50 MW solar Project ............................................................ 61 Contract inked between BHP Billiton and BG Group ............................................................ 62www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 4
  • 5. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 5 NIIT and Microsoft came together for Cloud Training.......................................................... 62 Bank of India opened its first branch in South Africa ........................................................... 63 Supreme Court directed Essar Oil to pay the sales tax dues ................................................ 63 L&T restructured its Engineering and InfoTech services ...................................................... 63 DMRC started training program to train new recruits ......................................................... 63 Tech Mahindra acquired 51% stake in Comviva Technologies ............................................. 64 ITC launched Grand Chola a luxury five Star hotel in Chennai ............................................. 64 HDFC Bank Commissioned its 10001st ATM at Kovalam ...................................................... 64 HDFC Bank announced the Launch of Credit Card for Teachers .......................................... 65 Top-level appointments announced by Tata Motors ........................................................... 65 Schroder Singapore acquired 25% stake of aamc ................................................................ 65 Indigo Airlines emerged as top ranked carrier ..................................................................... 65 Tata Steel won a high-speed Rail Contract in France ........................................................... 66 Ex-COO and MD of Reebok India held for Rs 870 Crore Fraud ............................................. 67 HCL Tech signed Multi-million dollar deal with Freescale .................................................... 67 Naveen Jindal, placed at the top in Executives Pay Chart .................................................... 67 DMRC won work in Jakarta Metro Project ........................................................................... 68 Cairn Energy sold 8 percent stake in Cairn India .................................................................. 69 Daimler India launched 3 BharatBenz Trucks ....................................................................... 69 Tata Group got an extension to manage the Taj Mansingh ................................................. 69 Dalmia Cement acquired Meghalaya based Adhunik Cement ............................................. 70 Corporate Current affairs quiz .............................................................................................. 70National ......................................................................................................................................... 77 SC: directed government to re-fix pay scale of army officers .............................................. 77 Union cabinet approved interest subsidy for farmer loans .................................................. 77 SC granted two weeks time to take a call on Abu Salem ..................................................... 77www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 5
  • 6. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 6 SC: media can be restrained from pressing trials ................................................................. 78 Government reduced Interest Rate on rescheduled Crop loAN .......................................... 78 Environment clearance of 99 Mines in Goa suspended ....................................................... 78 SC lifted the Gag Order on Media Reporting ........................................................................ 79 Rashtriya Aarogya Nidhi Scheme launched .......................................................................... 79 New measures announced for welfare of overseas Indians ................................................ 80 SC: Land belonging to SC/ST cannot be bought by Non-Dalits ............................................. 80 DA hiked for Union Government Employees........................................................................ 81 Union Cabinet approved the Demands of Ex-servicemen.................................................... 81 Service tax issued on different types of rail fares................................................................. 82 Indian Sovereign Rating is Stable-Moody ............................................................................. 83 Farmers challenged the water release issue in SC ............................................................... 83 SC: alternatives can be used for natural resource allocation ............................................... 84 Election Commission prohibited use of animals in Campaigns ............................................ 84 Nirmal Verma appointed as Indian envoy to Canada ........................................................... 84 Jaideep Sarkar appointed as the new envoy to Israel .......................................................... 85 NDMA observed its 8th Formation day ................................................................................ 85 Altamas Kabir sworn-in as 39th Chief Justice of India .......................................................... 85 Chief Justice of India S.H. Kapadia retired ............................................................................ 87 National Current Affairs Quiz ................................................................................................ 87Indian Diary ................................................................................................................................... 93State .............................................................................................................................................. 97 TCS to monitor MGNREGA Fund in West Bengal.................................................................. 97 Temporary suspension of mining operations in Goa ............................................................ 97 SC: Notice to Tamil Nadu on petition challenging 69% quota .............................................. 97 Delhi Government imposed a Blanket Ban on Plastic Bags .................................................. 98www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 6
  • 7. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 7 Punjab Government amended Canal and Drainage Act ....................................................... 98 UP launched the Samajwadi Swasthya Seva in the State ..................................................... 98 Chhattisgarh HC annulled the Land acquired by Government ............................................. 99 Haryana instituted Four Awards to Felicitate Women ......................................................... 99 Andhra Pradesh to set up 15 Marine Police Stations ......................................................... 100 Haryana Government Signed Memorandum of Understanding ........................................ 100 Justice Murugesan became chief Justice of Delhi High Court ............................................ 100 Delhi CM, Sheila Dikshit green signaled the Ladies Special Buses ..................................... 101 Tunnel joining the Amber Palace and Jaigarh Fort unveiled .............................................. 101 Massive door-to-door Cancer Detection Campaign in Punjab ........................................... 102 Sanjay Mitra appointed as new Chief Secretary of West Bengal ....................................... 102Sports .......................................................................................................................................... 104 India beat Cameroon to win Nehru Cup Football Tournament .......................................... 104 India beat New Zealand by 5 Wickets and won the Series 2-0........................................... 104 High jumper Girisha won silver at Paralympic 2012, London ............................................. 104 Andy Roddick bids a goodbye to Tennis ............................................................................. 105 Indu’s triumph with a bronze at World Junior Championship ........................................... 105 Special Committee submitted report in favor of Hockey India .......................................... 105 Lewis Hamilton became the winner of Italian Grand Prix 2012 ......................................... 106 Serena Williams won Womens Singles US Open 2012 ...................................................... 106 Andy Murray won Grand Slam single championship.......................................................... 106 Klitschko retains his heavy weight title .............................................................................. 107 Virender Singh won Bronze in World Deaf Championship ................................................. 107 Smiling Armadillo is the official Mascot of 2014 FIFA ........................................................ 107 Railways won the National Open Athletics Championships ............................................... 108 Dhoni named as the captain for IIC ODI team of the year ................................................. 108www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 7
  • 8. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 8 AITA extended the Ban on Mahesh Bhupati and Rohan Bopanna ..................................... 108 Daryl Tuffey retired from both all formats of Cricket ......................................................... 109 Indian Women won SAF Football Championship 2012 ...................................................... 109 Liberty Medal awarded to Muhammad Ali......................................................................... 109 Anuraag Thakur became a member of Asian Cricket Council ............................................ 109 Virat Kohli became the ICC ODI Cricketer of the Year ........................................................ 110 Wave Group is the owner of Delhi Franchise of Hockey India ........................................... 110 Mariamma Koshy appointed as full-time President of HI .................................................. 111 Golfer Gaganjeet Bhullar grabbed third Asian tour title .................................................... 111 Chandrika Tarafdar excelled in Weightlifting Championship ............................................. 111 Saina Nehwal signed up a 40-crore deal............................................................................. 111 Matthew Hayden retired from all formats of the game ..................................................... 112 Deepika Kumari won Silver at Recurve World Cup ............................................................. 112 Abhishek Matoria elected as President of IBF .................................................................... 112 Caroline Wozniacki won the WTA Title at Korean Open .................................................... 113 John Terry retired from International Football .................................................................. 113 Mary com is the brand ambassador of Super Fight League (SPL) ...................................... 113 Double Trap Shooter, Sodhi won Silver at ISSF World Cup ................................................ 114 Sandeep Patil appointed as BCCI Selection Committee chief ............................................ 114 Sports Quiz .......................................................................................................................... 114Science & Technology ................................................................................................................. 121 Gene Therapy that can restore the Sense of Smell developed .......................................... 121 Australian Scientists discovered Alzheimers Treatment ................................................... 121 India’s multi-lateral collaboration with European Nations ................................................ 121 Proteins that can protect against diabetes discovered ...................................................... 122 ISRO made a century with the launch of PSLV-C21 ............................................................ 122www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 8
  • 9. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 9 S. Williams took command of International Space Station ................................................ 123 New Nuclear Safety Agency launched in Japan .................................................................. 123 India successfully test-fired Agni-IV Missile........................................................................ 124 Curiosity Rover found evidence of waist-deep flowing stream ......................................... 125 Science Current Affairs Quiz ............................................................................................... 125Environment Ecology .................................................................................................................. 131 ZSN and IUCN released data species fearing extinction ..................................................... 131 Suspension of Environment clearances for 99 Mines in Goa ............................................. 131 International Day on Preservation of Ozone Layer celebrated .......................................... 132 Great Indian Bustard got Shonkaliya region to breed ........................................................ 133 Water around Union Carbide Plant found to be contaminated ......................................... 133 Disintegration of Indo-Australian plates caused earthquakes ........................................... 134 SC: on commissioning of kundankulam project ................................................................. 135 Government ordered a CBI Probe into attacks on Rhinos from Poachers ......................... 136 Atlas named Aquifer System of India released ................................................................... 137Events in One Line....................................................................................................................... 139News Capsule .............................................................................................................................. 142 Ramesh Abhishek appointed as FMC chairman ................................................................. 142 Aishwarya appointed as International Goodwill Ambassador ........................................... 142 International day of Peace observed worldwide ................................................................ 143 C.P. Joshi appointed as the new Railway Minister ............................................................. 143 The Malayalam film actor, Surendranatha Thilakan died .................................................. 144 Forbes Annual Ranking List of 400 richest Americans released ......................................... 144 Bill Gates still the richest person in America ...................................................................... 145 Aung San Suu Kyi received US Congress Highest Honour................................................... 145 Dinesh Thakur, the veteran actor-director died ................................................................. 145www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 9
  • 10. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 10 Former footballer from Delhi, Sardar Man Singh Batra Died ............................................. 146 SC refusal to review petitions challenging RTE Act, 2009 .................................................. 146 Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 ........................................ 146 A A Manavalan won Saraswati Samman ............................................................................ 146 Urdu Poet Muzaffar Razmi died at Kairana in Shamli district ............................................ 147 Government decided to launch Saksham ........................................................................... 147 Plastic Omnium planned to build its third factory in Russia............................................... 147 Web Portal named Track Child launched ........................................................................... 147 Ruhl appointed as India’s country director for world bank ................................................ 148 HC delhi ordered GPS system installation in Auto Rickshaws ............................................ 148 FICCI General Secretary Rajiv Kumar Resigned .................................................................. 149 Rajiv Mehta appointed as Director General of NCB ........................................................... 149 Former Sarsanghchalak of RSS KS Sudarshan died at Nagpur ............................................ 150 Veteran communist leader A.M. Govindarasu passed away .............................................. 150 The President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon visited India ............................................... 151 Justice Altamas Kabir appointed as Chief Justice of India .................................................. 151 Tilak Kumar is the president of The Indian Newspaper Society ......................................... 151 Fuego Volcano in Guatemala started spewing Ash and Lava ............................................. 152 Fortis Escorts won FICCI Healthcare Excellence Award 2012 ............................................. 152 Former Chief Justice of India Ranganath Misra Died.......................................................... 152 Sheryl Kumar was Crowned as Miss India Fiji 2012 ............................................................ 153 Cartoonist Assem Trivedi granted bail by Mumbai High Court .......................................... 153 Tensions grew over Senkaku Islands between Japan and China ........................................ 154 Jeet Thayil shortlisted for the Man Booker for Narcopolis................................................. 154 Vice president of India M. Hamid Ansari released a book ................................................. 154 World suicide prevention day observed in India ................................................................ 155www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 10
  • 11. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 11 NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Summit 2012 held in Tehran ........................................... 155 Pieta the South Korean Film won Golden Lion Venice Top Prize ....................................... 156 Aseem Trivedi the cartoonist from Mumbai held for sedition ........................................... 156 Padamshree Dr. AN Purohit won Shiksha Ratna Award ..................................................... 156 List of most influencing finance personality released ........................................................ 156 Dr. KC Abraham awarded with Business Excellence Award ............................................... 157 World Economic Forum report released, india ranked 59 ................................................. 157 Sachin Pilot commissioned as a Lieutenant in Territorial Army ......................................... 157 Kaushik Basu appointed as World Bank Chief Economist .................................................. 158 DCGI directed Drug Companies to submit Safety Reports ................................................. 158 Mobile Connection to Foreigners for maximum three months ......................................... 158 Devendra Kumar Joshi took over as the new Indian Navy Chief ........................................ 159Questions of the Month.............................................................................................................. 161For More Info .............................................................................................................................. 162 Be what you want by following the links given below ....................................................... 162 Don’t miss the information of past quarter, just CLICK BELOW ......................................... 162 For more information click on the below mentioned links ................................................ 162 For specific notifications of UPSC click on the links ............................................................ 163www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 11
  • 12. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 12PICK OF THE MONTHTHE 16TH NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT SUMMIT WAS HELD IN TEHRANThe 16th NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) summit was held at Tehran, Iran on 30-31 August2012. The theme of the summit was Lasting Peace through Joint Global Governance. At theTehran Summit, the Chairmanship of NAM was passed on from Egypt to Iran in accordance withthe NAM’s practice of regional rotation. The NAM meeting in Tehran was held in three phases:preparatory senior officials meeting on 26-27 August, ministerial level meeting on 28-29August, and the summit on 30-31 August. Heads of the government from over 100 countriesparticipated in the Tehran Summit to discuss the new global challenges.At the end of the summit, the outcome documents were adopted which put emphasis onpeace. Participants called for fundamental changes in global governance and collectivemanagement of the world as the precondition of establishing peace, and all of them expressedthe call for avoiding conflicts in the world.Venezuela was selected the host for the 17th NAM Summit in 2015 and two nations, namelyAzerbaijan Republic and Fiji, were accepted as the new members of the organization. The NAMwas founded in the former Yugoslavia in 1961. It represents almost two-thirds of the UNmembers and about 55 percent of the world population.INDIAS STANCE AT TEHRAN SUMMITIndia expressed support for popular aspirations for a democratic order in Syria while cautioningagainst external intervention. India urged NAM to take a clear stand on Syria.CHILD MORTALITY ESTIMATES REPORT 2012 RELEASED: INDIA AT TOPIn the Child Mortality Estimates Report 2012 published on 12 September 2012, by UnitedNations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), India was placed at the top position in the chart of 10countries that topped on the chart. The other countries with their names on the chart areNigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, China, Pakistan, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Bangladeshand Afghanistan.As per the report, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, China, Pakistan along with Indiaare the countries with more than fifty percent of the total deaths. The countries with world’slowest mortality rate are Singapore, the Nordic Countries, Japan and some of the EuropeanCountries. But the good news of the report is the decrease in the number of the under fivemortality to 6.9 million from that if the 12 million in 1990. This fall measures to 51 per thousandin 2011 from that of 87 per thousand in 1990.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 12
  • 13. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 13The report also cleared that approx 40 percent of the total deaths were reported within 28days (neonatal period) of birth which counts to be three million deaths in total. THE IDENTIFIED CAUSE FOR THE MORTALITY IS  14 percent due to pre-term birth complications  18 percent due to Pneumonia  11 percent due to Diarrhea  9 percent due to Intrapartum related complications  7 percent of the total deaths happenJAL SATYAGRAHA ENDED AFTER 17 DAYS DEMONSTRATIONThe most outstanding demonstrations of its own kind in Khandawa district of Madhya Pradeshnamed Jal Satyagraha continued for 17 days at Omkareshwar Dam Project came to an end on10 September 2012. Across 1000 acres of cultivatable land has been submerged into water withat least 60 odd villages that will not be visible in the map of India any more. The Satygrahisdemanded land for the land compensation following the ruling of Supreme Court.The oustees in the Satyagraha remained standing in the neck deep water with demands likelowering down the level of water stored in the dam to 189 meters and to provide land for landcompensation ended the battle on the victory note.A high level committee has been constituted to hear the grievances of the dam effected people.The constituted committee will comprise of Minister of State for Narmada Valley DevelopmentK.L. Agrawal, SC-ST Welfare Minister Kunwar Vijay Shah, Commerce and Industries MinisterKailash Vijaywargiya, Principal Secretary, Narmada Valley Development Rajneesh Vaish and theIndore Divisional Commissioner.JAL SATYAGRAHAJal Satyagraha is a type of Satyagraha in which 51 farmers from Khandwa district of MadhyaPradesh stood in the neck dip water of Omkareshwar Dam for 17 days continuously asking fortheir rehabilitation.In this unique way of demonstration by the agitators of Khandwa region of Madhya Pradeshagainst the state government demanding for their rehabilitation after their lands and homeswere flooded off by the Omkareshwar Dam water. The Satyagrahis demanded for thecompensation as per the ruling of the Supreme Court. The agitators termed as Jal Satyagrahismade a decision to stand in neck deep water of the dam, all wet and damp.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 13
  • 14. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 14OMKARESHWAR DAM PROJECTOmkareshwar Dam Project is a 520 MW project constructed by the Narmada HydroelectricDevelopment Corporation in joint venture with Madhya Pradesh Government and NHPC isamong the biggest dam on Narmada River. The Omkareshwar project area, lies in between thebanks of the two important rivers of India, Narmada and Kaveri (it’s a tributary to Narmada). Itwas conceived as an irrigation and power dam to be built in the state of Madhya Pradesh in theyear 1965. The project is one of the fasted completed hydroelectric projects of the country inbetween 2004 and 2006. The project has benefitted about 529 villages with irrigation facilitiesand has helped in raising the yield to 0.725 million tons of grains along with .835 million ton ofother crops in the region.51 PERCENT FDI IN MULTI-BRAND RETAIL AND 49 PERCENT IN AVIATION The Union Cabinet on 14 September 2012 cleared the proposal of foreign direct investment(FDI) for 51 percent in the multi-brand retail chains and 49 percent in Aviation power exchangesindustry. Passing of the proposal have cleared the floor for welcoming the multi-brand retailchains like Wall mart and Tesco and Carrefour in the country for setting up of their shops andretail outlets. Similarly, the 49 percent of FDI allowed in aviation and Power exchanges willbring in funds for the domestic carriers on a verge of death and will help in enhancement ofpower availability and distribution management, respectively. CONDITIONS PUT FORWARD FOR INVESTORS IN MULTI-BRAND RETAILS  The proposal makes a clear stand that investors looking ahead for investments will have to take the permission in form of approvals from the Foreign Investment Promotion Board  Investment of minimum $100 million is a must for any foreign investor planning to invest in India, out of which 50% of the investment should be made in creation of back-end infrastructure. Back-end investment means investments that is made in quality control, warehouse creation, cold storage, design improvement, manufacturing, processing and packaging  The investors will have to get 30% of the production of their total products by the small- scale industries  The proposal also clears that the agricultural produce like pulses, flowers, fruits, vegetables, poultry item, fishery, meat and others can be unbranded  Investors can invest in the 51 cities with a minimum population of 10 lakh people as per the census presented in the year 2011www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 14
  • 15. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 15FOR MAKING INVESTMENT IN THE AVIATION SECTOR, THE PROPOSALS HAVE  This will help in making equity invasion for the aviation companies seeking financial support at the time when maximum of the domestic airlines are passing through a phase of losses.  Investors who are not functional in airline business can own equity of 49 percent directly or indirectly in the Indian Aviation Companies.FDI IN POWER EXCHANGES WILL BE GUIDED VIA  49 percent of FDI in power trading exchanges will be taken care of as per the regulation laid down by SEBI and Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations) 2010.  The commerce minister stated that Foreign Institutional Investors cannot exceed a limit of 26 percent investment and the paid-up capital will be restricted to 23 percent.  FII can be permitted under automatic routes whereas; the FDI will be scrutinized under the route approved by the government.  The generation of electricity, power transmission and distribution along with trading will be done in accordance to the provisions of the electricity Act 2003.  The current policy allows FDI up to 100 percent in power sector (atomic energy is an exception)WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR DIFFERENT ECONOMIC SECTIONS OF INDIA  Economy: Help in reversal of the economic slowdown, attract the investment of billions of dollars from foreign market and spin jobs to a greater extent  Kirana Stores: Will lower down the selling price, because they will purchase the supplies from deep down retailers  Retailers: Can sell their equity up to 51% to the global leaders  Farmers: They can sell their produce directly at higher prices and the presence of middle man will end  States: Decision to allow the retail giants or prohibit lies in the hands of states  Common Man: A chance to gain big discount with many options to shop  UPA government: Got a chance to wash away the blames of policy paralysisVERGHESE KURIEN, THE MILKMAN OF INDIA DIEDThe man responsible for bringing white revolution in India and founder of world’s largest dairycompany Amul, Verghese Kurien (90) took his last breath in a hospital at Nadiad, on 9September 2012. The body of Dr. Kurien was cremated in the ultramodern crematorium atKailash Bhumi in the milk capital of India- Anand, Gujarat in presence of his admirers and staffmembers of milk cooperatives.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 15
  • 16. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 16Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) was founded under thechairmanship of the visionary. He was appointed tobe the founder Chairman of National DairyDevelopment Board in the year 1965 by the thenPrime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri. He played amajor role in different organizations like, hechaired the Vikshit Bharat Foundation and been aChairman for Board of Governors of Institute ofRural Management, Anand.Kurien, who was born in Kerela on 26 November1921, in a Syrian Christian family was a mechanical engineer by education with dairyengineering as his minor subject. He was sent to Anand by the first home minister of IndianUnion, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel to look after the existing problems of farmers in 1949 andsince then Anand turned up to be the home for the Milkman of India. He along with his team isknown as the pioneer, who invented the process of transforming buffalo’s milk into condensedmilk as well as powder instead of the cow’s milk.His vision and leadership together helped the then milk deficit country India to be the largestmilk producing country of the world. India’s contribution to the total milk production of theworld is about 17%. Because of his contributions to the nation, Verghese Kurien won awardsnamely Magsaysay Award, the world food prize and India’s second highest civilian award,Padma Vibhushan. Now, Kurien is survived by his grandson, Siddharth, daughter Nirmala Kurienand his wife.RUSSIA DECLASSIFIED THE EXISTENCE RICHEST DIAMOND FIELDRussian government on 18 September 2012 declassified its diamond reserves formed after a 7kilometer wide asteroid stroked the graphite rich area of Russia, about 35 million years ago.The most valuable secret of Russian Cold War was kept hidden from the rest of the world formore than five decades. The reserve was discovered by the Russians during the mid 1960s.The huge deposits of hard diamond, which can fulfill the demands of the world for next 3000years was discovered in the Popigoi crater in East Siberia in an asteroid with diameter of 120kilometers. Russian scientists from the Novosibirsk Institute of Geology and Mineralogy claimedthat the total quantity of the available diamond in the crater is more than 10 times of the totalreserve of diamond that the world have.These diamonds are an ideal material for industrial use and are twice harder than that of thetechnical diamonds generally used for industrial purposes. Declassification of the hiddenreserves can’t be used as jewellery item, so will not have any impact in the jewel makingindustry of the world.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 16
  • 17. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 17www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 17
  • 18. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 18INTERNATIONALUSA SLAPPED SANCTIONS ON LASKAR-E-TOIBA’S EIGHT COMMANDERSThe United States of America on 31 August 2012 slapped sanctions on Pakistan-based terrorgroup Lashkar-e-Toibas top eight commanders, including Mumbai terrorist attack mastermindSajid Mir and its founder Hafiz Saeeds son. LeT, despite being designated as a foreign terroristorganisation in January 2002, continues to operate in Pakistan and throughout the region andengage in terrorist activities worldwide. LeT conducted numerous terrorist acts againstPakistani, Indian, Afghan and US interests and is responsible for the November 2008 Mumbaiattacks that killed more than 160 people, including six Americans, and the July 2006 Mumbaitrain bombings that killed more than 180 people.The US decision to designate the Lashkar-e-Toiba as a terrorist organisation again and ban it isthe vindication of the long standing Indian assessment of this particular group. The specific USreference to the role of the Lashkar in the Mumbai attack of November 2008 will place greaterpolitico-diplomatic pressure on the Pakistani government to take action against Lashkar-e-Toiba.INDIA AND TAJIKISTAN SIGNED SIX AGREEMENTSIndia and Tajikistan on 3 September 2012 signed six agreements in the field of sports, health,culture, education, labour, textiles and energy.India and the central Asian country of Tajikistan agreed to advance their ties to a strategicpartnership in order to impart greater strength to the relationship through all-round co-operation and engagement.The President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Mr. Emomali Rahmon, was on a State Visit to Indiafrom 1 to 4 September 2012 at the invitation of the President of the Republic of India. This wasthe fifth visit to India by President Mr. Emomali Rahmon.The visiting dignitary also attended a business meeting organized jointly by ASSOCHAM, CII andFICCI. Both the countries identified information technology, bio-technology, mining, tourism,pharmaceuticals among other sectors as high potential area. After the agreements it wasdecided that India will increase training slots for Tajikistan from 100 to 150 under IndiaTechnology and Eco Training Programme.SIXTH MEKONG–GANGA COOPERATION MEETING HELD IN NEW DELHIMekong–Ganga sixth Cooperation meeting was held in New Delhi on 3-4 September 2012.Senior official meeting was held on September 3 whereas the Foreign Ministers meet was heldon 4 September 2012.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 18
  • 19. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 19The Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC) was established on November 10, 2000 in Vientiane,Lao Peoples Democratic Republic with a purpose of cooperation amongst India and the fiveMekong region countries - Cambodia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Vietnamand Thailand.It was basically established to emphasize on four areas of cooperation, which are tourism,culture, education, and transportation linkage, in order to build strong foundation for futuretrade and investment cooperation among the region. This is the first time that the MekongGanga Cooperation meeting was hosted by India. India had earlier chaired the 5th MGCMinisterial Meeting on the sidelines of the ASEAN-India Meetings.Five Mekong Ganga Cooperation ministerial meetings has held so far, In Vientiane, Lao PeoplesDemocratic Rebuplic on November 10, 2000; In Hanoi, Vietnam on July 28, 2001; In PhnomPenh, Cambodia June 20, 2003; In Cebu, Philippines on January 12, 2007 and in Manila,Philippines on August 1, 2007.SMITA SHAH, THE FIRST INDIAN AMERICAN ATDNC PARLIAMENTARIANSmita Shah a close supporter of US President Barack Obamabecame the first person from Indian-American origin to serveas a parliamentarian for Democratic National Convention on 6September 2012. As per the publically available documents,Smita has been an applauded donor to the campaign of theDemocratic Party and Obama.She is the Vice-Chair at Chicago Plan Commission. Smita headsSpaan Tech, a unit that was described by The Chicago Tribune to be politically connected withan information and management technology firm having four contracts of several milliondollars potentially in the year 2011. Being an engineer with license, she founded Spaan Tech inthe year 1998 and since then has been a great participant in the success story of the company.The Chicago born is serving as a Chairman with Delhi–Chicago Sister Cities Committee. Topromote the exchange of values in relation to culture, social and economy in between the twonations, she guided the Chicago’s Mayor Richard M Daley trade mission to India.GAURAV SHUMSHER RANA BECAME NEPAL’S ARMY CHIEFGaurav Shumsher Rana an India-educated lieutenant general took over the position of Nepal’sArmy Chief, on 6 September 2012. He has served Nepal’s army for 39 years ever since hisrecruitment in 1970. Rana’s appointment is a result of cabinet decision following a proposalmade by the ex-army chief Gen Chhatra Man Singh Gurung to the President Ram Baran Yadav,as a successor to him.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 19
  • 20. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 20Rana, who did his graduation in military affairs from a Himachal Pradesh based, The LawrenceSchool at Sanawar also completed his Officers’ Cadet Course Royal Military Academy,Sandhurst, UK. Rana is a son of a former Major General Aditya Shumsher Rana of Nepal Armyand a great-grand son of the Prime Minister Chandra Shumsher Rana, who ruled the nation inbetween 1901-1930.US UPLIFTED TERRORIST DESIGNATION FROM NEPALI MAOISTSThe title of ‘terrorists’ assigned to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) by United States hasbeen uplifted on 6 September 2012. Maoist part was Specially Designated with the title ofTerrorist Entity under Executive Order 13224. US also withdrew its status as terroristorganisation from the Terrorist Exclusion List (TEL) under the Immigration and Nationality Act.This decision came in favor of the party after six years long wait, since the time it signed peacetreaty to make its entry to open politics.US declared its decision on the day, when final phase of rehabilitation and integration processof former Maoists combatants started. The state department stated that the party is no longerinvolved in the activities that threaten the security of U.S. Foreign policy and its nationals andtoday they are directly involved in governance of the Nation.INDIA & PAKISTAN ISSUED JOINT STATEMENT ON SM KRISHNAS VISITExternal Affairs of India, SM Krishna visited Pakistan from 7 to 9 September 2012 to reviewprogress in the Dialogue process. During his visit, India and Pakistan issued a joint statement.THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE STATEMENT ARE AS FOLLOWING  Cross-LoC travel would be expanded on both sides of LoC to include visits for tourism and religious pilgrimage.  Tourist and Pilgrimage sites will be designated on both sides of the LoC and information will be available with the designated authorities.  Both sides will extend necessary assistance to valid entry permit holders to cross the LoC in emergency situation on crossing as well as non- crossing days. This will be facilitated by designated authorities.  Improvement of roads and bridges for Cross-LoC trade will be facilitated.  Transportation links on operational crossing points will be upgraded.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 20
  • 21. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 21  Both sides agreed to facilitate the exchange of business delegations.  Besides, List of 21 products of permissible items for Cross-LoC trade will be respected by both sides. It was agreed that the JWG (Joint Working Group) on Cross-LoC CBMs will meet on a bi-annual basis to review existing arrangements and suggest additional CBMs and measures for Cross-LoC travel and trade.  India and Pakistan reviewed the status of bilateral relations and expressed satisfaction on the holding of meetings on the issues of Counter-Terrorism (including progress on Mumbai trial) and Narcotics Control; Humantarian issues; Commercial & Economic cooperation; Wullar Barrage / Tulbul Navigation Project; Sir Creek; Siachen; Peace & Security including CBMs; Jammu & Kashmir; and promotion of Friendly Exchanges.  Both nations held substantive discussions on the whole range of issues within the framework of the Dialogue process and expressed satisfaction over the progress achieved since their last review meeting in July 2011.  India and Pakistan reaffirmed the importance of carrying forward the dialogue process with a view to resolving peacefully all outstanding issues through constructive and result oriented engagement, and to establish friendly, cooperative and good neighborly relations between Pakistan and India.  The nations agreed that terrorism poses a continuing threat to peace and security. They reaffirmed the strong commitment of the two countries to fight terrorism in an effective and comprehensive manner so as to eliminate the scourge in all its forms and manifestations.  Both nations attached importance to promoting Peace and Security, including Confidence Building Measures, between the two countries and agreed to convene separate meetings of the Expert Groups on Nuclear and Conventional CBMs, in New Delhi in the second half of December 2012.  The nations held discussions on the issue of Jammu and Kashmir and agreed to the need for continued discussions, in a purposeful and forward-looking manner, with a view to finding a peaceful solution.  The Ministers reviewed the existing Cross-LoC CBMs and acknowledged that the ceasefire was holding since 2003. They also reviewed the implementation of the decisions taken regarding travel and trade across the Line of Control (LoC) in their last meeting in July 2011.WORLDWIDE PROTESTS AGAINST THE FILM INNOCENCE OF MUSLIMSInnocence of Muslims, written and produced by Sam Bacile turned up to be the reason forprotests across the Islamic nations. The movie has claimed lives of many including the USAmbassador to Libiya, Chris Stevens. The film has seen protests in Libiya, Egypt, India and thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 21
  • 22. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 22 Arabic speaking world. Producer of the film, Sam Bacile with original name Nakoula Basseley Nakoula hired the director of many soft-core porn flicks to do the job. Some of the films of the Robert include The Happy Hooker Goes Hollywood, Lost at War and Zombie Wars. The reason of protests against the film is the insult of Prophet Mohammad. The director of the film, who is an Israeli-American, has portrayed Prophet to be a philanderer, fool and a religious fake. There are scenes in the movie that illustrates Prophet to be a fake personalong with scenes that have thrown light on the sexual acts of Prophet.US DIPLOMAT TO LIBYA KILLED IN BENGHAZI ATTACKUnited State ambassador to Libya, Chris Stevens with three other embassy staff were killed on 9September 2012 after some fundamentalist mobs fumed and protesting over a film mockingProphet Mohammed, attacked Consulate building in Benghazi city of Libya.The said event happened on the day which is also marked as the11th anniversary of 9/11. The US ambassador to Libya, ChrisStevens was the man who had helped Libyan opposition tooverthrow the Gaddafi regime. The protest came after 14 minutetrailer of the film posted on You Tube. The film named asInnocence of Muslims, was directed and produced by an Israeli-American real estate developer. It depicts the Prophet in poorlight.In response to the incident, US President Barack Obama ordered increased security for USdiplomatic posts across the world and in his White House appearance he declared that the U.S.would "work with the Libyan government to bring to justice those who killed Ambassador ChrisStevens.Chris Stevens is the second U.S. ambassador who had been killed during an outstation postingsince the death of Adolph Dubs in 1979 during his tenure in Afghanistan.PIETA THE SOUTH KOREAN FILM WON GOLDEN LION VENICE TOP PRIZEThe Golden Lion Prize for best movie was given to the South Korean Movie, Pieta directed byKim Ki-duk at the 69th Venice Film Festival on 8 September 2012. The Master by Paul ThomasAnderson walked off with two major awards namely, Special Jury Award and Best Actor forJoaquin Phoenix.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 22
  • 23. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 23Pieta is the brutal story about a debt collector with a habit of crippling those, who were unableto pay his debt. The brutality stops at a certain point of time, when he meets a woman whoclaims to be his mother.A MERCHANT VESSEL WAS ON FIRE NEAR MUMBAI COASTM V Amsterdam a merchant vessel carrying hazardous andinflammable materials was on fire at a distance of fournautical miles from the Prongs Reef Lighthouse in southMumbai on 9 September 2012. To control the fire ICGSSamudra Prahari, ICGS Subhadra Kumari Chouhan, ICGSSankalp and ICGS Sangram were sent on duty.Out of 112 containers on the vessel, 24 containers werecarrying 45 tonnes of dangerous cargo that included turpentine petrol and inflammable gas.Any short of oil spill was not witnessed. The crew members of the 54,405 vessel were removedsafely, without causing any damage.TRILATERAL CONNECTIVITY PROJECT BY 2016India, Myanmar and Thailand on 10 September 2012 reviewed the eagerly awaited trilateralconnectivity project and decided to make all efforts to implement this by 2016. This was doneat the meeting of the India-Myanmar-Thailand Joint Task Force, which met in New Delhi.It was also agreed during the meeting that steps be initiated to address issues related toharmonisation of customs and immigration procedures at border check-posts to enableseamless movement of goods and people to realise the full potential of the trilateral highway.INDIA EXTENDED A CREDIT OF $10 MILLION TO PALESTINEIndian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced a support of $10 Million to Palestine duringa meet with Palestine’s National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on 11 September 2012.Palestinian president was here in Indian on a three day visit from 10 to 12 September 2012. Mr.Singh also promised his Palestinian counterpart about India’s backing for their full and equalmembership of the U.N. the one that is threatened by US for veto.During the meet, both the sides inked three different agreements comprising information andcommunication technology, education and vocational training. The agreements were inked inpresence of the Indian external Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna and the member of executivecommittee of Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Dr. Saeb M.S. Erakat.A MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) has been signed up to set up two schools at twodistricts of Palestine namely Abu Dees and Asera Al Shamalyeh, which will be named on thename of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. Cost estimated for the constructionof the two schools is US$ 1.8 million and will help about eight hundred students of thesewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 23
  • 24. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 24districts to fetch quality education. The schools at Abu Dees and Asera Al Shamalyeh will beconstructed in an area of 1700 and 1900 square meter with 10 and 12 classes respectively.In the second agreement, India will set a state-of-the-art information and communicationtechnology center in Palestine to create IT experts and generate opportunities of employment.To make the center of Palestine self reliable, some of the IT professionals from Palestine will betrained here in India to a higher level.As per the third agreement, India will participate in providing vocational training to the womenand youth of Palestine. The training will include technical and machinery know-how to.Prime Minister Mr. Singh stated that he supported the Palestinian cause to achieveindependent, sovereign and united state of Palestine and East Jerusalem as a capital to thestate.MIT TOPPED ON THE QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS CHARTMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) topping the list of best universities issued by theQS World University Rankings for 2011-2012 for the first time that there is a massive rise in thetech-based universities of the world. Cambridge University that had managed to be at secondposition in the list has seen a slight depression from its first slot, whereas Harvard Universitywas ranked to be at third position in the list.University College, London (UCL), Oxford and Imperial are the ranked to be at fourth and fifthposition. Four universities from United Kingdom have taken the slot among six best universitiesof the world. In the announced rankings, none of the Indian universities have been successful inmanaging a rank even in the top hundred.The published results are based on the QS Academic reputation survey in which 46,000academics from across the world were engaged in identifying the leading universities of theirrespective field.INDIA AND SAUDI ARABIA HOLD THEIR FIRST TALK ON DEFENCE TIESThe Joint Committee on defence cooperation from Saudi Arabia and India met for creation ofdefence ties on 11 September 2012. Decisions for this establishment of joint committees wasdecided during the visit of Indian defence minister A.K. Antony to Saudi Arabia and his meetwith the Crown Prince and defence minister of Saudi Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud in February2012.The 11 member team from Saudi Arabia was headed by the Chief of the Armed ForcesOperations of Saudi Arabia Maj Gen Suleiman Saleh Al-Khalifa. The Indian side was headed bythe Joint Secretary, Ministry of Defence. Both the sides met for formulation of the program thatcan enhance the areas of cooperation between the defence establishments of two nations.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 24
  • 25. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 25This upswing in the relationship between India and Saudi Arabia has been in existence eversince the visit of King Abdullah to New Delhi in the year 2006. The two nations inked severalagreements on certain factors like narcotics, energy, money laundering, counterterrorism andextradition in the 2010.INDIA AND PAKISTAN SIGNED MOU TO EXPAND BUSINESS BASEThe Islamabad Women’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the PHDCCI on 12 September2012 signed a MoU. The objective of the MoU is to develop policies in trade, investment andtourism between Pakistan and India and expand the existing business base and increaseunderstanding.The two chambers agreed to establish and develop commercial links between the businesscommunities of both countries and their members. According to the MoU, both trade bodieswill endeavour to improve cooperation, assist trade missions, exchange information and findmethods for promoting trade. The two chambers will also organise seminars, exhibitions, tradefairs and other promotional activities.Both industry chambers have agreed on a work plan, which will cover information-sharing,networking, exploring opportunities, problem solving and reaching international markets. TheIWCCI is the first womens chamber from Pakistan that has signed a MoU with a foreignchamber.HASSAN SHEIKH MOHAMUD IS THE NEW PRESIDENT OF SOMALIAHassan Sheikh Mohamud won the presidential elections of Somalia on 10 September 2012. Hewon the election by gaining 190 votes to 79 in the second round of competition. Alliances wereformed between the Prime Minister Abdiweli Ali and Hassan Sheikh.His election as a President is welcomed by many nations of the world and there areexpectations that Somalia will soon see a new dawn. SHORT DESCRIPTION ABOUT HASSAN SHEIKH MOHAMUD  He was born in Jalalaqsi on the Shebelle River of central Somalia in the year 1955  He completed his education in India and United States  Worked in the United Nations development program and World Bank as well as a university lecturer  In the year 2008, he worked with Somalia Civil Society  In 2009 history of mediation in Somalia is a book written by him was published  2011, founded the peace development party as its chairmanwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 25
  • 26. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 26HASSAN SHEIKH SOMALIAN PRESIDENT SURVIVED ASSASSINATIONAfter two days of his being appointed in the office, the Somalian President Hassan SheikhMohamud survived an assassination attempted by the Shebab a group Islamic rebels from Al-Qaeda, on 13 September 2012. At the time when the two bomb blasts happened the presidentwas meeting the Kenya’s Foreign Minister in Mogadishu hotel.In this attack by the multiple suicide bombers the president remained unharmed. The reportpresented by Houmed, spokesman for the African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom) claimedthree deaths that include two Somali Troops and a Ugandan soldier.FARIDA MALIK A GIRL OF INDIAN KAZAKH BECAME MISS ALMATY 2012Student of Kazakhstans Turan University Farida Malik a girl of Indian Kazakh origin won the titleof Miss Almaty 2012, on 14 September 2012. Farida, whose father is an Indian and mother aKazakh, received the beauty pageant of Miss Kazakhstan.Executive Director of Miss Kazakhstan beauty pageant Sovet Seitov, stated that Farida is a girlwith outstanding appearance and the jury along with her liked her dance and moves.Differences grew in between China and Japan ON Diayo IslandsJapan on 11 September 2012, announced that it has purchased the three uninhabited islands inthe Diayo Islands from its owner family based in Tokyo. Amidst, the growing tensions in relationto the disputed East China Sea, China issued a warning to Japan on that it will take care of itsinterests by taking necessary steps in relation to the three islands purchased by Japan in theDiaoyo Islands. Two Marine Surveillance Ships were sent on patrol by China to the inhabitedislands for enforcement of Chinese control that heightened the possibilities of confrontationwith Japanese coastguards.WHAT IS THE DISPUTE ALL ABOUT?Senkaku or Diaoyu Islands are the uninhabited group of Islands in the East China Sea controlledby Japan since 1895. These Islands lie in between the mainland of China, West of OkinawaIsland, Northeastern Taiwan and north of the South-western end of Ryukyu Islands. As per astudy conducted by the experts in the year 1968, it was discovered that these islands may haveoil reserves. After Japan’s surrender in the World War II, the control of the Islands went in thehands of USA and controlled by them from 1945 to 1971. US returned these islands to Japanafter the Okinawa Reversion Treaty inked in between US and Japan in 1972. Whereas after thereversal treaty, People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China, Taiwan (ROC)claims the discovery of the islands and their control over these from 14 th Century. Amidst thecomplexity, ROC and PRC consider these Islands as the part of Taiwan as part of YilanCountries, Toucheng Township. Japan does not consider Taiwan as a sovereign state and hencedoes not regard the claims of Taiwan over the group of Islands.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 26
  • 27. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 27DEFENCE MINISTER, A.K. ANTONY OPENED AN ARMY HOSPITAL IN MALEOn his three day visit from 15 September 2012 to 17 September 2012 to Maldives the DefenceMinister of India A.K. Antony opened Maldives National Defence Force (MNDF) hospitalSENAHIYA at Male on 16 September 2012. The hospital that was developed with Indianassistance is an example of a shining collaboration and cooperation model in between the twocountries.India has also provided the hospital with 25 bed state-of-the-art medical equipment and a team of highly qualifiedmedical experts. This team will be functional as a unit thatwill take care of fine functioning and smooth running of thehospital. The Defence Minister of India also participated inthe foundation stone laying ceremony of the MaldivianNational Defence Force’s training academy.The Defence Minister of Maldives Mohamed Nazim thankedIndia for its assistance in the collateral development of the nation and hoped for strengtheningof the bond between the two countries under every circumstance. He also declared thatMaldives will stand by the side of India for assurance of the maritime security in the sensitiveregions of the Indian Ocean.CHINA SIGNED 16 NEW AGREEMENTS WITH SRI LANKAChina on 16 September 2012 signed 16 major agreements with Sri Lanka in Colombo on a rangeof issues, from visa exemption and marine development to economic and technologycooperation. China also promised to expand investment and increase imports from Sri Lanka.China and Sri Lanka agreed that holders of diplomatic and service passports of the other nationwill be exempt from visa requirements. China-Sri Lanka bilateral trade volume reached 3.14billion dollars in 2011.After the civil war, Sri Lanka needs to rebuild its infrastructure, which offers great opportunitiesfor China, while China also seeks to increase overseas investment.INDIA OFFERED TELECOM SUPPORT TO TURKMENISTANIndia has assured Turkmenistan of all cooperation in Information and Communicationtechnology (ICT) for the mutual benefit of both the countries.It was decided in the inaugural session of TurkmenTEL 2012 at the Turkmenistan capitalAshgabat on 17 September 2012 by the Minister for Communications & IT and HRD, Kapil Sibal.Recalling the historical ties between India and Turkmenistan, it was emphasized that the needfor regional cooperation to uplift the social and economic status of the people in the region iswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 27
  • 28. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 28uttermost important. Kapil Sibal shared the success story of Indian Telecom Sector and gave anoverview of the spectrum of policy initiatives in India’s National Telecom Policy 2012.India could extend cooperation to Turkmenistan in the fields of e-health, e-education and e-governance services. Turkmenistan can be connected to Indian Universities through NationalKnowledge Network and students sitting in Turkmenistan can directly be part of academicsessions in various disciplines in India.Turkmenistan Minister and his delegation was invited to participate in India Telecom 2012 inDelhi, from 13 to 15 December 2012, as the event could be an excellent platform for furtherstrengthening mutual cooperation and for promoting ICT and its eco system in the region.US & JAPAN AGREED TO DEPLOY ADVANCED MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEMThe United States and Japan on 17 September 2012, announced an agreement to set up secondadvanced missile defense radar on Japanese province. It is an effort which is distinctivelydesigned to counter the ballistic missile threat from North Korea.The radar which is named as X-band radar is meant to protect Japan as well as the U.S.homeland. The United States and its allies in the region have expressed growing concern aboutNorth Koreas missile tests and nuclear arms programs. Despite warnings by the internationalcommunity, Pyongyang fired a rocket in April, saying it was meant to launch an experimentalsatellite. But it was generally believed the launch was a missile test.This deal came when China and Japan is on dispute for an uninhabited, resource-rich islandchain known as Diaoyu in China and Senkaku in Japan. The joint missile defense systemencourages Japan to keep a forceful position in the Diaoyu Islands dispute, which is sendingChina a very negative message.PAKISTAN TEST FIRED CRUISE MISSILE, BABURPakistan successfully test fired nuclear-capable Babur cruise missile on 17 September 2012 witha range of 700 km (435 miles). It is a low flying, terrain-hugging missile that can be used againsttargets at land and sea with pin-point accuracy.The missile was launched from a multi-tube missile launch vehicle that extensively enhancesthe targeting and deployment options of the Babur system. The missile is designed to avoidradar detection and penetrate enemy air defenses.Pakistan has already conducted the tests of a wide range of nuclear-capable missiles this year.Serial production of the Babur was started in October 2005. The missile was named after thefirst Mughal Emperor Zahir ud-Din Babur and is also known by Hatf VII. It is the first land attackcruise missile to be developed by Pakistan.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 28
  • 29. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 29MAJEED BECAME CHIEF MINISTER OF EASTERN PROVINCE, SRI LANKAUnited People’s Freedom Alliance’s former minister and provincial councilor Najeeb A Majeedbecame the new Chief Minister of the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka, on 18 September 2012.The party won 12 seats with 2 additional seats from the 37-member province and wassupported by the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC). At national level, SLMC is a part of UPFAand it contested the elections separately to garner share in votes.SALMAN RUSHDIE RELEASED HIS BOOK JOSEPH ANTONJoseph Anton, the 633 page book depicts a memoir of Salman Rushdie during his 10 years longrun to protect himself from the Fatwa issued by his name was released on 18 September 2012.Salman Rushdie’s new book reveals his life, at the time when he was issued an Iranian fatwathat ordered his death for the publication of The Satanic Verses in 1988. In the book, SalmanRushdie has characterized himself as Joseph Anton and the name is the combination of the firstnames of his favourite writers Joseph Conrad and Anton Chekhov.INDIA AND NEPAL SIGNED MOU FOR CONSTRUCTING SCHOOL BUILDINGIndian Embassy in Kathmandu and Nepalese authorities signed an MoU on 19 September 2012for granting the amount to Shri Mahendra Higher Secondary School in Achham district underIndian-Nepal Economic Cooperation Programme.The proposed building will provide better educational opportunity to over 1300 students, abouthalf of whom are girls. Besides, India has gifted two ambulances to health care facilities in thedistrict.INDIA AND BURUNDI SIGNED 3 MAJOR AGREEMENTSPresident of the Republic of Burundi visited India from 17 to 19 September 2012. During thisvisit, India and Burundi signed three agreements- (i) Exchange Programme for Cooperation inthe field of Education, (ii) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the field of RuralDevelopment and (iii) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the field of Healthand Medicine. Besides, India also announced a Line of Credit of 42.38 million US dollars forFarm Mechanisation and Integrated Food Processing Complex in Burundi. India and Burundiissued a joint statement on that occasion.THE MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS OF THE JOINT STATEMENT ARE  India and Burundi agreed to further enhance the bilateral cooperation in view of the considerable untapped potential.  Burundi thanked India for approval of a concessional line of credit of 80 million US dollars for the Kabu – 16 Hydro-electric projects.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 29
  • 30. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 30  Both nations agreed to continue strengthening cooperation in the areas of economy, trade and investment, finance, human resource development, culture, etc. while striving to expand cooperation into other potential areas such as agriculture, food processing, ICT, science & technology, health, mining etc.  Burundi conveyed its support for India’s candidature for Permanent Membership in an expanded United Nations Security Council.INDIA SIGNED A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING WITH EGYPTIndia and Egypt on 18 September 2012 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in NewDelhi to establish an institutional framework for their ongoing cooperation in the field ofelection management and administration.The MOU was signed by the Chief Election Commissioner of India, V.S. Sampath and theSecretary General of the Supreme Presidential Election Committee of Egypt, Justice HatemBagato.MoU was made so that it can facilitate sharing of best practices, skills and experiences betweenthe two institutions for mutual benefit. MoU is an extremely suitable mechanism forstrengthening and carrying forward mutual collaboration in electoral management andadministration. Election Commission of India has so far signed thirteen MOUs with ElectionManagement Bodies and international organizations across the world.India and Egypt are already collaborating in the areas of Electronic Voting, Voters Education andElection Tracking Technology. THE MAJOR AIMS OF MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) ARE  Promotion of exchanges of knowledge and experience in the field of organizational and technical development, with a view to strengthening the administration of electoral processes.  Exchange of information, material, expertise and technical knowhow relating to electoral processes and systems; training of personnel and development of human resources.  Organizational development and capacity building.HADIA TAJIK APPOINTED AS NORWEGIAN CULTURAL MINISTERHadia Tajik, a 29 year old woman of Pakistani origin was appointed as Norwegian CulturalMinister on 24 September 2012. Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg appointed her towww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 30
  • 31. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 31this post during the cabinet reshuffle activity. She is the youngest minister and first Muslim inthe Norwegian Political history.HADIA TAJIKThe 29 year old has degrees in Journalism and Law and has been Norway Labour Parties careerpolitician. She had also served to Minister of Justice, Knut Storberget between 2008 and 2009as an advisor. In the year 2009, she was elected as an MP from Oslo for Norwegian LabourParty.CHINA INCLUDED LIAONING AS ITS FIRST AIRCRAFT CARRIERChina on 25 September 2012 launched its first aircraft carrier giving a push to its fast expandingnavys blue-water capability beyond its territorial waters.The aircraft carrier is a former Soviet ship with a capacity of 60000 tonne that is brought fromUkraine and later renovated in China. The carrier is capable of accommodating 33 fixed wingaircraft. It is named as Liaoning, after a Chinese province liberated from Japanese occupationin 1945.The aircraft carrier came amid high end dispute between China and Japan on East China Seaislands, called Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China. The aircraft carrier, which is formerlyknown as the Soviet ship Varyag, underwent about seven years of refitting efforts to installengines, weapons, as well as a year-long sea trial.With this advancement China has become the tenth country in the world and the last amongthe five permanent members of the UN Security Council to have an aircraft carrier in activeservice.WHAT IS AIR CRAFT CARRIER?An aircraft carrier is a warship which is a designed with a mission of positioning and recoveringaircraft, acting as a seagoing airbase. It allows a naval force to project air power worldwidewithout having to depend on local bases for staging aircraft operations. It is extremelyexpensive to built and important to protect.Among the ten nations that possess an aircraft carrier, six have only one. Twenty-one aircraftcarriers are currently active throughout the world with the U.S. Navy operating 11.INDIA MALAYSIA TO ACHIEVE A TARGET TRADE OF USD 15 MILLIONIndia is going to expand bilateral trade with Malaysia to $15 billion by 2013 from $13 billion in2011-12 as per the discussion in India- Malaysia CEO Forum.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 31
  • 32. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 32It was informed by Union Minister of Commerce, Industry and Textiles, Anand Shrama thatIndia’s bilateral trade with Malaysia stood at nearly $13 billion in 2011-12 registering a growthof 34% over the previous year.In his visit to Malaysia in July 2010 and February 2011 Anand Sharma analysed that it wasrequired an investment from Khazanah Nasional Berhad (Government of Malaysia`s strategicinvestment fund) into Indian infrastructure sector through a collaborative venture with IDFC.The Union minister, Anand Sharma has identified priority sectors of engagement includingRoads & highways, Railways, Airports, IT &ITES, Biotechnology, Tourism, Health Services and JVprojects in third countries. Subsequently, the two countries have entered into a ComprehensiveEconomic Cooperation Agreement which was signed in February 2011. The signing of thisAgreement has provided considerable momentum to trade and investment on both sides.US, INDIA AND AFGHANISTAN HELD ITS FIRST TRILATERAL DISCUSSIONUS, India and Afghanistan held its first ever trilateral meeting on 25 September 2012. The majorpoint of discussion was on the situation in Afghanistan along with the issue of terrorism.The discussion marks the strengthening of Afghanistan relation with India and US who aretotally behind the vision of a secure, peaceful, democratic and prosperous Afghanistan living inpeace, security, friendship and cooperation with its region and the wider world.The meeting was held at the Afghan Mission in New York and was attended by Joint Secretary(Pakistan/Afghanistan/Iran) Y K Sinha and Joint Secretary (America) Jawed Ashraf from theIndian side, Afghan Deputy Foreign Minister Jawed Ludin, US Special Representative forAfghanistan and Pakistan Ambassador Marc Grossman and Assistant Secretary for South andCentral Asian Affairs Robert Blake.The discussions also mark the beginning of a series of consultations among the threegovernments, who share common interests across South and Central Asia and who havepledged to work together on common challenges and opportunities including combatingterrorism and violent extremism, reviewing cultural exchanges and increasing regional trade,investment and economic integration.INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ 1. Name the country in which 16th NAM (Non Aligned Movement) summit was held. (a) Iran (b) Iraq (c) Sri Lanka (d) Bangladeshwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 32
  • 33. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 33Answer (a) Iran 2. With which country, India discussed border security and bilateral defence ties for expanding defence cooperation and to resume joint military exercises? (a) US (b) Japan (c) China (d) BangladeshAnswer (c) China 3. The sixth Mekong Ganga cooperation meeting, focusing on four areas of cooperation, i.e., tourism, culture, education, and transportation linkage, to build strong foundation for future trade and investment cooperation among India and five Mekong region countries was held first time in which place in India? (a) Mumbai (b) New Delhi (c) Bangalore (d) ChennaiAnswer (b) NewDelhi 4. Which of the two countries on 3 September 2012 went on strategic partnership and signed six agreements in the field of sports, health, culture, education, labour, textiles and energy? (a) India and Tajikistan (b) India and Afghanistan (c) India and Iran (d) India and BangladeshAnswer (a) India and Tajikistan 5. Name the country which has uplifted the title of ‘terrorists’ assigned to Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) entitled under ‘Executive Order 13224’? (a) United states (b) Indiawww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 33
  • 34. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 34 (c) Bangladesh (d) SrilankaAnswer (a) United States 6. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced a support of how much amount to Palestine during a meet with Palestine’s National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on 11 September 2012? (a) $15 Million (b) $20 Million (c) $10 Million (d) $5 MillionAnswer (c) $ 10 Million 7. What is the name of the island in the East China Sea which has become the point of dispute between China and Japan? (a) Honshu (b) Shikuko (c) Senkako (d) ShamianAnswer (c) Senkako 8. Which two countries along with India decided to implement Trilateral Connectivity project by 2016 (a) Myanmar and Thailand (b) Thailand and Malaysia (c) Malaysia and Vietnam (d) Bangladesh and MyanmarAnswer (a) Myanmar and Thailand 9. Name the United state ambassador to Libya, who was killed on 9 September 2012 after some fundamentalist mobs fumed and protesting over a film mocking Prophet Mohammed, attacked Consulate building in Benghazi city of Libya. (a) Chris Stevenswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 34
  • 35. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 35 (b) Gene A. Cretz (c) Henry Serrano (d) Joseph PalmerAnswer (a) Chris Stevens 10. According to the Child Mortality Estimates Report 2012 published on 12 September 2012, by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), which country was placed at the top position in the chart of 10 countries that topped on the chart? (a) Pakistan (b) India (c) China (d) NigeriaAnswer (b) India 11. Name the United People’s Freedom Alliance’s former minister and provincial councilor who became the new Chief Minister of the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka, on 18 September 2012 (a) Najeeb A Majeed (b) Sivanesathurai Chandrakanthan (c) Sarath Ekanayake (d) S. M. RanjithAnswer (a) Najeeb A Majeed 12. Name the Personality who was appointed to be the country director for India by World Bank on 10 September 2012. (a) Onno Ruhl (b) Kaushik basu (c) Vinod Thomas (d) Jim Yong kimAnswer (a) Onno Ruhl 13. Name the country with which India Signed three agreements on -17 September 2012 with its president visit on (i) Exchange Programme for Cooperation in the field ofwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 35
  • 36. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 36 Education, (ii) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the field of Rural Development and (iii) Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine. (a) Afghanistan (b) Burundi (c) Turkey (d) CeylonAnswer (b) Burundi 14. China launched its first aircraft carrier giving a push to its fast expanding navys blue- water capability beyond its territorial waters. What is the name of that aircraft carrier? (a) Liaoning (b) Varyag (c) MiG- 9 (d) JH- 7Answer (a) Liaoning 15. Name the women of Pakistani origin was appointed as Norwegian Cultural Minister on 24 September 2012. (a) Hadia Tajik (b) Hina Rabbani Khar (c) Tehmina Durrani (d) Fauzia WahabAnswer (a) Hadia Tajikwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 36
  • 37. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 37www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 37
  • 38. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 38WORLD DAIRY1 September 2012 1. USA slapped Sanctions on Laskar-e-Toiba’s Top Eight Commanders 2. India established Diplomatic Relations with Niue3 September 2012 1. India and Tajikistan went ahead on strategic partnership and signed six agreements4 September 2012 1. Sixth Mekong–Ganga Cooperation meeting held in New Delhi 2. India, China discussed Border security and Bilateral Defence ties6 September 2012 1. US uplifted ‘terrorist’ designation from Nepali Maoists9 September 2012 1. India and Pakistan issued a joint statement at the end of the SM Krishnas Visit 2. US Diplomat to Libya killed in Benghazi Attack10 September 2012 1. India, Myanmar and Thailand decided to implement Trilateral Connectivity Project by 201611 September 2012 1. India extended a credit of $10 Million aid to Palestine in a gesture of support 2. Differences grew in between China and Japan over the disputed Diayo Islands 3. India and Saudi Arabia held their first talk on defence ties12 September 2012 1. The Islamabad Women’s Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the PHDCCI signed MoUwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 38
  • 39. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 39 2. India topped the chart of registered largest number of under five deaths in 201117 September 2012 1. Pakistan test fired cruise missile, Babur 2. China signed 16 new Agreements with Sri Lanka 3. US and Japan agreed to deploy advanced missile defense system 4. China signed 16 new Agreements with Sri Lanka18 September 2012 1. India signed a memorandum of understanding with Egypt 2. New Nuclear Safety Agency launched in Japan 3. Najeeb A Majeed became the new Chief Minister of Sri Lankas, Eastern Province19 September 2012 1. India and Burundi signed 3 Major Agreements and issued a Joint Statement 2. India and Nepal signed MoU for constructing School Building24 September 2012 1. Pakistani-origin women appointed as Norwegian Cultural Minister25 September 2012 1. China included Liaoning as its first Aircraft Carrier 2. US, India and Afghanistan held its First Trilateral Discussion26 September 2012 1. India Malaysia to achieve a target trade of USD 15 Millionwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 39
  • 40. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 40www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 40
  • 41. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 41ECONOMYGAAR REPORT SUBMITTED BY THE SHOME COMMITTEEThe GAAR report was submitted on 1 September 2012 to the finance minister of India by theShome Committee constituted by the Central Board of Direct Taxes, after the approval of PrimeMinister of India. The committee in its report has tried to create a balance in between theinvestors being invited to the country and protection of the tax base from tax avoidance andevasion, using aggressive tax planning. The major findings of the GAAR’s committee to create abalance in between the investors and chances of tax avoidance and evasion that includes:THE MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE GAAR’S COMMITTEE  Tax Evasion, Tax Mitigation and Tax Avoidance  Overcharging Principle Applicability of GAAR  Monetary Threshold  Arm’s Length Test  Test to Misuse or Abuse the Provisions of Act  Factors for determination of Commercial Substance  Grandfathering of existing Investments  GAAR will not override the CBDT circular 789 of 2000 with respect to the tax-treaty in between India and Mauritius  GAAR will not be applicable at places where so ever anti-avoidance provisions are in existence in the treaty of tax and any type of anti-avoidance rule exists in the Act  Impermissible Avoidance arrangements  Tax abolition in cases of gains that rises out by the transfer of listed securities  Foreign Institutional Investors  Corresponding adjustments  Implementation of the Onus on the revenue authority  Tax Withholding  Definition of the term Connected Personwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 41
  • 42. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 42  Constitution of approval panel  Time limit for GAAR provisions  AAR to pass ruling within 6 months  Prescription of Statutory forms  Implementation issue  Reporting requirements THE CONDITIONS ARE  Tax Mitigation- GAAR can’t be invoked  Tax Avoidance- SAAR is applicable hence GAAR is not invoked  Court Approved Amalgamations or demergers  Tax Avoidance- GAAR invoked  Tax Evasion can directly be dealt of law without invoking the GAARThe committee in its findings has stated that the GAAR guidelines should be introduced in thecountry at the time of economic stability. Hence, it has recommended the postponement of itsimplementation by 3 years. Committee’s recommendation also states about theimplementation of the findings with complete spirit and has laid emphasis on transition periodof the taxpayers and preparedness of the administrators. To provide clarity on GAAR’sapplicability provisions in different situations 27 illustrations were made and are mentionedunder different conditions.Following the Finance Act 2012, the introduction of the General Anti-Avoidance Rules (GAAR)was done into the Income Tax Act, 1961. The committee briefly analysed the provisions ofGAAR as per the inputs available from stakeholders and following the recommendations madethe amendments in the Act were made for finalization of the guidelines for the Income TaxRules, 1962.SHOME’S COMMITTEEThe expert committee on GAAR (General Anti-Avoidance Rules) was constituted under theChairmanship of Dr. Parthasarsthi Shome with members, namely Shri N. Rangachary (FormerChairman of IRDA and CBDT), Dr. Ajay Shah (Prof. NIPFP) and Shri Sunil Gupta (Joint Secretary-Tax Policy and Legislation, Department of Revenue) for undertaking the consultations ofstakeholders and finalization of guidelines for GAAR. The main objective of the committee wasto get feedbacks from the stakeholders and prepare new guidelines or to amend the previousguidelines after examining the things finely. The committee was constituted by the CentralBoard of Direct Taxes after being approved by the Prime Minister of India.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 42
  • 43. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 43THE COMMITTEE FORMED REFERRED TO FOLLOWING TERMS  To receive feedback from both public and stakeholders on the Guideline of GAAR mentioned on the website of Government of India.  To rework on the guidelines following the feedbacks received and examining the same and then publish the same in form of second draft  To find out and finalise, guidelines along with an road-map for implementation of GAAR and submit it to the governmentANALYSIS OF THE GAAR PROVISIONSThe provisions for the GAAR are mention in Chapter X-A (Section 95 to 102) of the Act.Presented provisions allow the authority of tax, despite of containing anything in the Act withclear declaration on the arrangements made for assesses (estimated value, nature or extent ofamount of the fine) that has entered into the impermissible avoidance arrangement to face theconsequences with regard to the tax liability determined by the arrangement.GOVERNMENT CLEARED RS 808 CRORE FDI PROPOSAL BY CLOVERDELLMauritius based, Cloverdell Investments Ltd. got a clearance for their foreign direct investmentproposal of investing Rs 808 crore on 6 September. The Mauritius based company’s case wastaken into consideration by the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in the meetingconducted on 27 July 2012, but the approval came after getting clarifications on certain issues.Clearance for making the investment in form of FDI to Cloverdell raised the total number ofcleared FDI application to 11 with an expected investment of Rs 2,067.98 crore. Cloverdell’sinvestment will be directed to introduce the foreign equity directly into the operating NonBanking Finance Company (NBFC) like the companies engaged in commodity broking, stockbroking, housing finance and depository participant service.CABINET GAVE A NOD TO TWO SUBSIDIARIES OF AIR INDIATo split off the ground handling and engineering services of Air India, Union cabinet under thechairmanship of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh approved a proposal of Rs 768 crore on 6September 2012. Now the two units Air India Engineering Services Limited (AIESL) and Air IndiaTransport Services Ltd. (AITSL) will be operational as two completely owned subsidiaries andtreated as separate profit centers.The approval came after waiting for almost two years since; Air India board agreed for theseparate operations of the two units and sent it for clearance to the Ministry Of Civil Aviation.Ministry gave its nod to the proposal in the month of April.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 43
  • 44. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 44AIESL will be operational in line of repair, maintenance and overhaul (MRO) business for AirIndia only but also for airlines owned by different groups. It’s expected that the unit can bringback a potential turnover of about $ 1.5 billion MRO business in Asia Pacific.Air India that has reportedly suffered a loss of about 7,853 crore in the financial year 2011-2012is hoping to gain a total equity infusion of Rs 30,000 Crore by 2021 under the turnaround andrestructuring time devised by the government.J.R.D. Tata founded Air India and is also known as the Father of Civil Aviation in India. Air Indiatook its first flight on 15 October 1932. Air India is known as the national flag carrier of India.REPORT: INDIAN EXTERNAL DEBTS ARE WITHIN MANAGEABLE LIMITSThe Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) published its annual publication- India’s externaldebt: a status report 2011-12. As per the published report, India’s external debt in the end ofMarch 2012 was $345.8 billion, which is 13% high than the previous year’s debt or $ 39.9 billionfrom where India stood at the end of March 2011. The publication points out about the upwardmovement of the stress that is put on the current account deficit (CAD) of the nation becauseof the risks thrown on it, from the external sectors that comprises Fall in the reserve cover forimports and external debt, depreciation in the exchange rate of rupee, rise in the level ofexternal debts and the increased share of the short term commercial borrowing in thecomplete external debt quantum.The finance ministry cleared on 10 September 2012 that there can be a rise in the globaleconomic risks that may rise with a weakened recovery and a slow growth scopes that may leadinto high debts and seek growth finances even in the advanced economies. This clearance wasbased on Indian Vulnerability Index indicators, which has been experiencing the euro zone debtcrisis and the global slowdown.A detailed analysis of India’s position in external debt at the end of March, 2012 has beenpresented in the status report. It is also based on the data released by the Reserve Bank of Indiaon 29 June 2012. The report not only presents the analysis of external debts trend andcomposition on the country but it also presents a comparative picture of this debt in referenceto other developing nations of the world with respect to the fluid global economic situations.The best part of the report produced is that instead of all the facts presented anddevelopments India’s debt is within manageable limits and can be indicated by the debt serviceratio to 6 percent and external debt-to-GDP ratio of 20 percent in 2011-2012. Thus Indiacontinues to be within the less vulnerable countries when it comes to external debt indicatorscompared to that of the indebted countries.The Global Development Finance, 2012 from World Bank, India stood at the fifth position forabsolute debt stocks when compared with the 20 other developing debtor countries. But whentaken care of the ration of external debt to that of the gross national income, India was at thefifth position from the lowest side.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 44
  • 45. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 45KARNATAKA AGREED TO RELEASE 10,000 CUSECS OF WATERKarnataka showcased a gesture of goodwill on 10 September 2012 in front of the SupremeCourt of India and agreed to release 10,000 cusecs of water to Tamil Nadu from the CauveryRiver, till 20 September 2012.As a response to this act of Karnataka, the bench of Justices D.K. Jain and Madan Lokur didn’tpass any verdict for the plea of directing the state to release 2 tmcft (thousand million cubicfoot of water). Supreme Court expressed its hope that a fine and friendly solution will bebrought forward by the Cauvery River Authority that is headed by the Prime Minister. Thebench also stated that in case Karnataka’s plea is kept pending than the bench will have tocome forward for making a decision on the issue.CAUVERY RIVER WATER DISPUTEThe dispute is related to the sharing of water of Cauvery River in between the two statesKarnataka and Tamil Nadu and the place of origin to this dispute goes back to the twocontroversial agreements signed in 1892 and 1924 between the two states, and that two at thetime when the two were the parts of the Princely State of Mysore and erstwhile MadrasPresidency.EGOM CUT DOWN THE LOAN INTEREST RATE TO 7 PERCENTThe EGoM (Empowered Group of Ministers) on 11 September 2012 declared to slash down theinterest rate from 10 to 12 percent to 7 percent in the entire 350 drought hit Talukas of thefour states namely, Gujarat, Maharastra, Rajasthan and Karnataka. They also came up with adeclaration of providing additional 50 days of work guarantee to that of 100 days underMGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) to the registeredhouseholds. The decision will be applicable for a period of one year from the day ofannouncement. The decisions made in the meet, are subject to be practiced in the droughtaffected areas only. There is a total of 8 percent deficiency in the monsoon to that of the 20percent recorded in the first four months of the season.The EGoM is headed by Food Minister K V Thomas, Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar, HomeMinister Sushil kumar Shinde and Urban Development Minister Kamal Nath. In the currentfinancial year government has provided Rs 33,000 crore budget for MGNREGS to make surethat everyone gets a justifiable employment opportunity of 100 days.EGoM during its last meet in June 2012, declared a relief budget of 2000 crore for the droughthit areas along with the subsidy on diesel.SC ASKED ESSAR OIL TO PAY THE SALES TAX DUES IN PHASESSupreme Court passed a judgment on 13 September 2012 for Gujarat Sales Tax case allowingEssar Oil to pay back the sales tax dues in phases. The dues amount of Rs 5,165 crore can bewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 45
  • 46. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 46paid back in eight different installments of two years beginning from 17 January 2012. SupremeCourt also dismissed the demand of Rs 1800 crore interest made by the Government of Gujarat.The court also directed the oil company to make the payment at the interest rate of 10 percenton the payment due of 17 January 2012 instead of 18 percent demanded by the stateGovernment. In its statement, the oil company cleared that it has already cleared a duepayment of Rs 1004 crore of the total dues amount of Rs 6169 crore.INFLATION ROSE BY 0.68 PERCENT IN A MONTH’S TIMEIndian inflation rose from 6.87 percent recorded in July 2012 to 7.55 percent August 2012 asper the data released by the government on 14 September 2012. It’s projected that the rise inthe price of diesel on 13 September 2012, will impact it adversely. The report has reduced thechance of cut in interest rates by the Reserve Bank of India. The presented data has evencrossed the median of 7 percent as well as the top of 7.4 percent, the estimates presented bysixteen economists.Slipping of bond prices maturing in 2022 has seen a benchmark drop of 8.15 percent with anintraday low of Rs 99.77 from that of Rs 99.97 before the release of this data. The growth inshare market after the fuel price rise was a positive sign for the dubious fiscal condition ofIndia. The benchmark sensitive index of the Bombay stock exchange traded at 2.2 percenthigher at 18410.14.RBI’s prolonged battle to against inflation by raising the rate of interest 13 times in a year’s time(2010-2011) was able to witness limited success because of government’s failure in addressingthe bottlenecks of supply diluting the efforts of new monetary policies. Shaken fiscal policieshave also been a reason for this failure in addressing the issue. The deputy governor of RBI K.C.Chakrabarty stated that to control inflation is their top priority at this point of time.IRCTC INTRODUCED INTERBANK MOBILE PAYMENT SYSTEMThe Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited introduced the Interbank MobilePayment System (IMPS) for booking the tickets online by making the payment of bookingsmade via mobile phones. On use of IMPS system, the user will be charged with Rs 5 fortransactions of up to Rs 5000 and Rs 10 for transactions more than that.The facility of booking via IMPS will be available to those with their phone number registered inthe respective bank accounts as the M-Pin and the MMID (Mobile money identifier) will berequired for furnishing the details required. This facility will ensure smooth and functioning ofthe booking criteria via SMSs.CHIDAMBARAM PITCHED FOR NATIONAL INVESTMENT BOARDFinance Minister P. Chidambaram on 15 September 2012 pitched for institutionalization of aNational Investment Board under the leadership of Prime Minister. The formation of the boardwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 46
  • 47. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 47will help in speeding the approval of the proposals, for the mega projects and theirimplementation. Formation of the board will help the country in achieving the targeted growthfor the twelfth five year of 8.2 percent.At the meeting of the full planning commission under the chairmanship of Prime MinisterManmohan Singh, the finance minister expressed his concern on the delayed implementationof the mega projects and stressed on the fact that the decision made by the NationalInvestment board (NIB) to be taken as the final decision. Chidambaram also insistedinterference by any other authority on the approvals and decisions made by the NIB will beentertained. He also added to his statement that NIB’s role will be limited to the projects withinvestments of Rs 1000 crore or more.GREEN TAX INTRODUCED ON VEHICLES ENTERING SHIMLAShimla Municipal Corporation on 15 September 2012 introduced Green Tax on Shimla entry ofvehicles not registered in Himachal Pradesh. The Corporation Commissioner M.P. Sood statedthat the vehicles crossing the entry points of the town will have to pay the imposed tax. The taxwill be imposed on automobiles on both commercial and non-commercial category.By imposing the tax, the corporation will increase its revenue by Rs 6 crore per year. The taxeswill be charged on the four entry points of the city namely, Totu, Tara Devi, Dhalli and Mahali.TAX IMPOSED AS PER THE CATEGORY OF VEHICLES  Two wheelers- Rs 100 per entry  Car- Rs 200 per entry  Utility Vehicles- Rs 300 per entry  Bus/truck- Rs 500 per entryTRIAL TO MAKE MAHARAJA EXPRESS AFFORDABLEIn a hunt to pull the interests of domestic tourists by making Maharaja Express affordable,IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation) announced a cut in the journey alongwith discounted offers for twin travellers.Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation have declared four trips in the festive seasonfor the running financial year. The IRCTC had shortened the distance of travel and duration oftwo trips along with a discounted offer of 50 percent discount to the second companion. Thetrips of eight days and seven nights have been shortened to be of four days and three nights.The two trips scheduled for the year includes the one during Dussehra and the other duringDiwali, commencing on 20 October 2012 and 27 October 2012. The trip named to be IndianPanorma will move on the route mentioned Delhi-Jaipur-Ranthamobore-Agra-Gwalior-Orchha-Khajuraho-Varanasi-Lucknow-Delhi). The offered package includes meals along with sight-www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 47
  • 48. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 48seeing, 24-hour valet service, paramedics on-board and entrance fees to the sights. Beer, liquorand house wines will be served as complementary.The other route of travel will cover Delhi-Agra-Ranthambore-Jaipur-Bikaner-Jodhpur-Udaipur-Balasinor-Mumbai and is named to be and Indian Splendour. The package with deluxe cabinstart at a $ 5560 per person and the one travelling with a companion will be charged $8340instead of $11120.Packages with shortened distances and duration are named as Gems of India and Treasures ofIndia and will commence from Delhi and travel through Agra, Ranthambore and Jaipur andterminate back at Delhi and have been priced at $ 3850 for one in deluxe cabin and with thediscounted offer of 50 percent it will cost $7160 for two persons.CASH RESERVE RATIO SLASHED TO INJECT RS 17000 CROREReserve Bank of India on 18 September 2012 injected a liquidity of around Rs 17000 crore byslashing down the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) by 25 basis points to 4.50 percent from 4.75percent. The indicative policy rates were retained at its original level. The repo rate, state-termpolicy rate and reverse repo rate remained unchanged with 8 and 7 percent respectively.The RBI stated following its mid-term review of the monetary policy that with increased risks ofgrowth and inflation. In the situation, where there is a persistent inflammatory pressure offiscal and current deficits constraints, there exists a need of a stronger policy targeting growthrisks. The monetary policies are of great use in reviving the growth rate as per the expectationsof the market.The Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) will come into effect from 22 September 2012. So far in 2012, RBIhas slashed the CRR by 150 basis points. Cash Reserve Ratio, basically is a portion of depositsthat the banks are supposed to keep with the central bank (RBI), these deposits doesn’t earnany interest the depositing bank. Repo rate is a rate at which the central bank offer funds to theborrowing banks, whereas the reverse repo rate is the rate of parking the funds available by thebanks with the central bank.The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) have been moving around 7.5 percent across the financialyear, without much changes and so is the condition of Consumer Price Index (CPI) that has beenrotating around 10 percent in spite of price hike in food items.Wholesale Price Index (WPI) means the price fixed as a representative for a wholesale grain. InIndia, WPI is used for monitoring inflation. Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a statistical estimatethat helps in measurement of price change of services and consumer goods purchased by thehouseholds.INDIGO AIRLINES EMERGED TO BE THE TOP RANKED CARRIERThe data presented by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on 18 September 2012claimed that the low cost airlines Indigo has emerged as the leading carrier in the month ofwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 48
  • 49. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 49August by carrying 12.05 lakh domestic passengers out of 43.69 lakh passengers. Indigo shareda total of 27.6 percent of the market share.SHARE OF OTHER AIRLINES ARE AS FOLLOWS  Jet Airways-18.7 percent  Spice Jet- 18.5 Percent  Air India- 18.2 percentThe report also reported that there was a fall of 8.6 percent passengers in total as compared tothe previous year record for the month.BANK DETAILS OF MINING FIRMS DEMANDED BY FINANCE MINISTRYIn wake of the raging Coal Gate Scam, the Finance Ministry on 18 September 2012 asked forinformation related to bank loans of the mining companies. The ministry also asked details ofcompanies not directly engaged in mining but collaterally engaged to coal blocks allocated fromthe public sector banks. The ministry also demanded details related to sanctioned and out-standing fund and non-funds of the companies along with their status of asset classification.The move of the ministry is a result of irregularities found in allocation of the coal-blocks to the58 power and iron and steel companies, whose bank guarantees have been invoked by theMinistry of Coal followed by the recommendation made by the inter-ministerial group on coalor the de-allocation of the coal-blocks have is under process.The need for all these details by the finance ministry is in the wake of the report submitted bythe CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) of India related to non-transparent allocation ofcoal blocks, which lead to an estimated exchequer loss of Rs 1.86 lakh crore.RBI’S DATA RELATED TO SECTORAL DEPLOYMENT OF CREDIT STATESBank exposure to power sector is Rs 344980 CroreBank exposure to iron and steel is Rs 36320 CroreBank exposure to cement and cement products is 36320 CroreBank exposure to mining and quarrying is Rs 36600 CrorePower producers in India consume almost 70 percent of the total production of coal in thecountry.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 49
  • 50. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 50FOREIGN INVESTMENT CAP HIKED TO 74 PERCENT ON BROADCASTINGThe Government of India on 20 September 2012 hiked the foreign investment cap for thebroadcasting service providers to 74 percent. The registered hike in foreign investment cap isfor service providers of Direct to Home (DTH), modernized cable network and mobile television.This move of the government will allow the global players in acquiring major stakes in thebroadcasting companies. Before his decision was passed, the eligibility of DTH and multi-systemcable operators to make foreign investment was limited to 49 percent only.In its decision last week, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs cleared its stand on thecompanies of broadcast content that the TV news Channels and FM radio channels can have aforeign investment cap of 26 percent. This decision was made to make sure that majority ofcontrol remains back in the hands of Indian Partner.CCEA APPROVED 1.90 CRORE LAKH PACKAGE ON DEBT RESTRUCTURINGThe Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 24 September 2012 approved a 1.90lakh crore package on debt restructuring for the state-electricity boards. The taken step willallow the state- distribution companies (DISCOMS) to facilitate their turnaround. Thecommittee met under the leadership of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and gave its nod tothe package forcing the red marked distribution companies to start the fresh round of tariffincrease.The note of the cabinet states that all this has been done to maintain a balance in between theaverage cost of supply to that of the average of the revenue released. To avail the package thediscoms and the state government will have to keep revising the tariffs on a regular basis.CVC INSTRUCTED CBI TO EXPAND THE SCOPE OF INVESTIGATIONThe Central Vigilance Commission on 24 September 2012 instructed the Central Bureau ofInvestigation to expand its investigation scope on Coal Block Allocation to private firms inbetween 1993 to 2004. The decision was made after CVC received a letter from the CoalMinister, Shriprakash Jaiswal seeking a probe from CBI on allocations made, since 1993.Widening of the scope of investigation will bring into scanner the allocation done to privatecompanies during the reign of P.V. Narasimha Rao led congress government after 1993,including United Front Government from 1996 to 1998 and BJP-led NDA government from1996 to 1998. Report of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) - Vinod Rai on coalblock allocations was tabled in the parliament.THE REPORT STATES  Due to arbitrary allotment of the coal blocks the Indian exchequer suffered a loss of Rs 1.86 lakh crore equivalents to $ 37 billionwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 50
  • 51. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 51  Up to 31 March 2011 total 194 coal blocks were allotted to different private and government parties with an aggregate quantity of 44,440 million tonnes of coal  The beneficiary of these allotments as per CAG report were 25 major companies of India including Essar Power, Jindal Steel and Power, Hindalco and Tata Power  To bring out transparency in the process, the CAG suggested competitive bidding as a better solutionECONOMY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ1. Mauritius based, investment firm, got a clearance for their foreign direct investment proposal of investing Rs 808 crore by the union government of India. What was the name of that investment firm? (a) Cloverdell Investments Ltd (b) Conyers Dill and Pearman (c) CIEL Investment (d) Paracor InvestmentAnswer: (a) Cloverdell Investments Ltd2. To split off the ground handling and engineering services of Air India, Union cabinet approved a proposal of how much amount so that the two units Air India Engineering Services Limited (AIESL) and Air India Transport Services Ltd. (AITSL) will be operational as two completely owned subsidiaries and treated as separate profit centers? (a) 867 crore (b) 800 crore (c) 875 crore (d) 768 croreAnswer (d) 768 crore3. The Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) published its annual publication- India’s external debt: a status report 2011-12. As per the published report, India’s external debt in the end of March 2012 was? (a) $345.8 billion (b) $ 250 billion (c) $ 362.7 billionwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 51
  • 52. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 52 (d) $450 billionAnswer: (a) $345.8 billion4. As per the data released by world Economic Forum Indias ranking declined by three places to what position in the Global Competitiveness Index 2012-2013? (a) 59 positions (b) 56 positions (c) 61 positions (d) 64 positionsAnswer (a) 59 position5. Due to the demand slowdown in the US and Europe, India’s exports in July reduced to what per cent making it a steepest fall in three years? (a) 15.2 percent (b) 14.8 percent (c) 12.5 percent (d) 13.6 percent6. In a gesture of goodwill Karnataka government in front of Supreme Court of India agreed to release _________cusecs of water to Tamil Nadu from the Cauvery River. (a) 20000 (b) 10000 (c) 5000 (d) 15000Answer (b) 100007. The EGoM (Empowered Group of Ministers) on 11 September 2012 declared to slash down the interest rate from 10 to 12 percent to how many percent in the entire 350 drought hit Talukas of the four states namely, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Karnataka? (a) 4 percent (b) 8.5 percent (c) 7 percentwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 52
  • 53. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 53 (d) 6 percentAnswer (c) 7 percent8. As per the data released by the government on 14 September 2012, Indian inflation rose from 6.87 percent recorded in July 2012 to _________percent August 2012. (a) 7.55 (b) 8.0 (c) 9.5 (d) 7.25Answer (a) 7.559. The Union Cabinet cleared the proposal of foreign direct investment (FDI) for 51 percent in the multi-brand retail chains and _______percent in Aviation power exchanges industry. (a) 50 (b) 49 (c) 66 (d) 25Answer (b) 4910. The reserve bank of India reduced the Cash Reserve Ratio(CRR) by (a) 0.5 percent (b) 0.25 percent (c) 0.75 percent (d) 1 percentAnswer (b) 0.25 percent11. The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited introduced a system for making the payment of the bookings via mobile phones. What is the name of that system? (a) Interbank Mobile Payment System (IMPS) (b) Sybase mobile banking System (c) Railway mobile banking systemwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 53
  • 54. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 54 (d) PNB mobile banking SystemAnswer (a) Interbank Mobile Payment System (IMPS)12. Name the Union Minister who had suggested setting up of a National Investment Board (NIB) under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to accord speedy clearances to mega proposals. (a) Sharad Pawar (b) A.K. Antony (c) Kapil Sibal (d) P. ChidambaramAnswer (d) P. Chidambaram13. Reserve Bank of India injected a liquidity of around ___________by slashing down the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) by 25 basis points to 4.50 percent from 4.75 percent. (a) 17000 crore (b) 15000 crore (c) 10000 crore (d) 12000 croreAnswer (a) 17000 crore14. Shimla Municipal Corporation introduced a Tax on Shimla entry of vehicles that are not registered in Himachal Pradesh. What was the name of that tax? (a) Envy Tax (b) Green Tax (c) Carbon tax (d) Natural resource consumption taxAnswer (b) Green tax15. Name the report which was submitted to the finance minister of India by the Shome Committee constituted by the Central Board of Direct Taxes, after the approval of Prime Minister of India. (a) GARR Report (b) CAG Reportwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 54
  • 55. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 55 (c) Financial Credit Report (d) Tax Mitigation ReportAnswer (a) GARR Report16. For what percent, The Government of India on 20 September 2012 hiked the foreign investment cap for the broadcasting service providers? (a) 65 percent (b) 74 percent (c) 80 percent (d) 54 percentAnswer (b) 74 percent17. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 24 September 2012 approved a package on debt restructuring for the state-electricity boards. What was net worth of that package? (a) 1.90 lakh Crore (b) 3.5 lakh Crore (c) 2.6 lakh Crore (d) 1.25 lakh CroreAnswer (a) 1.90 lakh crore18. Which agency was instructed by the Central Vigilance Commission on 24 September 2012 to expand its investigation scope on Coal Block Allocation to private firms in between 1993 to 2004? (a) Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (b) Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) (c) CAG Committee (d) None of TheseAnswer (b) Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)19. Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has approved a proposed hike of the governments stake in Industrial Finance Corporation of India Ltd (IFCI) to make it a state-run company. What was the hike Percent?www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 55
  • 56. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 56 (a) 56.25 Percent (b) 55.57 Percent (c) 54.35 Percent (d) 58.65 PercentAnswer (b) 55.5 Percent20. State Bank of India, the country’s largest bank, cuts its base rate with how much point making it to 9.75 percent? (a) 25 basis point (b) 45 basis point (c) 35 basis point (d) 50 basis pointAnswer (a) 15 basis pointwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 56
  • 57. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 57www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 57
  • 58. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 58CORPORATESC DIRECTED SAHARA TO REFUND 17400 CRORE TO ITS INVESTORSThe Supreme Court of India on 31 August 2012 directed Sahara Groups two companies torefund around 17400 crore rupees to their investors within three months with 15 per centinterest. A bench of justices K S Radhakrishnan and J S Khehar directed Securities and ExchangeBoard of India, SEBI, to take action against the companies of Sahara India Real EstateCorporation and Sahara Housing Investment Corporation, if they fail to refund the money. Theapex court allowed the regulatory body to attach properties and freeze bank accounts of thesetwo companies if they did not comply with its order.The bench further directed SEBI to conduct investigation against these companies to find outtheir actual subscriber base besides getting other relevant information. It also directed thecompanies to furnish all their documents and account details to SEBI. The court also appointeda former apex court judge B N Aggarwal to oversee the probe by SEBI against the two Saharafirms.DEEPAK PAREKH NOMINATED TO COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIAThe Union government of India on 31 August 2012 nominated industry leader Deepak Parekh toCompetition Commission’s Eminent Persons Advisory Group (EPAG). The group advises the anti-trust regulator on good global practices and other issues. The group was constituted in a waythat CCI could avail from the advice of eminent persons representing a wide arena from theCorporate Sector.Along with HDFC Chairman Deepak Parekh, eminent authors Gurcharan Das and RamaBijapurkar were also nominated as members of the EPAG of the Commission. Others on theten-member panel comprises former, Biocon CMD Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, CAG V N Kaul, NGOactivist Rohini Nilekani and former RBI Deputy Governor Rakesh Mohan.TECH MAHINDRA ACQUIRED HUTCHINSON GLOBAL SERVICESTech Mahindra on 4 September 2012 acquired the back office unit of Hutchison Global Services(HGS), for $87.1 million (Rs 484.03 crore). The deal made with the HGS is supposed to give it arevenue rise of USD 845 million over the next five years which will mark to an average revenueincrease of around USD 170 million per annum.The acquisition will provide significant enhancement of Tech Mahindras expertise in thecustomer management space and will be a key component of strategic plans. The deal will alsoenable Tech Mahindra to leverage the acquired capabilities and scale for expanding the scopeof their existing services to other parts of the Hutchison group and to other customers andverticals.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 58
  • 59. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 59Hutchison Global Services (HGS), basically provides call centre and customer life-cycleoperations to customers in UK, Ireland and Australia. Whereas, Tech Mahindra is a leadingprovider of solutions and services to the telecommunications industry with a majority stakeowned by Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, in partnership with British Telecommunications plc.JINDAL STEEL & POWER ACQUIRED CANADIAN FIRM CIC FOR RS 650 CRJindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) on September 5, 2012 bought CIC Energy Corp of Canadafor Rs 650 crore. CIC has coal mines in Botswana, Africa, with reserves of six billion tonnes.The deal was concluded through Jindal BVI Ltd (JBVI), a subsidiary of Jindal Steel and PowerLimited. JBVI and CIC now be merged and delisted from the Canadian stock exchange in amonth’s time. Botswana is a landlocked country in Africa and JSPL is going to spend close to Rs550 crore in developing the mine. JSPL already holds coal mining licences in South Africa andMozambique. Jindal Steel and Power Limited is one of Indias major steel producers with asignificant presence in the mining, power generation and infrastructure sectors.JSPL is a part of the US$15 billion diversified O.P. Jindal Group and is consistently tapping newopportunities by increasing production capacity, diversifying investments, and leveraging itscore capabilities to venture into new businesses.BEL AND THALES ENTERED INTO A JOINT VENTUREBharat Electronics Limited (BEL), the defense public sector unit of India and French SecuritySolutions Company. Thales announced a joint venture on 5 September 2012 to manufactureradars for civilian and defence purposes. The operations related to the processing of themanufacturing process will begin after one and a half year. Following the regulations in India fora foreign company holding shares in the Indian Defense sector, Thales will be able to hold a 26percent of the equity in total, whereas rest of the 74 percent will remain with BEL. This jointventure will also provide BEL a chance to be a part of Thales Global Supply Chain.Although a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed by both the groups on 17November 2009 and has been in effect since then, the directors of both the companies werewaiting for government’s approval.With this venture, it’s expected that the expertise carried on by Thales in system engineering,testing and integration as well as transfer of the technology will be transferred to India. Thalesis a capable player in force protection, air defence solutions, rocket system and missile systemas well as in the mobile ground C4I system. One of the major contracts won by the company inthe recent past is the contract to upgradation of 49 Mirage 2000s of Indian Air Force into fullMirage 2000v5 Mk 2 standards.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 59
  • 60. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 60CARGOTEC TIED UP WITH TATA COMMUNICATIONTata entered up in a tie-up with Cargotec, the provider of cargo handling solutions for ships,terminals, ports and local distribution to more than 50 nations of the world. Cargotec has itspresence in the Middle East, Europe, Asia, America and Africa. The tie-up will help in boostingthe productivity and operational efficiency of Cargotec and will be a support in streamlining ofits supply chain management. Tata Communication, that has a global presence of its fibre opticscable network will be of a great help to Cargotec in extending wide area network (WAN)connectivity to more than 150 global sites.Tata Communication is the world’s first company to have its own round-the-world fibre cablenetwork. It also posses world’s largest sub-sea cable network. The company has a power tooffer services in countries that represents 99.7 percent of the world’s GDP.ICICI TO EXTEND ITS NET BANKING SERVICES THROUGH FACEBOOKICICI Bank announced on 6 September 2012 that it is going to launch its services on social mediaplatform ‘Facebook’ in order to expand its internet banking services. ICICI is among the firstbanks to start its online presence and the only bank that allows non-cash transactions i.e.requests for cheque books, account statement enquiry and more. The bank has plans ofallowing debit and credit transactions in the near future.ICICI on 5 September launched eLocker facility to wealth customers and initiated a 24*7electronic branch. The bank has also introduced the Tab Banking Services for potentialcustomers, who can open their accounts from any location. The social network expansion is aninitiative taken by the bank under the tag line Khayaal Aapka’ (your care) philosophy in form ofnext-generation banking solutions.PARTNERSHIP IN BETWEEN ALSTOM GRID AND TOSHIBA CORPThe two corporate giants Alstom Grid and Toshiba Corp entered into partnership for their smartgrid business by signing a Memorandum of Understanding on 6 September 2012. The goal ofthe collaboration is to secure the supply of energy by identifying different types of electricitymanagement solutions. This partnership will help in ensuring consistency in outcome andsupport of the supplied energy. Both the organizations are expecting to develop systems thatsupport the integration of renewable energy for bringing down the cost of energy production.Alstrom and Toshiba, both are looking forward for extending the business in the global market.Alstrom Grid is a 125 years old company and placed among the three global players of electricaltransmission. Whereas, Toshiba Corp is a renowned Japanese electronics company engaged indevelopment of electrical products, internet based services and solutions and more in thedomain.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 60
  • 61. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 61INFOSYS ACQUIRED SWITZERLAND BASED FIRM LODESTONEInfosys, one of the largest software companies of India, acquired Switzerland based globalmanagement consultancy firm Lodestone on 10 September 2012 with an enterprise value of$350 million.It is the largest acquisition by Infosys till date. By the end of October Lodestone will operate asa subsidiary named ‘Infosys Lodestone’ in Europe.Lodestone is a key player in the SAP domain and has in-depth experience of transformationalchange.Lodestone is headquartered in Zurich, and the key role of the company is to adviseinternational companies on strategy and process optimization, and to provide businesstransformation solutions enabled by SAPs enterprise solutions. Lodestone currently employsabout 850 employees, most of whom are SAP professionals.Infosys is an India based multinational company which provides business consulting,technology, engineering and outsourcing services. It also ranks among the second largestsoftware services exporter.SALES PERCENTAGE OF CAR DECLINED IN INDIAThe sales of cars in India declined in the month of August 2012 by an overall 19 percent. It iscounted among the biggest drop in one year timeline, resulting to which Society of Indianautomobile Manufacturer (SIAM) asked the government to cut the excise duty.The next disappointing part is that the export of cars is also declined to a figure of 26.83percent in the August month which has affected overall production of companies in India. It isthe highest decline in 11 years of time. The automobile industry has entered into a desperatesituation.The excise duty on automobiles, which was increased in this year’s Budget, needs to bereduced, particularly for the commercial vehicles segment to regain the sale in momentum. Incontrary to that, Chinese market saw a robust sale of car in the month of august.WELSPUN FOUND LENDERS FOR ITS 50 MW SOLAR PROJECTWelspun Energy declared that it was successful in finding the funds of Rs 355 crore for its 50MW Solar Power Project in Rajasthan on 10 September 2012. Three public sector banks alongwith an infrastructure finance company came together to issue the loan for this long termproject to the company. The project is expected to be commissioned by the first quarter of2013.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 61
  • 62. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 62Welspun Energy is a sister concern of the US $ 3.5 billion Welspun Group. The company mainlydeals with creation of environment-friendly power plants and is aimed to establish its plantsacross India.CONTRACT INKED BETWEEN BHP BILLITON AND BG GROUPA production- Sharing Contract (PSC) was signed by Australian BHP Billiton and UK’s BG Groupon 10 September 2010. The duo won the bid on the deep waters of Mumbai Basin with thegovernment in the ninth round of the bidding that was conducted under the New ExplorationLicensing Policy (NELP).Two different statements issued by the company and the Ministry of Petroleum and NaturalGas confirmed the inking of the contract in between BG-BHP and the government MB-DWN-2010/1 for deep water blocks of the Mumbai Basin. This block is located at a distance of 350from the offshore of Mumbai covering an area of 7963 sq kilometres in water depths of 2,900to 3,200 meters.For BG group this contract represents the first deepest water operated exploration licence inthe western coast of India. The group also have its exploration blocks in the KG Basin waitingfor certain clearances for starting the work.NIIT AND MICROSOFT CAME TOGETHER FOR CLOUD TRAININGInformation training company NIIT Ltd partnered with Microsoft on 12 September 2012 forcourses in Cloud computing. The partnership is going to create nearly one lakh cloud readyprofessionals in India over the time period of three years.The tie- up is totally benefitting. Now, the benefits of Microsoft Certification integrated withNIIT programmes are made available to students both in the retail and academic space by NIIT.NIIT and Microsoft are already in strategic partnership for over two decades basically fordeveloping contemporary talent pool for IT industry. NIIT Limited is a global computereducation company. The company provides training for individuals, enterprises, schools andcolleges. It has its presence in 40 countries worldwide.In 2004, NIIT was restructured into two groups. One is NIIT Limited, which focuses on thetraining and education in IT segment, and another which is known as NIIT Technologies which isan information technology (IT) solutions organization.Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond,Washington that develops, manufactures, licenses and supports a wide range of products andservices related to computing. The company was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April4, 1975. Microsoft is the worlds largest software maker measured by revenues. It is also one ofthe worlds most valuable companies.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 62
  • 63. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 63BANK OF INDIA OPENED ITS FIRST BRANCH IN SOUTH AFRICAState-owned Bank of India (BoI) opened its first branch in South Africa in a move to enhancethe relationship between South Africa and India while contributing to the overall developmentof the BRICS grouping. BoI opened branch in Johannesburg which is in South Africa.During state visit of then Indian president Pratibha Patil to South Africa in May 2012, bothcountries agreed to increase two-way trade to 15 billion US dollars by 2014 from 10.64 billionUS dollars. India can take advantage of the huge opportunities on the African continent, particularly ininfrastructure and communication. South Africa and India both are members of BRICS, whichalso includes Brazil, Russia and China.SUPREME COURT DIRECTED ESSAR OIL TO PAY THE SALES TAX DUESSupreme Court passed a judgment on 13 September 2012 for Gujarat Sales Tax case allowingEssar Oil to pay back the sales tax dues in phases. The dues amount of Rs 5,165 crore can bepaid back in eight different installments of two years beginning from 17 January 2012. SupremeCourt also dismissed the demand of Rs 1800 crore interest made by the Government of Gujarat.The court also directed the oil company to make the payment at the interest rate of 10 percenton the payment due of 17 January 2012 instead of 18 percent demanded by the stateGovernment. In its statement, the oil company cleared that it has already cleared a duepayment of Rs 1004 crore of the total dues amount of Rs 6169 crore.L&T RESTRUCTURED ITS ENGINEERING AND INFOTECH SERVICESLarsen & Turbo the infrastructure and engineering giant on 15 September 2012 integrated itsL&T Integrated Engineering Services with IT business L&T InfoTech for igniting growth rate ofthe company in technical arena. The company’s restructured cluster will be rebranded as L&TTechnology Service with Keshab Panda, the chief executive of L&T Integrated EngineeringServices as its chief executive.This entity will remain functional in providing customized engineering services that includesembedded systems, which are deployed in custom firmware along with plant and productelectronics.DMRC STARTED TRAINING PROGRAM TO TRAIN NEW RECRUITSThe 17-week training program scheduled to be conducted by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation(DMRC) for the new recruits of Rapid Metrorail Gurgaon Limited (RMGL) commenced on 17September 2012. RMGL is a consortium that is engaged in building of the 6.1 kilometer RapidMetro network in Gurgaon and will connect the Sikanderpur Metro station to Cyber City andwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 63
  • 64. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 64NH-8 in Gurgaon. The same body will be looking forward for its operations in the future. Therapid metro is scheduled to come under operations by April 2013.During this intensive training period of 17-weeks, the DMRC will train people using specialtraining modules, designed with a purpose to suit the requirements of Rapid Metro. Thecandidates will be taught about the technologies used and its operations like Automatic TrainProtection (ATP) and how a metro station works.TECH MAHINDRA ACQUIRED 51% STAKE IN COMVIVA TECHNOLOGIESTech Mahindra on 17 September 2012 acquired 51% stake in Comviva technology limited for260 crore. The new brand identity is now called as Mahindra Comviva, which reflects combinedstrength and spirit of both the entities.With this Tech Mahindra enters into the world of Mobility Products and is set to build portfolioin Mobile VAS, Mobile Money and Mobile payments space. The acquisition is going to enhanceTech Mahindra’s capabilities in the mobile VAS domain and will also provide access to amarquee client base, enabling significant cross-selling opportunities.Comviva technology is Bharti group owned mobile value added service (VAS) provider and haveVodafone, Idea, NTT Docomo in its client list. It was also earlier named as Bharti Telesoft whenit was 50% owned by Bharti group. Comviva Technologies Ltd. was formed in 1999, and hasgrown rapidly to become the global leader in providing mobile VAS and financial solutions.Tech Mahindra Limited is an Indian provider of networking technology solutions and businessprocess outsourcing (BPO) services to the global telecommunications industry. It is a jointventure between the Mahindra Group and BT Group plc, UK with M&M (Mahindra andMahindra) holding 44% and BT holding 39% of the equity.ITC LAUNCHED GRAND CHOLA A LUXURY FIVE STAR HOTEL IN CHENNAIITC on 17 September 2012 started Grand Chola a Luxury Hotel in Chennai. The luxury hotel with600 rooms have an integrated banquet in an area of 1 lakh square feet and a convention spaceof 30,000 square feet of a pillar-less ballroom have 10 beverage and food outlets as well as aKaya Kalp Spa in a total area of 23,000 square feet.4000 persons were employed during the construction of the hotel that included workers as wellas craftsmen. For management of its day-to-day operations the hotel has employed a team of1000 people.HDFC BANK COMMISSIONED ITS 10001ST ATM AT KOVALAMHDFC Bank, India’s second largest private sector bank, on 17 September 2012 commissioned its10001st Automated Teller Machine (ATM) at Kovalam in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kerala. Thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 64
  • 65. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 65launch of the 10001st ATM in Kerala follows the inauguration of the 10000th ATM,commissioned last week in Ajmer Sharif, Rajasthan.The launch reflects the bank’s endeavour to provide all forms of electronic channels-- ATMs,net banking and mobile banking, for customers.HDFC BANK ANNOUNCED THE LAUNCH OF CREDIT CARD FOR TEACHERSHDFC Bank on 5 September 2012 announced the launch of credit card for teachers, coincidingwith the celebration of Teachers Day. The card offers special features like multiple rewardpoints, weekend bonanza points, petrol surcharge waiver and 500 special gift reward points tobe credited annually on the Teachers day.With a combined market size of more than 450 million students and growth rates of 10-15 percent expected over the next decade, education is one of the largest service sectors in India. Infact, it is the largest issuer of credit cards in the country with a customer base of 5.60 million asof 31 March, 2012.TOP-LEVEL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED BY TATA MOTORSTata Motors on 18 September 2012 with appointment of Ranjit Yadav, the former country headfor Samsung India Mobile and IT business as President of its Passenger Car Business Unit (PCUB)announced name of more appointees’ at top-level.Some of names of new appoints at Tata Motors include Neeraj Garg, Ex-Director Sales andMarketing at Volkswagen in India as its Vice-President for commercial segment of PCBU. R.Ramakrishnan, the former Vice-President of commercial segment of PCBU has been moved asVice-President for Commercial Vehicles Business Unit (CVBU).SCHRODER SINGAPORE ACQUIRED 25% STAKE OF AAMCAxis bank on 18 September 2012 announced that 25 percent of its subsidiary, Axis AssetManagement Company (AAMC) was acquired by Schroder Singapore Holdings. The deal valuewas not disclosed by the bank but the statement released by its spokesperson provides a detailthat Schroder has an access to the global distribution network of the company and can advice itfor making investment of overseas funds in Indian securities. The statement also cleared thatthe deal allows Axis Asset Management Company to distribute the funds of Schroder in India.Schroder is the largest asset management company of UK with its operations in 26 countriesworldwide. Schroder Singapore Holdings private limited is a subsidiary to Schroder, UK.INDIGO AIRLINES EMERGED AS TOP RANKED CARRIERThe data presented by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on 18 September 2012claimed that the low cost airlines Indigo emerged as the leading carrier in the month of Augustwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 65
  • 66. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 66by carrying 12.05 lakh domestic passengers out of 43.69 lakh passengers. Indigo shared a totalof 27.6 percent of the market share.SHARE OF OTHER AIRLINES ARE AS FOLLOWS  Jet Airways-18.7 percent  Spice Jet- 18.5 Percent  Air India- 18.2 percentThe report also reported that there was a fall of 8.6 percent passengers in total as compared tothe previous year record for the month.TATA STEEL WON A HIGH-SPEED RAIL CONTRACT IN FRANCETata Steel, the Indian major iron and steel making company, received a letter of intent fromFrench, Eiffage Rail on 19 September 2012 for supplying high qualityrails for the 182 kilometer high speed line. The line will connect thecities named Rennes and Le Mans. The project with its value Rs315.15 Crore and will have to supply 50,000 tonnes rails for makingof the Brittany-Loire Valley line. The rail line that is an extension ofthe high-speed link in existence will reduce the travel time by 37minutes in between Rennes and Paris.As per the deal, making of the steel will be done in UK and the railrolling will be done in the French mills of Tata Steel. The delivery ofthe newly manufactured rails is expected to start from 2015. As perthe statement of Eiffage Rail’s Managing Director, Jean-Luc Trottinthey opted for Tata as a company to supply the rail because of theircommitment of make the deliveries possible at the time of their need and at the site, where thejob is to be done.This will be Tata’s second high speed rail project in an year’s time and has turned up to be amilestone in the organization’s credibility in making of the world class product and services.FEW OF THE MILESTONES ACHIEVED BY TATA STEEL IN THE RECENT PAST  The company made fresh investment in creation of a new technology that will help in production of long wear resistant rails, at its Hayange Rail Mill.  In the year 2011, the company upgraded its facilities to start production of 108 meter long rails. In the same year the company won an order to supply high-speed rails for the new 302 kilometer line joining French cities Bordeaux and Tours.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 66
  • 67. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 67  In the year 2009, Tata Steel entered into a deal SNFC, the French railway Operators for supply of rails for six years; the contract was signed at a cost of Euro 350 MillionThe project will create round about 10000 jobs during the construction period. Rails of 108-meters in length will be supplied for the project. Tata is going to make an estimated investmentof 50 million in a period of three years for the making of reliable and high-quality rail.EX-COO AND MD OF REEBOK INDIA HELD FOR RS 870 CRORE FRAUDThe ex-COO Vishnu Bhagat and former MD Subhender Singh Prem of Reebok India along withthree more executives were arrested by the Special Investigation Team (SIT) of Gurgaon on 19September 2012. All these people are accused of doing fraud of Rs 870 Crore with thecompany. They were involved in selling the goods in the market via ghost representatives usingforged bills and not depositing the money back on the companies account.The duo along with other three executives namely Surakshit Bhatt, Sanjeev Mishra andPrashant was booked on the charges of different charges under IPC (Indian Penal Code)including fraud, criminal conspiracy and breach.HCL TECH SIGNED MULTI-MILLION DOLLAR DEAL WITH FREESCALEHCL Technologies on 19 September 2012 signed a multi-million dollar deal with the Texas-basedFreescale Semi-conductor and embedded processing solution providing company. As per thedeal, HCL will be involved in transformation of Freescales IT infrastructure apart from being anexclusive technology partner for a period of five years. HCL will offer helpdesk support toFreescale across 20 countries with a user base of across 19,000 employees.NAVEEN JINDAL, PLACED AT THE TOP IN EXECUTIVES PAY CHARTThe Chairperson and Managing Director of Jindal Steel andPower Ltd (JSPL), Naveen Jindal was placed at top in theExecutive Pay Chart of the listed companies for the fiscal year2011-2012. He topped the chart for second time in a row witha package of 73.42 crore with a growth of over 6 crore to thatof his last years package.Sun TV Networks, Kavery Marana and Kalanithi were placed atsecond position in the chart with their package of 57.01 crore.Pawan Munjal with a package of 34.47 crore and BrijmohanLall Munjal with a package of Rs 34.44 crore from HeroMotoCorps are among the five highest-paid executives of the country.Salary, profit- linked incentives or commissions, perquisites, along with other added benefits,makes the pay-package. The total rise seen by the pay-packages of the top ten executives hasrecorded a hike of Rs 43 Crore i.e. 12 percent to Rs 387 crore.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 67
  • 68. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 68TOP FIFTEEN HIGH EST PAID EXECUTIVES OF THE YEAR  Naveen Jindal, Chairperson and MD of JSPL - 73.42 crore  Kalanithi Maran of Sun TV Network - 57.01 crore  Kavery Maran of Sun TV Network - 57.01 crore  Pawan Munjal of Hero MotoCorp - 34.47 crore  Brijmohan Lall Munjal of Hero MotoCorp - 34.44 crore  PRR Rajha of Madras Cements - 29.34 crore  Shinzo Nakanishi of Maruti Suzuki - 28.14 crore  BG Raghupaty of BGR Energy -25.98 crore  Carl-Peter Forster of Tata Motors - 23.97 crore  Murali K Divi of Divis Labs - 23.15 crore  Sunil Mittal of Bharti Airtel - 21.3 crore  D Bhattacharya of Hindalco - 19.5 crore  Sajjan Jindal of JSW Steel - 18.18 crore  Jayadev Galla of Amara Raja Batteries - 17.23 crore  Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries - 15 croreDMRC WON WORK IN JAKARTA METRO PROJECTThe Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) on 23 September 2012 was awarded with the work ofManagement Consulting Services by Jakarta Metro Rail Project. Before this, DMRC assistedthem in preparation of SAPI (Special Assistance on Project Implementation). The work in its firstphase will be done in a distance of 15.7 kilometer. DMRC will be working in a joint-venturewith eight international companies.As per the contract, DMRC is responsible for creation and finalisation of the organisationalstructure along with development of training facilities, recruitment of personnel and theirtraining in different segments that will be required for starting the operations of the project.DMRC is also acting as a consultant to other metro projects of the nation that includes Chennai,Bangaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata and Jaipur (here DMRC is also looking after the construction work).www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 68
  • 69. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 69CAIRN ENERGY SOLD 8 PERCENT STAKE IN CAIRN INDIAThe British oil and gas exploration and production company Cairn Energy plc on 25 September2012 sold 8 per cent stake in Cairn India for a net realization of about US Dollar 910 million.Following the sale, Cairn Energy retains about 10.3 per cent shareholding in Cairn India. CairnEnergy had earlier in June sold 6.67 crore or 3.5 per cent stake in Cairn India for about $360million. The company has decided to sell off all its shareholding in Cairn India and exit thecountry.Over the last two years, Cairn has shifted its focus towards the North Sea and theMediterranean, adding those regions to its core exploration assets in Greenland, as it movesaway from the oil fields it helped discover and develop in India. It has sold a controlling stake inCairn India to London-listed miner Vedanta Resources in an $8.7 billion deal in 2011.DAIMLER INDIA LAUNCHED 3 BHARATBENZ TRUCKSDiamler India on 26 September 2012 launched 3 commercial vehicles in the Indian market withits brand name BharatBenz. The three heavy duty trucks in 25 and 31 tonnes categories with aprice slab in between 15.7 lakh to 23.1 lakh.During the launch the CEO and MD of the company, Marc Llistosella informed that the companyhas planned to launch 17 more products in upcoming 17 months in a category range inbetween 7 to 49 tonnes.The trucks were launched by its 100 percent India owned subsidy Daimler India CommercialVehicles Pvt. Ltd (DICV). At present the company is functional in India with its plant having anannual capacity of producing 36,000 units and can further increase the production to 50,000units to compete with the Indian leaders in commercial vehicle segment.TATA GROUP GOT AN EXTENSION TO MANAGE THE TAJ MANSINGHIn a meeting held on 27 September 2012 in between the NDMC Chairperson, Archna Arora andChief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dixit, the decision was made that the New Delhi MunicipalCouncil’s Taj Mansingh Property will be managed by the Indian Hotels Company (IHC) foranother one year. The property has been managed by the Indian Hotels Company for past 34years and its lease to manage the property was about to expire this year.Within this period council will search for new operators by conducting open auctions. The IHCthat is owned by the Tata group will have the Right of First Refusal during the auction. The dealwill continue for a period of one year or till the time the auctioning come into being, which soever comes first. All this has been done for revenue maximization by the civic body.Earlier, the civic body had appointed consulting firm Ernst & Young to determine the valuationof the property and explore other options such as finding another partner or even auctioningthe landmark hotel.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 69
  • 70. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 70DALMIA CEMENT ACQUIRED MEGHALAYA BASED ADHUNIK CEMENTMeghalaya based Adhunik Cement on 28 September 2012 was acquired by the Dalmia CementBharat for Rs 560 crore. The Adhunik Cement have a control over ten percent of the marketshares in the North-East, with an annual capacity of 1.5 million tonnes.Dalmia Cement in January 2012, acquired fifty percent stake of the Assam based CalcomCement for Rs 238 crore. Dalmia cement is a subsidiary venture of Dalmia Bharat Enterprisesand a leading player of the domestic market in India.CORPORATE CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ1. Name the steel and power Company which has acquired Canadian Energy Firm CIC for Rs 650 Crore. (a) Jindal Steel and Power Ltd (b) Hira Steel and Power Ltd (c) Nandan Steel and Power Ltd (d) Essar Group of companyAnswer: (a) Jindal Steel and Power Ltd2. Bharat electronic limited entered into a joint venture with French Energy Solution Company to manufacture radars for civilian and defense purpose. Name the French company. (a) GDF Suez (b) Thales (c) Dalkia (d) Areva NCAnswer: (b) Thales3. Tata Consultancy Service signed in an agreement of 103 crore to provide ICT Solution for MGNREGS in which State? (a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Bihar (c) West Bengal (d) Punjabwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 70
  • 71. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 71Answer: (c) West Bengal4. Name the Industry Leader who is nominated to Competition Commission Eminent Persons Advisory Group (EPAG) by the Union government of India. (a) Deepak Parekh (b) Narayan Murthy (c) Kiran Mazumdar Shaw (d) VN KaulAnswer: (a) Deepak Parekh5. Which call centre service provider company was acquired by Tech Mahindra with a deal of $87.1 Million? (a) Fusion BPO Services (b) Hutchinson Global Services (c) Intelnet (d) Exl servicesAnswer: (b) Hutchinson Global Services6. On 10 September 2012, Infosys acquired Switzerland based global management consultancy firm, which is considered to be the largest acquisition by Infosys till date. Name the firm acquired. (a) Lodestone (b) Adecco (c) Dartfish (d) RicolaAnswer: (a) Lodestone7. Information training company NIIT Ltd partnered with which Software company on 12 September 2012 for courses in Cloud computing? (a) IBM (b) Microsoft (c) Infosyswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 71
  • 72. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 72 (d) WiproAnswer: (b) Microsoft8. A production- Sharing Contract (PSC) was signed by Australian BHP Billiton and UK’s based global energy and Natural Gas Company on 10 September 2010. Name the UK based company. (a) Salamander energy (b) London Marine Consultants (c) Falkland Oil and Gas (d) BG GroupAnswer: (d) BG Group9. Which State-owned Indian Bank opened its first branch in South Africa in a move to enhance the relationship between South Africa and India? (a) Bank of India (b) Union bank of India (c) Punjab National bank (d) ICICI BankAnswer (a) Bank of India10. Larsen & Turbo integrated its L&T Engineering Services with IT business L&T InfoTech for igniting growth rate of the company in technical arena. The company’s newly restructured cluster is rebranded by name as: (a) L&T Technology Services (b) L&T Info engineering Services (c) L&T Tech Engineering Services (d) L&T Tech and Solution servicesAnswer (a) L&T Technology Services11. Tech Mahindra acquired 51% stake in Bharti group owned mobile value added service (VAS) provider limited for 260 crore. What is the name of that value added service provider? (a) Comviva Technologies (b) Bharti Airtelwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 72
  • 73. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 73 (c) Infratel Ltd. (d) Vodafone servicesAnswer: (a) Comviva Technologies12. 25 percent stake of Axis bank subsidiary, Axis Asset Management Company was acquired by Schroder Singapore Holdings. The company is largest asset Management Company of which country? (a) USA (b) UK (c) Canada (d) SwitzerlandAnswer: (b) UK13. Name the country in which Tata Steel won a high-speed Rail Contract of Value Rs 315.15 Crore. (a) Germany (b) Japan (c) China (d) FranceAnswer: (d) France14. HCL Technologies signed a multi-million dollar deals with the Texas-based Semi-conductor and embedded processing solution providing company. Name the company. (a) Freescale (b) Dallas Semiconductor (c) Tri Quint (d) Texas InstrumentAnswer: (a) Freescale15. Name the airline which has emerged to be the top ranked carrier for consecutive second month (a) Jet Airwayswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 73
  • 74. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 74 (b) Spice Jet (c) Indigo Airlines (d) Air IndiaAnswer: (c) Indigo Airlines16. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation was awarded with the work of Management Consulting Services in which international Metro Rail Project? (a) Jakarta Metro rail project (b) Moscow Metro rail project (c) London Metro rail project (d) Copenhagen Metro rail projectAnswer: (a) Jakarta Metro rail project17. Name the Indian Entrepreneur who was placed at top in the Executive Pay Chart of the listed companies for the fiscal year 2011-2012. (a) Mukesh Ambani (b) Sunil Mittal (c) Naveen Jindal (d) Kalanithi MaranAnswer: (c) Naveen Jindal18. Who is appointed as the chief Legal Executive director of Ashok Leyland? (a) Sundar Rajan (b) Dheeraj G. Hinduja (c) Rajiv Saharia (d) N.V. BalachandranAnswer: (a) Sundar Rajan19. The Oil and gas exploration and production company Cairn Energy plc sold 8 per cent stake in Cairn India for a net realization of about US Dollar 910 million. The cairn energy is based at (a) UKwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 74
  • 75. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 75 (b) Germany (c) France (d) AustraliaAnswer: (a) UK20. TVS Motors on 28 September 2012 launched a new 125 cc Motorcycle in market .The Motorcycle is named by (a) TVS Phoenix (b) TVS Flame (c) TVS Jive (d) TVS Apache RTRAnswer: (a) TVS Phoenixwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 75
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  • 77. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 77NATIONALSC: DIRECTED GOVERNMENT TO RE-FIX PAY SCALE OF ARMY OFFICERSThe Supreme Court of India on 4 September 2012 directed the Union Government of India tore-fix the pay scale of army officers affected by the Fourth Pay Commission. It would now entaila payout of 1600 crore rupees to the exchequer. The Supreme Court also directed thegovernment to pay interest at the rate of 6 per cent from 1 January 2006, to all the officers,whether or not they have filed any petition before any of the High Courts or Benches of ArmedForces Tribunal.The bench directed that all pending petitions before any of the High Courts or Benches ofArmed Forces Tribunal, by similarly-placed officers, will be governed by this order.A three-judge bench of justices- R M Lodha, T S Thakur and Anil R Dave, passed the order whiledismissing an application filed by the Centre for recall and modification of 8 March 2010 order.UNION CABINET APPROVED INTEREST SUBSIDY FOR FARMER LOANSThe Union Cabinet on 6 September 2012 gave its approval to continue interest subsidy to PublicSector Banks (PSBs), Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Cooperatives Banks and NABARD enablingthem to provide short-term crop loans of up to Rs 3 lakhs to farmers at 7% p.a. during the year2012-13.It was also decided to provide additional interest subsidy of 3% p.a. to those farmers who repayloans within one year of disbursement in the current fiscal year.The Cabinet allowed the release of 10901 crore Rupees as interest subvention for 2012-13.Interest subsidy is allowed for small and marginal farmers having Kisan Credit Cards for loan.The Cabinet approved the release of 442 crore rupees as interest subsidy to small and marginalfarmers having Kisan Credit Cards against negotiable warehouse receipts, for post-harvest.Centre has subsidized short-term crop loans to farmers since 2006-07 to ensure the availabilityof crop loans to farmers of upto Rs.3 lakh at 7% p.a. Banks have been consistently meeting thetarget set for agriculture credit flow in the past years. For the year 2012-13, the target foragricultural credit flow has been raised to Rs 575000 crore from Rs 475000 crore in the year2011-12.SC GRANTED TWO WEEKS TIME TO TAKE A CALL ON ABU SALEMIn case of Abu Salem’s extradition to India, Supreme Court of India granted a two weeks time tothe centre to analyse the judgment of Portuguese Court and pass a statement in relation to thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 77
  • 78. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 78gangster on 9 September 2012. The order was passed in reference to the submitted petition tothe Supreme Court by the Attorney General G E Vahanwati for granting sometime to translatethe judgment of Portugal’s court from Portuguese to English.Abu Salem, 44 years in age is an underworld don who has been convicted with the charges of1993 serial bomb blasts in Mumbai and killing of Gulshan Kumar the Indian music tycoon andmany more cases of extortion and killings. He has also been a close associate of DawoodIbrahim. In 2002, the Azamgarh born was arrested in Lisbon, Portugal by the Interpol. He washanded over to Indian Authority by the Portuguese authority for facing the trial in case of 1993serial blasts of Mumbai, with a guarantee that death penalty will not be pronounced by hisname.SC: MEDIA CAN BE RESTRAINED FROM PRESSING TRIALSSupreme Court refused to frame any guideline for pressing up of the court proceedings of thesub-judicial matters, on 11 September 2012. It just put forward a constitutional provision forpostponement of the publications of the report or court hearing if the involved parties want so.The bench of five judges, headed by Chief Justice S H Kapadia declared its stand on the issue.The bench also said that the decision about the publication of the proceedings and itspostponement will be decided by the court on case to case basis. The other four members ofthe bench were justices S S Nijjar, D K Jain, Ranjana Prakash Desai and J S Khehar. This bench ofSupreme Court also cleared that use of the constitutional principle is a preventive measure nota prohibition and this will help in ensuring fair trail and maintain a good balance for freedom ofspeech.GOVERNMENT REDUCED INTEREST RATE ON RESCHEDULED CROP LOANGovernment on 11 September 2012 reduced interest rates on rescheduled crop loans from 12to 7 per cent in drought-affected areas for this fiscal. It also increased the number ofguaranteed work days under the MGNREGA to 150 days from 100 days. Four Indian statesnamely Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan have declared drought in more than390 taluks.During agrarian crisis, crop loans get converted into term loans for a longer period of threeyears but at a higher interest rate of 12 per cent. The Empowered Group of Ministers alsoapproved 846 crore rupees to Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana under the NationalRural Drinking Water Programme, and relaxed some norms.ENVIRONMENT CLEARANCE OF 99 MINES IN GOA SUSPENDEDThe environment clearance of 99 Mines of Goa was suspended with respect to the reportpresented by the Justice M B Shah Commission on 12 September 2012. Report claims that thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 78
  • 79. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 79organizations involved in the mining work taunted with the forest laws and environment norms& guidelines. This report also suggests the involvement of state directorate of mines, the unionministry for environment and forests (MoEF), Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM), the state forestdepartment and the Goa State Pollution Control Board (GSPCB) in this act of illegal mining.Jayanti Natarajan, the Minister of State for Environment and Forests cleared his stand over theissue that officials, whose involvement is found in the case, will be dealt accordingly followingthe procedures made by the law. As per the issued report, the complete scam worth approx35,000 rupees. The report also presents data that proves the involvement of Indian Authoritiesand the State Government in supply of unchecked and unregulated iron ore to China undertheir protected scanner to make more money.SC LIFTED THE GAG ORDER ON MEDIA REPORTINGThe Supreme Court of India on 14 September 2012 lifted the gag order on media reporting oftroop movement ordered by the Allahabad High Court. The SC pronounced the order whilehearing the petition filed through PCI Chairman and former Apex Court judge MarkandeyaKatjus office which submitted that the HC order was in violation of the fundamental rightunder Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution, granted to the media and every citizen of thecountry.On April 10, the High Court bench of justices Uma Nath Singh and Virendra Kumar Dixit haddirected various Central and state government authorities to ensure that there is no reporting /release of any news item by the print or electronic media, namely the movement of troops.The directions were given to the Union Home secretary, the Information and Broadcastingsecretary and the principal secretary (Home) of the Uttar Pradesh government. The High Courtorder had come on a PIL filed by a social activist relating to a report in The Indian Express on 4April 2012. The report pertained to purported movements of some Army troops towards NewDelhi.RASHTRIYA AAROGYA NIDHI SCHEME LAUNCHEDThe State Health Ministry of Arunachal Pradesh launched Rashtriya Aarogya Nidhi scheme inItanagar on 14 September 2012. The scheme which is under the Union Ministry of Health andFamily Welfare provides financial assistance up to 1.5 lakh rupees to BPL patients sufferingfrom life threatening diseases in the form of a one-time grant. In the event of the treatmentcost exceeding 1.5 lakh rupees, the patients can avail the assistance from the Central RashtriyaAarogya Nidhi scheme.The Central government’s contribution to the scheme for Arunachal Pradesh, will be two crorerupees.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 79
  • 80. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 80NEW MEASURES ANNOUNCED FOR WELFARE OF OVERSEAS INDIANSVayalar Ravi, Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs inaugurated the 7th Heads of Indian Missions(HoMs) conference on 17 September 2012.ANNOUNCED REVISED INDIAN COMMUNITY WELFARE FUND (ICWF) SCHEME  Assistance towards boarding expenses per head by HOMs is enhanced from 15 to 30 days.  Payment of penalties in respect of Indian nationals for illegal stay in the host country where prima facie the worker is not at fault.  Payment of small fines/penalties for the release of Indian nationals in jail/detention centre.  Providing support to local Overseas Indian Associations to establish Overseas Indian Community Centres in countries that have populations of Overseas Indians exceeding 1,00,000.  Providing support to start and run Overseas Indian Community-based student welfare centres in Countries that have more than 20,000 Indian students’ presence.  The Minister also mentioned that Government has given the voting rights to NRIs. The Government is also getting the PIO and OCI Card Scheme merged into one Scheme.  The conference was attended by Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries as well as Jordan, Yemen, Malaysia, Maldives, Angola, Thailand, Nigeria, Iraq and Libya.  The conference is organized by the Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs every year to discuss the issues related to protection and welfare of Overseas Indian workers.There are approximately 7.5 million semi-skilled and unskilled overseas Indian workers in theGCC countries and Malaysia on temporary employment/ contract visas, predominantly in theconstruction, healthcare and household services sectors.The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) is the nodal Ministry for protection and welfareof Overseas Indian workers.SC: LAND BELONGING TO SC/ST CANNOT BE BOUGHT BY NON-DALITSThe Supreme Court of India on 20 September 2012 ruled that the land belonging to scheduledcastes or tribes cannot be bought by non-dalits; including companies as such transactions areunconstitutional. A bench of justices KS Radhakrishnan and Dipak Misra gave the verdict on anappeal by the Rajasthan government against the state High Courts order holding such a sale tobe valid in law.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 80
  • 81. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 81The Rajasthan High Court had passed its order on an appeal by a private firm against the refusalby the state authorities to recognise or grant mutation to the purchase of a plot by thecompany from a person belonging to scheduled caste.DA HIKED FOR UNION GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEESThe Union government on 24 September 2012, hiked Dearness Allowance (DA) by 7%,benefiting its 80 lakh employees and pensioners and costing the exchequer an additionalRs7,408 crore annually. With the dearness allowance the pension proposals for personnel ofarmed forces is also allowed now.The hike in the DA from 65% to 72% will cost the exchequer Rs4939 crore for the remainingpart of the current financial year. The annual burden on account of the DA increase is estimatedat Rs7408 crore. It is going to benefit about 50 lakh employees and 30 lakh pensioners of thecentral government. The decision was made by the government to compensate its employeesand pensioners for general price rise.The increase in DA is in accordance with the accepted formula which is based on therecommendations of the 6th Central Pay Commission. The government had increased DA inMarch this year from 58% to 65%, which was effective from January 1; 2012. The governmentperiodically hikes the DA, which is linked to consumer price index for industrial workers.Dearness allowance (DA) is calculated as a percentage of an Indian persons basic salary andwas introduced to alleviate against the impact of inflation upon low income earners. Bothpensioners and their families are granted DA and this continues following reemployment withthe Central or State Government, a Government undertaking, an autonomous body or a localbody.UNION CABINET APPROVED THE DEMANDS OF EX-SERVICEMENThe Union Cabinet of India, under theChairmanship of Prime MinisterManmohan Singh on 24 September 2012approved the long awaited demand for ISSUEOne Rank One Pension (OROP) and otherbenefits of ex-servicemen. The cabinet The ex-servicemen association and defence forcesalso gave a nod for enhancement of demanded payment of uniform pension to the defencepension for family and dual family personnel retiring at same rank with same length ofpension. The approved demand will cost service period irrespective of their date of retirement.the government about Rs 2300 crore per The OROP also demanded passing of futureyear. The cabinet also approved family enhancements to the past pensioners.pension grants for mentally or physicallychallenged children of personnel fromarmed forces.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 81
  • 82. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 82THINGS THAT CABINET APPROVED ON THE ISSUE OF ONE RANK ONE PENSIONTo bridge the gap created between the pension of the JCO/OR retirees as per the pre 1 January2006 and post 1 January 2006 after determining the pensions of the pre 1 January retirees.The gap will be bridged on the basis of estimated maximum for ranks and groups among thethree categories of services following the case of the post retirees. The weightage for qualifyinginto the service for Naik, Sepoy and Havaldar ranks would be increased by two years in case ofboth pre and post retirees.For the pre- 1 January 2006, commissioned officer pensioners the pensions will be decided afterreferring to the minimum of the fitment table for the ranks in place of the minimum of the payband. In relation to the family pension, the cabinet in its decision stated that the pensions ofthe pre- 1 January 2006 retirees like Honorary Commissioned Officers, Commissioned Officers,JCOs/Ors will be decided following the fitment table instead of the minimum pay-band.For establishment of links with the family in cases, where death of the JCOs/ORs have occurredafter the retirement than the dependants of the pensioner will be entitled for 60 percent of thedetermined pension incases the normal family pensions can be calculated to be 30 percent ofthe last pay drawn by the pensioner. In cases, where the pension is decided on the basis ofranks, length of service and group of employment, the normal family pensions after the deathof JCOs/ORs will be 60 percent of the determined pension on notional basis.DUAL FAMILY PENSIONThe cabinet also made its stand clear that in cases, the dual family pension will be allowed inboth present and future scenario, where the pensioners drew or is drawing or will draw thepension for both the civil employment as well as for the military service. In cases of the familypension for mentally/physically challenged children, the family pension scheme will continueeven after the marriage for those who are drawing or drew or may draw the pensions.PANEL REPORTThe approval of the Union Cabinet came on the OROP after the six member committee formedby the Prime Minister submitted its report. Ajit Seth was the head of this committee.SERVICE TAX ISSUED ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF RAIL FARESThe new Railway Minister C.P. Joshi and the Finance Minister P. Chidambaram in their meetingheld on 26 September 2012 came up with the decision to regulate service taxes on high-endpassenger classes like AC along with freight and auxiliary services provided by the railways. Thetaxation will be in effect from 1 October 2012. Implementation of the taxes will help theexchequer in generating estimated revenue of Rs 3100 Crore annually.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 82
  • 83. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 83PERCENTAGE INCREASE IN THE FAIR CHART FOR DIFFERENT SEGMENTS ARE  First Class - 7 percent  Air-conditioned - 3.708 percent  Freight charges - 3.708 per cent  Auxiliary services at stations – 12.36 percent  The fair for high-end passengers have been increased by 30 percentBusy route surcharge during busy season of maximum 10 percent varying from commodity tocommodity on freight will also come on effect from 1 October 2012. This step will help inwinning an additional sum of Rs 826 crore in upcoming six months for the railways.INDIAN SOVEREIGN RATING IS STABLE-MOODYThe rating agency, Moodys Investors Services on 26 September 2012 in its Outlook for Indiaexpected stability due to the newly announced reforms (FDI & hike in petrol rates). It believedthat these reforms will help India in pairing up of the fiscal deficits. Indian sovereign creditrating outlook was kept by the agency at Baa3 for the medium term.Sovereign Risk Group at Moodys, vice-president, Atsi Sheth said that the nations target mayexceed the fiscal deficit due to the reforms being practiced. He also predicted that the grossfiscal deficit of India can overshoot the estimated target of 5.1 percent of the GDP proposed forthe fiscal year 2012-13 that will end in March.Whereas, the outlook to India by the rating agencies Fitch and Standard & Poor’s was negative,where the two agencies showed concerns towards the pace of reforms going on in India alongwith the economic downfall.FARMERS CHALLENGED THE WATER RELEASE ISSUE IN SCFarmers of Karnataka moved to the Supreme Court on 25 September 2012 challenging thedirection given to the state by the Union Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh who is the head ofCauvery River Authority (CRA) to release 9000 cusecs of water to Tamil Nadu from September20- October 15.The reason was drastically failure of monsoon in the last year which has affected the agricultureof Karnataka severely. The farmers had given a writ petition mentioning that due to failure ofmonsoon to the extent of 40 percent, drought had severely affected almost half of theagricultural activities in the Cauvery basin of Karnataka.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 83
  • 84. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 84The Petitioner mentioned that the demand of Tamil Nadu seeking water from Karnataka wasuncalled for because Farmers in Tamil Nadu is going to get enough water during the North-Eastmonsoon beginning in October and ending in December.They had also mentioned that the crops can be grown with the help of rain received during theNorth-East monsoon. As also the storage in Mettur Dam was 45 tmcft, Tamil Nadu farmers arenot in need of water as it is going to be sufficient for them till November.SC: ALTERNATIVES CAN BE USED FOR NATURAL RESOURCE ALLOCATIONThe Supreme Court in its verdict for routing of the allocation of Natural Resources on 27September 2012 directed that the Auction being a preferable method for allotment of thenatural resources can’t be turned up to be a constitutional limitation or requirement. TheSupreme Court passed the statement in relation to the 2 G Presidential Reference in form of itsadvisory opinion.The Supreme Court bench of five judges comprising Chief Justice S.H. Kapadia and Justices D.K.Jain, Dipak Misra, J.S. Khehar and Ranjan Gogoi in its statement declared that auctioning is oneof the several methods that can be used in distribution of natural resources. The bench alsostated that it is the government, who is responsible to decide the ways of distribution withconcerns of common good.ELECTION COMMISSION PROHIBITED USE OF ANIMALS IN CAMPAIGNSThe Election commission on 27 September 2012 directed the Political Parties and candidatesnot to use birds and animals in the campaigns. The commission also directed that in case theuse of animal is unavoidable then the party or candidate will have to ensure that no harm iscaused to the animal including violation of any law as well as cruelty towards the creature.To justify the decision the commission pointed towards Article 51(g) of the Indian Constitutionthat states compassion for all living creature as well as Prevention of Cruelty of Animals Act,1960. The commission also pointed towards the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 that prohibitsoverloading and torturing of the animals. The Election Commission has also sent letters to thepolitical parties as well as the Chief Electoral Officers of every state and union territories.The decision was made following the representations received by the election commission bysome organization and individual stating the cruelty that animals suffered during the electioncampaign of the political parties.NIRMAL VERMA APPOINTED AS INDIAN ENVOY TO CANADANirmal Verma, the former navy chief on 27 September 2012 was appointed as India’s highcommissioner to Canada. His appointment to the post happened on the recommendation ofthe PMO to the president, who cleared his name for the vacancy.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 84
  • 85. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 85Admiral Verma, will soon leave for Ottawa to join the office because Canadian Prime MinisterStephen Harper’s visit is scheduled to India in the near future.JAIDEEP SARKAR APPOINTED AS THE NEW ENVOY TO ISRAELJaideep Sarkar on 27 September 2012 was appointed as the new Indian Ambassador to Israel.The IITian and diplomat, is a private secretary to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and a jointsecretary of external affairs ministry, has replaced Navtej Sarna, the former ministryspokesperson.NDMA OBSERVED ITS 8TH FORMATION DAYThe National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) on 28 September 2012 observed its 8thFormation day at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi and reaffirmed its commitment towards makingDisasters in India resilient.During the ceremony, the vice-chairman of NDMC M.Shashidhar Reddy threw light on some of thecontributions made by the authority in all these yearsand the management system developed by them tocontrol the situation of disaster. The Chief Guest andthe Guest of Honour on this occasion were the UnionMinister of Water Resources and ParliamentaryAffairs Pawan Kumar Bansal and Minister of State inthe Ministry of Home Affairs MullapallyRamachandran respectively.NDMA was constituted on 30 May 2005 with its notification done on 27 September 2006 by thePrime Minister of India as its Chairperson. The organization is responsible to ensure theprevention measures along with preparedness, mitigation, generation of awareness, recoveryand rehabilitation along with fine recommendations related to fund allocation at times of alltypes of manmade and natural disaster across the nation.ALTAMAS KABIR SWORN-IN AS 39TH CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIAJustice Altamas Kabir on 29 September 2012 wassworn-in as the new chief justice of India by PresidentPranab Mukherjee. He took over the office fromJustice Sarosh Homi Kapadia, who retired afterserving the Supreme Court for two and a half year. 64year old Altamas Kabir will be in the office for aperiod of nine months, from 29 September 2012 to18 July 2013. His oath ceremony was conducted atwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 85
  • 86. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 86the ceremony held at Ashoka Hall of Rastrapati Bhawan.At the swearing ceremony some of the dignitaries present were Prime Minister ManmohanSingh, Vice President Hamid Ansari, working Chairperson of NDA L.K. Advani, UPA chairpersonSonia Gandhi, Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav, RJD leader Lalu Yadav along withseveral Union Ministers.ABOUT JUSTICE ALTAMAS KABIRJustice Altamas Kabir was appointed as the Judge of Supreme Court on 9 September 2005 andis known for some of the landmark judgments related to election laws and human rights. Hepursued his MA in LL.B from University of Calcutta and started his career as a practitioner incivil and criminal cases in the year 1973 at District court of Calcutta. Altamas Kabir was firsttime appointed as a permanent judge in the Calcutta high Court on 6 August 1990 and hasserved the Chief Justice of Jharkhand High Court.SUPREME COURT OF INDIAThe Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of theIndian Constitution and Article 124 to 147 states about the composition of Supreme Court ofIndia. Supreme Court of India consists of one Chief Justice and 31 judges. The bench thatcomprises 2 or 3 judges is termed as a Division Bench and the one that bench that consists offive or more judges is termed to be a Constitutional Bench.TENURE AND QUALIFICATION OF JUDGES IN SUPREME COURTPresident appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and the retirement age of these judges is65. For being a judge or chief justice of a Supreme Court one must fulfill the followingqualifications:  He must be an Indian Citizen  Should have served the High Court as its Judge for at least 5 years  He should have served the high court as its advocate for a period of 10 yearsIn case their occurs a vacancy in the CJI office due to any reason, the president appoints theacting Chief Justice as the Chief Justice of India from amongst the judges of the Supreme Court.The salaries and other allowances of the Judges in India are charged from the ConsolidatedFund of India. At present the salary structure is:  Chief Justice of Supreme Court-Rs 1 Lakh  Other Judges of SC: Rs 90,000www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 86
  • 87. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 87REMOVAL OF JUDGESThe Judge can be removed from India on certain ground that includes incapacity to hold theoffice or proven misbehavior. They can be removed only after the resolution of both the housesof Indian Parliament that is supported by the majority of two-third of the members voting andpresent. The two judges against whom the proceeding was initiated:  V Ramaswami in 1993 was the first judge against whom the proceedings were initiated  Soumitra Sen in 2011 was the second judge against whom these proceedings were initiatedCHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA S.H. KAPADIA RETIREDThe Chief Justice of India Sarosh Homi Kapadia, retired on 28 September 2012 from the postafter serving the Supreme Court for two and a half years. Justice Kapadia, who turned up to be65 years in age sworn in as the thirty-eighth CJI and served theSupreme Court from 12 May 2010 and retired, on 28September 2012. While holding the office as a judge for aperiod of 22 years, Justice Kapadia never took a leave.After his retirement, Justice Altamas Kabir took over the job asthe Chief Justice of India from 29 September 2012. The ChiefJustice of India sworn-in to the post by the name of God by thepresident of India. His appointment to the position ismentioned in article 124 of the Indian Constitution. The chief Justice of India also acts as theacting President of the nation in case the office, of the President falls vacant due to any reasonlike his death, resignation or removal via impeachment and the Vice-President is not availableto take on the charge of the acting president.THE ONLY CHIEF JUSTICE, WHO HAS SERVED AS THE ACTING PRESIDENT OF INDIASir Mohammad Hidayatullah, who served the nation as eleventh CJI (17 December 1905 - 18September 1992) has also served as the acting President of India being an ex-officio CJI from 20July 1969 to 24 August 1969, after Dr. Zakir Hussain died as a president in office and the thenVice-President V.V. Giri resigned from the post of acting President to participate in thePresidential Election.NATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ1. The Supreme Court of India on 4 September 2012 directed the Union Government of India to re-fix the pay scale of army officers affected by the which Pay Commission? (a) Fourth pay Commissionwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 87
  • 88. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 88 (b) Sixth pay Commission (c) Fifth Pay Commission (d) None of theseAnswer (a) Fourth pay Commission2. At what interest rate percent per annum, The Union Cabinet gave its approval to continue interest subsidy to Public Sector Banks (PSBs), Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Cooperatives Banks and NABARD enabling them to provide short-term crop loans of up to Rs 3 lakhs to farmers during the year 2012-13? (a) 7% Per annum (b) 8.5 % Per annum (c) 6 % Per annum (d) 5 % per annumAnswer (a) 7 % per annum3. To what percent Government of India on 11 September 2012 reduced interest rates on rescheduled crop loans from 12 percent in the drought-affected areas for the fiscal year 2012-13 (a) 8 percent (b) 5 percent (c) 7 percent (d) 6 percentAnswer (c) 7 Percent4. The State Health Ministry of Arunachal Pradesh launched a scheme in Itanagar on 14 September 2012 for providing financial assistance up to 1.5 lakh rupees to BPL patients suffering from life threatening diseases in the form of a onetime grant. What was the name of that scheme? (a) Rashtriya Aarogya Nidhi (b) Rashtriya Janseva Nidhi (c) Rashtriya Sarvoklayan Prayojna (d) None of thesewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 88
  • 89. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 89Answer (a) Rashtriya Aarogya Nidhi5. Name the Person of India who was appointed as Chief Economist of World Bank. (a) Kaushik basu (b) Jaideep Sarkar (c) Narayan Murthy (d) Nandan NilkeniAnswer (a) Kaushik basu6. Name the person who on 13 September 2012 was appointed as the 39th chief justice of India (a) Justice Altamas Kabir (b) Justice A.K. Sikri (c) Rajeev Gupta (d) Justice Mohit Shantilal ShahAnswer (a) Justice Altamas Kabir7. Which person was appointed as the president of, The Indian Newspaper Society for the year 2012-2013 on 13 September 2012 during the 73rd annual meet of the Newspaper Society? (a) K.N. Tilak Kumar (b) Ravindra Kumar (c) Ashish Bagga (d) Pradeep GuptaAnswer (a) K.N. Tilak Kumar8. On which date Vayalar Ravi, Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs inaugurated the 7th Heads of Indian Missions (HoMs) conference and announced revised Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF) scheme. (a) 15 September 2012 (b) 16 September 2012 (c) 17 September 2012 (d) 20 September 2012www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 89
  • 90. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 90Answer (c) 17 September 20129. The Supreme Court of India on 14 September 2012 lifted the gag order on media reporting of troop movement that was ordered by one of the High Court.HC order was in violation of the fundamental right under Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution,granted to the media and every citizen of the country. The order came from which of the highcourt?(a) Allahabad High court(b) Calcutta high court(c) Karnataka high court(d) Madras high courtAnswer (a) Allahabad High court10. The Union government hiked Dearness Allowance (DA) by what percent benefiting its 80 lakh employees and pensioners and costing the exchequer an additional Rs7,408 crore annually? (a) 4 percent (b) 8 percent (c) 7 percent (d) 6 percentAnswer (c) 7 percent11. On which date, the Union Cabinet of India, under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh approved the long awaited demand for One Rank One Pension (OROP) and other benefits of ex-servicemen. (a) 21 September 2012 (b) 24 September 2012 (c) 19 September 2012 (d) 17 September 2012Answer (b) 24 September 201212. Name the Union Minister who on 24 September 2012 took an additional charge of the Railway Ministry after the exit of Mukul Roy.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 90
  • 91. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 91 (a) C.P. Joshi (b) Nitish kumar (c) Mamta Banerjee (d) None of theseAnswer (a) C.P. Joshi13. Which Indian Bollywood actress was appointed as International Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) ? (a) Katrina Kaif (b) Aishwarya Rai (c) Kareena kapoor (d) Madhuri DixitAnswer (b) Aishwarya Rai14. The Election commission of India on 27 September 2012 directed the Political Parties and candidates not to use which of the following in the election campaign as it was violating Article 51 (g) of the constitution? (a) Animals and Birds (b) Arms and ammunition (c) Heavy vehicles (d) None of theseAnswer (a) Animals and birds15. Name the Indian nuclear-capable surface-to-surface missile which on 19 September 2012 was successfully test fired from Wheeler Island, off the Odisha Coast. (a) Agni III (b) Agni IV (c) Prithvi III (d) Agni VAnswer (b) Agni IVwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 91
  • 92. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 92www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 92
  • 93. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 93INDIAN DIARY1 September 2012 1. Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi took over as the new Indian Navy Chief3 September 2012 1. DCGI directed Drug Companies to submit Safety Reports of New Drugs to It4 September 2012 1. India and China agreed to boost the Defence Ties5 September 2012 1. Supreme Court directed the Government to re-fix the Pay Scale of Army Officer 2. Kaushik Basu appointed as World Bank Chief Economist 3. India ranked to be 59th in the report released by World Economic Forum 4. Padamshree Dr. AN Purohit awarded with Shiksha Ratna Award by Petroleum University 5. India’s first multi-lateral Social Science research collaboration with four European Nations6 September 2012 1. Sachin Pilot commissioned as a Lieutenant in Territorial Army 2. Dr. KC Abraham awarded with Business Excellence Award7 September 2012 1. Union cabinet approved interest subsidy for farmer loans9 September 2012 1. Verghese Kurien the White Revolutionary and the Milkman of India Died 2. Aseem Trivedi the cartoonist from Mumbai held for sedition10 September 2012 1. Supreme Court granted two weeks time to the centre to take a call on Abu Salemwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 93
  • 94. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 94 2. Supreme Courts Notice to Tamil Nadu on the petition that challenged 69% quota in the state 3. Jal Satyagraha came to an end after 17 days demonstration on a victory note11 September 2012 1. Supreme Court: media can be restrained from pressing trials during proceedings 2. Government reduced Interest Rates on rescheduled Crop Loans from 12 to 7 Percent12 September 2012 1. Environment clearance of 99 Mines in Goa suspended14 September 2012 1. Supreme Court lifted the Gag Order on Media Reporting of Troop Movement 2. Rashtriya Aarogya Nidhi Scheme was launched in Arunachal Pradesh15 September 2012 1. Former Sarsanghchalak of RSS KS Sudarshan died at Nagpur17 September 2012 1. New measures announced for the welfare of overseas Indians18 September 2012 1. Union Government decided to launch Saksham to Educate Adolescent Boys 2. Women and Child Development Ministry launched a Web Portal named Track Child19 September 2012 1. Supreme Court refused to Review the petitions challenging Right to Education Act, 2009 2. A A Manavalan won Saraswati Samman for his comparative study on Ramayana20 September 2012 1. SC: Land belonging to Scheduled Castes or Tribes cannot be bought by Non-Dalits24 September 2012 1. Dearness Allowance (DA) hiked for Union Government Employeeswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 94
  • 95. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 95 2. Union Cabinet of India approved the Demands of Ex-servicemen for One Rank One Pension 3. C.P. Joshi appointed as the new Railway Minister25 September 2012 1. Farmers moved to Supreme Court Challenging the Release of Water 2. Maharashtra Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar Resigned26 September 2012 1. Service Tax on high-end class travel, freight and auxiliary service rail fares 2. Indian Sovereign Rating is Stable-Moody 3. CSIR announced Fellowship program for Scientists aged above 7027 September 2012 1. SC: There are alternative ways for allocation of Natural Resources 2. Election Commission prohibited use of animals in Election Campaigns 3. Former Navy Chief Nirmal Verma appointed as Indian envoy to Canada 4. Jaideep Sarkar appointed as the new envoy to Israel 5. CSIR announced Fellowship program for Scientists aged above 7028 September 2012 1. Chief Justice of India S.H. Kapadia retired 2. Indias first National Security Advisor Brajesh Mishra died 3. India successfully launched its Heaviest Satellite GSAT-10 4. National Disaster Management Authority observed its 8th Formation day29 September 2012 1. Altamas Kabir sworn-in as 39th Chief Justice of Indiawww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 95
  • 96. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 96www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 96
  • 97. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 97STATETCS TO MONITOR MGNREGA FUND IN WEST BENGALThe West Bengal government on 8 September 2012 signed an agreement with a leading IT firmTCS (Tata Consultancy Services) to monitor management of the MGNREGA (Mahatma GandhiNational Rural Employment Guarantee Act) fund. The agreement will facilitate in pluggingwastage and leakage of funds under the scheme in the state. The 100-day employmentprogramme will also get a boost with modernization and transparency. The pilot project oftechnology enabled monitoring of MGNREGA will start from south 24 Pragana district andgradually will be extended to all other 18 districts of the state.TCS will provide a 5-year support to the system after implementation. TCS said it would offerextensive experience in e-governance.TEMPORARY SUSPENSION OF MINING OPERATIONS IN GOAThe Goa Government on 10 September 2012 ordered temporary suspension of all miningoperations in the state. An order to this effect was issued by the Principal Secretary,Department of Mines and Geology. The suspension came into effect from 11 September 2012.The decision comes in view of the serious illegalities and irregularities mentioned in the reportof the Justice M.B. Shah commission of inquiry constituted by the Union Government of India tolook into the aspect of illegal mining in various states including Goa.However, the suspension of mining operations will have no effect on trade and transportationof ore already mined and existing in the lease-hold area, in transit or stored or stocked on thejetties.SC: NOTICE TO TAMIL NADU ON PETITION CHALLENGING 69% QUOTAIn a petition filed against 69 per cent quota in educational and employment institutions of TamilNadu by ten meritorious students, Supreme Court of India issued a notice on 10 September2012 as the granted quota exceeds the limits decided by the judgment issued by MandalCommission.After hearing from the senior council Rakesh Diwedi, the notice was issued by the bench ofJustices K.S. Radhakrishnan and Dipak Misra seeking clarification and response from the statefor directing the ways to provide admission to the petitioners in the running session of theMedical Colleges, by increasing the number of seats as it has been doing for past sixteen years.The petitioners, Ms. Gayathri and nine others scored a high marks that ranges in between198.50/200 to 198/200, but they were barred from being admitted in any of the medicalinstitutions of the state because of the 69 percent quota provision.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 97
  • 98. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 98As per the petitioners, the Supreme Court directed the backward class commission in 2010 tomeasure the justifiability of the 69 percent quota with the objective criteria report. The bodyfiled a report to the state government on 8 July 2011, without any objective criteria just byconfirming the 69 percent reservation on basis of Amba Shankar Commission Report made in1985, without taking any objective criteria related to the terms of Nagaraja case that does notpermits the power to exceed the restriction beyond 50 percent reservation.DELHI GOVERNMENT IMPOSED A BLANKET BAN ON PLASTIC BAGSThe Delhi government on 10 September 2012 decided to impose a blanket ban on themanufacture, sale, storage and use of plastic bags in the national capital. The use of plasticcover pouches to pack magazines and invitation and greeting cards will also be prohibited.Following a Delhi High Court order, the government had in January 2009 imposed a ban on theuse of plastic bags in various markets, shopping malls, hotels and hospitals but it has notproduced any desired result.The government now decided to impose the ban as per provision of the Environment(Protection) Act, 1986 under which the violators could face imprisonment up to five years andfine of up to 1 lakh rupees or both.PUNJAB GOVERNMENT AMENDED CANAL AND DRAINAGE ACTPunjab state government on 11 September 2012 amended the section 70 of Canal and DrainageAct, 1873 to punish the offence of canal water theft. As per the amendment, those whopuncture a canal to irrigate their fields will face a fine of 5000 rupees, imprisonment or both.For the second offence of canal water theft, water supply would be ceased for full term duringthe crop season.In case any person still continues to use water in an unauthorised manner, they would beexcluded from the command area of the canal for a period of two years. Before thisamendment, there was a provision of Rs 1,000 fine or 1 month imprisonment or both.UP LAUNCHED THE SAMAJWADI SWASTHYA SEVA IN THE STATEUttar Pradesh state government on 14 September 2012 launched the Samajwadi SwasthyaSeva, the biggest emergency medical transport service in the country. The ambitious servicewas launched in 13 districts - Mainpuri, Etawah, Lucknow, Kannauj, Saharanpur, Meerut,Rampur, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Sambhal, Shamli, Baghpat and Ambedkarnagar - in thefirst phase. The facility can be availed free of cost by dialing 108. The ambulance service waslaunched with the help of a private service provider.The government aims to reach people in need within 20 minutes of the SOS call. A call centrethat will be manned by 100 people has been set up here to support the emergency service. Itwill be functional 24x7.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 98
  • 99. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 99CHHATTISGARH HC ANNULLED THE LAND ACQUIRED BY GOVERNMENTThe Chhattisgarh High Court on 11 September 2012 annulled the acquisition of thousand acreof fertile land in Raigarh as well as in Champa–Janjgeer districts of the state. It had been takenaway from farmers by the Chhattisgarh state government for setting up power station.Chhattisgarh High Court also imposed a fine in each case which would be given to thepetitioners as litigation fee in the case. Justice Prashant Mishra, in his order, observed that thegovernment move to acquire the fertile land of the farmers would not serve its interest.Delhi Government to Provide subsidized Gas Cylinders to Jhuggi Ration Card HoldersThe Delhi state Government on 17 September 2012 announced to provide three subsidisedcooking gas cylinders to the Antodaya Anna Yojana, Below Poverty Line and Jhuggi Ration Cardholders in the national capital. These will be in addition to the six subsidised cylinder limitannounced by the Union government of India.The move will benefit over 3.56 lakh such card holders of the city.HARYANA INSTITUTED FOUR AWARDS TO FELICITATE WOMENHaryana government on 18 September 2012 instituted four state-level awards to felicitatewomen who have done outstanding work in different fields. Three of the awards include IndiraGandhi Mahila Shakti Award, Kalpna Chawla Shaurya Award and Bahin Shano Devi PanchaytiRaj Award. The fourth award comprises of two awards, Life time Achievers Award and WomenOutstanding Achievers Award. These awards would come into effect from the current financialyear 2012-13.Indira Gandhi Mahila Shakti Award, would be given to the women who has done exemplarywork in rehabilitation of destitute women and children, widows, victims of atrocities andconflict disabled women and children, aged women.It would also be given to those engaged in promoting self help groups or women empowermentinitiatives, established their own business or industry and have contributed to development ofwomen besides entrepreneurship and done exemplary work in public service. It would carry acash prize of Rs one lakh and a citation.Kalpna Chawla Shaurya Award named after astronaut Kalpna Chawla, would be given to thosewho perform acts of bravery and meritorious services. The award would carry a cash prize of51000 rupees and a citation.Bahin Shanno Devi Panchayati Raj Award named after the first women Speaker in Haryana hadbeen instituted for encouraging the emergence of women in the public sphere in the village ofHaryana. This award would be given to woman Panchayat leader who have done exemplarywork in promoting female literacy, health and nutrition, universalisation of education,www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 99
  • 100. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 100sanitation, water, hygiene and other health determinants, he said. It would carry cash prize of51000 rupees and a citation.Life Time Achievement Award would given to woman of 60 years of age or above, who hasexcelled in administrative skills, career or profession, leadership quality, courage and creativework. It would carry a cash prize of Rs 21,000 and a citation and a shawl, he said.Women Outstanding Achievers Award would be given to the women who have done exemplaryachievements and outstanding work in their respective fields. The awards will be presentedannually to such women who have done commendable work in their respective fields. It wouldbe given to nurses, sports women, Sakshar Mahila Sammoh Members, Government employees,social workers, Women entrepreneurs, nominees of Stree Shakti Puraskar, Prohibition-cum-Protection Officer and Anganwadi workers. Each such award carries cash prize of Rs 5,100, acitation and a shawl.ANDHRA PRADESH TO SET UP 15 MARINE POLICE STATIONSThe Andhra Pradesh state government on 19 September 2012 decided to set up 15 marinepolice stations along its coastline in addition to the existing six ones. The decision was taken in abid to beef up security along the 974 km long coastline of the state.The government also decided to appoint special police officers (SPOs) in coastal villages. Policesources said marine police will conduct patrolling in the deep sea within their jurisdiction incoordination with the Coast Guard, but SPOs will play a major role and keep a constant watchon the coastline activities in their villages.HARYANA GOVERNMENT SIGNED MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDINGHaryana government had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with four independentpower producers for setting five bio-mass power projects.The capacity of power projects is of 51 MW and required an investment of 230 crore. Out offour, two projects is going to be commissioned soon. Haryana is among the leading states inimplementing energy conservation programmes. The memorandum was basically signed totackle with the prevailing power crisis in the state.JUSTICE MURUGESAN BECAME CHIEF JUSTICE OF DELHI HIGH COURTJustice Darmar Murugesan, the former judge of the Madras High Court, on 26 September 2012sworn in as Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court Lt. Gov. Tejendra Khanna.He replaced the acting Chief Justice A.K. Sikri, who was elevated as the Chief Justice of thePunjab and Haryana High Court.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 100
  • 101. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 101Justice Murugesan was born on June 10, 1951. He was appointed as Judge of the Madras HighCourt on March 2, 2000, and as Permanent Judge on June 13, 2001. He is going to have a brieftenure of nine months as Chief Justice.DELHI CM, SHEILA DIKSHIT GREEN SIGNALED THE LADIES SPECIAL BUSESDelhi Transport Corporation green signaled Ladies’ Special Buses with women conductors on 27September 2012 from 11 different points across the city. Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshitflagged off the bus from Delhi Secretariat.All this has been done to ensure safe and comfortable journey for the ladies during the peakoffice hours in the city. These buses will be operating to and fro from different locations of thecity that includes:  Inder Puri to Delhi Secretariat  Dwarka More Metro Station to Nehru Place Terminal  Uttam Nagar Terminal to Sarai Kale Khan ISBT  Ambedkar Nagar Terminal to Rajendra Place  Uttam Nagar Terminal to Nehru Place Terminal  Rohini Sector 22 to Connaught Place  Shahdara to R.K. Puram  adhu Vihar Dwarka to CGO Complex  Kapashera Border to Mori Gate Terminal  Nangloi Syed to Delhi Secretariat  Mehrauli to Old Delhi Railway StationChief Minister Delhi informed that the number of buses will increase in accordance to thefrequency of the commuters in the near future.TUNNEL JOINING THE AMBER PALACE AND JAIGARH FORT UNVEILEDThe tunnel that connects the two monuments of historical importance Amber Palace andJaigarh Fort in the capital city Jaipur of Rajasthan was inaugurated on 30 September 2012 bythe Diya Kumari of Jaipur Royal Family and former Rajasthan Tourism Minister Bina Kak. Thetunnel is now open for the tourists as well as the historians.To excavate the tunnels joining the Jaigarh Fort and the Amber palace the Jaigarh PublicCharitable Trust and the State government’s Archaeology & Museums Department haveentered into an agreement by singing a a contract of public-private partnership. It’s believedthe tunnels of the fort were constructed during eighteenth century for managing theevacuation task of the then royal family and the nobleman, under situations of unfortunateattack by enemies.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 101
  • 102. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 102MASSIVE DOOR-TO-DOOR CANCER DETECTION CAMPAIGN IN PUNJABThe biggest door-to-door campaign to detect cancer at early stage was launched on 30September 2012 by the Punjab Government. The Pilot trial of the project will start in Faridkotdistrict of Punjab from October 2012 for a complete month and will be implemented across thestate in December 2012. The Cancer detection survey involving fifty thousand personnel aims atdetecting the cancer at its initial stage in a population of over 1.25 crore.The Chief Minister of Punjab, Prakash Singh Badal declared during his high level meet of seniorofficials of World Health organization, departments of health and family welfare and medicaleducation and research and more organizations about the official launch of the project. He alsoemphasized on the fact that he will not allow scarcity of funds to effect this prestigiouscampaign.SANJAY MITRA APPOINTED AS NEW CHIEF SECRETARY OF WEST BENGALSanjay Mitra was appointed as the new Chief Secretary of West Bengal on 30 September 2012.An IAS officer from 1982 batch, Mitra who was serving as the Principal Secretary of the Healthand Family Welfare Department took over the office from Samar Ghosh at the State Secretariat.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 102
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  • 104. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 104SPORTSINDIA BEAT CAMEROON TO WIN NEHRU CUP FOOTBALL TOURNAMENTIndia won Nehru Cup football tournament on 2 September 2012 after beating Cameroon 5-4 viapenalty shoot-out. In the final played at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi, Indiavanquished Cameroon 5-4 via penalty shootout and retained the Nehru Cup football.The match went into tie-breaker after the two teams were locked 2-2 at the end of 120 minutesof play. Gouramangi Singh (19th minute) and Sunil Chhetri (77th) scored for India in theregulation time, while Makkon Thierry (29th) and Kingue Mpondo (54th) found the net forCameroon. In the tiebreaker, Robin Singh, skipper Chhetri, Denzil Franco and Mehtab Hosainstruck to ensure that India managed a clean slate.Taking the final shot, Makkon hit the post to leave Cameroon shattered. Ashu C Tambe,Ousmalia, Bebey Kingue Paul and Mpondo scored for the visitors in the shootout.INDIA BEAT NEW ZEALAND BY 5 WICKETS AND WON THE SERIES 2-0India won the second cricket test against New Zealand by 5 wickets on 3 September 2012.Chasing a target of 261 set by New Zealand on the fourth day of the second and final Test inBangalore, India overhauled the target in the post-tea session with one full day remaining. ViratKohli on 51 and Skipper MS Dhoni on 48 remained not out.Kohli, who had made 103 in the first innings, was adjudged man of the match, while SpinnerRavichandran Ashwin was named man of the series. With this, India won the 2 match series 2-0.India had won the first test at Hyderabad by an innings and 115 runs.HIGH JUMPER GIRISHA WON SILVER AT PARALYMPIC 2012, LONDONHigh jumper Girisha Hosanagara Nagarajegowda, India won a silver medal (F42 single leg,amputations minimal disability category) at London Paralympic Games. To make this happen,he cleared his career best 1.74 m high jump. Hemanaged to secure the first medal for the country inthis category of game. Girisha won eighthParalympic medal for India and is the first to do soin the high jump category and third Indian to claimsilver in the event. He is a man with polio impairedleft leg. To win the medal he used the scissor kicktechnique.Girisha, who belongs to a farming family from asmall village in Hassan District in South Karnataka, was forced to compete against the able-www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 104
  • 105. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 105bodied athletes at different levels of competition because of the lack of information about anysuch event like paralympics for the disabled.Sports minister, Ajay Maken declared that the medal winners in the Paralymipic will beawarded with the same cash reward as that of the Olympians i.e. 50 lakhs for gold, 30 lakhs forsilver and 20 lakhs for Bronze.ANDY RODDICK BIDS A GOODBYE TO TENNISAndy Roddick the legendary tennis player from US announced his retirement during the USopen on 6 September 2012 after facing a defeat from John Martin del Potro.The 30 year old is a former number one ranked player who won 2003 US Open to be a GrandSlam singles champion. He is a son to a businessman father and school teacher mother. Till dateRoddick was successful in reaching the finals of Wimbledon in the year 2004, 2005 and 2009 aswell as US Open 2006 and faced a defeat from Roger Federer.INDU’S TRIUMPH WITH A BRONZE AT WORLD JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIPIndu Choudhary, the 20 year old Indian grappler won Bronze in the World Junior Championshipat Pattava on 6 September 2012. She won bronze in the women’s 44 kg category afterdefeating Turkish Evin Demirhan. With this medal India opened its account in the tournament.To qualify for this round, Indu succeeded in lop-sided pre-quarterfinals over Russian AziyataKhomushku. She lost the chance of getting home a silver or gold after facing a defeat from RieMatsumoto, a competitor from Japan in the semi-finals.SPECIAL COMMITTEE SUBMITTED REPORT IN FAVOR OF HOCKEY INDIAIn a long going fight for, who will manage the game of hockey in India, the special committeecame up with a decision in favor of Hockey India (HI) on 5 September 2012. The report wassubmitted to the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) by the three-member committee thatcomprised of, the Indian Weightlifting Federation President Birendra Prasad Baishya, formerWrestling Federation of India President GS Mander and the Handball Federation of IndiaSecretary-general SM Bali with details of the findings in a thousand page draft.As per the report, Hockey India conforms to the IHF (International Hockey Federation) statuteof having 40 percent of woman representative in its Executive Committee. Hockey India alsoconforms to the IHF norm of having a unified body to run both men’s and women’scompetition.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 105
  • 106. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 106LEWIS HAMILTON BECAME THE WINNER OF ITALIAN GRAND PRIX 2012Lewis Hamilton, the driver of McLarens became the winner of the Italian Grand Prix 2012 on 9September 2012. Ferrari’s Fernando Alonso extended his overall lead after finishing at thirdposition in the event.With this win, Hamilton managed to wash away the rumors of his future and possible switch toMercedes after winning the grand prix and the twentieth victory of his career. Hamilton, who is27 years old Formulae one driver from England, has been a 2008 Formulae one WorldChampion. He is the world’s youngest driver to secure a contract for McLaren driverdevelopment program, which paved his way to the F1 drive. Lewis Hamilton is also known asthe first black driver in formulae one.SERENA WILLIAMS WON WOMENS SINGLES US OPEN 2012Serena Williams of USA won her fourth Womens Singles US Open title in New York on 9September 2012. In the final match played a short while ago, fourth seeded Serena showedincredible resolve as she beat the top seeded Victoria Azarenka of Belarus, 2-6, 6-2, 7-5 in twohours and 18 minutes. Besides the fourth US Open title, this was Serenas 15th Grand Slamsingles crown.Meanwhile, the Italian duo of Sara Errani and Roberta Vinci won the Womens Doubles trophy.In the title clash, the second seeded Italian duo defeated the Czech pair of Andrea Hlavackovaand Lucie Hradecka, 6-4, 6-2 to win the title.ANDY MURRAY WON GRAND SLAM SINGLE CHAMPIONSHIPThe 76 year old tennis history for Britain was re-written after Andy Murray won the US OpenGrand Slam Singles Championship by defeating Novak Djokovic 7-6 (12-10), 7-5, 2-6, 3-6, 6-2 on11 September 2012. Before this, Fred Perry was the British player to win a grand slam in USChampionship in the year 1936. Murray also broke an eight match loss streak, by his fellowcitizen at Grand Slam Finals. With this win Andy Murray marched ahead on the ranking sheet tobe at number three just after Roger Federer and Djokovic.For Murray, this was the second New York Final in four years; in the first final of 2008 he lostthe game against Federer. The 25 year old, recently won Olympic Gold medal in Men’s singlescategory and a silver medal in mixeddoubles category in the 2012 London Before Andy Murray’s win in the singlesOlympics. He is the first British player, who championship of US Open Grand Slam, Fredwon an Olympic Gold medal in hundred Perry was the British player to win the title inyears and also the first British to reach in the the year 1936.men’s singles final of Wimbledon in an openera.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 106
  • 107. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 107KLITSCHKO RETAINS HIS HEAVY WEIGHT TITLEUkrainian, Vitali Klitschko managed to defend his WBC heavyweight title on 8 September 2012at 30,000 seater Olimpiyski indoor sports arena. The medical team and the referee stopped thebout 56 seconds before the end of the fourth round after witnessing a cut mark on theopponent’s eye, the German Manuel Charr, 27.Vitali Klitschko is a leader of UDAR of Vitaliy Klychko, a political party and a member of thedelegation to from Ukrain for Congress of the Council of Europe. He is the first boxing championof the world to hold Ph. D. degree. For his accomplishments he won Germany’s highest civilianaward Federal Cross of Merit.Manuel Charr is a professional boxer from Germany. At the age of 17.2 years, he became theyoungest German to be a Champion in Muay Thai. Later at the age of 19, he became GermanChampion and the European Champion in Thai-Boxing. As per his track record, out of the 22fights of his career as a boxer he won 21 matches and the only one he faced defeat id the oneplayed against Klitschko.VIRENDER SINGH WON BRONZE IN WORLD DEAF CHAMPIONSHIPIndias Virender Singh won the bronze medal in the Mens 84 kgs free style category in the thirdWorld Deaf Championship at Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. The Indian team ended up at theseventh place in the championship overall.SMILING ARMADILLO IS THE OFFICIAL MASCOT OF 2014 FIFAA Smiling Armadillo is declared to be the official mascot for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazilon 12 September 2012. The reports state that FIFA has registered the patent for this rareanimal with the European Patent Office as a symbol to this extreme sporting event. Officialsdeclared that internet poll will help in deciding the name of this mascot. Brazuca the name ofthe ball for the world cup 2014 to was finalized by the opinion poll on internet.The armadillo in Brazil is known by the name of tatu-bola and is known for its abilities ofrolling itself in form of a ball to with a leathery shell as a symbol of self defence.IN THE PREVIOUS FIFA WORLD CUP THE MASCOTS WERE  FIFA 2010 World Cup in South Africa- Zakumi the green-haired leopard  FIFA 2006 World Cup in Germany- Goleo named lion  Taking the Armadillo as an official mascot for the mega event was backed by a NGO named Caatinga Association engaged in protection of the biodiversity of North Eastern Brazil.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 107
  • 108. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 108RAILWAYS WON THE NATIONAL OPEN ATHLETICS CHAMPIONSHIPSRailways lifted the overall Trophy in the 52nd National Open Athletics Championships on 13September 2012. The sporting event took place in Chennai. Railways finished at the top with atotal of 327 points. Services athletes finished runners-up with 138 points. Oil and Natural GasCorporation clinched the third position with 114 points.The Services athletes claimed the mens team trophy by logging 138 points while Railways wererunners-up with 119 points. Railways also lifted the womens team trophy by accumulating 208points while ONGC were second.DHONI NAMED AS THE CAPTAIN FOR IIC ODI TEAM OF THE YEARMahendra Singh Dhoni, the captain of Indian Cricket team has been named as the Captain ofICC’s ODI team of the year. Virat Kohli and Gautam Gambhir are two more players from Indiansquad to be selected in the ICC’s ODI team for the year. Dhoni has been nominated to be amember of the team for fifth consecutive year in a row.The complete team of twelve members selected for the ICC’s One Day International team of theyear includes three Indians and two members from each of the team Australia, Sri Lanka,Pakistan and England along with one nominated South African player as a whole. The team wasselected by the a panel headed by the former West Indian Captain Clive Lloyd that includedother members like Carl Hooper (Former Skipper-West Indies), Marvan Atapattu (FormerCaptain Sri Lanka), Tom Moody (former Australian all-rounder) and Clare O’Connor (FormerCaptain of England’s women team).Name of the squad for the ICC ODI team was announced by David Richardson, the ICC ChiefExecutive at an event organized before LG ICC Awards ceremony. Name of the players for theteam are MS Dhoni (Ind, wicketkeeper/Captain), Shahid Afridi (Pak), Gautam Gambhir (Ind),Kumar Sangakkara (SL), Alastair Cook (Eng), Virat Kohli (Ind), Morne Morkel (SA), Michael Clarke(Aus), Lasith Malinga (SL), Saeed Ajmal (Pak), Steven Finn (Eng). The twelfth man of the teamwill be Shane Watson (Aus).AITA EXTENDED THE BAN ON MAHESH BHUPATI AND ROHAN BOPANNAThe All India Tennis Association (AITA) extended the ban on Mahesh Bhupathi and RohanBopanna from the national team till 30 June 2014.Bhupathi and Bopanna had objected to partnering withLeander Paes at the London Olympics, following whichAITA had sent two doubles team - one of Bhupathi andBopanna, and the other of Paes and Vishnu Vardhan tothe Olympics.The AITA stated that it would stick to the young Indianside for the Asia-Oceania Group-I Davis Cup and will notwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 108
  • 109. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 109include Mahesh Bhupathi and Rohan Bopanna in the squad until the country moves up from theAsia-Oceania Group.DARYL TUFFEY RETIRED FROM BOTH ALL FORMATS OF CRICKETInjury-plagued, New Zealand pacer Daryl Tuffey announced his retirement from bothinternational and domestic cricket. Tuffey represented New Zealand Auckland, NorthernDistricts over the course of his career, picking up 77 Test wickets and 110 ODI wickets in 123matches.He made his debut for Northern back in 1996/97 as an 18-year-old, coincidentally againstAuckland, before forcing his way into the New Zealand in 1999/2000.INDIAN WOMEN WON SAF FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIP 2012Indian Women registered a thumping win over Nepal in the final of SAF Football Championshipin Colombo. India defeated Nepal by 3-1. India had defeated Bhutan and Sri Lanka in the leaguestage and thrashed Afghanistan 11-0 in the semis to romp into the final.LIBERTY MEDAL AWARDED TO MUHAMMAD ALIThe boxing Champion, Muhammad Ali who retired from the game in the year 1981 washonoured with Liberty Medal in Philadelphia on 13 September 2012. The boxer who has beenbattling with Parkinson disease for the past 30 years was awarded with the honor for hiscontribution towards the humanitarian causes like religiousfreedom and civil rights.National Constitution Center of the United States administers theLiberty Medal and presents the honuor of this medal to theleaders who fight in pursuit of freedom. Muhammad Ali, whowas born as Cassius Marcellus Clay changed his name to beMuhammad Ali after converting himself into Isalm in the year1964. He won the world heavyweight title three times and isnicknamed as The Greatest. In the year 1999, BBC crowned Ali,with the title; Sports Personality of the Century and Sports illustrated crowned him with thetitle of Sportsman of the century.ANURAAG THAKUR BECAME A MEMBER OF ASIAN CRICKET COUNCILAnuraag Thakur a BJP MP from Hamirpur and Joint Secretary of Board of Control for Cricket(BCCI) on 16 September 2012 was appointed as a member of Asian Cricket Council’s (ACC’s)executive board.Thakur has served the National Cricket Academy as its vice-chairman and a member withNational Junior Selection Committee. ACC is a 25 member committee with its head quarters inwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 109
  • 110. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 110Kuala Lumpur. The committee is engaged in development and promotion of the cricketers inAsian region.VIRAT KOHLI BECAME THE ICC ODI CRICKETER OF THE YEARThe Vice-Captain of Indian Cricket team, Virat Kohli was namedas the ODI Cricketer of the year at ICC Awards Function held atColombo, Sri Lanka on 15 September 2012. He was picked aheadin the competition from Mahendra Singh Dhoni, KumarSangakkara and Lasith Malinga. He was awarded with this titlefor scoring 1733 runs in 31 matches at an average of 66.65,which included eight centuries and six half-centuries. During thisperiod of consideration for the title, he scored his career best of183 runs in 148 balls against Pakistan in Asia Cup.OTHER PLAYERS AWARDED AT THE AWARD FUNCTION WERE  Kumar Sangakkara (Sri Lanka) - The ICC Cricketer of the year, ICC Test Cricketer of the Year and the People`s Choice Award  Richard Levi (South Africa) - The ICC Twenty20 International Performance of the Year  Daniel Vettori (New Zealand) - The Spirit of Cricket Award  Sunil Narine (West Indies) - The Emerging Cricketer of the Year  Stafanie Taylor (West Indies) - The Women`s ODI Cricketer of the Year  Sarah Taylor (England) - Women`s T20 Cricketer of the Year  George Dockrell (Ireland)- Associate and Affiliate Cricketer of the YearWAVE GROUP IS THE OWNER OF DELHI FRANCHISE OF HOCKEY INDIAHockey India on 17 September 2012 announced Wave Group as the owner of the DelhiFranchise of Hockey India League (HIL).Chairman of Hockey India League and Secretary General of Hockey India Narinder Kumar Batraon 17 September stated that Wave Group’s entry is a signal of hockey’s good future in India.Other Franchise owners of different team include Jaypee Group for Punjab, Sahara India forLucknow and Patel-Uniexcel for Ranchi.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 110
  • 111. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 111MARIAMMA KOSHY APPOINTED AS FULL-TIME PRESIDENT OF HIHockey India on 17 September 2012 appointed Mariamma Koshy of Hockey Kerala as its newfull-time President. The decision was made during the 15th meet of Board Executives and wastaken following the guidelines prescribed under rule 4(f) of Hockey India Rules and Regulations.Koshy (63 years in age) has been a vice-president of Hockey India as well as an Interim-President of the National Body. Gayatri Shetty, the treasurer of Hockey Karnataka was namedas the new Vice-President of Hockey India after the post was vacated, due to Koshy’s elevation.Appointment of Gayatri also was done following the guidelines and regulations under rule 4 (f).GOLFER GAGANJEET BHULLAR GRABBED THIRD ASIAN TOUR TITLEIndian golfer Gaganjeet Bhullar wrapped up a four-shot victory at the Yeangder tournamentPlayers Championship in Chinese Taipei on 17 September 2012.The event was scheduled at the Linkou International Golf Club which was a $500,000 event.With winning the title Bhullar fetched prize money of $79,250. His previous Asian Tour titleswere the Indonesia President Invitational in 2009 and the Asian Tour International in 2010.To get down to this position Bhullar had to fend off the challenges of American Jason Knutzonand 14-time Asian Tour winner Thaworn Wiratchant of Thailand. Bhullar earlier used to play asan amateur player.He was Indias number one amateur in 2004 and 2006 and was part of theIndian team that won the silver medal at the 2006 Asian Games. He finished in a tie for seventhin the individual competition. Bhullar turned professional in 2006.CHANDRIKA TARAFDAR EXCELLED IN WEIGHTLIFTING CHAMPIONSHIPChandrika Tarafdar on 19 September 2012 became the first Indian to win a medal in YouthWorld Weightlifting Championships at Kosice, Slovakia. She won two bronze medals in the girls`44kg category on the opening day. Tarafdar won a bronze each in clean and jerk and total lift.She lifted 55kg in snatch, 74kg in clean and jerk for a total effort of 129kg. This happened forthe first time in the history of Youth World Weightlifting Championships that an Indian won amedal.Mao Xiangmei of China won a bronze in snatch and gold in the total lift. Csengeri MonicaSuneta of Romania lifted exactly the same, 139kg in total but could manage silver only as shehad more bodyweight than the Chinese lifter.SAINA NEHWAL SIGNED UP A 40-CRORE DEALIndia`s badminton player Saina Nehwal on 19 September 2012 signed up a 40-crore deal withRhiti Sports Management company, which made her the country`s highest paid sportspersonoutside cricket. Saina had a three-year contract with Deccan Chargers, which expired inSeptember 2012.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 111
  • 112. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 112Rhiti Sports will now manage Saina`s endorsements and brand associations, corporate profile,patents and digital rights, images and all other commercial rights exclusively.MATTHEW HAYDEN RETIRED FROM ALL FORMATS OF THE GAMEMatthew Hayden, the Australian Cricketer on 20 September 2012 announced his retirementfrom all formats of Cricket. He also declared that he is not going to be a part of his teamBrisbane Heat in the Australian domestic Twenty 20 series to be held this year.Matthew Hayden retired from test cricket in the year 1999 and was a part of Chennai SuperKings squad in the Indian Premier League.RECORDS BY THE NAME OF MATTHEW HAYDEN  Highest score of 380 runs made by an Australian batsman in the test match is recorded by his name  He was declared to be the ODI Player of the Year in the year 2007  With three centuries in super eight’s in 2007 world cup he was declared to be the best batsman of the tournament  He was awarded with honorary citizenship by the Prime Minister of St. Kitts and Nevis for scoring a century just in 66 balls against South Africa during 2007 World Cup. This record was broken by an Irish Batsman, Kevin OBrien in 2011, World Cup.  Since his debut in 1993 as a part of Australian Cricket team, he played 103 test matches and 161 one-day internationals.DEEPIKA KUMARI WON SILVER AT RECURVE WORLD CUPDeepika Kumari won Silver at Recurve World Cup on 23 September 2012 in Tokyo. In the finalsof the tournament, she lost against the Korean double Olympic gold medalist, Ki Bo-Bae.To be in the finals, Deepika defeated American, Nichoils with 28-24, 25-26, 26-25, 28-27 duringthe semi-finals and Miki Kanie of Japan in the last eight stages 25-23, 26-26, 29-24, 27-24.ABHISHEK MATORIA ELECTED AS PRESIDENT OF IBFAbhishek Matoria, a BJP MLA from Rajasthan was elected as the President of Indian BoxingFederation on 23 September 2012. Abhay Singh Chautala, the outgoing President was electedto be the Chairman of the Federation. Chautala has served the president as its President forthree terms.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 112
  • 113. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 113In the Annual General Meeting of the federation, Khoibi Salam from Manipur and RajeshBhandari, were elected as the treasurer and secretary-general respectively. Brigadier P. K.Muralidharan Raja was elected as the senior Vice-President of the Federation.CAROLINE WOZNIACKI WON THE WTA TITLE AT KOREAN OPENDanish Caroline Wozniacki, the former world number one player won the Korean Open WTATitle on 23 September 2012. She defeated, the third seeded Estonian Kaia Kanepi in the finalsby 6-1, 6-0.The 22 years Old Danish national was placed at number 1 position at the start of the year but atpresent she ranks at 11th Position. She won her last title at Haven, in August 2011. With thiswin, she managed to increase the count of the WTA titles in her account to 19 the fourthhighest among other players bagged the 19th WTA title in her account after Serena Williams(45), Venus Williams (43) and Maria Sharapova (27).JOHN TERRY RETIRED FROM INTERNATIONAL FOOTBALLJohn Terry, the captain of Chelsea in the premier league announced his retirement fromInternational Football on 24 September 2012. The central defender came up with this decisionone day before the Football Association was supposed to hear the claim of using racial abusivelanguage in the notorious Anton Ferdinand incident.The 31-year footballer made 78 international appearances in international match. His lastappearance was in the world cup qualifier against Moldova. Terry was the captain for thenational football team of England from August 2006 to February 2010 and from March 2011 toFebruary 2012. The former captain of England was named as the UEFA Club Defender of theYear in 2005, 2008 and 2009. He was also named as the PFA Players Player of the Year in 2005.MARY COM IS THE BRAND AMBASSADOR OF SUPER FIGHT LEAGUE (SPL)Indian boxer and London Olympic bronze medalist M C Mary Kom on 24 September 2012named as the brand ambassador of super fight league.The Super Fight League is promoted by IPL team Rajasthan Royals co-owner Raj Kundra andBollywood actor Sanjay Dutt. The role of Mary kom is to mentor the female fighters and to actas an inspiration for male fighters. She is also the part of the selection process.The Super Fight League is Indias first professionally organized mixed martial arts which willfeature on Television. Mary kom was awarded with Arjun award in 2003 and Padma Shree in2006 respectively. She is also the ambassador International boxing association for women.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 113
  • 114. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 114DOUBLE TRAP SHOOTER, SODHI WON SILVER AT ISSF WORLD CUPRonjan Sodhi, the double trap shooter on 24 September 2012 won Silver medal at the ISSFWorld Cup in Maribor, Slovania. In 2011 and 2010 World Cup finals, he managed to secure Goldby his name.The former world number one secured the Silver by scoring 191 points. Joshua Richmond ofAmerica won the Gold medal and Bronze was bagged by Fehaid Aldeehani of Kuwait during theevent.SANDEEP PATIL APPOINTED AS BCCI SELECTION COMMITTEE CHIEFFormer Cricketer and all-rounder, Sandeep Patil was appointed as the Chairman of the fivemember senior selection committee of BCCI on 27 September 2012. The other four members ofthe committee include Saba Karim, Roger Binny, Vikram Rathour and Rajinder Singh Hans.The four members of the previous panel that was headed by K. Srikkanth departed from theoffice after completion of their four years tenure. Mohinder Amarnath, the selector from NorthZone departed from his office after serving the selection panel for one year of his tenure.ABOUT SANDEEP PATIL  Has served the Kenyan national team as a coach that managed to reach the semi-finals of the world cup in 2003  The former Indian Cricketer was a middle order hard-hitting batsman and a medium- pace bowler  He served Mumbai Champs in Indian Cricket League as its coach  Currently serving the National Cricket Academy as its directorSPORTS QUIZ1. Name the Indian High jumper who won a silver medal in (F42 single leg, amputations minimal disability category) at London Paralympics Games. (a) Girisha Hosanagara Nagarajegowda (b) Vijay Singh Chauhan (c) Suresh Babu (d) Hari Shankar RoyAnswer (a) Girisha Hosanagara Nagarajegowdawww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 114
  • 115. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 1152. The legendary tennis player from US who announced his retirement during the US open on 6 September 2012 after facing a defeat from John Martin del Potro. (a) Roger Federer (b) Rafael Nadal (c) Novak Djokovic (d) Andy RoddickAnswer (d) Andy Roddick3. Which Indian female wrestler won Bronze in the World Junior Championship at Pattava on 6 September 2012? (a) Indu Choudhary (b) Geeta Phogat (c) Sonika Kaliraman (d) Alka tomarAnswer (a) Indu Choudhary4. Name the Formula one driver who became the winner of Italian Grand Prix 2012 (a) Fernando Alonso (b) Lewis Hamilton (c) Sebastian Vettel (d) Michael SchumacherAnswer (b) Lewis Hamilton5. Name the tennis player who became the first British man to capture US Open Grand Slam Singles Championship after 76 years by defeating Novak Djokovic on 11 September 2012. (a) Andy Murray (b) Max Woonsam (c) Jamie Murray (d) Bunny AustinAnswer (a) Andy Murraywww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 115
  • 116. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 1166. Name the New Zealand’s fast bowler who retired from both International and Domestic Cricket (a) Shane Bond (b) Daryl Tuffey (c) Ian Butler (d) Chris MartinAnswer (b) Daryl Tuffey7. The boxing Champion, Muhammad Ali who retired from the game in the year 1981 was honoured with Medal in Philadelphia on 13 September 2012. What was the name of that medal? (a) Liberty medal (b) Medal of Excellence (c) Indecorum medal (d) None of theseAnswer (a) Liberty Medal8. Which Indian player became ICC ODI cricketer of the year? (a) Virendra Sehwag (b) MS Dhoni (c) Suresh Raina (d) Virat KohliAnswer (d) Virat kohli9. Which character is declared to be the official mascot for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil on 12 September 2012. (a) Laughing Buddha (b) A Smiling Armadillo (c) Shera (d) A Running PichachhooAnswer (b) A Smiling Armadillowww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 116
  • 117. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 11710. Women SAF football championship 2012 was won by which country? (a) Nepal (b) Bhutan (c) China (d) IndiaAnswer (d) India11. Name the two players on whom AITA (All India Tennis Association) extended ban till June 2014 (a) Mahesh Bhupati and Rohan Bopanna (b) Sania Mirza and Rohan Bopanna (c) Leander Paes and Sania Mirza (d) Leander Paes and Mahesh BhupatiAnswer (a) Mahesh Bhupati and Rohan Bopanna12. Name the owner of Delhi franchise of hockey India (a) Tata Group (b) Wave Group (c) Bharti Group (d) Aircel and RelianceAnswer (b) Wave Group13. Name the person who has been appointed as full time president of Hockey India. (a) Gayatri Shetty (b) Mariamma koshy (c) Bachendri Pal (d) Dilip TirkiAnswer (b) Mariamma koshy14. Name the Australian Cricketer who on 20 September 2012 announced his retirement from all formats of Cricket.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 117
  • 118. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 118 (a) Matthew Hayden (b) Ricky Pointing (c) Michael Clarke (d) Bret LeeAnswer (a) Matthew Hayden15. Name the BJP MLA who was elected as the President of Indian Boxing Federation on 23 September 2012. (a) Abhishek Matoria (b) Ashok Gehlot (c) Mahesh Joshi (d) Sachin PilotAnswer (a) Abhishek Matoria16. Name the England football player, the captain of Chelsea in the premier league who announced his retirement from International Football on 24 September 2012. (a) John Terry (b) Stevan Gerrard (c) David Beckham (d) Ashley ColeAnswer (a) John Terry17. Name the Indian boxer and London Olympic bronze medalist who on 24 September 2012 named as the brand ambassador of super fight league. (a) Vijendra Singh (b) M C Mary Kom (c) Manoj Kumar (d) Vikas KrishanAnswer (b) M C Mary Kom18. Name the Former Cricketer and all-rounder, who was appointed as the Chairman of the five member senior selection committee of BCCI on 27 September 2012.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 118
  • 119. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 119 (a) Saba Karim (b) Vikram Rathour (c) Sandeep Patil (d) Rajinder Singh HansAnswer (c) Sandeep Patil19. Deepika Kumari the Sports Person from India, won Silver at Recurve World Cup on 23 September 2012 in Tokyo. Recurve world Cup is related to which Sports Event? (a) Archery (b) Shooting (c) Disc Throwing (d) Volley ballAnswer (a) Archery20. Which Indian golfer wrapped up a four-shot victory at the Yeangder tournament players Championship in Chinese Taipei on 17 September 2012? (a) Gaganjeet Bhullar (b) Jeev Mikha Singh (c) Shiv Kapur (d) Jyoti RandhawaAnswer (a) Gaganjeet Bhullarwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 119
  • 120. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 120www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 120
  • 121. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 121SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGYGENE THERAPY THAT CAN RESTORE THE SENSE OF SMELL DEVELOPEDScientists of the University of Michigan developed a gene therapy which they claimed couldrestore the sense of smell in human beings who lost the ability to sniff odours from birth. Thescientists used gene therapy to re-grow cilia, cell structures that are important for olfactoryfunction.These results could result in to one of the first therapeutic options for treating people withcongenital anosmia. They also set the stage for therapeutic approaches to treating diseaseswhich involve cilia dysfunction in other organ systems. Many of these diseases can bedangerous if left untreated.Olfactory dysfunction can be a symptom of a class of genetic disorders, known as ciliopathies. Itincludes diseases as diverse as polycystic kidney disease and retinitis pigmentosa--an inherited,degenerative eye disease- that causes severe vision impairment and blindness.AUSTRALIAN SCIENTISTS DISCOVERED ALZHEIMERS TREATMENTAustralian scientists along with US experts claimed that they are a step closer to create atreatment for Alzheimer patients following a study finding a link to abnormalities inside braincells. In a joint study, researchers at Queensland Brain Institute and Havard medical Schoolteam found that when a toxic protein builds up, it starves brain cells of energy, causing them todie. According to ABC online report, in the study of over three years, scientists tried to unveilthe mystery surrounding Alzheimers disease and a section of the brain cell called themitochondria, the part responsible for metabolising energy, was analysed.This is the first study to directly link toxic levels of Tau, a protein in the brain that is related todementia, to abnormalities in the mitochondria, which starves them of energy and destroysbrain cells. Researchers claimed that the latest development was a promising step towardsdeveloping an effective treatment for sufferers.INDIA’S MULTI-LATERAL COLLABORATION WITH EUROPEAN NATIONSIndia has managed to enter into its first multi-lateral Social Science research collaboration withfour European Nations by the approval of projects for networking and social science researchcooperation in between the researchers of these nations on 5 September 2012.The French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft(DFG, German Research Foundation), the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) andthe Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) are the four bodies with whichIndia has been successful in created tie-ups.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 121
  • 122. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 122The social scientists will get national funds for creating collaborations with European Partnersvia a scheme. This is help in eradication of bureaucratic restrictions and obstacles. It’s expectedto economise and rationalize the efforts of Europe towards production of high impact andquality research on social science that can address to the challenges forwarded by the globalarena in terms of growth, economy, development, climate change, well being and health. Asper the scheme the proposal can be made on any hemisphere of social science that can be of ahelp in understanding the social and individual behaviour of a person and influence the policiesbeyond the boundaries.The targeted six proposals that have been awarded with the funds after being mapped in themonth of May 2011, will deal in the aspects of wellbeing, ageing, bullying, mapping the culturalauthority of science, globally accessible medicine, climate governance and pupil-safety.PROTEINS THAT CAN PROTECT AGAINST DIABETES DISCOVEREDResearchers discovered that two proteins that work together to kill self-reactive immune cellscan protect against diseases such as type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.Researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Australia discovered that absence ofproteins called Puma and Bim can result in to self-reactive immune cells accumulating andattacking many different body organs, causing illness. The proteins are called BH3-only. Theymake the self-reactive cells die by a process called apoptosis. Defects in apoptosis proteinswere linked to many human diseases, including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders andautoimmune diseases.Autoimmune diseases, such as type1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory boweldisease and multiple sclerosis, develop when immune cells launch an attack on the bodys owncells, destroying important body organs or structures.ISRO MADE A CENTURY WITH THE LAUNCH OF PSLV-C21With the launch of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C21) on 9 September 2012, at 9:53 amIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) completed its 100th mission. PSLV-C21, the Rs 90crore project that was 44 meter in height and 230tonne in weight, fired 2 satellites in the orbit. Thereverse count for the launch started on 7 September2012 and ended after a 51 hour long countdown. ThePSLV-C21 took 17 minutes and 49 seconds to injectFrance’s SPOT-6, the first satellite into the orbit.Within seconds, it managed to fix Proiteres fromJapan into the orbit. SPOT-6 that weighs 712 kg, sofar has been the heaviest lift for the multi-milliondollar global satellite launch station, since India hasbecame a part of the commercial satellite launchMarket.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 122
  • 123. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 123The launch, which was pre-scheduled at 9.51 am was delayed by two minutes after the alertgenerated by India’s Internal Navigation System for the possible collision with the debris ofspace. This navigation system, guides the rockets in placement of the satellites into the orbitwith pinpoint precision. Director of the mission, Kunhi Krishnan declared about the success ofthe mission at 10.14 am. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who himself was present at thelaunch station congratulated and greeted the scientists, by stating that India is proud of itsspace scientists, who are responsible for development of technology for space mission in Indiaitself.ISROISRO began its operations for the space mission with the launch of Aryabhata in the year 1975India’s first satellite via Russian Rocket. Vikram Sarabha was the visionary, who envisioned andrealized the potential of the space technology that can be of the great importance for nationaldevelopment. This was thought after the scientific investigations helped in identifying, theupper atmosphere and ionosphere over the magnetic equator, near Thumba,Thiruvananthapuram with the use of small sounding rockets.India has turned up to be the World leader in remote sensing data market with twelve earthobservation satellites.S. WILLIAMS TOOK COMMAND OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATIONSunita Williams, the astronaut of Indian American origin, took over the command ofInternational Space Station on 15 September 2012. As per the reports released by NASA, in thetraditional ceremony of change-of-command, Expedition 33 Sunita Williams took over thecommand from Expedition 32 Commander Gennady Padalka in the Destiny Laboratory.Before this on 6 September 2012, Sunita Williams booked a record for total cumulativespacewalk time of 44 hours and 2 minutes by a woman astronaut with her sixth walk in thespace for repairing a faulty unit of power distribution. In the spacewalk of 6 hours and 28minutes, she used a wire brush made using a spare cable and a toothbrush for repairing theunit.Sunita Williams is accompanied with Japan’s Akihiko Hoshide and Russia’s Yury Malenchenkoon the International Space Station.NEW NUCLEAR SAFETY AGENCY LAUNCHED IN JAPANJapan launched a new Nuclear Safety Agency on 18 September 2012. The formation of this five-member Nuclear Regulation Authority was done after the country was hit by Tsunami in theyear 2011 resulting in major breakdown and leakage of the Nuclear Power Plants in thetsunami-stricken-area of Fukushima Dai-Ichi Plant. Headed by the nuclear Physicist, ShunichiTanaka, this agency is responsible for reviewing of the nuclear policies of the country.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 123
  • 124. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 124Before the incident, Japan relied on nuclear power for at least one-third of its energyrequirements but now it’s planning to increase it to a level of 50 percent of its total energyrequirements. The framed policies framed aims to phase out the issues related to nuclearpower of the country for next three decades.INDIA SUCCESSFULLY TEST-FIRED AGNI-IV MISSILEIndia Current Affairs September 2012. India on 19 September 2012 test fired its nuclear-capablesurface-to-surface Agni-IV missile from Wheeler Island,off the Odisha Coast. Fitted with composite rocketmotor technology, the missile was test fired from theroad mobile launcher. The full range of the missile is4000 kilometer. The launch was declared to besuccessful after the missile succeeded in hitting the pre-decided target after taking a flight of 20 minute at analtitude of about 800 kilometer in the atmosphere at aroasting temperature of about 3000°C. The support ofMicro Navigation System (MINGS) along with the RingLaser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS)ensured the two digit perfection in making the missile reach its target. The 20 meter long, 1.5 meterbroad and 17 ton in weight, is capable of carrying about 1000 kilogram of explosives along with it.Light in weight, this missile is fitted with two stage solid propulsion with a payload for re-entry intothe heat shield. One of its kinds, Agni-IV Missile India’s first indigenously developed ballistic missileis embedded with 5th Generation on Board Computer state-of-the-art Avionics and a finelydistributed architecture, which allows correction and guidance during in-flight disturbances.This missile is a proof of India’s quantum jump for in relation to Missile Technology. The long rangeballistic missile was designed and developed by the DRDO (Defence Research and DevelopmentOrganization). This entire operation of the launch was guided to by the Project Director, Smt. TessyThomas, along with a team of scientists.Wheeler Island and Chandipur Island are the two missile launching and testing stations of India.Both long range and short range ballistic missiles are test-fired from the two stations.WHEELER ISLANDStrategically located at a distance of 150 kilometer from the capital city of Odisha that isBhubaneshwar, the Island maintains the missile launching facility for India. The nearest port to theIsland of about 390 acres and 70 kilometer south of Chandipur in the Bay of Bengal is Dharama.CHANDIPUR BEACHThe beach is about 194 kilometers from the capital Bhubaneshwar and is one of the major IndianBallistic Missile Defence Program test range for India in the city of Balasore.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 124
  • 125. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 125CURIOSITY ROVER FOUND EVIDENCE OF WAIST-DEEP FLOWING STREAMScientists at NASA on 27 September 2012 announced that the Mars Curiosity Rover hasdiscovered stream bed gravel, which hints towards the presence of waist-deep water on thesurface of Mars in the past.The co-investigator of Curiosity Science, William Dietrich from University of California, Berkeleystated that for the first time water transported gravel was seen on Mars. Rebecca Williams ascientist at Curiosity Rover stated that the shape of these gravels proves that they have beentransported by some means but its size proves that it can’t be transported by the wind or someother medium of erosion.The findings of the scientists following the proofs provided by the cameras of the curiosity roverindicate that once upon a time the dry planet Mars was once wet with the presence of waterthat followed their for millions or thousands of years.Scientists at NASA concluded that rover’s central goal was to identify a potentially habitable siteon Mars and till now it succeeded in achieving it. Some proofs related to presence of flowingwater near by the landing site of rover, the Gale Crater were determined by the presence ofpebbles and gravels in the area.SCIENCE CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ1. Scientists of the University of Michigan developed a gene therapy which they claimed could restore the sense of olfactory function. What is this olfactory function related to? (a) Sense of hearing (b) Sense of smell (c) Sense of sight (d) Sense of touchAnswer (b) Sense of Smell2. Australian scientists along with US experts claimed that they have discovered treatment for Alzheimer patients following a study finding a link to abnormalities in Alzheimer Patients. Alzheimer’s disease is related to? (a) Brain (b) Heart (c) Eye sightedness (d) Liverwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 125
  • 126. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 126Answer (a) Brain3. Researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Australia discovered that two proteins that work together to kill self-reactive immune cells can protect against diseases such as type1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis principally attacks which part of the body? (a) Joints (b) Skin (c) Lungs (d) KidneyAnswer (a) Joints4. India enter into its first multi-lateral Social Science research collaboration with four European Nations by the approval of projects for networking and social science research cooperation in between the researchers of these nations. The collaboration came into existence on which date? (a) 2 September 2012 (b) 7 September 2012 (c) 5 September 2012 (d) 4 September 2012Answer (c) 5 September 20125. The Zoological Society of London and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released a list of 100 different species to be first in line for extinction from 48 different countries during the World Conservation Congress held in Republic of Korea on 11 September 2012. The Indian species that was categorised under first line of extinction was_____________ (a) Great Indian Bustard (b) One horned Rhino (c) Indian giant Squirrel (d) Asiatic LionAnswer (a) Great Indian Bustard6. Name the astronaut of Indian American origin who took over the command of International Space Station on 15 September 2012.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 126
  • 127. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 127 (a) Sunita Williams (b) Kalpana Chawla (c) Ravish Malhotra (d) None of theseAnswer (a) Sunita Williams7. Scientists at Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) warned that most of Earths land areas might face an extreme summer heat wave than they did faced in between 1951 to 1980. Goddard Institute of Space Studies is a division of which space research centre? (a) ISRO (b) NASA (c) Centre of astrophysics (d) European Space AgencyAnswer (b) NASA8. On which date from 1995 onwards the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is celebrated worldwide? (a) 15 September (b) 18 September (c) 16 September (d) 12 SeptemberAnswer (c) 16 September9. Where the ozone layer is mainly found in the Earth’s atmosphere? (a) Stratosphere (b) Hemisphere (c) Ozonosphere (d) TroposphereAnswer (a) Stratosphere10. The environment ministry on 12 September 2012 suspended the clearance of environmental guidelines issued to 93 Mines across which state?www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 127
  • 128. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 128 (a) Himachal Pradesh (b) Rajasthan (c) Goa (d) Madhya PradeshAnswer (c) Goa11. Scientists at NASA on 27 September 2012 announced that the Mars Curiosity Rover has discovered stream bed gravel, which hints towards the presence of waist-deep water on the surface of Mars in the past. What is this Mars Curiosity Rover? (a) Satellite (b) Team of Astronauts (c) Robotic explorer (d) MeteorsAnswer (c) Robotic explorer12. The Indian Institute of Toxicology Research reported that the water in and around the deserted Union Carbide plant is contaminated and not fit for consumption. Where is this Union Carbide Plant Located? (a) Bhopal (b) Jaipur (c) Shimla (d) BhubaneswarAnswer (a) Bhopal13. The endangered species, Great Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican have got a dedicated land for breeding in the Shonkaliya Region of Ajmer District, Rajasthan. What are they? (a) Birds (b) Animals (c) Insects (d) AmphibianAnswer (a) Birdswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 128
  • 129. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 12914. The simultaneous earthquakes seen in past few years in which region is found to be a cause of the Tectonic Plate Disintegration? (a) Arabian Sea (b) Indian Ocean (c) Arabian Peninsula (d) Himalyan RegionAnswer (b) Indian Ocean15. On which date the most outstanding demonstrations of its own kind in Khandawa district of Madhya Pradesh named Jal Satyagraha which had continued for 17 days at Omkareshwar Dam Project came to an end? (a) 10 September 2012 (b) 15 September 2012 (c) 17 September 2012 (d) 12 September 2012Answer (a) 10 September 2012www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 129
  • 130. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 130www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 130
  • 131. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 131ENVIRONMENT ECOLOGYZSN AND IUCN RELEASED DATA SPECIES FEARING EXTINCTIONThe Zoological Society of London and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)released a list of 100 different species to be first in line for extinction from 48 differentcountries during the World Conservation Congress held in Republic of Korea on 11 September2012. Tarzan’s Chameleon, The Spoon-Billed Sandpiper, The Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth, TheSaola, The Brightly Coloured Willow Blister, Loughshare Tortoise-Angonoka, Rio PescadoStubfoot Toad and Northern Muriqui- Wooly Spider Monkey are some of the most importantspecies fearing extinction.Some of these threatened species from India and South-East Asia are the Great Indian Bustardalong with the White-bellied Heron, the Peacock Tarantula as well as the Spoon-billedSandpiper of India. The report also includes the name of the Sumatran and Javan Rhinos, whichare considered to be the extinct species by now.The species that have been counted in the Red List of IUCN is White-bellied Heron, also knownas the Imperial Heron. Estimations state that its number may be in between 70 to 400. As perBird life International, the White-bellied Bustard is mainly found in the eastern foothills of GreatHimalayas mainly in the north-east India, Bhutan, hills of North Bangladesh, North, West andCentral Myanmar. These can be seen in small and big rivers adjacent to the subtropicalbroadleaf forests. The experts from Species Survival Commission (SSC) have suggested thedevelopment of hydel power projects as the identified reason for this increase in downfall inthe number of different species. The commission suggested that to bring these species backfrom the verge of extinction adverse use of river based habitats must be eliminated and captiverearing and release program should be brought into practice.Peacock Tarantula with its habitat in the reserve forests of Nandyal and Giddalur in AndhraPradesh is facing a challenge of survival because of the degradation in the habitat caused due tothe cutting of timber and firewood. Great Indian Bustard, numbered to be in between 50 to249 is also facing a challenge because of the agricultural developments. To protect the speciesit was recommended to create a community reserve along with few protected areas nearbyIndira Gandhi Nahar Project. The number of Indian Spoon-billed Sandpiper has dropped downto be in between 240 to 400. The rhinos with an identified number of 250 across the world arefacing the biggest threat as these are hunted for their horns.SUSPENSION OF ENVIRONMENT CLEARANCES FOR 99 MINES IN GOAThe environment ministry on 12 September 2012 suspended the clearance of environmentalguidelines issued to 93 mines across Goa. The ministry claimed that the companies involved inmining actives have been taunting the forest laws.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 131
  • 132. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 132To get afresh clearance on the environment clearances the companies will have to depositrelevant documents to the ministry. Minister of State for Environment and Forests JayantiNatarajan cleared that the previous clearances were made on the wrong facts, which weresubmitted to the ministry by the state government and not finely verified by the MoEF officials.The minister also cleared his stance that officials, found guilty will face punishments as per law.Bodies identified for their involvement in illegal mining as per state directorate of mines, thereport are the union ministry for environment and forests (MoEF), Indian Bureau of Mines(IBM), the state forest department and the Goa State Pollution Control Board (GSPCB).The action of suspension of the clearances was based on the report submitted by the Justice MB Shah Commission that stated about presentation of wrong facts for winning clearances onmining. As per the report this scam of iron ore mining in Goa worth approximately 35000 croreand was spread over an area of 500 hectares out of which several hundred acres are a part offorest area and land owned by the government. As per the voluminous report, the iron ore wasexported to China unchecked, unregulated and unrestricted by the mining operators under theguidance of central government agencies as well as the state government.INTERNATIONAL DAY ON PRESERVATION OF OZONE LAYER CELEBRATEDOn 16 September every year, from 1995 onwards the International Day for the Preservation ofthe Ozone Layer is celebrated. This date was designated by the United Nations GeneralAssembly in its resolution 49/114, to memorialize the signing of the Montreal Protocol onSubstances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. With this, The Montreal Protocol is celebrating its25th anniversary this year.The theme for this year’s celebration was protecting our atmosphere for generations to come inIndia. It was celebrated at at the Stein Auditorium, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.Jayanthi Natarajan, Minister of State for Environment & Forests Government of India was theChief Guest. This celebration around the world offers a chance to focus attention and action atthe global, regional and national levels on the protection of the ozone layer.The ozone layer is a layer in Earths atmosphere which contains relatively high concentrationsof ozone (O3). The ozone layer is mainly found in the lower portion of the stratosphere fromapproximately 20 to 30 kilometres (12 to 19 mi) above Earth. It protects the earth from harmfulultraviolet radiation. Scientist in the 1970’s discovered that the layer was thinning as a result ofthe release of CFC’s which resulted in the development of ozone hole.In 1985 national around the world signed an agreement and developed a framework forcooperative activities to protect the ozone layer in Vienna which is known by Viennaconvention for the protection of ozone layer.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 132
  • 133. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 133GREAT INDIAN BUSTARD GOT SHONKALIYA REGION TO BREEDThe endangered birds, Great Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican have got a dedicated land forbreeding in the Shonkaliya Region of Ajmer District, Rajasthan. The villagers of Ajmer Districthave agreed for conserving the grounds for theseendangered birds.Population of the Great Indian Bustard (the state bird ofRajasthan) is reportedly not sizeable with six males seen inthe area. The Great Indian Bustard needs to lure with atleast three to four females in number for making of thefamily. Nests of the Great Indian Bustard have been noticedin the crop fields of the area.The Lesser Floricans are available in a large number ascompared to the Great Indian Bustards’ in the region. Nest of lesser Floricans have also seenaround the crop lands of the area. Floricans make a visit to this north-western region of thecountry during their breeding season of advancing monsoons.This move of conservation of the Lesser Floricans and the Great Indian Bustard is an initiative touse MNREGA, the job guarantee scheme of the central government as a conservative tool. Atthe time of Manju Rajpal, the former collector of Ajmer district, the villagers of Shonkaliyaagreed to earmark a dedicated zone in 30 hectare of land for breeding of the birds from theirtotal of 100 hectares. From 1st May to 30th September entry of cattle as well as people will berestricted in the protected land.WATER AROUND UNION CARBIDE PLANT FOUND TO BE CONTAMINATEDThe Indian Institute of Toxicology Research on 25 September had communicated to theSupreme Court that the water in and around the deserted Union Carbide plant in Bhopal iscontaminated and not fit for consumption. The report was filed by the Institute after collecting26 samples from around the factory which proved the contamination of water.Nitrate level in nine samples exceeded the permissible limit prescribed by the Bureau of IndianStandards for drinking water and lead was found beyond the limit that is 24.It was also clear from the report that the groundwater contamination posed no threat as thedrinking water requirement in the area was met through piped water supply. The samples werecollected from shallow hand pumps and deep bore wells in selected sites.Later, the NGOs which are working among survivors of gas disaster victims had also claimedthat the groundwater in areas around the Carbide plant was highly contaminated and residentsof those localities were drinking that waterwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 133
  • 134. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 134However, the IITR said that among heavy metals, the level of nickel in 12 water samplesexceeded the BIS guideline value of 0.02 mg/L. But these were well below the WHO guidelinevalue of 0.07 mg/L for drinking water. The levels of organic toxicants, too, were well belowlimits prescribed by regulatory agencies.DISINTEGRATION OF INDO-AUSTRALIAN PLATES CAUSED EARTHQUAKESThe simultaneous earthquakes seen in past few years in the Indian Ocean may be a cause ofbreaking up of the Tectonic Plate for the formation of a new plate boundary within the earthsurface.Keith Koper, from University of Utah Seismograph Station, states that the earthquakes withmagnitude-8 in two hour in April 2012 created at least four faults within the earth’s IndoAustralian plate.The geological stress that split the Indo-Australian plates were caused due to the massivequakes with magnitude-8.6 and 8.2 within 2 hours on 11 April 2012 and its after effects werefelt in form of small and big shocks for continuous six days. These earth quakes are beingconsidered as the latest step towards the formation of the new boundary plates. It’s suspectedby the seismologists that the process of disintegration of the Indo-Australian plates has been inprocess since 1980’s.As per Matthias Delescluse, a geophysicist at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris theearthquakes witnessed on 11 April 2012 was one of its kinds and was the most spectacularexample of the change process. He considers it to be one of the clearest examples of theformation of plate boundaries.The available theories that speak about plate-tectonics hints that the internal deformation ofthe Indo-Australian plate started at least 10 million years ago. The theories elaborate that thenorthward movement of the plates nearby India that was crunched against the Eurasian Platethrusted Himalayas above by slowing down India. The science fraternity suspects that theAustralian portion, which was forged before by the twisting tensions is responsible for the splitbeing caused in the plates in the Indian Ocean.As per the findings of Delescluse and his team, they inferred the presence of seismic stresszones using modeling changes of stress shortly before the earthquakes happened in the year2012. Their findings signal that the 2012 earthquakes were triggered during the earthquakes ofthe year 2004 with magnitude-9.1 that caused the tsunami in Indian Ocean and the one felt inthe year 2005.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 134
  • 135. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 135SC: ON COMMISSIONING OF KUNDANKULAM PROJECTThe Supreme Court on 27 September 2012 directed to the center that if the safety measuresare not found satisfactory than it would not hesitate from stopping the commissioning of theKudankulam project in spite of the huge investments made on its installation.The bench of Justices K. S. Radhakrishnan and Deepak Misra stated that safety of the peopleresiding around the plant is a serious concern and in case any of the safety measures have notbeen followed during the execution of the plant.Earlier the central Government formed a special task force that recommended 17 measures inrelation to the safety concerns of the power plant but they have not been taken care of norfully implemented. The installation of the plant also suffered several changes ever since 1989,when the environment clearance was offered to the plant.CONCERNS AND ISSUES RELATED TO KUNDAKULAM NUCLEAR POWER PLANTThe petition submitted by G Sundarrajan declares that the environment clearances madeduring the 1989 Environment Impact Assessment was not done because the site for installationwas not decided by then. Government even failed to conduct the public hearing, which is amandatory thing to be done under law. The critical changes done in the plant are as follows:  The previous plan was to store the spent fuel in Russia, but now it will be stored within the plant  The water for being used in the nuclear plant was to be taken from the local dam, but now the decisions have been made to take the fuel from the sea  Then the Ministry of Environment and Forests stated that the sea temperature will suffer a change of 5 degrees but now it has been raised to 7 degreesAFFIDAVIT SUBMITTED BY THE NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD.The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd submitted an affidavit to the Madras High Court on18 August 2012 and 22 August 2012 in relation to the safety measures followed by the plantand its abilities to withstand the natural events like earthquake, cyclones and all. The sameaffidavit was submitted to the Supreme Court on 26 September 2012.THE PROVIDED AFFIDAVIT STATES:  The plant has been designed to be safe at times with the washing away of the safety units which may be caused due to floods, Fukushima incident of washing away has been cited for an example.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 135
  • 136. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 136  The nuclear plant is a generation 3+ power plant and is designed taking care of the ultra- modern safety measures like auto-prevention against the general causes of failure of the safety system and is reliable and complies to the standards of redundancy available at present The power plant can survive against the natural events such as tsunami, earthquakes of high reactor scale, shock waves, fire, cyclones and others. The main building of the plant is also safe against the air-craft impact. Security arrangements against the terrorists attack and sabotages have also been implemented.  The structural design can prevent the release of the radioactive material in the public even in cases of physical attacks.  The affidavit also cleared that the 17 recommendations of the AERB (Atomic Energy Regulatory Board) will be taken care at times to come. This affidavit also made clear that 7 out of 17 recommendations were compiled but the power plant was safe even without the use of the 17 recommendations made by AERB.GOVERNMENT ORDERED A CBI PROBE INTO ATTACKS ON RHINOS FROMPOACHERSGovernment of Assam on 27 September 2012 ordered a CBI probe into the recent incidents ofRhino Poaching. The large mammals were poached for their horns recently in Karbi Anglonghills who escaped from the protected area of the flood affected Kaziranga National Park. TheChief Minister of Assam, Tarun Gogoi ordered a probe from CBI into the matter and announceda cash reward of Rs 5 lakh to the one providing information about the poachers.The government suspecting the involvement of militant groups in the activity of poaching madea decision to deploy army in the Karbi Anglong Hills lying adjacent to the National Park. Few ofthe other measures taken by the government include elevation of the post of the Director ofthe National Park to Chief Conservator of Forest (CCF) from the previous one of Conservator. Asthe new Director of the park, an IFS officer N.K. Vasu has been appointed.Jayanthi Natarajan the Union Minister of State for Environment and Forests has also ordered aprobe by the Wild Life Crime Control Bureau to investigate into the matter and present itsreport within a weeks’ time.THE TEAM FORMED INCLUDES  The team comprises C. Behra, Regional Deputy Director of Eastern Region and Kolkata  A.K. Jha, Assistant Director (Intelligence), BHO, Delhi  L. Kuruvilla, Assistant Director, Southern Region, Chennaiwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 136
  • 137. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 137  K.K. Sarma, Wildlife Inspector, Northern Region, DelhiATLAS NAMED AQUIFER SYSTEM OF INDIA RELEASEDMinister of water resources and parliamentary affairs Pawan Kumar Bansal on 28 September2012 in New Delhi had released Atlas for six states namely- Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka,Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.The atlas comprises data on various aspect of ground water since its inception that wascompiled and integrated by the Central GroundWater Board. The atlas was named as Aquifer Systemof India.The atlas provides a country wide overview andsummary of the most important information availablefor each principal and major aquifer systems anddepicts aquifer wise ground water scenario. It alsodeals with major issues and challenges which needimmediate attention for sustainable management ofground water resources.In this process, a baseline data on GIS platform was created for initiating National AquiferMapping Programme and demarcating priority areas for aquifer wise management of groundwater resources on scientific and sustainable basis. Attempt was also made to represent thecorrelations of various thematic layers such as climate, topographic settings on the occurrence,movement, and chemical quality of ground water in map forms.The Atlas is going to be of immense use for Regional and National ground water resourcesplanning by the policy makers and anyone who needs to understand ground water scenario inthe country.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 137
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  • 139. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 139EVENTS IN ONE LINE  The person who took over as the new Indian Navy chief on 31 August 2012 to become 21st Chief of Naval Staff of Independent India- Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi  The Indian national who was appointed as the as chief economist and Senior vice president of World bank – Kaushik Basu  The Indian educated lieutenant general who took over the position of Nepal’s Army Chief, on 6 September 2012- Gaurav Shumsher Rana  The man responsible for bringing white revolution in India and founder of world’s largest dairy company Amul who died on 9 September 2012- Verghese Kurien  The former chief justice of India who died on 13 September 2012 at the age of 86- Ranganath Misra  The Secretary-general of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry who resigned on 18 September 2012- Rajiv Kumar  The Maharashtra Deputy Chief Minister who resigned on 25 September 2012 after the alleged corruption charges on him in awarding irrigation projects when he was states water resource minister- Ajit Pawar  The Indian Union Minister of state for Telecommunication and Information Technology who was commissioned to be a Lieutenant in Territorial Army on 6 September 2012- Sachin Pilot  The first person from Indian-American origin to serve as a parliamentarian for Democratic National Convention on 6 September 2012- Smita Shah  The person who on 27 September 2012 was appointed as the new Indian Ambassador to Israel- Jaideep Sarkar  The driver of McLarens who became the winner of the Italian Grand Prix 2012 on 9 September 2012- Lewis Hamilton  The cartoonist from Mumbai who was held for sedition- Aseem Trivedi  The South Korean Movie which was awarded the Golden Lion Prize for best movie -Pieta  The 16th NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) summit was held at –Tehran  The first British man to capture a Grand Slam single championship after 76 years- Andy Murraywww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 139
  • 140. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 140  The software companies of India, which acquired Switzerland based global management consultancy firm Lodestone on 10 September 2012 – Infosys  World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is an awareness day on environmental issue observed every year on -10 September  The united state ambassador to Libya, who was killed on 9 September 2012 in Benghazi Attack- Chris Stevens  The official mascot for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil -Smiling Armadillo  State-owned Bank which had opened its first branch in South Africa in a move to enhance the relationship between South Africa and India- Bank of India  Information training company which partnered with Microsoft on 12 September 2012 for courses in Cloud computing- NIIT  The girl of Indian Kazakh origin won the title of Miss Almaty 2012, on 14 September 2012- Farida Malik  New Zealand pacer who announced his retirement from both international and domestic cricket- Daryl Tuffey  The President of Tajikistan who visited India from 1 to 4 September 2012- Emomali Rahmon  The person who has been appointed as the new Chief Justice of India on 13 September 2012- Justice Altamas Kabir  The Dutch National who was appointed by World bank to be the country director for India on 10 September 2012- Onno Ruhl  The person who was appointed as a Director General of Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) on 18 September 2012- Rajiv Mehta  The astronaut of Indian American origin who took over the command of International Space Station on 15 September 2012- Sunita Willimas  The player of Indian Cricket team who was named as the ODI CRICKETER OF THE YEAR at ICC Awards Function held at Colombo, Sri Lanka on 15 September 2012- Virat Kohli  The famous Urdu poet who died on 19 September 2012 in Kairana in Shamli district- Muzzaffar Razmiwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 140
  • 141. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 141www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 141
  • 142. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 142NEWS CAPSULERAMESH ABHISHEK APPOINTED AS FMC CHAIRMANAn IAS Officer of 1982 Batch Bihar Cadre, Ramesh Abhishek on 24 September 2012 wasappointed to be the Chairman of Forward Markets Commission (FMC). His pay-scale and rankhas been elevated to that of the additional secretary and FMC Chief respectively.FORWARD MARKETS COMMISSION (FMC)With its headquarters at Mumbai, Forward Markets Commission (FMC) is a regulatory authorityestablished under the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act 1952. The body is responsible fortaking care of forward and future markets of India and is a part of Ministry of Consumer Affairs,Food and Public Distribution.AISHWARYA APPOINTED AS INTERNATIONAL GOODWILL AMBASSADORThe United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has appointed Bollywood actressAishwarya Rai Bachchan as its International Goodwill Ambassador.Her job will be now is to raise global awareness on protecting children from HIV infection and toincrease access to antiretroviral treatment. The appointment came a day before the start of theannual debate at the UN General Assembly. Aishwarya has been involved in humanitarianissues for many years and will now have a special focus on HIV/AIDS.The main focus now is to advocate for the global plan towards the elimination of new HIVinfections among children and keeping their mothers alive. This plan was launched at the UN inJune 2011 and focuses on 22 countries including India, which account for more than 90 per centof all new HIV infections among children.WHAT IS UNAID?UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action onthe HIV/AIDS epidemic.The mission of UNAIDS is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV andAIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those alreadyliving with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV andalleviating the impact of the epidemic. UNAIDS seeks to prevent the HIV/AIDS epidemic frombecoming a severe pandemic.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 142
  • 143. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 143INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE OBSERVED WORLDWIDEInternational day of peace also called as World peace day was celebrated worldwide on 21September 2012. The day is dedicated to peace, providing opportunities to differentorganizations, individuals and nations to create a practical act of peace.In 1981, The United Nations General Assembly declared, in a resolution sponsored by theUnited Kingdom and Costa Rica as the International Day of Peace devoted to commemoratingand strengthening the ideals of peace.It was 21 September 1982 when the first international peace day was celebrated. Later, In 2002the General Assembly officially declared September 21 as the permanent date for theInternational Day of Peace. With the creation of the International Day of Peace, the UN devoteditself to worldwide peace and encouraged all of mankind to work in cooperation for this goal.From the day of its proclamation, Peace Day has marked our personal and planetary progresstoward peace. It has grown to include millions of people in all parts of the world, and each yearevents are organized to commemorate and celebrate this day.Anyone anywhere can celebrate Peace Day. It can be just as simple as lighting a candle at noon,sitting in silent meditation. Or involving your co-workers, organization, community orgovernment engaged in a large event. International Day of Peace is also a Day of Ceasefire –personal or political.C.P. JOSHI APPOINTED AS THE NEW RAILWAY MINISTERC.P. Joshi, the Union Road Transport and Highways Minister on 24 September 2012 took anadditional charge of the Railway Ministry after the exit of Mukul Roy.With this responsibility in the hands of C.P. joshi, the railway ministry has landed down in thehands of Congress after 17 years. The last railway minister from congress was C.K. Jaffer Sharief(1991-95). Joshi is a congress MP from Bhilwara in Rajasthan. His primary and secondaryeducation was completed from his place of birth in Nathdwara, Rajasthan. He graduated fromM.B. College Udaipur with a B.A. degree in Law. He completed his masters’ degree in Physicsand holds a Ph.D in Psychology.Mukul Roy, leader of Trinamool Congress and a member of Rajya Sabha resigned from theposition on 21 September 2012 after his party withdrew support from the government. MukulRoy replaced Dinesh Trivedi as railway minister on 14 March 2012. PROCESS OF ALLOCATING THE MIN ISTRY/APPOINTMENT OF A MINISTER Under article 75 (1) - Prime Minister of India is selected by the President and the ministers are appointed by the president on advice of the Prime Minister. The portfolio allocation to different ministers is also done by him.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 143
  • 144. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 144SOME OF THE RAILWAY MINISTERS OF THE INDIAN UNION BEFORE MUKUL ROY  Dinesh Trivedi- 12 July 2011- 14 March 2012  Mamata Banerjee- 2009–2011, she resigned from the ministry on 19 May 2011  Laloo Prasad Yadav- 2004–2009  Nitish Kumar- 2001–2004The Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh managed the railway portfolio for a period ofabout two months after Mamata Banerjee resigned from the position.THE MALAYALAM FILM ACTOR, SURENDRANATHA THILAKAN DIEDSurendranatha Thilakan, the Malayalam film actor and winner of National Award died due tomultiple organ failure, at the age of 77 on 24 September 2012 at Thiruvananthapuram. He alsowas an acknowledged theater artist. In the year 2009, he was awarded with Padma Shri (thefourth highest civilian award in India) for his contributions to the (film) form of art.He made his debut in the industry in the year 1972 with Periyar, followed byGandharvakshetram and many more in a row. His first movie as a lead character was as KalluVarkey- he played role of a drunkard in Kolangal in 1981. For his role in Yavanika, he got his firststate award in 1981 followed by two more state awards in the year 1994 and 1998,Santhanagopalam and Gamanam respectively.Some of his notable works include Randam Bhavam, Sphadikam, Namukku Parkkan MunthiriThoppukal, Moonnam Pakkam, Panchagni, Dhwani, Sanmanassullavarkku Samadhanam,Mookkilla Rajyathu, Kaattu Kuthira and Yavanika.FORBES ANNUAL RANKING LIST OF 400 RICHEST AMERICANS RELEASEDForbes on 19 September 2012 released the list of 400 richest Americans. Bill Gates with histotal net worth of $ 66 billion managed to remain at the top position for 19th year in a row.Warren Buffet of Berkshire Hathaway with net asset of $ 46 billion was at second position in thelist. Larry Ellison of Oracle remained at third position with net asset of $ 41 billion.SOME OF THE KNOWN NAMES IN THE LIST INCLUDE  Jeff Bezos, at No. 11, with estimated net worth of $23.2 billion  Steve Ballmer at 19th position with net asset of $15.9 billion  Paul Allen grabbed 20th position with net asset of $15 billion  Mark Zuckerberg of facebook, slipped from his previous year’s 11th position to 36th position with net asset of $17.5 billion  James Jannard secured 150th position with his net asset of $2.8 billion  Craig McCaw was placed at number 311 in the list with his net asset of $1.5 billion  Bruce Nordstrom remained at. 360th position with net asset of $1.2 billionwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 144
  • 145. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 145BILL GATES STILL THE RICHEST PERSON IN AMERICAMicrosoft Co-Founder, Bill Gates remained at the top position in the list of 400 richestAmericans released by Forbes Annual Ranking on 19 September 2012. Gates, succeeded inwinning the top position for 19th time in a row with his net worth of $ 66 billion.Bill Gates at present is the chairman of Microsoft and co-chair for Bill and Melinda GatesFoundation.AUNG SAN SUU KYI RECEIVED US CONGRESS HIGHEST HONOURThe Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi received, the US Congress highest Civilian Honour at aceremony organized in the Capitol Rotunda on 19 September 2012, before her meet with theUS president Barack Obama. Before her, the recipient of this award includes GeorgeWashington, Pope John Paul II and Dalai Lama-the Tibetan Buddhist Leader. During her 15 yearlong house arrest against the military rule in Myanmar, she received the Congressional GoldMedal in 2008.AWARDS RECEIVED BY SUU KYI TILL DATE ARE  Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in the year 1990  Rafto Prize in the year 1990  Nobel Peace Prize in the year 1991  The government of India awarded her with Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in the year 1992  The government of Venezuela awarded her with International Simón Bolívar Prize  The Government of Canada in 2007 awarded her with Honorary citizenship, she was among the only four people by then to receive the award  She won Wallenberg Medal in 2011DINESH THAKUR, THE VETERAN ACTOR-DIRECTOR DIEDActor-director Dinesh Thakur, primarily remembered for his cigarette smoking serious looks inthe films of 1970’s died on 20 September 2012. Thakur (65) died due to his prolonged illness isnow survived by his actor wife Prita Mathur.Some of his critically as well as commercially appreciated films include Rajanigandha, MereApne and Ghar. His film Rajanigandha directed by Basu Chatterjee in 1974 won Filmfare BestMovie Award and the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie. Screenplay of Ghar (1978) thatfetched him FilmFare Best Story Award was written by him. He also played a role in the serialnamed Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 145
  • 146. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 146Dinesh Thakur was the founder-director of the Mumbai based theater group- ANK Productions.Some of his recognized works include Hai Mera Dil, Jaat Hi Poocho Sadhu KI, Khamosh AdalatJaari Hai, Kamala, Jis Lahore Nahi Dekhya and Rang Bajrang.FORMER FOOTBALLER FROM DELHI, SARDAR MAN SINGH BATRA DIEDFormer footballer from Delhi, Sardar Man Singh Batra died on 19 September 2012 following aprolonged illness. Batra (88) is now survived by his wife, a daughter and two sons.SC REFUSAL TO REVIEW PETITIONS CHALLENGING RTE ACT, 2009The Supreme Court of India on 19 September 2012 refused to review the petitions challengingthe constitutional validity of the Right to Education to Free and Compulsory Education Act2009. The Independent Schools Federation of India, the Society for Unaided Private Schools ofRajasthan, the Catholic Bishops Conference of India with two other institutions filed PIL (Public-interest litigation) against the Act, for a review.The Supreme Court Bench including Chief Justice S. H. Kapadia along with Justices SwatanterKumar and K. S. Radhakrishnan rejected the petition stating that the Act is constitutionally validand is applied for all the schools funded, held or managed by government or any privateauthority.RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act makes it mandatory for thegovernment, aided and non-minority unaided schools to reserve a minimum of 25 percent seatsto provide free and compulsory education to children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. Theright to education is included to the right to life in Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and incase any child is derived from his right of education is also deprived from his right to live withdignity, exercise freedom of expression and speech included in Article 19(1) (a).A A MANAVALAN WON SARASWATI SAMMANAA Manavalan on 19 September 2012 was awarded with the prestigious Saraswati Samman forhis work, Irama Kathaiyum Iramayakalyum. This is a comparative study of epic Ramayana in 48different languages. M Veerappa Moily, the Corporate Affairs and Power Minister presentedhim with a cheque of Rs 7.5 lakh, amemento and a citation plaque at afunction organized by KK BirlaFoundation. SARASWATI SAMMAN The samman/award was instituted in the yearThe characters, plot and individual 1991 by KK Birla Foundation and is a prestigiousinsertions of the book deals with the award in the field of literaturechanges that happened in the due coursewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 146
  • 147. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 147of migration. This book has tried to come up with the effect of Ramayana over the South EastAsia, its language and culture.This book is a comparative study of Ramayana written in different languages over a certainperiod of time and some of the languages include Pali, Tibetan, Prakirt, Tamil, Japanese, OldJavanese, Assamese, Thai, Telugu, Malayalam, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada, Sanskrit, Odisi, Hindi,Malay, Persian, Maranao, Burmese, Laotian and Kashmiri.URDU POET MUZAFFAR RAZMI DIED AT KAIRANA IN SHAMLI DISTRICTThe famous Urdu poet Muzzaffar Razmi died on 19 September 2012 in Kairana in Shamlidistrict. Razmi (76) suffered a brief illness and is now survived by his two daughters and threesons. Razmi wrote three books of Urdu Poetry. His book, Lahmon ki Khattah released in theyear 2004 was uncovered by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO LAUNCH SAKSHAMThe Union Ministry of Women and Child Development on 18 September 2012 decided tolaunch a scheme called Saksham to empower adolescent boys by educating them on gendersensitivity and moral behaviour. Saksham aims to target young boys in the age group 10-18years for their holistic development by giving lessons in gender sensitivity and inculcating inthem respect for women.The Union government has already allocated ten lakh rupees for preparatory work for thescheme which is expected to be rolled out from the next financial year 2012-13.PLASTIC OMNIUM PLANNED TO BUILD ITS THIRD FACTORY IN RUSSIAPlastic Omnium, the French Auto Part supplier on 18 September 2012 declared their plan tobuild a factory in Russia. The decided location of the factory is St. Petersburg and this will bethird factory for the French company in Russia.This decision came following the growing demands of the products of Plastic Omnium inRussian Market. Inergy that was launched as a 51 percent joint venture of Plastic Omnium withfuel systems manufacturers, DSK will build the factory. Inergy, which has recently won thecontracts of General Motors, Ford and Nissan manufactures fuel system for Renault Dacia andsupplies to AutoVaz.WEB PORTAL NAMED TRACK CHILD LAUNCHEDTrack Child: The Union Women and Child Development Ministry launched the portal to serve asa central database of all those children who have gone missing in different parts of the country.The Union Women and Child Development Ministry on 18 September 2012 decided to launch aweb portal named Track Child, which will serve as a central database of all those children whowww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 147
  • 148. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 148have gone missing in different parts of the country. The portal will act as a coordinationmechanism between child homes, police departments and state governments.As soon as a child is enlisted in a home, or whenever a missing FIR is registered in a policestation, the details will be put on the portal. The ministry will coordinate with police heads,social welfare departments of various states and other agencies to create this mechanism. Theministry is also considering a proposal to create a National Institute of Women Affairs, whichwill serve as a think tank for women-related matters.RUHL APPOINTED AS INDIA’S COUNTRY DIRECTOR FOR WORLD BANKWorld Bank appointed Onno Ruhl a Dutch National to be the country director for India on 10September 2012. He will replace the retiring N Roberto Zagha in October 2012. Hisappointment at this post will help the bank to formulate and implement developmentalprograms and steps in the nation.ABOUT ONNO RUHL  Onno Ruhl holds a post graduate degree (MSc) in Economics from University of Amsterdam  He joined World Bank in the year 1993 and due to his potential leadership skills and strong experience in finance and operations; he held several positions in Asia and Africa.  He has served World Bank as its director for Nigeria and a country manager for Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)  Prior to his joining to World Bank in 1993, Ruhl served the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Netherlands  He has served the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) as an Alternate Executive Director on the BoardHC DELHI ORDERED GPS SYSTEM INSTALLATION IN AUTO RICKSHAWSThe division bench of Delhi High Court that comprised Justices Rajiv Sahai Endlaw and A. K. Sikrirejected the petitions of auto-rickshaw owners and green signalled the installation of GPSsystems in auto-rickshaws in Delhi on 17 September 2012. He also ordered the installation ofprinters in the auto-rickshaws to provide the print-outs of fares to the passengers travelingfrom one position to other within the capital.To justify the recovery of the investment made on the installation of the ordered equipmentthe bench said that the auto operators can levy 50 paise per kilometer on the passengers, asallowed by the Government.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 148
  • 149. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 149Installation of Global Positioning System will help in tracking the position and movement of theauto-rickshaws. The GPS will also ensure that the auto-rickshaw operators are not overchargingthe passenger via any wrong means, like by taking long routes to reach a particular location.Installation of the GPS system will also ensure the security of the passengers to the next level.FICCI GENERAL SECRETARY RAJIV KUMAR RESIGNEDRajiv Kumar, secretary-general of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industryon 18 September 2012 left the industry association because he wanted to return to academics.He will, however, stay up to December, till FICCI chooses his successor.Rajiv Kumar is an economist and had joined FICCI in October 2010 as a director general andsubsequently became its secretary general in May 2011.Before joining FICCI, he was Director and Chief Executive of the Indian Council for Research onInternational Economic Relations, which is one of Indias independent economic policy thinktanks. He has committed to play as advisory role to FICCI in the future on select initiatives.RAJIV MEHTA APPOINTED AS DIRECTOR GENERAL OF NCBRajiv Mehta is appointed as a Director General of Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) on 18September 2012. His appointment will be on deputation basis for a period of five years fromthe date of assumption of charge of the post or till the date of his superannuation or untilfurther orders.Rajiv Mehta is an IPS from 1981 batch of Assam-Meghalaya cadre who is currently serving asthe Additional Deputy General (Law and Order) in Meghalaya. He was an alumnus of St.Columba’s and St. Stephen’s College of Delhi. He had also taught for two years at LawrenceSchool, Sanawar, before joining the Indian Police Service and had also given his service in theIndo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) as an IG, as well as an advisor to the Indian mission in theEuropean Economic Community in Brussels. He took over this service from OPS Malik, a 1975-batch IPS officer of the UP cadre, who was appointed to the post in December 2008 and he isgoing to serve the agency till 2016.The NCB is a leading law enforcement and intelligence agency under the Ministry of HomeAffairs, responsible for countering drug trafficking and illegal substances abuse. The DirectorGeneral of NCB is usually an officer of the Indian Police Service or the Indian Revenue Service.NCB is the most vital agency for coordination between various central and state governmentdepartments to counter the menace of illegal drugs and contraband.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 149
  • 150. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 150FORMER SARSANGHCHALAK OF RSS KS SUDARSHAN DIED AT NAGPURKS Sudarshan, the former RSS Sarsanghchalak died on 15 September 2012. He suffered a heartattack at the Nagpur headquarters of RSS. He was in Nagpur for release of a book written byGopal Vyas a Rajya Sabha MP from Chhattisgarh that was held on 14 September 2012.LIFE OF KS SUDARSHAN  He led the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a Hindu nationalist organization as its fifth Sarsanghachalak from 2000 to 2009.  He did his bachelor in Engineering in Telecommunications (honours) from Sagar University  He became a Pracharak of RSS at the age of 23 in the year 1954 In 1979, he became the chief of the RSS think-tank (Bouddhik Cell)  In the year 2005, his comment asking Atal Behari Vajpayee and L.K. Advani to step- down and allow a young face to be take the leadership of the country on behalf of BJP, created a rift in between party and Sangh ParivaarVETERAN COMMUNIST LEADER A.M. GOVINDARASU PASSED AWAYA.M. Govindarasu (A.M. Gopu), the veteran communist leader and the Freedom Fighter passedaway on 13 September 2012 at Chennai. The 83 year old, who survived six bullet shots by thepolice in 1950, is survived by his daughter. Following his wish of not being cremated, his familymembers donated his body to the Rajiv Gandhi Government Hospital.LIFE OF A.M. GOVINDARASU ALIAS A.M. GOPUHe became a part of the freedom movement, when he was in class ninth in the year 1942.Supported by three more classmates, he came on the streets at Tiruvidaimarudur shoutingslogans against British government, where he was arrested and sent to Juvenile jail for 16 days.He was expelled from his college, Maharaja College at Pudukottai after making protests againstthe Diwan of Travancore, Sir C.P. Ramaswami Iyer. Gopu was brought to Chennai by CPI leaderK. Balathandayutham to be a member of the party’s body Janashakti.SOME OF HIS DARING ACTIONS WERE  He waylayed the trolley that carried the salary of railway employees of French Government in Puducherry  At Karaikal-Kumbakonam route he along with three of his friends threw country bombs at a security officer and took away Rs. 37,000 and a gun carried him. French Government announced a prize amount of Rs 5000 on him and his friends  He escaped life term by French government for killing 2 people and robbing the train but Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajaji’s intervention saved him at that point of timewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 150
  • 151. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 151  After Communist movement saw a split, he remained with the party. He served the parties trade union AITUC as its general secretaryTHE PRESIDENT OF TAJIKISTAN EMOMALI RAHMON VISITED INDIAThe President of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon visited India from 1 to 4 September 2012. Thiswas the fifth visit to India by President Emomali Rahmon. During this visit, India and Tajikistansigned six agreements in the field of sports, health, culture, education, labour, textiles andenergy. It was also decided that India would increase training slots for Tajikistan from 100 to150 under India Technology and Eco Training Programme. In the course of his visit, President ofTajikistan also addressed a business meeting jointly organised by ASSOCHAM, CII and FICCI.JUSTICE ALTAMAS KABIR APPOINTED AS CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIAJustice Altamas Kabir has been appointed as the new Chief Justice of India on 13 September2012. He will take oath as 39th Chief Justice of India and assume his office on 29 September2012 as a Successor of Chief Justice S.H. Kapadia. He will relinquish from his office on 28September 2012. Altamas Kabir at present is the senior-most Judge of the Supreme Court.ABOUT JUSTICE ALTAMAS KABIRJustice Altamas Kabir (64) is an M.A. LL.B from University of Calcutta. He started his career inthe year 1973 as a practitioner in Criminal and Civil cases from District Court and Kolkata HighCourt. On 6 August 1990, he was appointed as the permanent Jude in High Court of Calcutta. Healso was appointed as the Chief Justice of Jharkhand High Court on 1 March 2005. On 9September 2005, he was appointed to be a judge in Supreme Court of India.Computerisation of High Court, Civil Court and other Courts of Calcutta happened under theguidance of Justice Kabir. On 14 January 2010, he was appointed as the executive Chairman ofNational Legal Services Authority.TILAK KUMAR IS THE PRESIDENT OF THE INDIAN NEWSPAPER SOCIETYK.N. Tilak Kumar was appointed as the president of The Indian Newspaper Society for the year2012-2013 on 13 September 2012 during the 73rd annual meet of the Newspaper Society. TilakKumar is the Editor of Deccan Herald and the Joint Managing Director of the Printers (Mysore).He is a successor of Ashish Bagga from India Today.The secretary general of the society released the names of other newly elected office bearers ofthe society. Some of the prominent names are Ravindra Kumar (The Statesman) is appointed asthe Deputy President, Kiran B Vadodaria (Sambhaav Metro) is the new Vice President andSanjay Gupta (Dainik Jagran, Varanasi) has been appointed as the Honorary Treasurer of theSociety.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 151
  • 152. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 152New elected members of the executive committee are V K Chopra (Dainik Asam), P V Chandran(Grihalakshmi), Mahendra Mohan Gupta (Dainik Jagran), L Adimoolam (Health & TheAntiseptic), Jagjit Singh Dardi (Charhdikala Daily), Samahit Bal (Pragativadi),Ravindra Dhariwal(Navbharat Times), K Balaji (The Hindu Weekly), Pradeep Gupta (Dataquest), Dr B S Adityan(Varantari Rani), Pawan Agarwal (Dainik Bhaskar, Bhopal), Rishi Darda (Lokmat, Ahmednagar)and Vijay Darda (Lokmat) and others.Indian Newspaper Society has 1000 dailies, weeklies, bi-weeklies, monthlies and fortnightlieson board, which are published in eighteen different languages of India. It plays a major role infostering a mutual cooperation in the newspaper industry.FUEGO VOLCANO IN GUATEMALA STARTED SPEWING ASH AND LAVAGuatemala: Guatemala is a country located in Central America.Guatemala, in the second week of September 2012 evacuated tens of thousands of peopleafter the Fuego volcano started spewing ash and lava. Powerful eruptions were catapultingburning rocks as high as 1000 meters above the crater and lava was flowing down its slopes.The eruption of the Fuego, 50 kilometers south-west of Guatemala City, is the biggest since1999.FORTIS ESCORTS WON FICCI HEALTHCARE EXCELLENCE AWARD 2012FICCI Healthcare Excellence Award-2012 went to the Jaipur based Fortis Escorts hospital for itsoperational excellence in the category of private hospital with multi-specialty hundred beds.The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry has instituted this award forfelicitation of the individuals and institutions for their contribution in increasing the efficiencyof health care by imparting innovative steps. The laid norms were specified by the QualityCouncil of India.Parameter on which the judgment was made includes efficiency in staff excellence, functioningand patient track record management. As per the director of Fortis Escorts Hospital, PrateemTamboli, the hospital is the first hospital in the state of Rajasthan to receive this award. Thechief guest to this award function was the President of India Pranab Mukherjee.FORMER CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA RANGANATH MISRA DIEDRanganath Misra, the former chief justice of India died on 13 September 2012. He died at theage of 86 and is survived by his wife Sumitra Misra. Ranganath Misra was appointed to be the21st Chief Justice of India from 25 September 1990 to 24 November 1991 during the reign offormer Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar and former President of India, R. Venkataraman.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 152
  • 153. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 153LIFE OF RANGANATH MISRARanganath Misra completed his education from Cuttack, Orissa and Allahabad University. Heturned up to be an advocate in high court of Orissa in the year 1950 and was appointed to bethe judge of the same court on 18 September 1969 and turned up to be the acting Chief Justiceof the same court on 6 November 1980 and a chief justice from 16 January 1981. He servedNHRC (National Human Rights Commission) as its first chairman.He chaired the famous Ranganath Misra Commission that was constituted by his name on 29October 2004 by the Government of India to deal and look after the issues related to Linguisticand Religious minorities in India. The report was submitted by the commission on 21 May 2007and important findings like,  To reserve 8.4 percent of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) quota of the 27 percent of the minorities  Scheduled caste reservation for Dalit converts  15 percent seats for minorities in educational institutions and government servicesRanganath Misra was the head of the judicial commission that was appointed for the probe inthe anti-Sikh riots of New Delhi after the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated.SHERYL KUMAR WAS CROWNED AS MISS INDIA FIJI 2012Sheryl Kumar was crowned Miss India Fiji 2012 at a glittering ceremony in Suva on 8 September2012. Sheryl beat nine other contestants to win the title. She is now preparing for the MissIndia Worldwide pageant to be held in Kuala Lumpur in March 2013. Sheryl also won the PureFiji Beautiful Skin award at the event.CARTOONIST ASSEM TRIVEDI GRANTED BAIL BY MUMBAI HIGH COURTThe cartoonist Aseem Trivedi was released from the Arthur Road Jail on 12 September 2012.Aseem Trivedi, who was arrested on the charges of sedition and insulting the national symboland emblem, was released from jail after Bombay High Court granted him bail on the personalbond of Rs 5000. This supporter of Anna Hazare’s Anti Corruption campaign was arrested fordepiction of wolves in place of lions and providing a quote Bhrastameva Jayate as areplacement of Satyameva Jayate on the National Emblem.Aseem Trivedi the cartoonist is renowned for portraying politics in India and appreciated for hiscampaign Cartoons against Corruption. He is the winner of Courage in Editorial CartooningAward for 2012 that is conducted by Cartoonists Rights Network International. The cartoonisthas been a founding member of a body named movement against internet censorship in India,Save Your Voice.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 153
  • 154. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 154TENSIONS GREW OVER SENKAKU ISLANDS BETWEEN JAPAN AND CHINAThe uninhabited group of Islands Senkaku or Diaoyu turned up to be the cause for mountingtensions in between China and Japan. Japan on 11 September 2012 announced that they havepurchased three islands of this group of islands from its identified Tokyo based Kurihara family(owner of the island) at $25b million. In response to this declaration, china sent two MarineSurveillance Ships for patrol and resettling Chinese claim on the islands. Chinese foreignministry also warned Japan that necessary steps will be taken to protect Chinese interests tothe issue.Following the study conducted by experts in 1968, the Island group that has been under thecontrol of Japan, since 1895 holds oil reserves under the sea. China claims that the islands werediscovered and controlled by them ever since fourteenth century and considers it to be a partof Taiwan (Republic of China).JEET THAYIL SHORTLISTED FOR THE MAN BOOKER FOR NARCOPOLISJeet Thayil, 53 years has been shortlisted for £ 50,000 the Man Booker Prize for the year 2012on 11 September 2012. The Kerela born novelist and poet was chosen for the prize for hisdebut novel Narcopolis. Before this in the year 2008, Arvind Adiga won the booker prize for hisdebut novel The White Tiger.Narcopolis the story that begins with Bombay is a masterpiece of a cyclone of drugs, violence,sex, loves, lives and deaths. Even the title suggests the theme of the story that is related todrugs. The story seems to be based on the experiences of Jeet Thayil and has been compared tothe William Burrough’s Junky and Thomas de Quincey’s confessions of an English Opium Eaterby the Guardian. After winning the award Jeet will be the member of a selected group of Indianand Indian Born Booker winners like Arundhati Roy, Salman Rushdie, Kiran Desai and ArvindAdiga.In this race of Booker Awards, Jeet Thayil will have to survive a tough competition from Will Selfand Harry Mantel, the previous winners of the awards. Creator of the Wolf Hall the book thatwon booker in 2009, Harry Mantel has been shortlisted for Bring up the Bodies, which a sequelto the Wolf Hall. Umbrella helped Mr. Self in being shortlisted for the award. Will Self, HarryMantel, Tan Twan Eng, Deborah Levy and Alison Moore are the other shortlisted candidates forthe awards.VICE PRESIDENT OF INDIA M. HAMID ANSARI RELEASED A BOOKVice president of India Hamid Ansari released the book “Muslim in Indian cities” on 10September 2012. The book is edited by Laurent Gayer and Christopher Jafferlot.On the occasion of book release, Vice-President denoted Indian muslim as sui generic thatmeans unique in characteristics. The book speaks about Muslim life in India. Numbering morewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 154
  • 155. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 155than 150 million, Muslims constitute the largest minority in India, yet they suffer the mostpolitically and socioeconomically.The books argue that the quality of Muslim life may lag behind that of Hindus nationally, localand inclusive cultures had resilient in the south and the east. Within India’s cities, however, thechallenges Muslims face can be harder to read. As per the book, In the Hindi belt and in thenorth, Muslims have known less peace, especially in the riot-prone areas of Ahmedabad,Mumbai, Jaipur, and Aligarh, and in the capitals of former Muslim states—Delhi, Hyderabad,Bhopal, and Lucknow. These cities are rife with Muslim ghettos and slums. However, self-segregation has also played a part in forming Muslim enclaves, such as in Delhi and Aligarh,where traditional elites and a new Muslim middle class have regrouped for physical and culturalprotection.Combining firsthand testimony with sound critical analysis, the book follows urban Muslim lifein eleven Indian cities, providing uncommon insight into a little-known but highly consequentialsubject. The book is published by Harper Collins publisher, India.Laurent Gayer is a research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS),currently posted at the Centre de Sciences Humaines (CSH) in New Delhi. He is also researchassociate at the Centre d’Etudes de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud in Paris. Christophe Jaffrelot isresearch director at CNRS and teaches South Asian politics and history at Sciences Po (Paris), aswell as at King’s College, London.WORLD SUICIDE PREVENTION DAY OBSERVED IN INDIA10 September: World Suicide Prevention DayWorld Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is an awareness day observed on 10 September everyyear, in order to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with variousactivities around the globe.The International Association For Sucide Prevention (IASP) collaborates with the World HealthOrganization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health, to host World SuicidePrevention Day.Such an event provides a platform to organizations, government agencies and individuals topromote awareness about suicide, mental illnesses associated with it, and basically focusing onsuicide prevention.NAM (NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT) SUMMIT 2012 HELD IN TEHRANThe 16th NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) summit was held at Tehran, Iran on 30-31 August2012. The theme of the summit was Lasting Peace through Joint Global Governance.Venezuela was selected the host for the 17th NAM Summit in 2015.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 155
  • 156. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 156PIETA THE SOUTH KOREAN FILM WON GOLDEN LION VENICE TOP PRIZEThe Golden Lion Prize for best movie was given to the South Korean Movie, Pieta directed byKim Ki-duk at the 69th Venice Film Festival on 8 September 2012. The Master by Paul ThomasAnderson walked off with two major awards namely, Special Jury Award and Best Actor forJoaquin Phoenix.Pieta is the brutal story about a debt collector with a habit of crippling those, who were unableto pay his debt. The brutality stops at a certain point of time, when he meets a woman whoclaims to be his mother.ASEEM TRIVEDI THE CARTOONIST FROM MUMBAI HELD FOR SEDITIONCharged for the acts of insulting the national symbols, the Kanpur based cartoonist AseemTrivedi was arrested and sent on a remand for seven days by the Bandra Holiday Court, on 9September 2012. The cartoonist and the supporter of Anna Hazare’s anti corruption campaign,was charged for creation of cartoons against corruption among, which one depicts, wolvessitting with the national emblem instead of lions and a comment Bhrastameva Jayate thatreplaced Satyameva Jayate.A Mumbai based lawyer filed a complaint against the cartoonist in December 2012, at BandraKurla Police Station under section 124 (sedition) of the Indian Penal Code and the InformationTechnology Act 66-A (that states, passing of offensive messages via communicationchannel/services) and the Prevention of Insults to Nation Honour (PINH) Act, Section 2(imprisonment for disrespect to National Flag, Symbol, Constitution or any other part ofNational importance).PADAMSHREE DR. AN PUROHIT WON SHIKSHA RATNA AWARDThe University of Petroleum and Energy Studies on 5 September 2012, on the occasion ofteacher’s day felicitated Dr. AN Purohit with Siksha Ratna award.Dr. Purohit is a former vice-chancellor of HNB Garhwal University. He was born in 1940 in Kimnivillage of chamoli district, Uttrakhand and did his schooling from Nanital and had his doctoratefrom Punjab University.Dr Purohit has widely worked in the Himalayan belt, particularly in Uttarakhand, on specificsubject of plant physiology, ecophysiology of trees and the environment. He was awardedPadmashree in 1997 by the President.LIST OF MOST INFLUENCING FINANCE PERSONALITY RELEASEDThe Bloomberg Markets magazine had included West Bengal Chief Minister, Mamta Banerjee inthe list of 50 most influential people in the finance category.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 156
  • 157. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 157The other leading personalities included in that category were Business Tycoon Warren Buffet,Founder of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg and Hyundai’s chairman Chung Mong Koo. MamtaBanerjee is included in the policy-makers section and is sharing space with US federal chairmanBen S Bernanke, European Central Bank’s President Mario Draghi and Burmese oppositionleader Aung San Suu Kyi.The selection was decided on the ability of leader to move markets and shape ideas and policiesand his or her influence in affecting the price of a security or the structure of a deal. Two otherpeople of Indian origin who were included in the list were Anshu Jain, Co- CEO of DeutscheBank and Preet Bharara, US Attorney for the southern District of New York.Mamta banerjee was placed in 21st position. Earlier in April, she was also ranked among 100most influential personalities of the world by the Time magazine.DR. KC ABRAHAM AWARDED WITH BUSINESS EXCELLENCE AWARDManaging Director of Kunnath Pharmaceuticals and the producer of world famous Musli PowerX-tra won Switzerland Business Excellence Award 2012 on 8 September 2012 at Zurich,Switzerland. He got shortlisted for the award because of his visionary leadership skill, hardworking nature and dedication. The award has helped Kunnath Pharmaceutical to become aname of rapport across the nation.WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM REPORT RELEASED, INDIA RANKED 59India slipped down with 3 ranks to 59th position from its previous year ranking in the GlobalCompetitiveness Report 2012-2013 released on 5 September 2012 by the World EconomicForum. The identified reason for this downfall is India’s disappointing performance in satisfyingcompetitiveness for the basic factors.Previously, India was far ahead to the nations like South Africa and Brazil has trailed down by 10ranks and is 30 ranks behind the China. As per the details released by the forum, India still isstrong in term of competitiveness on many other sections of comparison.Switzerland managed to be on top of the list for consecutive four years followed by Singaporethat ranked second and Finland was placed at third position. Among the members of BRICKSNations, Russia was placed at 67th Position, South Africa got 52nd position and Brazil remainedto be the 48th Nation.SACHIN PILOT COMMISSIONED AS A LIEUTENANT IN TERRITORIAL ARMYIndian Union Minister of state for Telecommunication and Information Technology iscommissioned to be a Lieutenant in Territorial Army on 6 September 2012. He was ‘pipped’ bythe Army Chief Bikram Singh at the commissioning ceremony organized in South Block, at theIntegrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Army). With this he has turned up to be awww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 157
  • 158. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 158part of ‘124 TA (Sikh) Battalion’ the one also known by the name of ‘Urban Concept’ battalion.Along with commissioning, he will have to attend "14 camp and 22 parade days in a year.Sachin Pilot has turned up to be the first union minister to be commissioned as an officer onregular basis in Territorial Army. He cleared the exam that was conducted by the TerritorialArmy and the SSB interview round at Allahabad. He will be ‘pipped’ by the Army Chief BikramSingh at the commissioning ceremony organized at the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministryof Defence (Army).Sachin Pilot age 35 is a son of late Squadron Leader Rajesh Pilot who also was IAF (Indian AirForce) fighting pilot. He is a MP from Ajmer Lok Sabha Constituency of Rajasthan. A graduatefrom St. Stephens College, Delhi Sachin holds a masters degree in Business Administration(MBA) from Wharton Business School based in United States.KAUSHIK BASU APPOINTED AS WORLD BANK CHIEF ECONOMISTOn 5 September 2012, The World Bank appointed Kaushik Basu, as its chief economist andsenior vice president. Basu, an Indian national and a Cornell University professor most recentlyserved as chief economic adviser of the Indias Union Ministry of Finance.He has to take over as the chief economist at the World Bank on October 1. Kaushik Basu, 60,holds a doctorate from the London School of Economics and has also founded the Centre forDevelopment Economics at the Delhi School of Economics in 1992 is also a founding member ofthe Madras School of Economics.He had his wide contributions in the field span development economics, welfare economics,industrial organisation and public economics. He has earlier served as chairman of Cornellseconomics department and was a director of its Center for Analytic Economics. He wasawarded with one of the countrys highest civilian awards, the Padma Bhushan in May 2008. Inhis two-and-a-half-year stay in the Union finance ministry, Basu gave some constructivethoughts on food coupons and innovative ways to tackle corruption among other advices.DCGI DIRECTED DRUG COMPANIES TO SUBMIT SAFETY REPORTSThe Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) on 3 September 2012 directed drug companies tosubmit mandatory safety reports of new drugs to it every six months. The countrys drugregulator, in its order, threatened to cancel drug licenses in case they fail to do so.The Directive came after DCGI found that some companies are not submitting the requiredmandatory safety reports every six months during the first two years.MOBILE CONNECTION TO FOREIGNERS FOR MAXIMUM THREE MONTHSThe Government in the first week of September 2012 asked telecom service providers not togive mobile connection for more than three months to any foreign tourist visiting India. Newwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 158
  • 159. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 159guidelines issued by Department of Telecom, DoT, recently stated that the proof for a mobileconnection to any foreigner will be a passport with a valid visa. DoT ruled that any mobileconnection issued to a foreigner should not have validity beyond the validity of the visa.The move comes in the wake of instances where mobile connections used by foreigners weremisused by some people even after the departure of the foreign nationals from the country.DEVENDRA KUMAR JOSHI TOOK OVER AS THE NEW INDIAN NAVY CHIEFAdmiral Devendra Kumar Joshi (DK Joshi) took over as the new Indian Navy chief on 31 August2012. He is the 21st Chief of Naval Staff of Independent India and the 19th Indian to commandthe Indian Navy. He succeeded Admiral Nirmal Verma.DK Joshi has commanded several naval ships which includes aircraft carrier INS Virat. He wasalso the chief of Eastern Fleet. He specializes in anti-submarine warfare. During his tenure, theNavy will start 13000 crore rupees phase II expansion of Project Seabird, the naval harbourunder construction near Goa.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 159
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  • 161. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 161QUESTIONS OF THE MONTH 1. Pakistan successfully test-fired Hatf III Ghaznavi Missile recently. In the wake of this statement, comment on the growing armament race in South Asian region. 2. Supreme Court of India upheld the death sentence of Mumbai Terror Attack Convict Ajmal Amir Kasab. In the light of this statement, do you agree that we need capital punishment in India? Support your answer with reasons. 3. India and Tajikistan on 3 September 2012 signed six agreements in six different areas. Identify these areas and critically discuss the importance of these agreements. 4. Write short notes on the following: (a) Aseem Trivedi (b) Mamta Banerjee (c) Sonia Gandhi (d) Tehran (e) Sachin Pilot 5. Write brief notes on the following: (a) Chemotherapy (b) Web-based system for advising farmers on fertilizers (c) New strain of rice to boost crop yields (d) Gene Therapy to reduce the sense of smell 6. Supreme Court of India in its judgment asked the Centre to prepare revised guidelines for tourist activities in core areas of tiger reserves. Elaborate how tourist activities in tiger reserves harm the tiger population? Suggest additional measures to make tiger conserving more effective. 7. Cabinet gave a nod to two subsidiaries of Air India: AIESL and AITSL. Air India suffered heavy losses recently. Do you think the cabinet decision is related to those losses? Support your answer with reasons. 8. Critically evaluate the 16th NAM Summit. Do you think it is relevant today? Support your answer with reasons.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 161
  • 162. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 162FOR MORE INFOBE WHAT YOU WANT BY FOLLOWING THE LINKS GIVEN BELOWAre you thinking to be a bank officerPlanned to handle the bureaucracy of the nation, want to be IS/PCSBe a Government of India officer in department of your choiceBe the best in the business world-as successful CEOAnalyse the new things happening across the worldDON’T MISS THE INFORMATION OF PAST QUARTER, JUST CLICK BELOWCurrent Affairs August 2012Current Affairs July 2012Current Affairs June 2012Current Affairs May 2012Current Affairs April 2012FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK ON THE BELOW MENTIONED LINKSIAS Main Exam 2012 Model Questions (Environment & Ecology) Set 1IAS Main Exam 2012 Model Questions (Economy) Set 1IAS Main Exam 2012 Model Questions (National) Set 2IAS Main Exam 2012 Model Questions (National) Set 1Strategy for IAS (Civil Services) Main Exam 2012: GS Paper 2Strategy for IAS (Civil Services) Main Exam 2012: GS Paper 1http://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/strategy-for-ias-civil-services-main-exam-2012-gs-paper-1-1348490280-1The Winning Strategy for IAS Main Exam 2012 GS (General Studies) PaperInterview of IAS 2011 Topper (18th Rank) Nitika Pawar: Video on Prelim Strategywww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 162
  • 163. Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 163Punjab State Civil Services Combined Competitive Examination 2012Important Terms and Abbreviations for 2 Markers for the IAS Main 2012http://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/important-terms-and-abbreviations-for-2-markers-for-the-ias-main-2012-1349351155-1FOR SPECIFIC NOTIFICATIONS OF UPSC CLICK ON THE LINKSUPSC Released Time Table for Civil Services Main Examination 2012UPSC to hold Combined Competitive Examination for recruitment to IES/ISSUPSC APFC recruitment test Time Table, Exam Pattern and SyllabusDownload Admit Card for APFC recruitment test to be conducted be conducted by UPSCIndian Economic Service / Indian Statistical Service General Studies Question Paper 2009Indian Economic Service / Indian Statistical Service General Studies Question Paper 2011UPSC Invited Online Recruitment Applications (ORA) for Multiple VacanciesUPSC notified Geologist Examination 2012UPSC Notified the Results for Combined Medical Services Examination, 2012Download Admit Card for Civil Services Main Examination 2012 to be conducted by UPSCUPSC Geologist Examination Syllabus 2012Assistant Provident Fund Commissioner Exam Question Paper 2012UPSC Declared the Results for the Post of Public Prosecutor in CBI 2012UPSC Announced Results for Assistant Programmer in Central Bureau of Investigation 2012Instructions to the Candidates for Civil Services (Main) Examination 2012UPSC Declared Results for the Post of Drug Inspector 2012www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF September 2012 Page 163
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