15 years of Lok Sabha

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A look back at how general elections in India have turned into something of a spectacle, in numbers that no other democracy can match

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15 years of Lok Sabha

  1. 1. | nation | H I NDUSTAN T I M ES , N EW D E L H I T U ESDAY, FE B RUA RY 2 5 , 2 0 14 myindiamyvote LOK SABHA IN RETROSPECT HALL OF FAME STAR MPs IN THE 15TH LOK SABHA 9 terms elected GRAND SHOW Basudeb Acharia, 72, CPI(M), Bankura, West Bengal ida te s 1962 5 1, 51 9 542 7 8 9 542 543 11 12 2004 543 543 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •• 7 49.4 II I I I I I •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• • I I I I I 5 48.7 84 I I I I I 5 39 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• ••••• 4 4,62 9 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •• I I I I I I I I I 5 5,312 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••• I I I I I 5 6,160 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••• 2,7 2,4 49.2 52.1 II II II II I I 10 49.9 51.4 51.3 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••• 13,592 14 15 543 54 3 = 1 Delhi-Kolkata Rajdhani has 18 coaches ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 27 IIIII IIIII IIIII IIIII IIIII IIIII 30 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• ••••••••••• II II I I I I 8 46.4 II II I I I I 8 55.5 4,750 543 3,060 coaches IIIII IIIII IIIII IIIII IIIII II 52.8 8,668 8 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••• 35 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• ••••• 4,64 5,4 52.63 8,0 70 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••• 58 21 IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII I 5 I I I I I • = 1 sortie during 2009 election • = 1 sortie during 2013 School dropouts Matriculates/ Undergraduates Uttarakhand flood VOTERS 2009 saw about 45 million voters (about 1%) more than the previous election in 2004 71,69,85,101 Male 37,47,58,801 Female 34,22,26,300 No. of voters Parliamentary Constituencies 543 K H Muniyappa, 66 INC Kolar, Karnataka Maneka Gandhi, 58 BJP Aonla, Uttar Pradesh 10.45 62.2% 5.9 55.42% 7.32 61.33% 10.79 55.29% 11.6 60.49% 23 56.92% 54.7 63.56% 81.5 Lowest no. of voters 45,983 in Lakshadweep Highest no. of voters 11,60,06,374 in Uttar Pradesh VOTER TURNOUT All India 58.19%. Congress suffers setbacks, but retains power Indira Gandhi takes charge with ‘Garibi Hatao’ slogan 1st nonCongress govt formed after Emergency Congress returns after Janata Party disbands Indira assassinated, son Rajiv takes power 359.1 597.3 Congress suffers worst defeat, term sees 3 PMs 666.2 BJP emerges stronger, A B Vajpayee becomes PM 57.94% 61.97% 59.99% 880 BJP wins again, EVMs used for the 1st time 1300 Congress wrests power by forming UPA coalition 1114 UPA retains power with Manmohan Singh as PM 57.65% 58.19% Graduates Postgraduates Doctorates = `10 crore (* not adjusted for inflation) MOST EXPENSIVE STATES/UTs* 8,070 Male candidates 7,514 Female candidates 556 `30cr Candidates contested Dadra & Nagar Haveli for 1 constituency `15.11cr Arunachal Pradesh (`30.22cr for 2 constituencies) `11cr Mizoram for `6.9cr 1 constituency Assam (`97cr for 14 constituencies) 93.1% Lowest no. of candidates 3 Kokrajhar in Assam, and Nagaland constituencies 146 won out of 394 candidates fielded by state parties. 9 won out of 3831 independent candidates. Maximum 90.32% Tamluk in West Bengal `5.5cr Tripura (`11cr for 2 constituencies) LEAST EXPENSIVE STATES/UTs* `0.5cr Daman & Diu (`1cr for 2 constituencies) `0.4cr `0.29cr Himachal Pradesh (`1.18cr for 5 constituencies) Maximum 8,32,224 C M CHANG in Nagaland *Costs incurred by Election Commission per constituency Uttarakhand (`2cr for VOTES P OLLED BY A CANDIDATE Minimum 25.55% Srinagar in Jammu & Kashmir Jawaharlal Nehru becomes PM for 3rd time Rajiv killed, Congress comes back to power 56.93% out of 1623 candidates fielded by national parties. 47.7% CPI emerges as India’s biggest opposition 154.2 6.9% Highest no. of candidates 43 in Chennai South constituency Congress wins a landslide; nearest rival gets 12 seats Hung Parliament, BJP & United Front in power melee 61.95% 376 won 52.3% Cost of conducting an election (in ` crore)* 61.2% CANDIDATES 2009 also saw an increase in competition — 2,535 more candidates than in the 2004 election Won successive elections from 1971 to 2004 in the Bolepur constituency in West Bengal. He faced his only defeat in 1984 against Mamata Banerjee from the Jadavpur constituency Mohan Chinta, 60 INC Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh Voter turnout 112 88 177 85 15 120 90 160 92 9 141 87 157 98 7 54 101 172 113 17 119 82 178 127 8 62 132 207 132 9 53 118 213 136 8 42 112 238 131 10 10 94 233 124 17 18 101 220 145 20 15 102 222 149 29 12 107 237 149 24 15 90 256 145 27 19 96 249 157 22 18 95 253 141 23 19 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •• 543 13 2009 46.7 IIII III III III III III 51.4 10 1998 69 2,3 542 1999 For the 2009 election 55 helicopters were deployed to perform 600 sorties In 2013, 28 helicopters performed 90 sorties to rescue people in flooded Uttarakhand 8 51 6 1996 = 170 Rajdhani Express trains 0 52 4 1991 (more than half of Everest) 4 49 3 1984 AuleyPhu 15,300 ft 1,8 74 an d To ta lc 1957 2 1989 Auleyphu ea ts 48 9 1 49 4 1951 1980 Central police forces for 2009 election travelled in 119 special trains, comprising 3,060 coaches 5 98 1, 1971 Mt. Everest 29,029 ft To ta ls NUMBER CRUNCH Educational background of Lok Poll duration (days) Sabha members Somnath Chatterjee 84, Former CPI (M) leader Ramesh Bais, 67 BJP Raipur, Chhattisgarh Sai Prathap Annayyagari, 70 INC Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh 46.5 •••••••••••• •••••••••••• •••••••••••• ••••••••••• Biren Singh Engti, 69 INC Autonomous District, Assam Bijoy Krishna Handique, 80 INC Jorhat, Assam IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 124 IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII •••••••••••• •••••••••••• ••••••••••• The only politician who has won from six different Lok Sabha constituencies in four different states — Delhi, UP, MP and Gujarat — from 1957 to 2004 6 Lal Krishna Advani, 87 BJP Gandhinagar, Gujarat temwar, 65, INC, Nagpur, Maharashtra 1977 JAMMU & KASHMIR 6 terms elected Sumitra Mahajan, 71, BJP Indore, Madhya Pradesh Avg MP age •••••••••••• Atal Bihari Vajpayee 89, BJP 7 E Ahamed, 76 IUML Malappuram, Kerala Harin Pathak, 67, BJP Ahmedabad East, Gujarat Ajit Singh, 75 RLD Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh Vilas Baburao Mut- 1967 Highest polling station in 2009: AuleyPhu (Leh) STAR MPS 8 7 terms elected P Chidambaram, 69, INC Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu POLL BYTES 9 elected Kamal Nath, 68, INC, Chhindwara (Madhya Pradesh) Shibu Soren, 70, JMM Dumka, Jharkhand Research: M Ramakrishnan Graphic: Malay Karmakar 8 terms Arjun Charan Sethi, 73, BJD Bhadrak, Odisha Prashant Jha 10 terms elected 10 Manikrao Hodlya Gavit, 80, INC, Nandurbar, Maharashtra RULES OF DEMOCRACY: 65 YEARS AND GOING There is no greater democratic spectacle than elections. Each Indian election, bigger and larger in scale than the preceding one, is the grandest experiment the world has in representative politics. The 16th Lok Sabha elections come at a crucial time in the country’s history The happy India story – of a coun. try on the upswing, with high growth rates and a huge middle class, feted as the next superpower – has hit the pause button. Democratic institutions are suffering from a crisis of credibility Growth rates are down, employ. ment generation is limited, and uncomfortable questions about cosy politician-businessman networks are out in the open. Indian industry is unhappy, but so are civil society groups who believe not enough has been done to tackle inequality and corruption. The nature of the contenders makes this an even more significant election. On one hand is a tottering ruling party, unable to reach out to the common citizen. On the other is an opposition led by a ‘strongman’, whose commitment to the secular character of the state is questioned. Besides the regional outfits, there is also an emerging political force that taps into the anti-establishment sentiment, but it has not yet laid out its prescription for the future. Which way will Indian voters go? Who will govern India for the next five years? As the electorate prepares to answer those questions, HT takes a look back at India’s electoral history . 11 Minimum 118 RAJA L D in Chennai South 4 constituencies) `0.2cr `0.13cr Rajasthan (`5.07cr Kerala (`2.57cr for for 25 constituencies) 20 constituencies)

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