Organizing an essay


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Basics of writing an English essay

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Organizing an essay

  1. 1. Organizing and Writing Essays By: Ramin Basiratzadeh
  2. 2. What is an essay? (Definition and Structure)  It is an organized piece of writing including five or more paragraphs  It is about one specific topic that has some main points  These points are introduced in an introductory paragraph.  They are supported in body paragraphs.  The essay ends with the conclusion part.
  3. 3. Pre Writing Prewriting provides structure and meaning to the topic. It organizes the ideas and prevents the writer from becoming frustrated. Prewriting exercises can help to focus on ideas, determine a
  4. 4. Prewriting techniques • Listing • Freewriting • Looping • Boomerang • Clustering • Cubing • Interviewing • The cross examination • Sketching • Dramatizing the subject
  5. 5. Outline An outline is a plan that helps organizing and structuring ideas in a way that effectively conveys them to the reader and supports thesis statement. Essay outline   Introduction Body thesis statement ---------- 1) Topic sentence--------a. Supporting idea-------b. supporting idea-------- outline can be very informal and it is simply jotting down thesis statement, what the introduction will discuss, what writer says in the body of the paper, and what includes in the conclusion. c. Supporting idea-------2) Topic sentence--------a. Supporting idea--------b. supporting idea--------c. Supporting idea--------- formal outlines have numbered and lettered headings and subheadings. This will help the writer to show the relationships between the ideas, facts, and information. 3) Topic sentence--------a. Supporting idea---------b. supporting idea---------- c. Supporting idea----------  conclusion
  6. 6. T he Introduction (opening) context of the essay the response to the question or the overall focus of the essay Structure & organization of the essay Thesis statement conveys the idea of the entire essay and is usually (not always) the last sentence of the first paragraph of the essay. A thesis statement shows essay’s limited subject and your point of view, or attitude, about the subject.
  7. 7. The Body The Body Each paragraph contains: A topic sentence that expands your theme and makes a transition from the previous paragraph Development of ideas that support your essay's theme An ending sentence that wraps up the paragraph and helps to transition into the next paragraph topic sentence is the most general sentence in the paragraph. It appears at or near the start of the paragraph and states the paragraph’s main point
  8. 8. The conclusion The conclusion brings the essay to a close with a definitive statement about the thesis.  Has all available research been offered?  Are there avenues of discussion not presented here?  Is the thesis correct, incorrect, or inconclusive?  Are there other acceptable possibilities?  Are there other resources for similar information?
  9. 9. Revision  Revision gives new life to your writing. The first stage involves going through the draft and reorganizing main ideas and supporting ideas so that they are grouped in a way that is understandable to your reader. Your organization will usually first put forward stronger points (in an argument), earlier information (for a narrative), or background (in many cases). However you organize, your readers need to understand what you are trying to communicate.  After that, refine your arguments and evidence, your descriptions, and all of the details, so that they give a sense of the writing being of one piece, or a whole. Let one description arise from another, or one piece of evidence support the next. Put all of the pieces in that are needed, and remove those that are not.