Final report ACE

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Final report ACE

  1. 1. Sinamangal, Kathmandu Project Management A project plan for Reducing goat meat import in Nepal Submitted To: Dr. Mahendra Prasad Shrestha Submitted by: Dipendra Nepal Dipta Raj Parajuli Dipesh Rijal Rameshwor Prajapati MBAe (VII Trimester)
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.1 BACKGROUND.........................................................................................................................................2 1.2 OBJECTIVES ...........................................................................................................................................3 1.3 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY...................................................................................................................4 2. METHODOLOGY.....................................................................................................................................5 2.1 THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT..........................................................................................................5 2.2 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS.......................................................................................................5 3 SWOT ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................................8 WEAKNESSES AND THREATS........................................................................................................................8 STRENGTH AND OPPORTUNITY.....................................................................................................................8 4.1 REQUIREMENTS......................................................................................................................................9 4.1.1 Service Provider in Goat Promotion.............................................................................................9 4.1.2 Live Goat Marketing....................................................................................................................10 4.1.3 Live Goat Marketing for Meat Purpose.......................................................................................11 4.2 IMPLEMENTATION.................................................................................................................................13 2.2.1 Establish Farmer Managed Boer Goat Breeding Centers..........................................................13 2.2.2 Strengthen and Expand Goat Resource/Breeding Centers..........................................................13 2.2.3 Support Existing Commercial Goat Farms.................................................................................14 5. MILESTONES, ACTIVITIES AND SCHEDULE................................................................................14 6. CONCLUSION.........................................................................................................................................17 7. RECOMMENDATION............................................................................................................................17 8. REFERENCE............................................................................................................................................19
  3. 3. 1. Introduction Livestock production is an important agricultural sub-sector in Nepal, accounting for approximately 39 percent of agricultural GDP. Numerous people are involved in the production, slaughtering, processing, and trading of livestock and livestock products. Over 2 million households own cattle, and over 1.4 million households raise chickens. Livestock is also an integral part of the agricultural production system in Nepal. Livestock are used for draft power in cultivation, and their dung is used to help enrich soil fertility. In the Terai, bullocks and buffalo bulls pull carts used to ferry around people, agricultural commodities, and inputs, while in the Hills and the Mountains, mules, donkeys, yaks, and even sheep and goats are used to transport goods. In addition to their use in production, livestock is also an important source of animal protein for farm families through the consumption of milk, milk products, eggs, and meat, and an important source of cash income. Sales of livestock, livestock products, and livestock services make up a considerable proportion of the average farmers cash income. By contrast, livestock production is the fastest growing sub-sector that makes a major contribution to the agricultural sector overall. 1
  4. 4. 1.1 Background Goat rearing is an appropriate intervention in a capital scarce situation and that it can contribute significantly to household income without interfering with the main occupation of the women. The goat backyard based production systems are less capital-intensive than larger enterprises and can often be financed by dormant rural savings. These farmers largely depend on livestock for their existence. Traditionally, they are bulk producers of milk and meat and most of them are unable to meet the requirements set by financial institutions and other loan giving agencies for agricultural loans. Thus, the small and land less farmers can get neither the opportunity to generate sufficient income to support the family nor to extend the livestock activities. So, it is important to review the present approach to not only to increase livestock productivity, but also to increase cash income and self employment and thereby improve the lives of these farm families. Increased production efficiency can be expected from goats because they have higher reproductive efficiency with the potential for increased litter size, shorter gestation intervals and relatively higher fertility compared to large ruminants. For these reasons, small-scale farmers are more inclined to raise goats when feed is a major constraint. 2
  5. 5. Production practices Goats are grazed, fed on low quality crop residues and household waste. They have, due to their smaller body size, obvious advantages over cattle as sources of meat and cash income. Although cutting grass and grazing animals, are male dominated activities, women play a very vital role in small ruminant activities, especially older women. Children play a role in raising small ruminants and some about 4 hours a day. Women clean goat houses and feed and water the animals. Goat breeds The major goat breeds found in Nepal are: Khari, Chyangra, Sinhal, Terai, Jamunapuri crosses 1.2 Objectives The main objective of this project is to make our country Nepal self depended on goat meat. Since we cannot drastically increase the production of the goat, for this purpose we have kept 3 milestones. According to our milestones we will be decreasing the total 3
  6. 6. import of goat by 50% in 2012, by 75% in 2013 and by 100% in 2015. In the year 2015, the demand of the goat will be fulfilled by the local produced goat breeds. 1.3 Limitations of the study This study is focused mainly on reviewing the secondary information. One of the major limitations in this project is lack of reliable and comprehensive information on production, consumption, price and marketing channels and volumes going through these channel and actors involved. Due to unavailability of reliable data on level of consumption, supply of meat animals (goat) difficulties in projecting future demand and supply for different geographical regions was encountered. Moreover, in absence of time series information it was not possible to analyze in detail the historical gaps. 4
  7. 7. 2. Methodology 2.1 The structure of the Project Firstly we will try to find out the projected goat meat for the five years from the data collected. Then we will look for the different requirements that will be needed. Further we will present the implementation plan to fulfill our objectives of reducing the total goat import to 0 in year 2015. 2.2 Data Collection and Analysis For this project the main source of the data is the secondary data. To have the projection of figures, we have done the general ratio analysis. The analysis has been shown in the tabulated form. According to Development Indicator of ADB, the population of Nepal is 29.25 millions (2009) with the annual population growth rate of 1.9. Now the population of Nepal from year 2011 till next five years will be as projected below. S.No. Year Population (millions) 5
  8. 8. 1 2011 30.38 2 2012 30.96 3 2013 31.55 4 2014 32.15 5 2015 32.76 From the data published by Ministry of Agriculture, the goat meat production of Nepal is 48472 Metric Tons (2009) with the annual meat production rate of 4. S.No. Year Goat Meat (Metric Tons) 1 2011 52427.32 2 2012 54524.41 3 2013 56705.38 4 2014 58973.6 5 2015 61332.54 6
  9. 9. According to Central Animal Quarantine Office, the net import of live goat is 295516 (2009) with the annual import rate of 6.8. S.No. Year Net Import of Live Goat 1 2011 337073 2 2012 359994 3 2013 384474 4 2014 410618 5 2015 438540 We have taken on an average 21 kg per goats to estimate the total meat of goat from import. S.No. Year Net Import of Goat Meat (Metric Tons) 1 2011 7078.53 2 2012 7559.87 3 2013 8073.95 4 2014 8622.98 5 2015 9209.34 7
  10. 10. 3 SWOT Analysis Weaknesses and Threats • Co-operation amongst existing small-scale goat farmers needed • Although goats are known to be highly resistant to diseases, other contamination by insects, mites and other parasites which could prove detrimental to the health of the goats • Theft of goats while out for grazing • Lack of funding and limited capital • Poor management practices Strength and Opportunity • Low level of skill requirements and expertise for the operations of a goat farming • Goats can produce well in different environments and are widely distributed in diverse habitats such as: mountain, hill, terai • Goats can live even when there are: water shortages, food shortages, very hot and variable temperatures (changing from hot to cold. • Goats have a short gestation period (only 5 months) and often give twins. The average kids per goat are thus 3 kids per annum. • Goats are well adapted to many environments • Goats are a very good source of income and food if well managed 8
  11. 11. • Goat’s milk has more calcium, phosphorous and chlorine than cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is better for the family as it has a “High Nutritional Content.” This means it is a very high quality food and very good for young and old. Some people cannot drink cow’s milk. They have an “allergy” to it. This is why some children are reared on goat’s milk when cow’s milk and all else has failed. Nobody is allergic to goat’s milk. Higher prices can be obtained for goat milk. • In the space and using the same feed you need to keep a cow you can keep 6 to 10 goats. Goats thus do not need big areas to graze like cattle. • Goat farming uses small doses of medicine (drugs) which is cheap and easy to maintain • Goats make very good manure. Droppings are used to improve crop yields • Goats require less labor and time per head compared to cattle 4. Strategy 4.1 Requirements 4.1.1 Service Provider in Goat Promotion There are several service providers extending different services in following Areas • Technical service: District Livestock Services Office and service centers, Agro- vets 9
  12. 12. • Financial services: Financial institutions (MFIs, Banks, Cooperatives), Poverty Alleviation Fund, NGOs. • Marketing services: Private sectors (traders, meat entrepreneurs), Cooperatives, institutional consumers The analysis of various actors mentioned reveals that there is not a single agency that is strong enough to provide all kinds of services from single window. As a result, the producers have to run around knocking different agencies for different services. So we will work on to collaborate the different service providers so that the producers will be benefited which helps in the production of the goat. 4.1.2 Live Goat Marketing Live goats are marketed both for meat and breeding purpose. Live goats for breeding purpose are procured in two ways. i. By rearing farmers or the procurement committees formed by the farmers groups. ii. By the agency distributing the goats. There are no established markets for buying breeding buck and doe where one can buy or sale such animals. In most of the rural areas, buying and selling of breeding goats takes 10
  13. 13. place between farmers to farmers. The flow diagram of supply of breeding goats showing different functionaries is presented below. Figure: Supply of Breeding Goats to Farmers 4.1.3 Live Goat Marketing for Meat Purpose Live goat marketing for meat is largely a traditional business and it operates mostly informally. There are different models in practice. In rural areas, where consumers have direct contact with the producer farmers, there is no involvement of middleman. In the district market centers (primary markets) and road side markets, the village traders and or butchers/ vendors are involved between consumers and the producer farmers. But in major markets like Kathmandu, Pokhara (terminal markets), many different supply models operates involving different market functionaries. Nepal Food Corporation, a subsidiary of the government sells some goats particularly during the major festival of Dashain. The different supply chain and functionaries involved are presented below. 11
  14. 14. Figure: Selling System of Goat Meat and Products Figure: Marketing Channels for Goats and its Bi-Products 12
  15. 15. 4.2 Implementation We will be following the 3 approaches listed below. i. Establish farmer managed Boer goat breeding centers (targeted for promotion of intensive goat production system). ii. Strengthen and expand goat resource/breeding centers (targeted to meet the demands of the poor farmers). iii. Support the existing commercial farming systems. 2.2.1 Establish Farmer Managed Boer Goat Breeding Centers Boer goat has gained worldwide (tropics to temperate) recognition for fast growth and desirable meat quality. It reaches 40-50kg in 7 months of age and the mature weights for buck and does are 90-130kg and 80-100kg respectively. It has received a high level of appreciation by the Nepalese farmers too. Given the daily weight gain of 200gm/day against 50-60gm/day for Khari goats, Boer has high potential to attract the youth and increase the share of goat in national meat supply significantly. 2.2.2 Strengthen and Expand Goat Resource/Breeding Centers We will have to manage the program to further expand the goat resource centers in support of the poverty alleviation goat programs implemented by a number of agencies. The goat resource centers should be supported with the followings. i. Development and implementation of breeding plan. ii. Recording facilities. 13
  16. 16. iii. Pen construction on partnership basis. iv. Intensification of farm boundaries with appropriate browse species. v. Supply of improved (Boer) bucks. vi. Business and technical skills. vii. Necessary veterinary services through private practitioners and support to maintain minimum basic veterinary drugs. viii. Facilitation in borrowing. ix. Implementation of insurance schemes. x. Goat marketing. 2.2.3 Support Existing Commercial Goat Farms We will have to support the existing commercial goat farms through training (feeding, breeding, health, and business management), support in hygienic pen construction, develop feed resource base, supply of improved bucks (Boer), and provision of veterinary services through private service providers and support to maintain minimum basic veterinary drugs, facilitation in borrowing, implementation of insurance schemes, and goat marketing. 5. Milestones, Activities and Schedule The projected goat meat in metric tones for the 5 successive years from 2011 to 2015 is shown below. 14
  17. 17. GoatMeatForecast 59505.85 62084.28 64779.34 67596.58 70541.88 52427.32 54524.41 56705.38 58973.60 61332.54 7078.53 7559.87 8073.95 8622.98 9209.34 0.00 10000.00 20000.00 30000.00 40000.00 50000.00 60000.00 70000.00 80000.00 1 2 3 4 5 Year Meat(MetricTones) Consumption Production Import In order by meet our project objectives we will have the increase the production of goat by 1, 79,997 in year 2012; 2, 88,356 in year 2013; 3, 69,556 in year 2014 and finally 4, 38,540 in year 2015 so that we are able to decreasing the total import of goat by 50% in 2012, by 75% in 2013 and by 100% in 2015. The chart of the Production forecast that will fulfill our objectives is given below 15
  18. 18. Production Forecast 59505.85 62084.28 64779.34 67596.58 70541.88 7078.53 3779.94 2018.49 862.30 0.00 52427.32 58304.34 62760.85 66734.28 70541.88 0.00 10000.00 20000.00 30000.00 40000.00 50000.00 60000.00 70000.00 80000.00 1 2 3 4 5 Year Meat(MetricTones) Consumption Production Import 16
  19. 19. 6. Conclusion In order to meet our objective we have to emphasizing commercial production through improved access to services, access to quality inputs like breeding stock, breeding services, veterinary services, national disease control programs, marketing services and enabling environment. 7. Recommendation Improving relationships among stakeholders in the goat marketing chain for addressing effective technology transfer, consumer education, the need to address environmental concerns as well as establishing appropriate quality assurance, credit and marketing management systems should receive attention. The recommendation is as follows. • Strengthen and expand farmers managed 'Goat Resource Centers' for the supply of quality breeding goats for distribution. • Increase the productivity, breeding efficiency and production of local goats, crossbreds and exotic breeds to satisfy the needs and quality specifications required by the market. • Train farmers in proper goat management prior to enrolling them on the goat program. This includes a comprehensive and practical training on; goat health, goat breed and selection, forages/ feed and feeding management, goat fattening management, goat marketing and entrepreneurship development. In this way, 17
  20. 20. losses are minimized benefiting goat raisers and resulting in increased competitiveness. • Improve farmer’s knowledge about breed selection so as to overcome continuous inbreeding. This is considered a serious limitation for goat breeding. In addition, discourage the current practice of selecting healthy and good quality bucks for religious sacrifices and the castration of good ones for meat production (negative selection). • Ensure goat raisers have sufficient fodder and access to sources of alternative feed supplementation options which is cost-effective (e.g. crop residues) throughout the year. This is to ensure that goat raisers have access to a regular supply of fodder and/feed so as to produce healthy goats which meets the market’s requirements for goats with minimum body weight. • Strengthen market networks from villages, districts/ regional to national markets and make marketing information system operational. 18
  21. 21. 8. Reference http://www.doanepal.gov.np http://www.adb.org/Documents/Fact_Sheets/NEP.pdf http://www.moac.gov.np/publicatins/statistics/new/New Livestock.pdf http://mof.gov.np/publication/budget/2010/survey.php http://www.caqo.gov.np/index.php?pg=publications 19

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