System Development Life Cycle
SDLC
The main idea of the SDLC has been “to pursue the development
of information systems in...
SDLC
• An organizational process of developing and maintaining
systems.
• Helps in establishing a system project plan

(as...
• In a system the different components are
connected with each other and they are
interdependent.

• Objective: it demands...
Phases of Software Development Cycle
1. Problem Definition
2. System Study
3. Feasibility Study
4. System Analysis
5. Syst...
SDLC Methodology
• SDLC Methodology is a framework that is used to
Structure, Plan, and Control the process of
developing ...
FEASIBILITY
STUDY
On the basis of result of the initial study, feasibility study
takes place.
• Defn : The feasibility study is basically the test of
the proposed system in the light of its
Workability, meeting user’...
Uses of Feasibility Analysis
• Guide organizations to make decisions
• Identifies risks associated with the proposed
proje...
8 TECHNIQUES OF FEASIBILITY
1. Technical Feasibility
• Can we build the system?
• Familiarity with application and technology. Less
familiarity genera...
2. Economic Feasibility
• Should we build the system?
• Also called cost benefit analysis.
• More concern with costs:
– De...
3. Organizational Feasibility
• Is the project strategically aligned with the business
objectives?

• To understand how we...
• Champion
–
–
–
–

Initiates the project
Promotes the project
Allocates time to the project
Provides resources

• Organiz...
4. Operational Feasibility
• When it is found that the project is both economic
and technical feasible, the next step is t...
5. Social Feasibility
• Social feasibility is a determination of whether a
project will be acceptable to the people or not...
6. Management Feasibility
• It is a determination of whether a proposed
project will be acceptable to management.
• If man...
7. Legal Feasibility
• Legal feasibility is a determination of whether a
proposed project infringes on known Acts,
Statuse...
8. Time Feasibility
• Is a determination of whether a proposed
project can be implemented fully within a
stipulated time f...
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system development life cycle

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system development life cycle

  1. 1. System Development Life Cycle SDLC The main idea of the SDLC has been “to pursue the development of information systems in a very deliberate structured and methodical way, requiring each stage of the life cycle from inception of the idea to delivery of the final system, to be carried out rigidly and sequentially”
  2. 2. SDLC • An organizational process of developing and maintaining systems. • Helps in establishing a system project plan (as it gives overall list of processes and sub processes required for developing a system) • SDLC is a combination of various activities • Oldest formalized methodology framework for building information systems. • In SAD terminology, SDLC means Software Development Life Cycle.
  3. 3. • In a system the different components are connected with each other and they are interdependent. • Objective: it demands that some output is produced as a result of processing the suitable inputs. • Uses: To develop large scale functional business systems in an age of large scale business firms.
  4. 4. Phases of Software Development Cycle 1. Problem Definition 2. System Study 3. Feasibility Study 4. System Analysis 5. System Design 6. Coding 7. Testing 8. Implementation 9. Post Implementation 10.Maintenance PS Future SSC TIP Man
  5. 5. SDLC Methodology • SDLC Methodology is a framework that is used to Structure, Plan, and Control the process of developing an information system • Different Software Development Approaches – – – – – Waterfall : A linear framework Prototyping : An iterative framework Incremental : A combined linear iterative framework Spiral : A combined linear iterative framework Rapid Application Development (RAD) : An iterative framework – Extreme Programming
  6. 6. FEASIBILITY STUDY On the basis of result of the initial study, feasibility study takes place.
  7. 7. • Defn : The feasibility study is basically the test of the proposed system in the light of its Workability, meeting user’s Requirements, effective use of Resources and its Cost effectiveness. (WR2C) • The main goal of feasibility study is not to solve the problem but to achieve the scope • In the process of feasibility study, the cost and benefits are estimated with greater accuracy.
  8. 8. Uses of Feasibility Analysis • Guide organizations to make decisions • Identifies risks associated with the proposed project. • Assessing Project Feasibility
  9. 9. 8 TECHNIQUES OF FEASIBILITY
  10. 10. 1. Technical Feasibility • Can we build the system? • Familiarity with application and technology. Less familiarity generates more risk. • Project Size: Large projects have more risk • Compatibility: The harder to integrate the system with the company’s exists technology, higher the risk.
  11. 11. 2. Economic Feasibility • Should we build the system? • Also called cost benefit analysis. • More concern with costs: – Development Costs – Annual operating costs – Annual benefits (cost and revenue) – Intangible costs and benefits
  12. 12. 3. Organizational Feasibility • Is the project strategically aligned with the business objectives? • To understand how well the goals of the project align with business objectives • Most affected groups in introducing new system: 1. Project Champion 2. Senior Management 3. Users 4. Other stakeholders
  13. 13. • Champion – – – – Initiates the project Promotes the project Allocates time to the project Provides resources • Organizational Management – Know about the project – Budget enough money for the project – Encourage users to accept and use the system • System Users – Make decisions that influence the system – Perform hand on activities for the project – Determine whether the project success or not
  14. 14. 4. Operational Feasibility • When it is found that the project is both economic and technical feasible, the next step is to determine whether it is operationally feasible or not. • Will the system operate in a way that user wants. • Operational feasibility depends upon human resources for the development and implementation of the system • User involvement is more required.
  15. 15. 5. Social Feasibility • Social feasibility is a determination of whether a project will be acceptable to the people or not. • This determination examines the probability of the project being accepted by the group directly affected by the proposed system change.
  16. 16. 6. Management Feasibility • It is a determination of whether a proposed project will be acceptable to management. • If management does not accept a project or gives a negligible support to it, the analyst will tend to view the project as a non feasible one.
  17. 17. 7. Legal Feasibility • Legal feasibility is a determination of whether a proposed project infringes on known Acts, Statuses, as well as any pending legislation. • In some instances the project might appear sound, on closer investigation it may be found to infringe in several legal areas.
  18. 18. 8. Time Feasibility • Is a determination of whether a proposed project can be implemented fully within a stipulated time frame. • If a project takes too much time it is likely to be rejected.
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