Mid Term presentation    Based onWire Line project   Company-: Reliance Comm. Ltd         Name-:raman sanoria             ...
Geographical Information System• A geographic information system (GIS) is any system  that captures, stores, analyzes, man...
GIS techniques and technology• Modern GIS technologies use digital information, for  which various digitized data creation...
Data RepresentationGIS data represents real objects with digital data. Real  objects can be divided into two abstractions:...
Applications•   Scientific investigations•   Resource management,•   Urban planning•   Geographic history•    GIS can be u...
Network Engineer Software• An overview-:With Network Engineer software we  are able to create, manage, and manipulate your...
Network Engineer Software Document end-to-end communications networks.
Network Engineer Software
Network Engineer SoftwareNetwork Engineer supports multiple network technologies. Diagram depicts coppercable connection t...
Main ToolbarThe Main toolbar can be displayed by selectingView > Toolbars > Main Toolbar.
Work Order of NECreating Work Order-> Select Network Engineer > WorkOrder Manager. The system displays the Work Order dial...
Optical Fiber Comm. SystemInformation   Electrical    Optical      Optical Fibresource        transmit      source       c...
Single                       Optical fibres             modeSingle Mode Fibers are high quality fibers forwideband, long-h...
Diagram of total internalreflection in an Optical Fiber
Optical fibresBuffer/jacket color          MeaningYellow                       single-mode optical fiberOrange            ...
Optical fibre colour scheme       Position            Jacket color1                 Blue2                 Orange3         ...
Optical Fiber Tools1.Stipper: It is an instrument mainly used to remove thecore and cladding from the glass fiber.2. Fiber...
Optical Fiber Tools3.An optical time-domain  reflectometer (OTDR) is an  optoelectronic instrument used to  characterize a...
Optical Fiber Connections•   Fiber Splices-: A permanent joint formed between two    individual optical fibers in the fiel...
Optical Fiber Connections• Fusion Splicing technique involves the heating of two  prepared fiber ends to their fusing poin...
Optical Fiber Connections            Internal view of Fusion Splicer
Optical Fiber Connections
Optical Fiber Connections1. Enclosure is also a suitable        Enclosuretechnique to connect two endsof optical fiber dur...
Optical Fiber Connections
Optical fiber losses1. Coupling losses-:Ideally, optical signals coupled between   fiber optic components are transmitted ...
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Wire line project by raman sanoria

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Wire line project

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Wire line project by raman sanoria

  1. 1. Mid Term presentation Based onWire Line project Company-: Reliance Comm. Ltd Name-:raman sanoria Roll no-:RH6802A24
  2. 2. Geographical Information System• A geographic information system (GIS) is any system that captures, stores, analyzes, manages the present data that are linked to location.
  3. 3. GIS techniques and technology• Modern GIS technologies use digital information, for which various digitized data creation methods are used. The most common method of data creation is digitization, where a hard copy map or survey plan is transferred into a digital medium through the use of a Computer Aided Design (CAD) program.
  4. 4. Data RepresentationGIS data represents real objects with digital data. Real objects can be divided into two abstractions: 1.Discrete objects 2.Continous Feilds
  5. 5. Applications• Scientific investigations• Resource management,• Urban planning• Geographic history• GIS can be used by a company to site a new business location to take advantage of a previously under served market.
  6. 6. Network Engineer Software• An overview-:With Network Engineer software we are able to create, manage, and manipulate your telecommunications facility data within a geographical information system (GIS) environment. Network Engineer supports copper, coaxial, wireless, and fiber networks in two environments: Inside Plant (ISP) and Outside Plant (OSP). Features are listed below-:• Structure• Span• Transport media• Drop line
  7. 7. Network Engineer Software Document end-to-end communications networks.
  8. 8. Network Engineer Software
  9. 9. Network Engineer SoftwareNetwork Engineer supports multiple network technologies. Diagram depicts coppercable connection to fiber cable.
  10. 10. Main ToolbarThe Main toolbar can be displayed by selectingView > Toolbars > Main Toolbar.
  11. 11. Work Order of NECreating Work Order-> Select Network Engineer > WorkOrder Manager. The system displays the Work Order dialogbox.
  12. 12. Optical Fiber Comm. SystemInformation Electrical Optical Optical Fibresource transmit source cable Optical Electrical Destination Detector receive
  13. 13. Single Optical fibres modeSingle Mode Fibers are high quality fibers forwideband, long-haul transmission and aregenerally fabricated from doped silica in orderto reduce attenuation. Multi modeMulti Mode fibers may be fabricated fromeither multi component glass compounds ordoped silica. These fibers can havereasonable large core diameters and largenumerical apertures to facilitate efficientcoupling to incoherent light source.
  14. 14. Diagram of total internalreflection in an Optical Fiber
  15. 15. Optical fibresBuffer/jacket color MeaningYellow single-mode optical fiberOrange Multi-mode optical fiber 10 gig laser-optimized 50/125 micrometer multi-modeAqua optical fiberGrey Outdated color code for multi-mode optical fiber
  16. 16. Optical fibre colour scheme Position Jacket color1 Blue2 Orange3 Green4 Brown5 Slate6 White7 Red8 Black9 Yellow10 Violet11 Rose12 Aqua
  17. 17. Optical Fiber Tools1.Stipper: It is an instrument mainly used to remove thecore and cladding from the glass fiber.2. Fiber Optic Cleaver is used to cutthe fiberglass to make a good end face,as we know the quality of the bare fiberendface will determine the quality of thejoint of the fibers in the fiber opticfusion process, and the joint pointquality means higher or lowerattenuation of the fiber connection line.
  18. 18. Optical Fiber Tools3.An optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) is an optoelectronic instrument used to characterize an optical fiber. An OTDR injects a series of optical pulses into the fiber under test. It also extracts, from the same end of the fiber, light that is scattered or reflected back from points along the fiber.
  19. 19. Optical Fiber Connections• Fiber Splices-: A permanent joint formed between two individual optical fibers in the field or factory is known as fiber Splice. Fiber Splice has mainly two techniques named below-: 1.Fusion Splicing 2.Mechanical Splicing
  20. 20. Optical Fiber Connections• Fusion Splicing technique involves the heating of two prepared fiber ends to their fusing point with the application of sufficient axial pressure between two optical fibers. Fiber Optic Fusion Splicer
  21. 21. Optical Fiber Connections Internal view of Fusion Splicer
  22. 22. Optical Fiber Connections
  23. 23. Optical Fiber Connections1. Enclosure is also a suitable Enclosuretechnique to connect two endsof optical fiber during fiber cut.Internal view of Enclosure-:Whenever there is a fibercut dueto any construction work of roadside using JCB machines or dueto another reason an enclosure isused to re-establish the connectionto clear the route and to reduce thelosses.
  24. 24. Optical Fiber Connections
  25. 25. Optical fiber losses1. Coupling losses-:Ideally, optical signals coupled between fiber optic components are transmitted with no loss of light. However, there is always some type of imperfection present at fiber optic connections that causes some loss of light. It is the amount of optical power lost at fiber optic connections that is a concern of system d2. Fiber bend loss-: Opticals fiber suffer radiation losses at bends or curves on their paths. This is due to the energy in the evanescent field at the bend exceeding the velocity of light in the cladding and hence the guidance mechanism is inhibited which causes light energy to be radiated from the fiber.
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