Gsm introduction made by raman sanoria
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Gsm introduction made by raman sanoria






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Gsm introduction made by raman sanoria Gsm introduction made by raman sanoria Presentation Transcript

  • HISTORY• GSM criteria – – Good subjective speech quality – Low terminal and service cost – Support for international roaming – one system for all of Europe – Ability to support handheld terminals – Support for range of new services and facilities – Enhanced Features – ISDN compatibility – Enhance privacy – Security against fraud
  • System Architecture• Mobile Station (MS) Mobile Equipment (ME) Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)• Base Station Subsystem (BBS) Base Transceiver Station (BTS) Base Station Controller (BSC)• Network Subsystem Mobile Switching Center (MSC) Home Location Register (HLR) Visitor Location Register (VLR) Authentication Center (AUC) Equipment Identity Register (EIR)
  • System ArchitectureMobile Station (MS)The Mobile Station is made up of two entities:3. Mobile Equipment (ME)2. Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)
  • System ArchitectureMobile Station (MS) contd.Mobile Equipment• Produced by many different manufacturers• Must obtain approval from the standardization body• Uniquely identified by an IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity)
  • System ArchitectureMobile Station (MS) contd.Subscriber Identity Module (SIM)• Smart card containing the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI)• Allows user to send and receive calls and receive other subscribed services• Encoded network identification details• Protected by a password or PIN• Can be moved from phone to phone – contains key information to activate the phone
  • System ArchitectureBase Station Subsystem (BSS)Base Station Subsystem is composed of two parts that communicate across the standardized Abis interface allowing operation between components made by different suppliers3. Base Transceiver Station (BTS)5. Base Station Controller (BSC)
  • System ArchitectureBase Station Subsystem (BSS) contd.Base Transceiver Station (BTS)• Houses the radio transceivers that define a cell• Handles radio-link protocols with the Mobile Station• Speech and data transmissions from the MS are recoded• Requirements for BTS: ruggedness reliability portability minimum costs
  • System ArchitectureBase Station Subsystem (BSS) contd.Base Station Controller (BSC)• Manages Resources for BTS• Handles call set up• Location update• Handover for each MS
  • System ArchitectureNetwork SubsystemMobile Switching Center (MSC)• Switch speech and data connections between: Base Station Controllers Mobile Switching Centers GSM-networks Other external networks• Heart of the network• Three main jobs: 1) connects calls from sender to receiver 2) collects details of the calls made and received 3) supervises operation of the rest of the network components
  • System ArchitectureNetwork Subsystem contd.• Home Location Registers (HLR) - contains administrative information of each subscriber - current location of the mobile• Visitor Location Registers (VLR) - contains selected administrative information from the HLR - authenticates the user - tracks which customers have the phone on and ready to receive a call - periodically updates the database on which phones are turned on and ready to receive calls
  • System ArchitectureNetwork Subsystem contd.• Authentication Center (AUC) - mainly used for security - data storage location and functional part of the network - Ki is the primary element• Equipment Identity Register (EIR) - Database that is used to track handsets using the IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) - Made up of three sub-classes: The White List, The Black List and the Gray List - Optional database
  • System Architecture
  • Basic Features Provided by GSM• Call Waiting - Notification of an incoming call while on the handset• Call Hold - Put a caller on hold to take another call• Call Barring - All calls, outgoing calls, or incoming calls• Call Forwarding - Calls can be sent to various numbers defined by the user• Multi Party Call Conferencing - Link multiple calls together
  • Advanced Features Provided byGSM• Calling Line ID - incoming telephone number displayed• Alternate Line Service - one for personal calls - one for business calls• Closed User Group - call by dialing last for numbers• Advice of Charge - tally of actual costs of phone calls• Fax & Data - Virtual Office / Professional Office• Roaming - services and features can follow customer from market to market
  • Future -- UMTS (Universal MobileTelephone System• Reasons for innovations - new service requirements - availability of new radio bands• User demands - seamless Internet-Intranet access - wide range of available services - compact, lightweight and affordable terminals - simple terminal operation - open, understandable pricing structures for the whole spectrum of available services
  • Advantages of GSM• Crisper, cleaner quieter calls• Security against fraud and eavesdropping• International roaming capability in over 100 countries• Improved battery life• Efficient network design for less expensive system expansion• Efficient use of spectrum• Advanced features such as short messaging and caller ID• A wide variety of handsets and accessories• High stability mobile fax and data at up to 9600 baud• Ease of use with over the air activation, and all account information is held in a smart card which can be moved from handset to handset