An Instant Virtual Enterprise (IVE) is a group of companies, that do not routinely function as a unit, come together to respond to a proposal of CIM. The task involves CAD, production, QA, Product planning, resource management etc.
In such an environment it is necessary for IVE companies to exchange and cooperatively manage the large amount of data.
A personnel information system provides information tailored to an individual, and delivered via a GPS of laptop, and access internet from any where any time, from waking up to bed time. Weather report, day special events, appointments, diet, best route, news headlines, sporting events, best investments, list of tasks, start of sale, best air ticket, best return route, preview of next day, by querying remote DBs.