SYNOPSIS• INTRODUCTION• HISTORY OF AI• WHAT IS AI?• EXAMPLES OF CURRENT AI• THE FUTURE OF AI• ARTIFICIAL WORLD WE LIVE IN• CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION• “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines”• Intelligence as exhibited by an artificial (man- made, non- natural, manufactured) entity.
HISTORYWHAT IS AI? Intelligence exhibited by an artificial entity. A system that perceives an environment and takes action that maximize its chances of success based on information given by programmer It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, software, games and etc..
HISTORYIMPORTANT PEOPLE IN THE EARLY STUDY OF AI:ALAN TURING -Father of modern computer science -concept of the algorithm JOHN MCCARTHY -Professor of computer science stanford university -coined the term artificial in 1955
- his research area has been the formalization of common sense knowledge ROBOTICS-machines that usually mimic human motion to perform automated tasks- robots can be given perception systems that allow observation and reaction to their environment
Early robots with AI• 1969:shakey,a robot,combines locomotion,perception and problem solving• 1979: the first computer-controlled autonomous vehicle,the stanford cart,is built• Lester earnest• Stanford artificial intelligence laboratory
WHAT IS AI?• “The study of intelligent behavior and the attempt to find ways in which such behavior could be engineered in any type of artifact”• “Putting human intelligence into a machine”
PROBLEM• Human intelligence is currently not fully understood• There is no method of determining when a machine is actually intelligent
DIVISIONS• Ai’s definition leads to divisions in what AI refers to• Two general types: - WEAK AI - STRONG AI
WEAK AI: - weak AI refers to AI that only simulates human thoughts and actionsSTRONG AI: - strong AI refers to AI that matches or exceeds human intelligence
EXAMPLES FOR CURRENT AI• AI IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE• CARS -self parking -cruise control -speech recognition BANKS -monitoring for fraud CELL PHONES -voice recognition
• INTERNET -search engines• SAFETY -vision recognition for life- guarding• SPORTS -physical exams
INTELLIGENT HOMES-Passive infrared sensors-Temperature sensors-Water heating control-Central heating control-Magnetic door and window contacts-Electricity and light sensors
MEDICINE• Computer enabled overlays(used during surgery)• Learning retinal implant system• Hearing aids
INTELLIGENT GAMES• Computer chess• Herzog zwei and dune II• Battle cruiser3000AD and creations• Far cry• Half-life
THE FUTURE OF AI• PREDICTING THE FUTURE• Predicting the future is always a hit and miss proposition,writes kevin anderson
GRADUAL CHANGE• Despite the rapid advance of technology, the advent of strong AI will be a gradual process• “The road from here to there is through thousands of these benign steps” said by Mr.kurzweil,author of two books on AI
THE NEAR FUTURE• Right now, Dr.brooks says that artificial intelligence is about at the same place the personal computer industry was in 1978• In 1978 the apple II was a year old and Atari had introduced the 400 and 800
JOBS/WORK• Even now we have robots taking over jobs• Right now Japan uses about 320 robots of all sorts per 10000 employees, while Germany uses 148 industrial robots per 10000 employees, Italy 116, Sweden 99 and between 50 and 80 each in the united states
THE DISTANT FUTURE• “AI and robots are running 40 years behind computers” said Dr.Harvey• Although they are far behind it will only be a matter of time before they become as regular as cell phones are in your everyday life
AI IS EVERYWHERE• In fact, artificial intelligence already inhabits our lives• “Fuel injections systems in our cars use learning algorithms. Jet turbines are designed using genetic algorithms, which are both example of AI” says Dr.Rondey Brooks, the director of MIT’s Artificial Intelligence laboratory.
THE ARTIFICAL WORLD WE LIVE IN• A article written by DOUG YURCHEY• “The universe is unreal. Life is unreal. Nature is not natural. DO we really live in The Matrix?”
CONCLUSION• Over the next four decades, despite many stumbling blocks, AI has grown from a dozen researchers, to thousands of engineers and specialists; and from programs capable of playing checkers, to systems designed to diagnose disease.• As we progress in the development of artificial intelligence, other theories are available, in addition to building on what we can do with AI.