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Bosnia

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A short description of the civil war in Bosnia

A short description of the civil war in Bosnia

Published in: Travel, Technology

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • 12.OOO
    • 50.000
    • 85%
  • 2. The Siege of Sarajevo April 5, 1992 – February 2, 1995
  • 3.
    • Start of the war
    • Forces involved
    • Bosnian government
    • (declared independence)
    • Yugoslav people’s army (JNA)
    • Bosnian Serbs
    • (wanted to create Republic Srpska)
    • First casualty
    • groom's father killed at a Serb wedding procession on the first day of the referendum
    • April 5 (Declaration of independence) anti war marches – two people killed by Serb gunmen – first casualties
  • 4. Early fighting for the city
    • JNA forces began to mobilize around the city
    • May 2, 1992 - complete
    • blockade of the city by the
    • Bosnian Serbs
    • Water, electricity, and
    • heating were cut off
    • Number of Serbian Forces < Number of Bosnian
    • 200 reinforced positions and bunkers
  • 5. 3.777 Shell impacts, July, 1995 329 Shell impacts/day
  • 6.
    • September 1993
    • Every building had a degree of damage
    • 35. 000 completely destroyed
    • Building of the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • National Library
  • 7. The siege of Sarajevo (1992-1993)
    • Major military positions – Serbian Control
    • “ Beware Sniper!” – “Sniper alleys”
    • Novo Sarajevo – taken by Serbs
    • Bosnian government – inferior armory  Sarajevo Tunnel (1993)
    • Arms embargo applied to Bosnia
    • 15 April, 1995 – 20 artilleries and 5 tanks
  • 8. Mass killings
    • June 1, 1993 – 15 killed, 80 injured during a football game
    • July 12, 1993 – 12 killed while waiting in line for water
    • February 5, 1994 – Markale marketplace massacre
    • 68 civilians killed – 200 wounded
  • 9. Aftermath
    • Dayton Agreement
    • Refugees returning to their homes
    • Serbs left for the Republic Srpska
    • 30% Serbs,1991  10% Serbs, 2002
    • Novo Sarajevo - formed East Sarajevo
  • 10.
    • 2004 most of the damage done to buildings during the siege was fixed
    • New construction projects
    • Scars of the siege of Sarajevo on its history may never fully disappear
  • 11. Don’t forget

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