Automatic fare collection overview in asia pacific


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AFC market in transportation market in Asia Pacific

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Automatic fare collection overview in asia pacific

  1. 1. Automatic Fare Collection in Transportation in Asia PacificTable of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Automatic Fare Collection and its significant in Urban Rail 3. Automatic Fare Collection Overview 3.1 Bangkok City 3.2 Jakarta City 3.3 Ho Chi Minh City 4. ConclusionsAnalysis by Ralph Yew email : etyew@hotmail.comAll right reserved
  2. 2. 1.0 I n t r o d u c t i o nUnited Nation recently released its global report mentioning that 60% of worldpopulation will be living in urban cities. Thus the global economic activities ranging fromindustrial production to services are going to be based in big cities. The improvement ofthe city population per capita income has led to need for greater mobility and movementas seen in the new urban rail public transportation services witnessed in megacitiesacross ASEAN, China and India.Government and transportation agencies around Asia Pacific are spending hugeamount of monies to improve urban rail infrastructure. Many has adopted new mode ofpayment for the transit for speed and efficiency. Thus, the technology of automatic farecollection ( AFC) is important in shaping and accelerate the passenger clearance in allthe metro and train station around the world each day.2.0 Automatic Fare Collection and its significant in Urban RailAFC is a new technology which is improved from the old system of magnetic-stripepaper ticket issue by human operator to vending type machines issuing either RFID chipbased PVC tickets or chip-based token combined with the ticket checker in form ofturnstile or electronic gate typed checker.The AFC helps to improved rail passenger ridership experience and services with fewinterruptions and saves time. Major cities like Shanghai, Seoul, Hong Kong andSingapore have rail passenger ridership exceeding 1 billion each year and it isimpossible to rely on bank notes and coins.Analysis by Ralph Yew email : etyew@hotmail.comAll right reserved
  3. 3. AFC technology like Ticket Vending machines issuing Chip based Cards, Token based, ,all play a key role in improving service efficiency and reducing risk in areas such asfraud and poor revenue collection for the urban rail operators operators.3.0 Automatic Fare Collection Overview3.1 BangkokThe SRT operator is expanding its metro network in Bangkok and AFC is part of itsrequirement.Analysis by Ralph Yew email : etyew@hotmail.comAll right reserved
  4. 4. 3.2 JakartaJakarta Metro is building its first elevated mass transit ( MRT ) to start in 2012 and AFCgrowth potential is likely here.3.3 Ho Chi Minh CityHo Chi Minh with its 4 new lines of LRT will certainly allow for AFC implementation in abig way.4.0 ConclusionsThe use of Smart Card in Urban Rail transportation has taken off quite well in AsiaPacific. Most countries have implemented some form of automated fare collection (AFC)and electronic toll collection (ETC). Japan is perhaps the farthest ahead of the crowd,with a very mature contactless Smart Card ticketing system. Beginning from masstransit railways, each railway line has its own pre-paid. The smart card system such asthe SUICA, TOICA, ICOCA and so forth. Cross compatibility agreements betweenrailways have been implemented , hence making it possible for passengers to cross thecountry with only one or two mass transit cards. Furthermore, utilization of these cardshas extended to retail outlets within the vicinity of the railway stations; hence the card isused as a pre-paid electronic wallet currently with auto reloads capabilities. Aside fromJapan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Taiwan seem to be on the fast track in thisdirection, with allowing acceptance of such cards at quite a number or retail outlets andare slowly introducing acceptance of such cards in other areas such as restaurant, fastfood chains, as well as leisure and entertainment outlets. In ASEAN, on the other hand,countries such as Malaysia and Singapore have begun rolling out pre-paid mass transitSmart Card acceptance devices in retail outlets. While Singapore has successfullyrolled out acceptance devices in many fast food chains, Malaysia has achieved successin acceptance devices in car parking lots in shopping centers across the country. InBangkok, as three mass transit lines are currently in place, will soon extend directly tothe Suvarnabumi Airport, its expected the mass transit card uptake and utilization toincrease significantly.Analysis by Ralph Yew email : etyew@hotmail.comAll right reserved