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European Monarchies Consolidated Power And Began Forming Nation States
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European Monarchies Consolidated Power And Began Forming Nation States



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  • 1. Birth of European Nation States
  • 2. European monarchies consolidated power and began forming nation-states in the late medieval period
  • 3. England
    • William the Conqueror
      • Leader of the Norman Conquest
      • United most of England
      • Domesday Book
    • King Henry II (1154-1189)
      • Common Law had its beginnings during his reign
      • Strengthened the Royal Courts
      • Unified Legal System
  • 4. England
    • King John (1199-1216)
      • Signed the Magna Carta, (Great Charter)
        • Limited the power of the king
        • Guaranteed certain basic political rights
          • No Taxation without representations
          • Jury Trail
          • Protection of the laws
          • Considered the basic rights both in England and United States
        • The 100 Years’ War between England and France helped define England as a nation.
  • 5. France
    • Hugh Capet established the French throne in Pairs, and his dynasty gradually expanded their control over most of France.
    • Joan of Arc was unifying factors
  • 6. Spain
    • Ferdinand and Isabella unified the country and expelled Muslim Moors
    • Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere expanded under Philip II
  • 7. Russia
    • Ivan the Great threw off the rule of the Mongols
    • Centralized power in Moscow
    • Expanded the Russia nation
    • Power was centralized in the hands of the Tsar
  • 8. The Crusades War to Free the Holy Land
  • 9. The Crusades
  • 10.
    • Desire to free the Holy Land
    • Desire to win wealth and land
    • Search for adventure
    • Europeans’ desire to escape trouble at Home
  • 11. Key Events
    • Alexius I Byzantine emperor, asked Pope Urban II for help
    • Pope Urban’ s calls for a “holy war” to free the holy Land 1096
  • 12. Crusades
    • First and Second Crusades
      • Capture of Jerusalem, 1099
      • Set up 4 Crusader states
      • Lost Jerusalem to Saladin 1187
    • Third Crusade, European tried but failed to recapture Jerusalem
      • Richard the Lionhearted
  • 13. First Crusade
  • 14. Effects of the Crusades
    • Economy
      • Increased trade
      • Money economy grew
    • Monarchy
      • Increase power of feudal monarchs
      • Could collect taxes to support the Crusades
      • Feudalism declined because power became more centralized
  • 15.
    • Church
      • Rise of Pope power
      • Roman and Eastern Churches splits
    • Worldview
      • Increased contact with other peoples
      • Increased travel by Europeans
      • Wider world views
  • 16. The End of the Middle Ages
  • 17. 100 Years’ War
    • Who
      • England and France
    • Causes
      • Edward III claimed the Crown of England
    • Outcome
      • Set England and France on different paths
      • Greater sense of national feelings
    • Key Events
      • Long Bow and Cannon
      • Joan of Arc
      • Parliament in England gained power
  • 18. Black Death The Bubonic Plague
    • Impact of the Black Death
      • Decline in population
      • Scarcity of labor
      • Towns freed from Feudal obligations
      • Decline of Church influence
      • Disruption of trade
  • 19. Hundred Years’ War
    • Before
    • Castles offered adequate protection
    • Armored Knights dominated battlefield
    • England and France battle for the control of France
    • After
    • England lost control of France
    • Longbow and cannon undermined value of knights and castles
    • Parliament gained power of the purse
    • French royal power extended
    • Greater sense of national feelings
    • England look to overseas trading venturexs