110622 presentatie ukraineshort

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110622 presentatie ukraineshort

  1. 1. Targets and criteriafor biofuels andbioenergyVisit of Ukrainian delegationBy Ralph Brieskorn & Margo VerhagenProject directorate BiofuelsThe Netherlands June 24, 2011
  2. 2. Summary• Why Biofuels and Bio energy?• Targets and Concerns• Sustainability Requirements and certification in the EU• Sustainability of biofuels in the Netherlands• Policy developments in the Netherlands• Further perspectives2 June 24, 2011
  3. 3. Why bio energy and bio fuels in the Netherlands?• Commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, further GHG reductions in the future: Bio energy large potential and technological/financial interesting opportunities• Biofuels: • Transport accounts for 21% of the EU’s GHG emissions • GHG-emissions in transport sector, by far the largest increase since 1990 The Netherlands today… The Netherlands in…3 June 24, 2011
  4. 4. Some facts on bio energy in the NetherlandsYear 2009/2010• 68 PJ Renewable Energy• 3,9% RE of total energy• 75% RE is biomass• Year 2010:4 % biofuels in transport• Evaluation in 2014 for next steps towards 10% goal in 20204 June 24, 2011
  5. 5. EU 2020 TargetsRenewable Energy Directive • Minimum of 10% renewable energy in transport in 2020 • Electric, biofuels, biogas • At least applicable to road transport, opt in for shipping/air • Double counting 2nd generation biofuels (waste/residues/cellulosic)Fuel Quality Directive • Life Cycle Analysis, CO2-reduction of 6% compared to 2010 • Looks at the whole chain of production and use of fuels • No double counting 2nd generation biofuels5 June 24, 2011
  6. 6. More tradeAnd, the Netherlands is not just an important consumer of biofuelsand biomass, but is in Europe also the most importanttransitcountry for these matters6 June 24, 2011
  7. 7. But also concerns about biofuels • Competition with food (price spikes 2007/2008) • Land use change (direct and indirect) • Loss of biodiversity • Loss of GHG sinks • Other sustainability effects: • Locally: soil, water, air • Social (poverty, land rights)7 June 24, 2011
  8. 8. Targets vs ConcernsEuropean targets & national needs vs Concerns regarding sustainability Sustainability Policy on biofuels and bioenergy - Criteria - Monitoring - Reporting - Certification8 June 24, 2011
  9. 9. What does sustainable biofuel/biomass mean?“People, planet, profit”• Socially beneficial?• Environmentally friendly?• Economically feasible?Current biofuel production is not necessarily sustainable;>> Sustainability paradoxAbout: product, the production chain (including transport) and useAnd about direct and indirect effects9 June 24, 2011
  10. 10. EU Sustainability RequirementsFor biofuels and other bio liquids for energy purposes: • GHG-emissions: > 35% better than fossil equivalent, 2017 50% existing and 60% new installations • Biodiversity: no go areas • Carbon sinks: preservation of status of areas • EU: cross compliance requirements (agriculture and nature protection) • Reporting requirements: food security and food prices, ILO, land securityFor waste, residues and solid biomass: • Waste and residues (not from agriculture, aquaculture, fishery, forest): only GHG-emission requirement • Solid biomass for energy: possibility of national sustainability requirements10 June 24, 2011
  11. 11. Voluntary certification schemesSchemes being developed by consortia / roundtables • Bonsucro (formerly BSI, sugarcane) • ISCC • NTA 8080/8081 – www.sustainable-biomass.org • REDcert – www.redcert.org • RSB – www.rsb.epfl.ch • RSPO (palm oil) • RTRS (soy) – www.responsiblesoy.orgSchemes being developed by companies • Abengoa (RED Bioenergy Sustainability Assurance) • Greenergy • French stakeholders – 2BSvs • Nesté Oil • Red Tractor • SEKAB/UNICA – sustainable ethanol initiative11 June 24, 2011
  12. 12. Source of biofuels in the Netherlands 2010• Ethanol: 39% corn, wheat 19%, sugarcane 10%• FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester/biodiesel): 53 % Used Cooking Oils• MTBE: almost 100% glycerine12 June 24, 2011
  13. 13. Sustainability reporting biofuels 2010• 64% biofuels sustainability demonstrated: mainly rapeseed, palmoil, sugar cane, wheat, corn, sugar beet• RTRS, RSPO and some national standards (Belgium, UK, US)• UCO, animal fat, glycerine used double counting verification13 June 24, 2011
  14. 14. A Glance at a renewable Transport Mix in 2020 • Electric cars: 200.000 vehicles, 0,5% share in 10% target • Cars on biogas/green gas: 200.000 vehicles, > 0,5% share in 10% target • Second generation biofuels: 2,5%, double counting for a 5% share in the 10% target • Waste and residues, lignocellulosic material • Liquid and gas • First generation biofuels in 2020: 4% of 10% target • Bioreplacement for petrol and diesel • Independent auditing required • Sustainability ensured14 June 24, 2011
  15. 15. Policy Developments in the Netherlands• April 2010: Duty charge minus 27% on high blends sustainable ethanol (E85) Sustainability standard: NTA 8080/8081, BSI, RTFO• Implementation of European legislation REDD and FQD • January – March 2011: Legislation has been approved by Parliament and Senate. Into force April 2011 and associated decisions and regulations published in May 2011 • Make it work in practice: operational structure for the administration of sustainable biofuels (Dutch Emission Authority/NEA)15 June 24, 2011
  16. 16. Policy Developments in the Netherlands• October 2010: Consultation of the EU Commission on indirect land use change (iLUC). The Netherlands in favour of iLUC-factor and low risk iLUC biofuels• Global sustainability of biofuels/energy/biobased: dialogue with producing countries, subsidy programmes (20 Mln Euro), Global Bio Energy Partnership and roundtables• EU consultation on sustainability criteria for solid biomass for energy purposes. Netherlands in favour16 June 24, 2011
  17. 17. Further Policy Perspectives• Parliament voted for: • Possibility for higher percentage of renewable energy in transport coming years and broadening obligation to shipping and air transport • Reassurance of no impacts of biomass use on primary forests • Stimulate more sustainable energy in transport (2nd generation biofuels, biogas, electricity), at least half of 10% in 2020 • Adequate enforcement of current legislation17 June 24, 2011
  18. 18. Further Policy Perspectives3 important perspectives on future policy: • Biobased Economy provides opportunities for the Dutch economic development, innovation, GHG-emission reduction and energy security • Sustainability framework is necessary for a biobased economy in order to protect natural resources, improve social situation and food security • Sustainability frameworks should be completed with ilUC, more efficient agriculture, efficient use of biomass and nature protection18 June 24, 2011
  19. 19. Questions? Ralph.brieskorn@minvrom.nl Margo.verhagen@minvrom.nl19 June 24, 2011

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