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110622 presentatie ukraineshort

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  • 1. June 23, 2011
    Targets and criteria for biofuels and bioenergy
    Visit of Ukrainiandelegation
    By Ralph Brieskorn
    & Margo Verhagen
    Project directorate Biofuels
    The Netherlands
  • 2. Summary
    • Why Biofuels and Bio energy?
    • 3. Targets and Concerns
    • 4. Sustainability Requirements and certification in the EU
    • 5. Sustainability of biofuels in the Netherlands
    • 6. Policy developments in the Netherlands
    • 7. Further perspectives
    June 23, 2011
  • 8. Why bio energy and bio fuels in the Netherlands?
    • Commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, further GHG reductions in the future: Bioenergylargepotential and technological/financialinterestingopportunities
    • 9. Biofuels:
    • 10. Transport accounts for 21% of the EU’s GHG emissions
    • 11. GHG-emissions in transport sector, byfar the largestincreasesince 1990
    The Netherlandstoday… The Netherlands in…
    June 23, 2011
  • 12. Somefactsonbioenergy in the Netherlands
    June 23, 2011
    Year 2009/2010
    • 68 PJ Renewable Energy
    • 13. 3,9% RE of totalenergy
    • 14. 75% RE is biomass
    • 15. Year 2010:4 % biofuels in
    transport
    • Evaluation in 2014 fornext steps towards 10% goal in 2020
  • EU 2020 Targets
    Renewable Energy Directive
    • Minimum of 10% renewable energy in transport in 2020
    • 16. Electric, biofuels, biogas
    • 17. At least applicable to road transport,
    opt in for shipping/air
    • Double counting 2nd generation biofuels (waste/residues/cellulosic)
    Fuel Quality Directive
    • Life Cycle Analysis, CO2-reduction of 6% compared to 2010
    • 18. Looks at the whole chain of production and use of fuels
    • 19. No double counting 2nd generation biofuels
    June 23, 2011
  • 20. More trade
    June 23, 2011
    And, the Netherlands is notjustan important consumer of biofuels and biomass, but is in Europe also the most important transitcountry for these matters
  • 21. Butalsoconcerns about biofuels
    • Competition with food (price spikes 2007/2008)
    • 22. Land use change (direct and indirect)
    • 23. Loss of biodiversity
    • 24. Loss of GHG sinks
    • 25. Other sustainability effects:
    • 26. Locally: soil, water, air
    • 27. Social (poverty, land rights)
    June 23, 2011
  • 28. Targets vs Concerns
    European targets & national needs
    vs
    Concerns regarding sustainability
    • Sustainability Policyon biofuels and bioenergy
    - Criteria
    - Monitoring
    - Reporting
    - Certification
    June 23, 2011
  • 29. What does sustainablebiofuel/biomassmean?
    “People, planet, profit”
    • Sociallybeneficial?
    • 30. Environmentallyfriendly?
    • 31. Economicallyfeasible?
    Currentbiofuelproduction is notnecessarilysustainable;
    >> Sustainability paradox
    About: product, the productionchain (including transport) and use
    And about direct and indirect effects
    June 23, 2011
  • 32. EU Sustainability Requirements
    For biofuels and other bio liquids for energy purposes:
    • GHG-emissions: > 35% better than fossil equivalent,
    2017 50% existing and 60% new installations
    • Biodiversity: no go areas
    • 33. Carbon sinks: preservation of status of areas
    • 34. EU: cross compliance requirements (agriculture and nature protection)
    • 35. Reporting requirements: food security and food prices, ILO, land security
    For waste, residues and solid biomass:
    • Waste and residues (not from agriculture, aquaculture, fishery, forest): only GHG-emission requirement
    • 36. Solid biomass for energy: possibility of national sustainability requirements
    June 23, 2011
  • 37. Voluntary certification schemes
    Schemes being developed by consortia / roundtables
    Bonsucro(formerly BSI, sugarcane)
    ISCC
    NTA 8080/8081 – www.sustainable-biomass.org
    REDcert – www.redcert.org
    RSB – www.rsb.epfl.ch
    RSPO (palm oil)
    RTRS (soy) – www.responsiblesoy.org
    Schemes being developed by companies
    Abengoa(RED Bioenergy Sustainability Assurance)
    Greenergy
    French stakeholders – 2BSvs
    Nesté Oil
    Red Tractor
    SEKAB/UNICA – sustainable ethanol initiative
    June 23, 2011
  • 38. Source of biofuels in the Netherlands 2010
    June 23, 2011
    • Ethanol: 39% corn, wheat 19%, sugarcane 10%
    • 39. FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester/biodiesel): 53 % UsedCookingOils
    • 40. MTBE: almost 100% glycerine
  • Sustainabilityreportingbiofuels 2010
    • 64% biofuelssustainabilitydemonstrated: mainlyrapeseed, palmoil, sugarcane, wheat, corn, sugar beet
    • 41. RTRS, RSPO and somenationalstandards (Belgium, UK, US)
    • 42. UCO, animal fat, glycerine used double countingverification
    June 23, 2011
  • 43. A Glance at a renewable Transport Mix in 2020
    • Electric cars: 200.000 vehicles, 0,5% share in 10% target
    • 44. Cars on biogas/green gas: 200.000 vehicles, > 0,5%
    share in 10% target
    • Second generation biofuels: 2,5%, double counting for
    a 5% share in the 10% target
    • Waste and residues, lignocellulosic material
    • 45. Liquid and gas
    • 46. First generation biofuels in 2020: 4% of 10% target
    • 47. Bioreplacement for petrol and diesel
    • 48. Independent auditing required
    • 49. Sustainability ensured
    June 23, 2011
  • 50. Policy Developments in the Netherlands
    • April 2010: Duty charge minus 27% on high blends sustainable ethanol (E85) Sustainability standard: NTA 8080/8081, BSI, RTFO
    • 51. Implementation of European legislation REDD and FQD
    • 52. January – March 2011: Legislation has been approved by Parliament and Senate. Into force April 2011 and associated decisions and regulations published in May 2011
    • 53. Make it work in practice: operational structure for the administration of sustainable biofuels (Dutch Emission Authority/NEA)
    June 23, 2011
  • 54. PolicyDevelopments in the Netherlands
    • October 2010: Consultation of the EU Commission on indirect land use change (iLUC). The Netherlands in favour of iLUC-factor and low risk iLUC biofuels
    • 55. Global sustainability of biofuels/energy/biobased: dialogue with producing countries, subsidy programmes (20 Mln Euro), Global Bio Energy Partnership and roundtables
    • 56. EU consultation on sustainability criteria for solid biomass for energy purposes. Netherlands in favour
    June 23, 2011
  • 57. Further Policy Perspectives
    • Parliament voted for:
    • 58. Possibility for higher percentage of renewable energy in transport coming years and broadening obligation to shipping and air transport
    • 59. Reassurance of no impacts of biomass use on primary forests
    • 60. Stimulate more sustainable energy in transport (2nd generation biofuels, biogas, electricity), at least half of 10% in 2020
    • 61. Adequate enforcement of current legislation
    June 23, 2011
  • 62. Further Policy Perspectives
    3 important perspectives on future policy:
    • Biobased Economy provides opportunities for the Dutch economic development, innovation, GHG-emission reduction and energy security
    • 63. Sustainability framework is necessary for a biobased economy in order to protect natural resources, improve social situation and food security
    • 64. Sustainability frameworks should be completed with ilUC, more efficient agriculture, efficient use of biomass and nature protection
    June 23, 2011
  • 65. June 23, 2011
    Questions?
    Ralph.brieskorn@minvrom.nl
    Margo.verhagen@minvrom.nl