110325 wb markets 2011

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Netherlands Sustainable Biofuels WBM Rotterdam 2011

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110325 wb markets 2011

  1. 1. March 25, 2011<br />Policy developments on biofuels<br />Ralph Brieskorn <br />Project directorate Biofuels <br />The Netherlands<br />
  2. 2. Summary<br /><ul><li>EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED)
  3. 3. Sustainability Requirements
  4. 4. Developments in the EU:
  5. 5. Goals
  6. 6. Certification schemes
  7. 7. Biograce
  8. 8. Policy developments in the Netherlands
  9. 9. Further Policy Perspectives: Biobased economy
  10. 10. Opportunities
  11. 11. Lessons learned</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  12. 12. EU 2020 Targets<br /><ul><li>Renewable Energy Directive
  13. 13. Minimum of 10% renewable energy in transport in 2020
  14. 14. Electric, biofuels, biogas
  15. 15. At least applicable to road transport, opt in for shipping/air
  16. 16. Double counting 2nd generation biofuels (waste/residues/cellulosic)
  17. 17. Fuel Quality Directive
  18. 18. Life Cycle Analysis, CO2-reduction of 6% compared to 2010
  19. 19. Looks at the whole chain of production and use of fuels
  20. 20. No double counting 2nd generation biofuels</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  21. 21. Concerns about biofuels<br /><ul><li>Competition with food (price spikes 2007/2008)
  22. 22. Land use change (direct and indirect)
  23. 23. Loss of biodiversity
  24. 24. Loss of GHG sinks
  25. 25. Other sustainability effects:
  26. 26. Locally: soil, water, air
  27. 27. Social (poverty, land rights)</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  28. 28. And more trade<br />March 25, 2011<br />
  29. 29. EU Sustainability Requirements<br /><ul><li>For biofuels and other bio liquids for energy purposes:
  30. 30. GHG-emissions: > 35% better than fossil equivalent, </li></ul> 2017 50% existing and 60% new installations<br /><ul><li>Biodiversity: no go areas
  31. 31. Carbon sinks: preservation of status of areas
  32. 32. EU: cross compliance requirements (agriculture and nature protection)
  33. 33. Reporting requirements: food security and food prices, ILO, land security
  34. 34. For waste, residues and solid biomass:
  35. 35. Waste and residues (not from agriculture, aquaculture, fishery, forest): only GHG-emission requirement
  36. 36. For solid biomass for energy possibility of national sustainability requirements</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  37. 37. Policy Developments in Europe 2020<br />March 25, 2011<br /><ul><li>Malta, Portugal, Germany ready</li></ul> with implementation. Netherlands since<br /> 22 March 2011 (Yesterday)<br /><ul><li>Sweden, UK, Austria,</li></ul> Ireland legislation published, not yet endorsed<br />
  38. 38. Policy Developments in Europe coming Years<br />March 25, 2011<br />
  39. 39. A Glance at a renewable Transport Mix in 2020<br /><ul><li>Electric cars: 200.000 vehicles, 0,5% share in 10% target
  40. 40. Cars on biogas/green gas: 200.000 vehicles, > 0,5% </li></ul> share in 10% target<br /><ul><li>Second generation biofuels: 2,5%, double counting for </li></ul> a 5% share in the 10% target<br /><ul><li>Waste and residues, lignocellulosic material
  41. 41. Liquid and gas
  42. 42. First generation biofuels in 2020: 4% of 10% target
  43. 43. Bioreplacement for petrol and diesel
  44. 44. Independent auditing required
  45. 45. Sustainability ensured</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  46. 46. Voluntary certification schemes<br />Schemes being developed by consortia / roundtables<br />Bonsucro (formerly BSI, sugarcane) – www.bettersugarcane.com<br />ISCC – www.iscc-system.org <br />NTA 8080/8081 – www.sustainable-biomass.org <br />REDcert – www.redcert.org<br />RSB – www.rsb.epfl.ch<br />RSPO (palm oil) – www.rspo.org <br />RTRS (soy) – www.responsiblesoy.org<br />Schemes being developed by companies<br />Abengoa(RED Bioenergy Sustainability Assurance)<br />French stakeholders – 2BSvs<br />Nesté Oil<br />Red Tractor – http://www.nfuonline.com/News/Red-Tractor-scheme-proposed-for-biofuels/<br />SEKAB/UNICA – www.sustainableethanolinitiative.com <br />March 25, 2011<br />
  47. 47. BioGrace: GHG calculation voluntary scheme<br /><ul><li>BioGrace:Biofuel Greenhouse Gas emissions: alignment of calculations in Europe
  48. 48. Aim:Harmonise calculations of biofuel greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions performed in EU-27 under legislation implementing the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality directives
  49. 49. BioGrace to be submittedsoon for recognition asvoluntary scheme
  50. 50. Feb – June: public workshops
  51. 51. More information:www.BioGrace.net</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  52. 52. Policy Developments in the Netherlands<br /><ul><li>July 2009: Advisory Committee on Sustainability of Biomass (Committee Corbey)
  53. 53. December 2009: Ministerial Regulation Double Counting of Advanced Biofuels, “Second Generation”- waste / residues, lignocellulosic material- GHG balance >35%
  54. 54. April 2010: Duty charge minus 27% on high blends sustainable ethanol (E85) Sustainability standard: NTA 8080/8081, BSI, RTFO
  55. 55. April 2010: Agreement on transparency on nature, origin and sustainability of biofuels with business sector
  56. 56. May 2010:Perspective on mid-term developments: from 4% in 2010 to 5,5% in 2014 and evaluation of 2020 target in 2014
  57. 57. June 2010: Dutch Renewable Action Plan ready: presented to European Commission</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  58. 58. Policy Developments in the Netherlands<br /><ul><li>Implementation of European legislation REDD and FQD
  59. 59. January 2011: Legislation has been approved by Parliament, now in Senate
  60. 60. Make it work in practice: operational structure for the administration of sustainable biofuels (Dutch Emission Authority/NEA)
  61. 61. October 2010: Consultation of the EU Commission on indirect land use change (iLUC). The Netherlands in favour of iLUC-factor and low risk iLUC biofuels
  62. 62. Global sustainability of biofuels/energy/biobased: dialogue with producing countries, subsidy programmes (20 Mln Euro), Global Bio Energy Partnership and roundtables
  63. 63. EU consultation on sustainability criteria for solid biomass for energy purposes. Netherlands in favour</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  64. 64. Further Policy Perspectives<br /><ul><li>Parliament voted for:
  65. 65. Possibility for higher percentage of renewable energy in transport coming years and broadening obligation to shipping and air transport
  66. 66. Reassurance of no impacts of biomass use on primary forests
  67. 67. Stimulate more sustainable energy in transport (2nd generation biofuels, biogas, electricity), at least half of 10% in 2020
  68. 68. Adequate enforcement of current legislation</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  69. 69. Further Policy Perspectives <br /><ul><li>Advice from the Social and Economic Council (SER) ‘More chemistry between green and growth’ and Advisory Committee on Sustainability of Biomass ‘Sustainability and decisiveness’:
  70. 70. 3 important conclusions:
  71. 71. Biobased Economy provides opportunities for the Dutch economic development, innovation, GHG-emission reduction and energy security
  72. 72. Sustainability framework is necessary for a biobased economy in order to protect natural resources, improve social situation and food security
  73. 73. Sustainability frameworks should be completed with ilUC, more efficient agriculture, efficient use of biomass and nature protection
  74. 74. Government will react on the above mentioned advices</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  75. 75. Biobased Economy<br />March 25, 2011<br />
  76. 76. Biobased Economy in the Netherlands<br /><ul><li>Part of the Top Sectors of the present government: chemical sector, energy, logistics, agrifood
  77. 77. Opportunities for the Netherlands:
  78. 78. Strong sectors in the Netherlands: agrifood, chemistry, energy, logistics, agricultural knowledge
  79. 79. GHG-reduction
  80. 80. Energy security
  81. 81. Ambition of the Platform Green Resources:
  82. 82. 30% biobased in 2030
  83. 83. About 59 Mton CO2-reduction</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  84. 84. Opportunities of a Biobased Economy<br />March 25, 2011<br />
  85. 85. Some Examples<br /><ul><li>NSPS: synthetic composites with natural fibers (flax, jute, cotton)
  86. 86. Croda: half fabricates for paints (dry and colours) and fatty amines for plastics
  87. 87. Cosun: bio refinery for sugar beets, use in chemical and energy sector
  88. 88. Bioport Rotterdam: 50% CO2 reduction and climate resilient in 2025
  89. 89. Bio fermentation plants Spakenburg: gas for 3500 households
  90. 90. Possibility: 2 billion m3 biogas production, 1 million households</li></ul>March 25, 2011<br />
  91. 91. Lessons learned from biofuels<br />March 25, 2011<br />It’s all about balance !<br />CO2<br />
  92. 92. March 25, 2011<br />Questionsralph.brieskorn@minvrom.nl<br />

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