An informal introduction  to the Brazilian science system
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An informal introduction to the Brazilian science system

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This is a very simple and schematic presentation of the Brazilian Science System, given the meeting of the Cameroonian Physical Society in December 2009.

This is a very simple and schematic presentation of the Brazilian Science System, given the meeting of the Cameroonian Physical Society in December 2009.

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    An informal introduction  to the Brazilian science system An informal introduction to the Brazilian science system Presentation Transcript

    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil An informal introduction to The Brazilian Science System Roberto Kraenkelkraenkel@ift.unesp.br IFT-UNESP
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: Brasília
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th) Currency: Real (R$)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th) Currency: Real (R$) Language: Portuguese
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th) Currency: Real (R$) Language: Portuguese Independency: 1822
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th) Currency: Real (R$) Language: Portuguese Independency: 1822 Republic: 1889
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country Population: 190.000.000 Area: 8.514.876,599 km2 Capital: BrasíliaLargest City: São Paulo (11.000.000) GDP (PPP):US$ 1,9 trillion (8th) GDP (PPP) per capita: US$ 10.000 (64th) Currency: Real (R$) Language: Portuguese Independency: 1822 Republic: 1889 Present Constitution: 1988
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Generalities about the Country
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilTimeline of scientific institutions
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilTimeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilTimeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887AgronomicalInstitute in Campinas
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893AgronomicalInstitute in Campinas Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901Agronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 Oswaldo Cruz InstituteAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 Oswaldo Cruz InstituteAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Academy of SciencesAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Academy of SciencesAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 1927 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Academy of Sciences Biological Institute/SPAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 1927 1934 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Academy of Sciences Biological Institute/SPAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later University of São Paulo USP incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 1927 1934 1946 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Academy of Sciences Biological Institute/SPAgronomical Butantan InstituteInstitute in Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later University of São Paulo USP incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 1927 1934 1946 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Society for Academy of Sciences Biological Institute/SP theAgronomical Butantan Institute AdvancementInstitute in of Science Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later University of São Paulo USP incorporated by USP) Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions with some bias towards physics and math...1887 1893 1901 1908 1912 1916 1920 1927 1934 1946 Oswaldo Cruz Institute Society for Academy of Sciences Biological Institute/SP theAgronomical Butantan Institute AdvancementInstitute in of Science Campinas School of Medicine/SP ( later University of São Paulo USP incorporated by USP) Univ. Pernambuco Polytechnic Institute/SP (later incorporated by USP) University of Brazil (now Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro)
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilTimeline of scientific institutions
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 Brazilian Center forPhysics (Rio) CBPF
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 Brazilian Center forPhysics (Rio) CBPF
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 Brazilian Center forPhysics (Rio) CBPF
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 Brazilian Center forPhysics (Rio) CBPF National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 CAPES Brazilian Graduate Center for StudiesPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 CAPES Brazilian Graduate Center for StudiesPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 CAPES Brazilian Graduate Center for StudiesPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 CAPES Brazilian Graduate Center for StudiesPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Theoretical Physics SP (IFT) National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 CAPES Brazilian Graduate Center for StudiesPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Theoretical Physics SP (IFT) Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 Institute for CAPES Amazonian Brazilian Graduate Studies (Manaus) Center for Studies INPAPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Theoretical Physics SP (IFT) Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 Institute for CAPES Amazonian Brazilian Graduate Studies (Manaus) Center for Studies INPAPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Theoretical Physics SP (IFT) Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 Institute for CAPES Amazonian Brazilian Graduate Studies (Manaus) Center for Studies INPAPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Institute of Petrobras Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Council - CNPq
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 1956 Institute for CAPES Amazonian Brazilian Graduate Studies (Manaus) Center for Studies INPAPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Institute of Petrobras Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Comission for Nuclear Council - CNPq Energy CNEN
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 1956 1961 Space and Institute for Atmosphere CAPES Amazonian Institute INPE Graduate Studies (Manaus) ( São José dos Brazilian Studies INPA Campos) Center forPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Institute of Petrobras Institute for Pure and Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Comission for Nuclear Council - CNPq Energy CNEN
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 1956 1961 1962 Space and Institute for Atmosphere CAPES Amazonian Institute INPE Graduate Studies (Manaus) ( São José dos Brazilian Studies INPA Campos) Center forPhysics (Rio) Agency CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Science Funding Institute of Agency of the State Petrobras of São Paulo - Institute for Pure and FAPESP Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Comission for Nuclear Council - CNPq Energy CNEN
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 1956 1961 1962 1966 Space and Institute for Atmosphere CAPES Amazonian Institute INPE Graduate Studies (Manaus) ( São José dos Brazilian Campinas Studies INPA Campos) Center for UniversityPhysics (Rio) Agency Unicamp CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Science Funding Institute of Agency of the State Petrobras of São Paulo - Institute for Pure and FAPESP Applied Math (Rio) IMPA National Research Comission for Nuclear Council - CNPq Energy CNEN
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1949 1951 1952 1955 1956 1961 1962 1966 1967 Space and Institute for Atmosphere CAPES Amazonian Institute INPE Graduate Studies (Manaus) ( São José dos Brazilian Campinas Studies INPA Campos) Center for UniversityPhysics (Rio) Agency Unicamp CBPF Institute for Cenpes - Theoretical Petroleum Physics SP (IFT) Science Funding Institute of Agency of the State Petrobras of São Paulo - Institute for Pure and FINEP Long- FAPESP Applied Math (Rio) IMPA term projects, now mainly National Research Comission for Nuclear turned to Council - CNPq Energy CNEN innovation
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilTimeline of scientific institutions
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPERJ - Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPERJ - Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG Science Funding FAPERJ - Agency of Minas Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro EMBRAPA .Federal Research Institute for Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG Science Funding FAPERJ - Agency of Minas Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research Institute for Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 1997 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG Syncrotron Science Funding Facility - LNLS FAPERJ - Agency of Minas Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research Institute for Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 1997 1999 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG Syncrotron Science Funding Facility - LNLS FAPERJ - Agency of Minas Science Funding Agency of Rio de Janeiro FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research Institute for “Fundos Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture Setoriais”
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 1997 1999 2005 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG UFABC Syncrotron Science Funding Technological Facility - LNLS FAPERJ - Agency of Minas University in Science Funding the SP Agency of Rio de Metropolitan Janeiro Area FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research Institute for “Fundos Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture Setoriais”
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 1997 1999 2005 2006 Scientific Computing Institute LNCC FAPEMIG UFABC Syncrotron Science Funding Technological Facility - LNLS FAPERJ - Agency of Minas University in Science Funding the SP Agency of Rio de Metropolitan Janeiro Area FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research 10 new federal Institute for “Fundos Universities Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture Setoriais”
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Timeline of scientific institutions 1973 1980 1985 1986 1991 1997 1999 2005 2006 2009 Scientific CTBE - Computing Biotech Institute LNCC FAPEMIG UFABC Ethanol Syncrotron Science Funding Technological Institute Facility - LNLS FAPERJ - Agency of Minas University in in Science Funding the SP Campinas Agency of Rio de Metropolitan Janeiro Area FACEPE- Science Funding Agency of EMBRAPA . PernambucoFederal Research 10 new federal Institute for “Fundos Universities Ministry of Science and Technology Agriculture Setoriais”
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil?
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil? Geographically
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil? Geographically
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil? Geographically
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil? Geographically
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil?
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilWhere is science produced in Brazil? Institutions
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? InstitutionsUniversities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional Universities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universities
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs‣Federal Universities‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>>mainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ ‣State Labs: Butantan, Agronomical Inst.... ( essentially SP)‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholicUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ ‣State Labs: Butantan, Agronomical Inst.... ( essentially SP)‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholic ‣State run enterprises: PETROBRASUniversities‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ ‣State Labs: Butantan, Agronomical Inst.... ( essentially SP)‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholic ‣State run enterprises: PETROBRASUniversities The weak link: very few research in industry.‣Private Universitiesvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ ‣State Labs: Butantan, Agronomical Inst.... ( essentially SP)‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholic ‣State run enterprises: PETROBRASUniversities The weak link: very few research in industry. Recently: biotech star-ups, optics,‣Private Universities ethanolvery few...
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Where is science produced in Brazil? Institutions Universities Research Labs ‣Institutes related to Science‣Federal Universities Ministry: 20‣State Universities ==>> ‣Agriculture Ministry: EMBRAPAmainly São Paulo, Rio deJaneiro, Paraná ‣Health Ministry: FIOCRUZ ‣State Labs: Butantan, Agronomical Inst.... ( essentially SP)‣Confessional UniversitiesPUC’ ==> catholic ‣State run enterprises: PETROBRASUniversities The weak link: very few research in industry. Recently: biotech star-ups, optics,‣Private Universities ethanolvery few... Aerospace industry
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Fundingthroughagencies
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthrough labs/agencies Ministries
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthrough labs/agencies MinistriesCNPqFINEP
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthrough labs/agencies MinistriesCNPqFINEPCAPES
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthrough labs/agencies MinistriesCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ CNENCAPES Institutes MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthroughagencies labs/ CNPq funds projects Ministries in general + fellowshipsCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ CNENCAPES Institutes MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthroughagencies labs/ CNPq funds projects Ministries in general + fellowshipsCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ FINEP funds large CNEN projects in strategic areasCAPES Institutes MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding basic and applied science throughthroughagencies labs/ CNPq funds projects Ministries in general + fellowshipsCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ FINEP funds large CNEN projects in strategic areasCAPES Institutes MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding basic and applied science throughthroughagencies labs/ CNPq funds projects Ministries in general + fellowshipsCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ FINEP funds large CNEN projects in strategic areasCAPES Institutes MCT innovation, technology
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthrough labs/agencies MinistriesCNPq EMBRAPAFINEP FIOCRUZ CNENCAPES Institutes MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding throughthroughagencies labs/ CAPES funds graduate Ministries studies through fellowships and moneyCNPq EMBRAPA for the graduateFINEP FIOCRUZ studies coordinations at CNEN Institutes the UniversitiesCAPES MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded I Federal Funding All areas of through knowledgethroughagencies labs/ CAPES funds graduate Ministries studies through fellowships and moneyCNPq EMBRAPA for the graduateFINEP FIOCRUZ studies coordinations at CNEN Institutes the UniversitiesCAPES MCT
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilHow science is funded II
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilHow science is funded II Funding from States
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded II Funding from Statesthroughagencies
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded II Funding from States through agenciesFAPESP in São Paulo is the most important
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded II Funding from States through agencies FAPESP funds general science through projects by researchers.FAPESP in São Paulo is the most important
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded II Funding from States through agencies FAPESP funds general science through projects by researchers.FAPESP in São It also induces strategic Paulo is the areas and projects ( e.g. most genoma, ethanol). important
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilHow science is funded III
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, BrazilHow science is funded IIIIndustry/Venture Capital....
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded III Industry/Venture Capital....the weak link....
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded III Industry/Venture Capital....the weak link....
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded III Industry/Venture Capital.... Large Enterprises PETROBRASthe weak link....
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil How science is funded III Industry/Venture Capital.... Large Enterprises PETROBRASthe weak link.... Venture Capital in Small Biotech / SP
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Science Funding Agency of the State of São Paulo
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Science Funding Agency of the State of São Paulo Fosters Science through:
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Science Funding Agency of the State of São Paulo Fosters Science through: •fellowships
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Science Funding Agency of the State of São Paulo Fosters Science through: •fellowships •research projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the State of São Paulo Fosters Science through: •fellowships •research projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with its own administration; São Paulo State of Fosters Science through: •fellowships •research projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with its own administration; São Paulo State of Board with 12 members with 6 years Fosters Science through: mandate •fellowships •research projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with its own administration; São Paulo State of Board with 12 members with 6 years Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aprooved •fellowships without peer review •research projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with its own administration; São Paulo State of Board with 12 members with 6 years Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aprooved •fellowships without peer review •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak;
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with its own administration; São Paulo State of Board with 12 members with 6 years Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aprooved •fellowships without peer review •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with itsMaster (24 months) and own administration; São Paulo State of PhD (48 months) fellowships Board with 12 members with 6 years Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aprooved •fellowships without peer review •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with itsMaster (24 months) and own administration; São Paulo State of PhD (48 months) fellowships Board with 12 members with 6 years Research grants Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aprooved •fellowships without peer review •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with itsMaster (24 months) and own administration; São Paulo State of PhD (48 months) fellowships Board with 12 members with 6 years Research grants Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aproovedConference Organization Funds •fellowships without peer review •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with itsMaster (24 months) and own administration; São Paulo State of PhD (48 months) fellowships Board with 12 members with 6 years Research grants Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aproovedConference Organization Funds •fellowships without peer review Invited Professorships •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE I: FAPESP Funds for FAPESP are fixed by State Constitution ( 1% of tax income); Science Funding Agency of the Maximum of 5% can be used by with itsMaster (24 months) and own administration; São Paulo State of PhD (48 months) fellowships Board with 12 members with 6 years Research grants Fosters Science through: mandate No fellowships or grant is aproovedConference Organization Funds •fellowships without peer review Invited Professorships •research projects Thematic committees meet once a weak; Studentships cannot be cumulated with Post-Doc fellowships jobs
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education;
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000); •National Subscription of Scientific Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000); •National Subscription of Scientific Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ;
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000); •National Subscription of Scientific Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education;Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000); •National Subscription of Scientific Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms •National Subscription of Scientific Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms •National Subscription of Scientific•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience, etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms •National Subscription of Scientific•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms •National Subscription of Scientific•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•1 and 2 >>> programcloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs (~2500) ; •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms •National Subscription of Scientific•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•1 and 2 >>> programcloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•6 and 7>>> international (~2500) ;level, access to special •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of Graduate EvaluationPrograms •National Subscription of Scientific•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000 journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•1 and 2 >>> programcloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•6 and 7>>> international (~2500) ;level, access to special •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms Evaluation •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•1 and 2 >>> programcloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•6 and 7>>> international (~2500) ;level, access to special •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms Evaluation •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 yearscloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•6 and 7>>> international (~2500) ;level, access to special •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms Evaluation •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 years•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programsjournals, classified by area in (~2500) ;•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,CA1,and 7>>> internationallevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide Periodicals (~40.000);•evaluation is of GraduatePrograms Evaluation •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 years•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programsjournals, classified by area in (~2500) ;•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,CA1,and 7>>> internationallevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide Periodicals (~40.000);•evaluation is of Graduate•15000EvaluationPrograms titles; •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7 etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 years•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programsjournals, classified by area in (~2500) ;•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,CA1,and 7>>> internationallevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide Periodicals (~40.000);•evaluation is of Graduate•15000EvaluationPrograms titles; •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•every University with a•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000graduate program can have( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7access to all, through IP etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 yearsidentification;•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programsjournals, classified by area in (~2500) ;•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,CA1,and 7>>> internationallevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide Periodicals (~40.000);•evaluation is of Graduate•15000EvaluationPrograms titles; •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•every University with a•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000graduate program can have( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7access to all, through IP etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 yearsidentification;•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•fosters multidisciplinarityinjournals, classified by area•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,C (~2500) ;A1,and 7>>> internationallevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE II: CAPES Federal Agency for Graduate Studies •Depends on the Ministry for Education; Evaluation: •Master and PhD fellowships nationwide Periodicals (~40.000);•evaluation is of Graduate•15000EvaluationPrograms titles; •National Subscription of Scientific•annual reports•every University with a•46 thematic areas Periodicals ( Portal Periódicos, ) : 15.000graduate program can have( electronically) journals, electronic access; webofscience,•grades from 1 to 7access to all, through IP etc•grades everyprogram•1 and 2 >>> 3 yearsidentification;•academic productivity incloses... •Evaluation of Graduate Programs•fosters multidisciplinarityinjournals, classified by area•6 A2, B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,C (~2500) ;A1,and 7>>> international•enormous effect on lesslevel, access to specialgrades •Studentships ==> no jobs, 6 months TAdeveloped regionsfunding
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies •Organizes the Brazilian Math Meeting•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies •Organizes the Brazilian Math Meeting •Close ties to international centers•National Institutefor Pure and AppliedMathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies •Organizes the Brazilian Math Meeting •Close ties to international centers •Associate center with CNRS ( Unité•National Institutefor Pure and Applied Internationale)Mathematics,established in 1952.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies •Organizes the Brazilian Math Meeting •Close ties to international centers •Associate center with CNRS ( Unité•National Institutefor Pure and Applied Internationale)Mathematics,established in 1952. •Coordinates large projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE III: IMPA •History: small but very brilliant initial group •Very strict conditions for hiring •Only research and graduate studies •Organizes the Brazilian Math Meeting •Close ties to international centers •Associate center with CNRS ( Unité•National Institutefor Pure and Applied Internationale)Mathematics,established in 1952. •Coordinates large projects •Pure and Applied
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPAThe Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n smission is to provide feasiblesolutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technologygeneration and transfer.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n smission is to provide feasiblesolutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technologygeneration and transfer.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973 •Multi-center: 15 product oriented centers, 10 basic science centers, 14 regional centers, 3 labs in Brasília, 3 International Research Units ( Ghana, Panama and Venezuela), 4The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n s International Bussiness Offices ( USA, France,mission is to provide feasible Holland, Korea).solutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technologygeneration and transfer.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973 •Multi-center: 15 product oriented centers, 10 basic science centers, 14 regional centers, 3 labs in Brasília, 3 International Research Units ( Ghana, Panama and Venezuela), 4The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n s International Bussiness Offices ( USA, France,mission is to provide feasible Holland, Korea).solutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technology •Dedicated to development of solutionsgeneration and transfer. for real life problems in agriculture
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973 •Incorporation of the tropical savanna ( Cerrado) into productive agrobusiness •Multi-center: 15 product oriented centers, •Adaptation of soya to 14 regional centers, 10 basic science centers, Brazilian climate 3 labs in Brasília, 3 largest producer ==> world second International Research Units ( Ghana, Panama and Venezuela), 4The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n s •Fivefold multiplication of cattle in France, International Bussiness Offices ( USA,25mission is to provide feasible years Holland, Korea).solutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technology •Dedicated to development of solutions 25 Chicken production multiplied by 25 ingeneration and transfer. for real life problems in agriculture years
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973 •Incorporation of the tropical savanna ( Cerrado) into productive agrobusiness •Multi-center: 15 product oriented centers, •Adaptation of soya to 14 regional centers, 10 basic science centers, Brazilian climate 3 labs in Brasília, 3 largest producer ==> world second International Research Units ( Ghana, Panama and Venezuela), 4The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n s •Fivefold multiplication of cattle in France, International Bussiness Offices ( USA,25mission is to provide feasible years Holland, Korea).solutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technology •Dedicated to development of solutions 25 Chicken production multiplied by 25 ingeneration and transfer. for real life problems in agriculture years
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil CASE IV: EMBRAPA •Established in 1973 •Incorporation of the tropical savanna ( Cerrado) into productive agrobusiness •Multi-center: 15 product oriented centers, •Adaptation of soya to 14 regional centers, 10 basic science centers, Brazilian climate 3 labs in Brasília, 3 largest producer ==> world second International Research Units ( Ghana, Panama and Venezuela), 4The Brazilian AgriculturalR e s e a rc h C o r p o r a t i o n s •Fivefold multiplication of cattle in France, International Bussiness Offices ( USA,25mission is to provide feasible years Holland, Korea).solutions for the sustainabledevelopment of Braziliana g ribusiness throughknowledge and technology •Dedicated to development of solutions 25 Chicken production multiplied by 25 ingeneration and transfer. for real life problems in agriculture years
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big Projects
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis Drilling oil from depths over 5000m in the sea
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis Drilling oil from depths over 5000m in the sea Making the savanna arable
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis Drilling oil from depths over 5000m in the sea Making the savanna arable Geoprocessing images and building models for Amazonia
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis Drilling oil from depths over 5000m in the sea Making the savanna arable Geoprocessing images and building models for Amazonia Vaccine development for tropical diseases
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Big ProjectsSome big national projects have beendrivers of technological progress, with feedback on basic science.The ethanol program in the 70’s as response to petroleum crisis Drilling oil from depths over 5000m in the sea Making the savanna arable Geoprocessing images and building models for Amazonia Vaccine development for tropical diseases Building mid-sized planes
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil The failures
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil The failuresGerman-Brazilian Nuclear Agreement 1975
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil The failuresGerman-Brazilian Nuclear Agreement 197510-reactors/ only 2 delivered/ no knowledge transfer
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil The failuresGerman-Brazilian Nuclear Agreement 197510-reactors/ only 2 delivered/ no knowledge transferThe National Information Technology Policy 1984-1991
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil The failuresGerman-Brazilian Nuclear Agreement 197510-reactors/ only 2 delivered/ no knowledge transferThe National Information Technology Policy 1984-1991 Import prohibition for micro-computers ==> nomicroelectronics, no software industry, drawbacks for other industries
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Final Comments
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Final CommentsSupport to science should not only a governmental policy, but a STATE policy,
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Final CommentsSupport to science should not only a governmental policy, but a STATE policy, Science & Technology need a multifold system:universities, research institutions, funding agencies, industries, scientific societies,
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Final Comments Support to science should not only a governmental policy, but a STATE policy, Science & Technology need a multifold system: universities, research institutions, funding agencies, industries, scientific societies,Developing countries need to work out technologies & science by their own.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Final Comments Support to science should not only a governmental policy, but a STATE policy, Science & Technology need a multifold system: universities, research institutions, funding agencies, industries, scientific societies,Developing countries need to work out technologies & science by their own.Science has to be involved with the big problems thecountry faces AND has to offer realistic, economically viable solutions.
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Thank you for your attentionCAPES: http://www.capes.gov.br Physics in Brazil CNPq: http://www.cnpq.br by C.H. Brito Cruz FAPESP: http://www.fapesp.br Brazilian Agency for Graduate Education, by J.A. Guimarãeshttp://web.me.com/kraenkel/cameroun Roberto Kraenkel IFT-UNESPkraenkel@ift.unesp.br
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Thank you for your attentionCAPES: http://www.capes.gov.br Physics in Brazil CNPq: http://www.cnpq.br by C.H. Brito Cruz FAPESP: http://www.fapesp.br Brazilian Agency for Graduate Education, by J.A. Guimarãeshttp://web.me.com/kraenkel/cameroun Roberto Kraenkel IFT-UNESPkraenkel@ift.unesp.br
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Numbers: Science in Brazil
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian Science in Numbers
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian Science in Numbers SOURCE: Thompson National Science Database
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian Science in Numbers SOURCE:J.A. Guimarães (CAPES), Thompson
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian Science in Numbers totalnumber ofpapers and world share SOURCE:J.A. Guimarães (CAPES), Thompson
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Brazilian Science in Numbers relative importance of areas, Glänzel et alli, Scientometrics, 67 (2006) 67 SOURCE:J.A. Guimarães (CAPES), Thompson
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Money Matters
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Money Matters S&T investments in terms of GDP as of 2006, by RYCYT ( http://www.ricyt.org/ )
    • Instituto de Física Teórica - UNESP, São Paulo, Brazil Money Matters Total estimated expenses in Science, Technology and Innovation for 2010 1,5% of GDP