12th FiveYear Plan - CSIR


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12th FiveYear Plan - CSIR

  1. 1. DSIR DSIR TWELFTH FIVE YEAR PLAN Plan Document Summary Including Eleventh Plan Achievements 2012-2017 Volume – I Department of Scientific & Industrial Research New Delhi 110 001
  2. 2. Contents Sno. Title Page Number 1. Introduction 1 2. 11th Five Year Plan Review 2 3. 12th Five Year Plan 7 4. 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) Financial Outlay 13
  3. 3. 1 12th Five Year Plan Volume I: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 1. The Introduction Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), one of the departments of the Ministry of Science and Technology, was set up through a Presidential Notification, dated 4th January, 1985 (74/2/1/8 Cab.). The Department has two public sector enterprises, viz., Central Electronics Limited and National Research Development Corporation, apart from two autonomous organizations, viz., Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Consultancy Development Centre, under its ambit. The present focus on innovation, highlighted by the President during her speech to Parliament during the Budget Session in 2009, followed by the Prime Minister during his address at the Science Congress in January, 2010, has important implications for the Department and its future planning. DSIR has been supporting innovative projects directed towards improving the technological and industrial competitiveness of the industry during the tenth and eleventh five year plans. The DSIR programmes in the 12th five year plan focus on building an innovation ecosystem in the country. DSIR aspires to be an agency that influences policy formulation leading to industrial competitiveness; a one-stop agency in the country for all matters related to industrial research and development; and an agency that is looked at by anybody in the country, as one that nurtures and supports innovations having industrial applications. The DSIR Programmes have been catering to all aspects, concerned with transformation of an innovation from mind to market. Vision and Mission of the department formulated during the Results Framework Document preparation exercise is given below: Vision: Enabling India to emerge as global industrial research and innovation hub.
  4. 4. 2 Mission:  Attracting industrial research in the country through institution centric motivational measures and incentives; industry and  Creating an enabling environment for development and utilization of new innovations.  Enhance innovations through its resources and channelize benefits thereof to the people. New and innovative schemes are proposed in the 12th five year plan that would contribute towards creating an innovative ecosystem in the country, raising industrial R&D’s share in the national R&D expenditure, creating indigenous capacities to attract and absorb FDI, raising manufacturing industry’s contribution to 25% of GDP and raising technology and value added exports from the country. Focus shall be on nurturing and supporting innovations in micro, small and medium enterprises and MSME clusters and bring them into the mainstream, so as to make them feel that their contributions matter in the overall development and growth process of the country. 2. 11th Five Year Plan Review 2.1 Technology Promotion, Development and Utilization (TPDU) Programmes of DSIR (i) Industrial R&D Promotion Programme The main objective of the programme is to strengthen application oriented research and development by nurturing the growth of R&D in industry and strengthening R&D infrastructure in industry. The major achievements during the 11th Plan have been:   Recognition to 1500 In-house R&D centers of industry, 600 Scientific & Industrial Research Organizations (SIROs) and registration of 600 Public Funded Research Institutions / Universities Issuance of about 350 certificates (Form No. 3CL) for weighted tax deduction on R&D expenditure incurred by industry u/s 35(2AB) of IT valued at over Rs 10000 crores to the Director General (I.T. Exemptions)
  5. 5. 3 (ii) Technology Development and Demonstration Programme (TDDP) The main objective of the programme is to develop and demonstrate innovative need-based technologies for making industry competitive; and strengthening the interface between industry, R&D establishments and academic institutions. Support to 75 projects of industries for innovative technology development and demonstration in major sectors of industry involving a project cost of around Rs.520 crores and DSIR commitment to support around Rs.200 crores have been provided during 11th Plan. (iii) Technopreneur Promotion Programme (TePP) The main objective is to promote independent innovators to become technology based entrepreneurs (technopreneurs) during 11th Plan around 400 projects have been supported with a DSIR support of about Rs.27 crore. Some of projects supported are “Environment friendly printing ink”, “Heating/cooling apparel”, “Herbal Medicine for treatment of Asthma”, “Intralock intravenous cannula” and a device viz. AVAZ that converts messages into speech. Also published 4 volumes of publication viz. Creative India (iv) Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT) The objective is to extend GOI support to the Asian Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology of the UN ESCAP with a view to promoting international cooperation in the areas of industrial R&D, innovations and technology development and transfer. Annual institutional support and programme support for National Innovation System was provided during 11th Plan. (v) Technology Development and Utilization Programme for Women (TDUPW) The main objective of the programme is to promote adoption of new technologies by women, awareness creation and training of women on technology related issues. Capacity building programmes and workshops were supported during 11th Plan. (vi) Information Technology and e-Governance (ITeG) During 11th Plan the Department’s website, http://www.dsir.gov.in, was continuously being updated, IntraDSIR facility was active that provides functionalities such as bulletin board service, employees information and eleave submission, thought for the day, Instant Messaging facility etc; and web-based Application Software for RTI Act 2005 was implemented.
  6. 6. 4 2.2 Consultancy Development Centre (CDC) The major achievements of CDC during the 11th Plan have been:   CDC was conducted over 250 Capacity Building Programmes on Selection of Consultants and Effective Use of Consultants and trained over 10,000 client organizations in various central/ state government departments.  CDC regularly published Consultancy Vision, a quarterly newsletter and Consulting Ahead , a biannual journal.  2.3 CDC started two new courses: Technical Consulting & Management Consulting and trained more than 400 professionals. CDC also extended its Masters of Science in Consultancy Management Programme to Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad & Bangalore and enrolled around 500 students in the MS Program. CDC undertook a project on development of portal for consulting intervention with database of more than 6000 consultants who are capable of providing a variety of services. Central Electronics Ltd (CEL), Sahibabad The major achievements of CEL during the 11th Plan have been:  Up-gradation & Up-scaling of solar cell manufacturing plant from 2 MWp to 10 MWp per annum.  CEL optimized the processing of 200+20 m thickness wafers in commercial production of solar cells.  In house production of phosphorus paste for solar cell manufacturing.  CEL achieved ~ 17 % efficiency on R&D scale and 14 -15 % on volume production in solar cells.  Solar Modules up to 160 Wp test qualified to International Standards of IEC 61215 (II Edition) and IEC 61730 (part I & II) by TUV Germany.  Obtained type approval of 40-Detection Points Multi-Section Digital Axle counter conforming to European Standard CENELEC SIL-4.  Obtained RDSO approval for Point Zone Digital Axle Counter.  Enhanced production capacity to manufacture Phase Control Modules (PCM) to 40,000 Nos. per year and obtained fresh orders of PCM for Weapon Locating Radar and Akash Missile System for Air Force.  Initiated development of Solid State Block Equipment and Universal Fail Safe Block Interfacing (UFSBI) Equipment.  Obtained type approval of Piezo Generator for Heat Fuse 551 from FFV, Sweden
  7. 7. 5  2.4 Obtained bulk order for supply of Heat Fuse 551 to Ordnance Factory, Khamaria, Jabalpur. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), New Delhi Major Technologies Transferred during 11th Plan (i) Year 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Total (Targets) No. of Licence 41 36 41 40 30 188 58 55 60 55 55 283 Agreements signed Assignments (ii) Invention Promotion Programme Major achievements during 11th Plan:  Awards for the Meritorious Inventions were given through annual conference – Innovate India  Published scientific magazine “Awishkar” (monthly) in Hindi.  NRDC has filed 514 Indian patent applications and 8 patent applications abroad and 13 technologies have been licensed to 24 licensees.  NRDC provided Techno commercial support to 103 promising inventions and incentives of the scientists.  Three parties were given Angel funding in the form of equity.  Organised 5 Industry interaction meets in association with various industry associations successfully and have interaction with the scientists and industry in various fields namely agri-biotech, life sciences, agro processing etc. (iii) Technology Promotion Program (TPP) Major achievements during 11th Plan:  Rural Technology Demonstration-cum-Training (RTDT) Centres were strengthened with emerging technologies in the area of Bio-fuels, herbal and food processing and building materials as per the need of the specific area and 8 new centres were set up.  Participated in 37 nos. of exhibitions related to Rural and agro technologies and as a result few technologies have also been licensed.
  8. 8. 6  Participates in Cluster Development Programme in three sectors viz., Sericulture, Dairy and Coir. - - A total of 250 Sericulturists have been trained in 10 Batches. -  Carried out workshops, interactive meets, awareness programmes with the help of Dairy Experts/ Scientists from R&D/ Veterinary doctors to create awareness on new technologies processes and methods for improving the quality of milk products and value added products. Provided "Anupam Looms" to Coir Clusters in Kerala, Karnataka and other southern states. Promotion of Export of Technology: -  Set up a Centre for Demonstration and Promotion of Technologies (CDT) at Abidjan, Republic of Cote D’ Ivoire in association with Ivorian De Technologies Tropicale (I2T) through partial funding from MEA. The Centre has been handed over to CDT after continuously running of centre for two years. Supply of Fuel briquetting plant to Nigeria Developed basic engineering design packages (BEDP) provides complete input for detailed engineering which is used by the entrepreneur for putting up the commercial plant. 34 Nos. of BEDP have been prepared. Projects undertaken by NRDC under the Technology Development Programme for Priority Projects were: - In-vivo evaluation and further development work on Targeted Gene Delivery System - Optimization of New Anti-Cancer Formulation using Methylglyoxal as a lead compound - Technology Intervention Timber Composites - Generating field efficacy data on super absorbent Hydrogel - Bio Assay Efficacy Test for the process Plant Based Mosquito Larvicide - Generating field efficacy data on biopesticidal NemaGel - Field Trial Evaluation of Bio-release zinc fertilizer in the process of manufacturing Bamboo  Under the Program for North-Eastern States, NRDC provided financial assistance to NEITCO for providing skill development training on Areca Leaf Plate and cups making unit at Guwahati.  Conducted 6 Women Entrepreneurship (Gender) Development Programmes (WEDP) at different college/ Universities.
  9. 9. 7 3. 3.1 3.1.1 12th Five Year Plan DSIR Programme for Innovation Development & Empowerment (PRIDE)    3.1.2 Nurturing Innovators for Commercialization and Entrepreneurship (NICE)    3.1.3 Support to any Indian citizens / students / incubates with an original idea/invention. Expansion of existing network of 34 TePP Outreach Centres to 100 DSIR Outreach Centres Support to around 1500 proposals from individual innovators / incubates. Building collaborative Research for InDustrial Growth and Efficacy (BRIDGE)   3.1.4 National Innovation Council (NInC) along with CSIR has proposed for creating Cluster Innovation Centres (CICs) in MSMEs clusters. Around 3750 innovative proposals of MSMEs to be supported. Around 100 CSIR-CICs shall be supported for providing innovative solutions. To focus on PPP and create enabling environment for collaborative research between Industry and Universities/Public Funded Research Institutions. Support to around 75 proposals from industry, either on its own or in collaboration with Universities/Public Funded Research Institutions. Global Research and Industry Partnership (GRIP)    To support Indian industries to acquire Intellectual Property at early stage from overseas or within the country; To support Indian industries to locally add value to the acquired IP; Funding to over 100 projects during the plan period. 3.1.5. Common REsearch And TEchnology Development Facilities (CREATE)   3.1.6 Aim to establish ten privately operated facilities for industrial R&D, with partial Government support, dedicated for Micro & Small Industries. Centres shall cater to multiple MSME clusters Supporting Equity in Start-ups   To support knowledge based enterprises in focus areas; The programme to be operated along with SIDBI Venture Capital Limited.
  10. 10. 8 3.1.7 Access to Knowledge for Creation of Innovative Capacity and Dissemination (A2K)    To subscribe to science, technology and innovation related international journals from major publishers and make it accessible to 1500 in-house R&D units of industry and 600 Scientific & Industrial Research Organisations (SIROs) and techno-entrepreneurs; To sponsor industrial technology related studies and disseminate them widely; To organize, participate and support national and international conferences, seminars & workshops, exhibitions etc. 3.2 Consultancy Development Centre 3.2.1 Consultancy Promotion  3.2.2 Services  3.2.3 To aid technology development and transfer via technology mapping and capacity building. National Knowledge Depository  3.2.7 To design, develop and implement competency development programmes in areas of strategic focus such as J&K, LWE and north – east states of India. Technology Delivery Transfer and Commercialisation  3.2.6 Improve the quality of research training and techniques to employ research tools for consulting assignments to propose innovative solutions. National Programme for Competency Development in strategic focus areas  3.2.5 Design & Develop a Virtual Network through a portal for GoI Ministries, Departments & consultants Research & Analysis  3.2.4 To evolve standard guidelines, templates, policy framework to provide level playing field and to improve quality of consulting services in the country. To develop Framework of Model, Mechanisms, Standards for National knowledge Repository. Training & Development  To design & develop new Master level Courses such as MBA (Consultancy Management, MBA (R&D Management), MBA (Technology& Innovation Management)
  11. 11. 9 3.2.8 Export Promotion and International Collaborations  3.2.9 Financial Consulting  3.3 To identifying local partners in foreign countries as a strategic move for market entry and facilitate Joint Ventures among Indian & International consultants To modernize the accounting system by revisiting the methodology for accounting organization. Central Electronics Ltd. Projects under S&T Scheme 3.3.1 Development, Pilot Process Demonstration & Field Testing of DSSCs/Modules 3.3.2 Development & Technology Absorption of Grid Tied Micro-inverter for SPV Power Plant 3.3.3 Establishment of R & D Facilities for Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) & Solar Thermal (ST) 3.3.4 Design & Development of Data Logger Projects under I&M Scheme 3.3.5 Development & Establishment of PV module Facility of 80MW 3.3.6 Upgrading of Production Facility of PCM 3.3.7 Maintenance & Up-gradation of Infrastructure of Company as a whole 3.3.8 Production of X-Ray Baggage Scanning Systems 3.4 National Research Development Corporation 3.4.1 Programme for Inspiring Inventors & Innovators (PIII)   Angel Funding for promoting development of new generation products  3.4.2 Prize Award to meritorious inventions and open source technologies. Knowledge Management Programme for promotion of Innovations / Technologies Programme for Development and Dissemination of Technologies (PDDT)  Digital Knowledge Base (Innovation Portal) for commercialisation of Innovations
  12. 12. 10 3.4.3 Technology Facilitation and IP Management Programme (TFIMP)    3.4.4 Export of Technology (EOT)  3.4.5 NRDC-University Innovation Facilitation Centres Development of IP Mart Intellectual Property and Technology Facilitation Centre Showcasing of Indigenous technologies emanating from Academic & Research Institutes and Universities and other technologies in African Countries Socio-Economic Development Technologies (SEDIAT)    through Innovative and Appropriate Programme for North-Eastern regions (skill development / training, EDP, technology demonstration centre, etc.) Women Entrepreneurship Development Programme Propagation of Technologies under CSIR 800 Scheme ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  13. 13. 13 Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017) Financial Outlay Rs. in crore S.No. Constituents Outlay 1. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) 1.1. Programme for Innovation Development & Empowerment (PRIDE) 500 1.2. Nurturing Entrepreneurship 275 Building Collaborative Research for Industrial Growth and Efficacy 300 Innovators for Commercialization and 2575 (NICE) 1.3. (BRIDGE) 1.4. Global Research and Industry Partnership Fund (GRIP) 500 1.5. Creation of Common Research and Technology Development Facilities 250 1.6. Supporting Equity in Start-ups 300 1.7. Access to Knowledge for Creation of Innovative Capacity and 100 Dissemination (A2K) Sub-Total for New Initiatives On-going and Spill-Over Programmes 2225 350 2. Consultancy Development Centre (CDC) 63 2.1 Consultancy Promotion 2.2 Services 5.88 2.3 Research & Analysis 4.24 2.4 National Programme for Competency Development in strategic focus 6.27 16.30 areas 2.5 Technology Delivery Transfer and Commercialisation 2.6 National Knowledge Depository 2.7 Training & Development 6.53 2.8 Export Promotion and International Collaborations 7.02 3. Central Electronics Limited (CEL) 230 S&T Projects 2.94 13.82
  14. 14. 14 3.1 Development, Pilot Process Demonstration & Field Testing of 25 Development & Technology Absorption of Grid Tied Micro-inverter for 25 DSSCs/Modules 3.2 SPV Power Plant 3.3 Establishment of R & D Facilities for Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) & Solar 35 Thermal (ST) 3.4 Design & Development of Data Logger 15 I & M Projects 3.5 Development & Establishment of PV module Facility of 80 MW 80 3.6 Upgrading of Production Facility of PCM 20 3.7 Maintenance & Up-gradation of Infrastructure of Company as a whole 3.8 Production of X-Ray Baggage Scanning Systems 4 National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) 180 4.1 Programme for Inspiring Inventors & Innovators (PIII) 38 4.2 Programme for Development and Dissemination of Technologies 55 5 25 (PDDT) 4.3 Technology Facilitation and IP Management Programme (TFIMP) 27 4.4 Export of Technology (EOT) 40 4.5 Socio-economic Development through Innovative and Appropriate 20 Technologies (SEDIAT) Total of item no. 1 to item no. 4 3048 CEL – Mega Science Project Joint Venture & Technology Absorption for Silicon Wafer Production 5755 Grand Total 8803
  15. 15. CSIR TWELFTH FIVE YEAR PLAN Plan Document Summary Including Eleventh Plan Achievements 2012-2017 Volume – II CSIR Council of Scientific & Industrial Research New Delhi 110 001
  16. 16. Contents Sno. I. Title Page Number Review of the Eleventh Five Year Plan 1 1. Introduction 1 2. Approach and Strategy during the Eleventh Five Year Plan 4 3. Repositioning of CSIR during Eleventh Plan 7 4. Highlights of Significant contribution 9 5. National Laboratories: Sectoral Achievements 29 6. National S&T Human Resource Development 190 7. Intellectual Property and Technology Management 192 8. R&D Management Support 193 9. New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative 194 Setting Up of Innovation Complexes 208 II. Twelfth Five Year Plan Programmes 209 1. Focus and Strategies 209 1.1 Twelfth Five Year Plan Initiatives 209 1.1.1 Setting up of New Institutions 209 1.1.2 R&D in Clusters through National Laboratories 210 1.1.3 Open Innovation 210 1.1.4 Building Excellence 210 1.1.5 New R&D Paradigms 210 1.1.6 Innovation Complexes 211 10. 1.1.7 CSIR Centres for Cooperative Research: CSIR-Academia, CSIR-R&D Institutes, CSIR-Industry 211 1.1.8 CSIR Outreach Centres 212 1.1.9 Initiative for Scale Up and Validation of Leads 212 1.1.10 CSIR Initiative for North Eastern States, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands 212 1.1.11 R&D Infrastructure Creation and Refurbishment 213 1.1.12 Civil Infrastructure Building and Refurbishment 213 1.1.13 National S&T Human Resource Development 213 1.1.14 Intellectual Property and Technology Management 213 1.1.15 R&D Management Support 213 1.1.16 New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI) 214 1.2 Ongoing Commitments of the Eleventh Five Year Plan 214 1.3 Budget Requirement 215
  17. 17. CSIR -12th Five Year Plan
  18. 18. CSIR -11th Five Year Plan Achievements
  19. 19. 1 Twelfth Five Year Plan 1 Volume – II: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Review of the Eleventh Five Year Plan 1. Introduction Emerged as a unique innovation system in the Country, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is a premier organization delivering cutting edge science and technological solutions. It has a pan-India presence through 37 laboratories and 39 outreach centres, working in diverse knowledge intensive S&T areas. By systematic reorientation and repositioning from time to time, it has strived to become a model contemporary R D & E organization. CSIR is now moving towards globally benchmarking itself. CSIR has spearheaded formulation of many policies in the country and in tune with the government priorities, has refocused its goals to contribute towards achieving faster inclusive growth through appropriate S&T intervention. CSIR of today is not only firmly embedded into the National Innovation System (NIS) but also is energizing it by gainfully utilizing the expertise of more than 4500 scientists; 7000 technical personnel and 4000 administrative staff under its umbrella.   The Eleventh Plan of CSIR was formulated during 2007 under the framework of the seven cardinal policy objectives of Indian Planning namely growth, social justice & equity, modernization, self-reliance, food, productivity and employment. The Plan was formulated through a Working Group for the DSIR/CSIR based on the inputs from 16 sectoral and 4 thematic groups that aimed to make a critical assessment of the R&D parameters of the respective sectors and themes. The Eleventh Five Year Plan sectoral focus of CSIR included: Aerospace Science & Engineering; Agro, Food Processing and Nutrition Technology; Biology & Biotechnology; Chemical Science & Technology; Electronics, Photonics & Instrumentation; Earth System Sciences; Ecology & Environment; Energy Resources & Technology; Engineering Materials; Mining/Minerals and Manufacturing Technology; Pharmaceutical, Healthcare
  20. 20. 2  and Drugs; Housing, Road and Construction; Information Technology, Resources and Products; Leather; Metrology; Rural Development; Water Resources & Technology. The thematic groups comprised of Human Resource Development, Intellectual Property Management; International Collaboration and PPP. The entire Plan was appropriately dovetailed at a later stage with the approach provided by the Planning Commission. In the Eleventh Five Year Plan CSIR activities and programmes were operated through six schemes namely: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. National Laboratories; National S&T Human Resource Development; Intellectual Property & Technology Management; R&D Management Support; New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative; and Innovation Complexes. The Working Group had recommended a budgetary support of Rs. 17580 crore for CSIR; however the Planning Commission had made an allocation of Rs. 8400 crore, of which CSIR has received Rs. 6842 crore. Based on the above resource allocation by the Planning Commission, CSIR prioritized 96 projects, in four categories. These included:  Supra-Institutional Projects (SIP) – The SIPs were 32 in number. The R&D areas covered broadly included: - Aerospace sciences and cutting edge technologies; - Evolution of the Indian lithosphere, major earth processes and resources; - Science for forecasting systems for the waters around India; - Seismic hazard risk evaluation and earthquake precursor related studies; - Performance driven steels, ceramic materials for emerging technologies; - High performance materials and construction technologies; - Niche food processing technologies for outreach of cost effective, safe, hygienic, nutritious and health food to the target population; - Evidence based nutraceutical / herbal products for preventive health and disease management; - Integrative biology approach in deciphering genotype - Phenotype correlation for human complex disorders; - Investigative toxicology: New paradigms; - Understanding the molecular mechanism of diseases of national priority: Developing novel approaches for effective management; - Development of Novel Target based Anticancer Therapeutics; - Biodiversity assessment, prospection and conservation of plant resources of India; - R&D on Photovoltaic and Other energy applications;
  21. 21. 3 - Technology development for smart systems; and Capability in mobile robot development for industrial, outdoor and hazardous applications.  Networked Projects (NWP) - These projects were 48 in number. The R&D areas covered broadly included: - Specialty inorganic materials, conducting polymer paints and coatings; - High frequency microwave tubes; - Eco-friendly energy efficient processes for utilization of iron ore resources; - Exploitation of Indian microbial diversity; - Engineering peptides and proteins for new generation therapies; - NCL-IGIB joint research initiative: Interfacing chemistry with biology; - Diabetes Mellitus -New drug discovery R&D, molecular mechanisms and genetic factors; - Validation of identified screening models and development of new alternative models for evaluation of new drug Entities; - Comparative genomics and biology of non-coding RNA in the human genome; - Environmental Contaminants: New Screening Technologies and Effect on Human Health; - Atmosphere carbon dioxide sequestration through fertilization of a highnutrients-low chlorophyll (HNLC) oceanic regions with iron; - Hydrogen economy initiative: Overcoming materials challenges for the generation, storage and conversion of hydrogen using fuel cells; - Functional organic materials for energy efficient devices; - Development of advanced lightweight metallic materials for engineering applications; - Engineering of structures against natural and other disasters; and - Advancement in metrology, development of hollow fibre membrane technology.  Inter-Agency Projects (IAP) – The IAP projects were 6 in number. The R&D areas covered broadly included: - New insights in cancer biology: Identification of novel targets and development of target based molecular medicine; - Development of Lithium-ion batteries for Multifarious applications; and - Project on Conservation of Endangered Species.  Facility Creation (FAC) - These projects were 10 in number. The R&D areas covered broadly included: - National Facilities for Functional Genomic Research (a) Zebra-fish Facility (b) Cellomics Facility (c) LC-NMR Facility; - Advanced Center for Protein Informatics, Science, Engineering & Technology - Advanced centre for protein informatics;
  22. 22. 4 - Compact high energy light source radiation for structural analysis of bio-molecules; Centre for lipid research; Battery performance evaluation centre; and Innovation centre for plasma processing. Indian R&D organizations including CSIR are performing in a dynamic situation, influenced by changes in policy settings at national and international level. CSIR has refocused and reprioritized its R&D activities (of Eleventh Five Year Plan) responding to the policy changes. Seven areas have been identified to focus and derive synergy. These areas include:        Affordable healthcare; Sustainable energy; Chemistry & Environment; Smart & Functional materials; Engineering structures/design and electronics; Earth System science; and CSIR-800 – S&T interventions for the masses. 2. Approach and Strategy during the Eleventh Five Year Plan 2.1 The Approach CSIR’s approach during the 11th Plan was focused on “technology led accelerated inclusive growth” that was taken up through a three-pronged strategy namely:    Conceptualize, plan and work in a network mode on R&D of relevance nationally and globally. This was to be achieved through alignment with public, private, social and strategic needs; Forge viable, challenging and defined supra-institutional projects as flagship programmes of individual laboratories; and Build centers of sustainable growth within the CSIR laboratories. In the above approach, CSIR was guided by its mission statement which is to provide “Scientific industrial research and development that maximizes the economic, environmental and societal benefits to the people of India”.
  23. 23. 5 CSIR thus continued to foster the organizational values of: (i) Excellence in Science Science that will lead and not follow (ii) Global competitiveness In technology based on high science, rooted wherever feasible in India’s rich heritage of knowledge (iii) Local relevance Finding holistic and optimal solutions to the pressing problems of the country by deploying technologies, ranging from the simplest to the most sophisticated often disruptive, suited to socio-cultural, economic ethos of the people; and (iv) Innovation In all sphere of activities ranging from science, technology, management and financing. 2.2 The Strategy Guided by the above approach, CSIR’s operating strategy during the Plan was to think globally, plan nationally and act locally. CSIR recognized the importance of benefits that its laboratories must deliver to the nation in return of the Government budgetary grant, i.e. Benefit to Cost where benefits reflect on effectiveness and costs reflect on efficiency. In the Eleventh Plan CSIR had put emphasis on maximizing the Benefit to Cost ratio of goods. In order to do so the laboratories that were in the knowledge (research) intensive areas, were positioned to benchmark and compete globally; they positioned themselves strategically by ‘doing the right things’ and also attained high levels of operating efficiency to be competitive. The laboratories that delivered strategic and public outputs, and so unique in themselves that the nation could not do without them, were derived to explore alternate managerial practice for select activities to further enhances their usefulness and ‘efficiency of operation’. The laboratories which dealt with service specific socio-economic sectors were to concentrate on providing front-end research to industry and act as technology reservoir positioning strategically all activities to continue to be relevant to the industry. 2.2.1 Core Operative Strategy In order to leverage scientific and technological capabilities to attain the goals, CSIR during the Eleventh Plan adopted the approach of implementing the following components in executing the Plan:
  24. 24. 6    2.2.2     2.2.3     R&D initiatives through defined and focused projects; Measures to leverage core competency of laboratories; and New initiatives. R&D Projects Supra-institutional projects, wherein the laboratory had at least one flagship project in which the majority of the groups within the laboratory participated. This was aimed to synergize the in-house capabilities to optimize the outputs; Inter-laboratory network projects (as initiated in X Plan) with a sharp focus to develop products/processes and knowledge which was of interest to the nation; Inter-agency projects, focusing on networking with institutions/agencies outside CSIR to develop advanced technologies/products /prototypes/ knowledge base that required multidisciplinary inputs and synergies. Such projects were envisaged to forge a Global Research Alliance, with international agencies of repute, for addressing global problems through global funding was one such endeavour; identifying opportunities for strategic partnerships for large inter-organizational impact making projects; and associate the 'Indian research community' in such partnerships as a 'Team India' endeavour. Facility creation projects for augmenting the existing facilities as national facilities in R&D service mode to other academic and R&D institutions to help maximize their outputs and build synergies with them. Leveraging Core Competency In addition to the above structured projects, the Plan adopted the strategy to leverage and promote laboratory level research and leverage the core strength of CSIR through one or all of the following processes: Creating, nurturing and sustaining the core knowledge frontier - To enabling laboratories to venture into exploratory research and also augment its R&D facilities for undertaking cutting-edge research in frontiers of science; Promote the public private partnership mode - The NMITLI has created a brand image and is viewed today as a benchmark of PPP schemes. It has shown a new way of managing the R&D projects, appropriate to Indian conditions. As India is entering into a new era of R&D, more such newer approaches of innovation development would be evolved and experimented; and Development of R&D Human Capital: CSIR laboratories were envisaged to forge symbiotic, seamless linkages and partnerships with institutions for higher learning by sharing with them their facilities, human resources (faculty) and infrastructure to develop specialized human resources in trans-disciplinary niche areas and later on to become part of the deemed University. Further, it was aimed to revitalize human resources through
  25. 25. 7 fresh induction of manpower, primarily in the scientific and technical cadres. In addition it is also proposed to create mechanism for hiring temporary scientific & technical manpower for implementation of R&D programmes to overcome the problems posed by ageing and shortage of manpower. 3. Repositioning of CSIR during Eleventh Plan Repositioning of CSIR has been achieved with the focus: to remain strategically important for the nation; to have excellent scientists who are happy and proud to be in CSIR; to create large enough public good to remain relevant; and to become a unique organization for achieving knowledge business world over. During the Mid Term Appraisal, CSIR undertook a thorough introspection into its functioning, performance and strategies and systematically addressed the lacunae through policy reforms. In the process, CSIR attempted to reposition itself for achieving greater efficiency. Highlights of the mid-term repositioning are as follows:  Change in R&D Focus and Operation: CSIR appreciated the need to focus on “inclusive innovation” while pursuing R&D activities in its laboratories. It was resolved to have the ongoing projects to be reviewed and repositioned and also some mega projects to be conceptualized, developed and launched.  Change in R&D Management Strategy through formation of Clusters: CSIR envisaged evolving a new R&D management strategy through participative performance monitoring of R&D projects. In this context, the traditional division of R&D sectors was replaced with identification of six R&D clusters. These were Biological Science, Chemical Science, Engineering Science, Information Science, Physical Science and CSIR-800. The Clusters were placed under the Cluster Directors. The Council of CSIR Clusters (C3) was formed under the Chairmanship of DG, CSIR wherein all cluster Directors were members. All projects were positioned to operate dynamically in a mission mode with their strategy, deliverables and objectives repositioned as required. Individual projects were planned to be run by Project Directors in the age group of 35-45 years. Further individual projects were planned to have multi-tiered monitoring at laboratory level, task force level, cluster level and C 3 level. The strategy was positioned to achieve crystallization of trans-disciplinary projects through inter-disciplinary linkages between sub-sets of multiple Clusters, thereby facilitating creation of global niches. This change in management strategy through creation of clusters was aimed at generating cutting-edge knowledge and providing technological solutions for the masses; as also to
  26. 26. 8 reposition CSIR by creating a unique brand image through R&D led delivery and commercial exploitation of knowledgebase.  Science Policy for Scientific Entrepreneurship: A national effort pioneered and led by CSIR/DSIR has helped government to give nod for researchers to have an equity stake in scientific enterprises and spin-offs while still being employed in their organizations. This policy decision is to enable Indian scientists like their peers in all developed counties, to enjoy the commercial benefits of their inventions and patents. CSIR scientists have already spun off two companies namely: o o Tridiagonal Solutions Pvt. Ltd. develops products and solutions by harnessing power of computational modeling to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of industrial processes. The company has sites in Pune and San Antonio; and Vyome Biosciences Pvt. Ltd. is focused on developing best class drugs for Dermatology care exploiting modern Functional Genomics, Biotechnology, Medicinal & Polymer Chemistry and Nanotechnology. The focus areas of research in the company are Acne, Sebhorrheic Dermatitis, Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Pigmentation Disorder. Vyome is governed by eminent people from diverse background and managed by experienced professionals with a team of talented scientists.  Cluster Innovation Centre (MSME) - An initiative in building: National Innovation Council (NInC) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has decided to collaborate to set up Cluster Innovation Centre (CIC) in diverse MSME Clusters across the country by joining forces with CSIR 800 initiative of CSIR and the Technopreneur Promotion Programme (TePP) of DSIR.  Online Advanced Scientist Information System (OASIS): A unique portal to connect to Scientific Community in CSIR has been created, build up and operationalised.  CSIR@80: Vision and Strategy - A New CSIR for New India: CSIR is making India proud today, not only in high science but is catalyzing industrial growth as well in certain niche sectors, as a result of the strategic repositioning initiated about four years back with focus on innovation. Motivated with the success achieved, CSIR has prepared a road map for 2022 i.e. CSIR@80: Vision and Strategy – a new CSIR for new India, after detailed deliberations with various stakeholders.
  27. 27. 9 4. Highlights of Significant Contributions The constituents of CSIR are pursuing well focused basic and applied research in diverse areas. As a socially conscious organization, CSIR has also been providing S&T needed for the Indian populace and helping in removing the drudgery of the masses at the base of economic pyramid. Over the decades CSIR has risen to the occasion, meeting diverse challenges put forth due to continuously changing internal and external policy settings. CSIR has enabled India excel in high science and is catalyzing industrial growth in certain niche sectors. CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy. Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is also strengthening and building on its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. In the last four years of the Eleventh Five Year Plan, CSIR has made major strides in terms of its contributions in the areas such as affordable healthcare, sustainable energy, development of technologies for industrial competitiveness, providing knowledgebase for strategic sector, and finding holistic solution for societal welfare. Highlights of the achievements are given below: 4.1 Scientific Excellence 4.1.1 Research Papers    CSIR published 3858 research papers in SCI journals of national and international repute during 2007; 4114 during 2008; 4259 during 2009; and 4433 during 2010 contributing to average 12% of the National SCI publications. The average Impact Factor per paper stood at 2.047 during 2007; 2.130 during 2008; 2.28 during 2009 and 2010. CSIR is energized through appropriate interventions - the energy of scholarship is steadily increasing, which is reflected in the Energy - Index graph (E= C 2/P, where P is papers of five previous years, and C is the citations received in the target year) which shows the increase in impact/paper as well as the increase in total number of papers. CSIR’s energy scholarship compares advantageously with that of leading R&D institutes in the country: - - CSIR published 18 research papers during 2008 in high impact (IF>10.0) SCI journals which include Nature, Science, Cell, PNAS and others with highest impact factor of 29.88; and CSIR’s scientific impact is growing rapidly and presently has the highest scientific impact in the country. During 2009, a total of 11 research papers were published in high impact (IF>14) journals, such as Nature,
  28. 28. 10 Science, Cell, PNAS, Chemical Reviews; the highest being in Chemical Reviews with impact factor of 35.96. 2.35 2.3 2.25 2.2 2.15 2.1 2.05 2 1.95 1.9 1.85 2007 2008 2009 2010 Year CSIR Publications during 11FYP 4500 Number Impact Factor Average Impact Factor during 11FYP 4114 4000 4259 4433 3858 3500 2007 2008 2009 Year 2010
  29. 29. 11 List of Top 50 Publications across Clusters S.No Paper Title Publication Details Impact Factor (IF) Biological Sciences Cluster 1. Reconstructing Indian population history NATURE, 2009, 461 (7263),489 34.48 2. Gamete formation without meiosis in Arabidopsis NATURE, 2008, 451 (7182), 1121 34.48 3. A common MYBPC3 (cardiac myosin binding protein C) variant associated with cardiomyopathies in South Asia NATURE GENETICS, 2009, 41(2), 187 34.284 4. Nanoscale organization of Hedgehog is essential for long-range signaling CELL, 2008, 133, 1214 31.152 5. Towards a new developmental synthesis: adaptive developmental plasticity and human disease LANCET, 2009, 373 (9675), 1654 30.758 6. Synthetic Clonal Reproduction Through Seeds SCIENCE, 2011, 331 (6019), 876 29.747 7. Mapping Human Genetic Diversity in Asia. SCIENCE, 2009, 326 (5959), 1541 29.747 8. Human Proteinpedia enables sharing of human protein data P. Pharmacological inhibition of gutderived serotonin synthesis is a potential bone anabolic treatment for osteoporosis NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 2008, 26 (2), 164 NATURE MEDICINE, 2010, 16(3), 308 29.495 Beal MF. Hugging tight in Huntington's Chemical Sciences Cluster NATURE MEDICINE (News & Views), 2011, 17, 245 27.136 11. Recent developments in the synthesis of prostaglandins and analogues Marine Metabolites: The Sterols of Soft Coral CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2007, 107 (7), 3286 26.054 CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2009, 109(6), 2803 23.492 Organic Syntheses and Transformations Catalyzed by Sulfated Zirconia Polyaniline materials by emulsion polymerization pathway BioinspiredSuperhydrophobic Coatings of Carbon Nanotubes and CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2009, 109(6), 2185 23.492 PROGRESS IN POLYMER SCIENCE, 2008, 33(7), 732 ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED., 2008, 47, 5750 12.809 9. 10. 12. 13. 14. 15. 27.136 11.83
  30. 30. 12 Linear π Systems Based on the “Bottom-up” Self-Assembly Approach 16. Gold Nanoparticles Embedded in a Mesoporous Carbon Nitride Stabilizer for Highly Efficient ThreeComponent Coupling Reaction 17. A Near-Infrared Squaraine Dye as a Latent RatiometricFluorophore for the Detection of Aminothiol Content in Blood Plasma 18. Ruthenium(IV) Complexes Featuring P,O-Chelating Ligands: Regioselective Substitution Directly from Allylic Alcohols 19. ToroidalNanoobjects from Rosette Assemblies of Melamine-Linked Oligo(p-phenyleneethynylene)s and Cyanurates 20. Merging Metal and N-Heterocyclic Carbene Catalysis: On the Way to Discovering Enantioselective Organic Transformations Engineering Sciences Cluster 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A Universal Approach to the Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanodendrites and Their Catalytic Properties A facile approach for morphosynthesis of Pdnanoelectrocatalysts Commercializing lignocellulosicbiethanol technology – Bottlenecks and possible remedies Synthesis, characterisation and catalytic evaluation of ironmanganese mixed oxide pillared clay for VOC decomposition reaction Review paper on solar-powered air conditioning through adsorption route 26. Facile fabrication of hierarchical Ndoped GaZn mixed oxides for water splitting reactions 27. Facile synthesis of mesoporous N doped zirconium titanium mixed oxide nanomaterial with enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED.,2010, 49 (34), 5961 11.83 ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED., 2008, 47, 7883 11.83 ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED., 2010, 49 (15), 2782 11.83 ANGEW. CHEM., INT. ED., 2008, 47, 4691 11.83 ANGEW. CHEM., INT. ED., 2011, 50 (8), 1759 11.83 ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED., 2010, 49, 4962 11.829 CHEM. COMMUN., 2011, 47, 3796 5.34 BIOFUELS, BIOPRODUCTS AND BIOREFINING-BIOFPR., 2010, 4, 77 APPLIED CATALYSIS BENVIRONMENTAL, 2008, 79, 279 4.885 RENEWABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 2010, 14 (8), 2189 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 2010, 20 (34), 7144 4.84 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 2010, 20 (48), 10876 4.795 4.853 4.795
  31. 31. 13 light 28. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 2010, 20, 4949 4.795 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 2009, 19 (37), 6810 4.795 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 2010, 20, 2381 4.795 Timing of recent out-of-sequence active deformation in the frontal Himalayan wedge: Insights from the Darjiling sub-Himalaya, India Estimates of interseismic deformation in Northeast India from GPS measurements High-resolution simulation of mean convection and its intraseasonal variability over the tropics in the MRI/JMA 20-km mesh AGCM GEOLOGY, 2007, 35, 999 4.368 EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 2007, 263, 221 JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 2008, 21, 3722 4.062 34. No evidence of unusually large postseismic deformation in Andaman region immediately after 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 2008, 35, L10307 3.204 35. Reduction in temporal and spatial extent of the Indian summer monsoon GPS-based atmospheric precipitable water vapor estimation using meteorological parameters interpolated from NCEP global reanalysis data An outlook into energy consumption in large scale industries in India: The cases of steel, aluminium and cement Pricing model for biodiesel feedstock: A case study of Chhattisgarh in India Earthquake correlations and networks: A comparative study GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 2007, 34, L23704 3.204 JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 2008, 113, D03106 3.082 ENERGY POLICY, 2010, 38, 7286 2.436 ENERGY POLICY, 2010, 38, 7487 2.436 PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 2011, 83, 046109 2.352 29. 30. Facile Synthesis of nano-structured Hydroxyapatite-titania Bio-implant Scaffolds with Different Morphologies: Their Bioactivity and Corrosion Behaviour Influence of foreign Fe ions on wet chemical synthesis of Pt nanoparticle thin films at ambient temperature: in situ versus direct addition Facile synthesis of ultra-small monodisperse ceria nanocrystals at room temperature and their catalytic activity under visible light Information Sciences Cluster 31. 32. 33. 36. 37. 38. 39. 3.363
  32. 32. 14 40. The Correlation Conundrum JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2010, 61, 2378 2.3 Physical Sciences Cluster 41. Marine metabolites: The sterols of soft coral CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2009, 109 (6), 2803 35.957 42. Denitrification as the dominant nitrogen loss process in the Arabian Sea The rapid drift of the Indian tectonic plate Ocean iron fertilization - Moving forward in a sea of uncertainty Seismic Evidence for Sharp Lithosphere – Asthenosphere Boundaries of Oceanic Plates Nickel(II) tetra-aminophthalocyanine modified MWCNTs as potential nanocomposite materials for the development of supercapacitors The boundary between the Indian and Asian plates below Tibet. NATURE, 2009, 461 (8276), 78 34.48 NATURE, 2007, 449, 894 34.48 SCIENCE, 2008, 319 (5860), 162 SCIENCE, 2009, 324, 499 28.103 ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, 2010, 3, 228 9.45 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 2010, 107 (25), 11229 ADVANCED MATERIALS, 2010, 22, 4448 9.432 BULL. AM. METEOROL. SOC., 2009, 90 (4), 459 6.123 BIOTECHNOL. ADV., 2008, 26 (3), 233 6.11 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. Electrically Tunable Optical Switching of a Mott Insulator-Band Insulator Interface RAMA: The Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (including supplement) Marine molecular biology: An emerging field of biological sciences 28.103 8.379 4.1.2 CSIR Scientists in Frontier of Science CSIR scientists have been awarded prestigious fellowships and have won various prestigious awards for the contributions made. Data till September 2011 is given below:
  33. 33. 15 Fellowship/Award Fellows of Indian National Science Academy Fellows of Indian Academy of Engineers Fellows of Indian Academy of Sciences Fellows of National Academy of Sciences Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awardees National Mineral Awardees INSA young scientist awardees CSIR Young Scientists awardees 4.1.3 Number 37 23 61 79 34 33 30 120 Creating and Nurturing S&T Human Resource for generating wealth a) National S&T Human Resource Development: At the national level, CSIR has been contributing significantly for the development of highly qualified S&T manpower in diverse disciplines. CSIR is currently supporting over 8396 research scholars. 4000 students are pursuing Ph.D. in various CSIR Laboratories. About 7000 project assistants work in various R&D projects and are trained on advanced S&T. b) Achieving High Value for its PhDs: Currently CSIR produces 500 Ph.Ds and 2000 post graduate degree holders and research trainees every year. As per Kelkar Committee recommended methodology, the differential value per annum after appropriate discounting for guiding these Ph.Ds and training post graduate degree holders and research trainees would be at Rs. 225 crore and Rs. 450 crore per annum respectively (Rs. 675 crore in total). 4.1.4     Value generation through Intellectual Property (IP) CSIR has had been at the forefront of Intellectual Property generation - it enjoys a unique position amongst publicly funded R&D organizations nationally and internationally. CSIR was granted 1282 foreign patents and 1507 Indian patents during the Eleventh Plan till date. CSIR has 3250 foreign patents and 2350 Indian patents in force and 222 patents licensed as on date. The percentage utilization of patents is 8.67% which is much above the world average of 3-5%. CSIR’s per patent cost is lowest in the world amongst state funded R&D organizations. For example, the cost per US Patent (2008) as a ratio of CSIR with respect to major state funded organizations stands at 1:7 for Max Planck Germany, 1:7 for CNRS and 1:13 for Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  34. 34. 16 Patents Filed during the 11th Plan 390 Number 400 300 242 230 207 Filed India 149 182 173 158 200 Filed Abroad 100 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Year Patents Granted during the 11th Plan Number 1050 345 550 701 344 329 401 145 264 260 Granted India Granted Abroad 50 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 Year 2010-11 CSIR Patent Portfolio Across Plans 3250 1333 Number 342 658 1413 2350 Foreign 250 IX Plan Indian X Plan Plan XI Plan
  35. 35. 17 4.1.5 Reaching out to the stakeholders   4.2 CSIR organized Technofest 2010 in a mega way at Pragati Maidan in Hall No. 11 during 14th – 27th November 2010. It has been a great success. CSIR presented its knowledgebase in the Technofest through 15 theme pavilions, namely: Energy; Healthcare; Agriculture & Floriculture; Food & Nutrition; Water; Ecology & Environment; CSIR 800; Chemicals & Petrochemicals; Strategic Sectors; Aerospace; Engineering Infrastructure; Mining, Minerals & Materials; IP & Entrepreneurship; and Nurturing Human Resource. Over 130 industries participated in the Technofest and displayed their R&D partnership success stories with CSIR. Various dignitaries from diverse walks of life visited the CSIR Pavilion and appreciated the contributions made by CSIR. Over half a million people visited the Technofest during the period and got educated of science and innovation provided by CSIR for transforming India. CSIR also organized as the part of the Technofest, various R&D specific theme sessions which discussed in a focused manner the status of technology in the respective domains, future road map so as to carve out an Indian niche in the domain and possible partnership with CSIR through diverse and innovative models. CSIR Tableau at Rajpath on 26.1.2011 focused at generics drugs to genomic medicine was very well received. In the tableau through an expressive medium, CSIR contributions for development of generic drug industry in the country over the years on one hand and CSIR’s continued efforts for development of new drugs and now of genomic medicine on the other were captured. Recognition through Awards Award for “Highest number of Patents in the Country” CSIR has bagged an award for an Indian institute securing highest number of Indian patents in the year 2009. The award is instituted by Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. CSIR continues to hold the same position. Thomson & Reuters Innovation Award Academic Institution in the Country” 2010 for “Most Innovative Hi-Tech CSIR has received Thomson & Reuters Innovation Award 2010 for being most innovative hi-tech academic institution in the country. The recipients for this award are decided by analyzing their innovation through patented technology, number and impact of patents, the efficiency and effectiveness of research and the impact of innovation as measured by patent citations.
  36. 36. 18 Award for best display in IITF 2010 CSIR bagged Gold medal for display in CSIR Technofest 2010. The award was in the category of Public Sector Undertakings, EPCS, Community Boards and Banks. 4.3  CSIR Technologies for National Capacity Building CNM5 from CSIR-NAL and Mahindra Aerospace: Designed and developed through a public-private partnership in civil aircraft, the CNM5 is a 5-seater all-metal aircraft. The aircraft was test flown first in the first week of September, 2011 and then had subsequent successful test flights. It is powered by a Lycoming IO-540 engine and features non-retractable landing gear and a spacious cabin with large access doors. The cabin interior is reconfigurable to adapt the aircraft to different roles, while simplicity of systems and ease of maintenance are design drivers throughout the aircraft. The CNM5, a light utility aircraft, is designed to meet the latest global standards, while operating in environments with limited infrastructure at extremely low costs per seat mile. CNM-5 taking off for Maiden Flight  Carbon Fibre Technology – Setting up of a commercial plant: Carbon fibre is an important and strategic raw material for the fabrication of advanced composite materials. Carbon fibre polymer matrix composites are being extensively used as light weight structural materials in a large number of materials. The technology for the carbon fibres and pregregs developed by CSIR-NAL (National Aerospace Laboratories) was transferred to M/s Kemrock for commercialization. The Kemrock has set up a plant of capacity of 400 tons per annum. In due course, this effort would make the country self sufficient in carbon fibre material. The plant has been reently certified for its use in aircraft grade components by the Center for Military Airworthiness & Certification (CEMILAC), a constituent laboratory of DRDO with its primary function in certification of military aircraft and airborne systems. With the certification, the T300 grade fibres being produced by M/s. Kemrock with the technical know how from CSIR-NAL, can now be used in making aircraft components.
  37. 37. 19  Sulphate of Potash – A novel technology for self reliance: Technology for recovery of Sulphate of Potash (SOP), developed by CSIRCSMCRI (Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute) from bittern has been transferred to M/s Archean Chemical Industries. They are setting up a commercial plant of capacity 1 lakh tone per annum. SOP is a premium fertilizer with highest nutrient value of ~68%. Further, CSIRCSMCRI has demonstrated the technology to Tata Chemicals Limited (TCL). A pilot plant is being set up in the company’s premises which would have potential to produce 3 tons/day (900 tons) of sulphate of potash. The novel technology has been protected (PCT granted in USA, Australia and Canada). Presently entire potash demand is met through imports. The commercialization of the indigenous technology would make our country self sufficient in sulphate of potash.  Head Up Display – Commercialization of technology: The Head up Display (HUD) is an essential component of the cockpit display by providing the pilot with essential flight information, navigational and target/weapon release cues superimposed on the window to the outside world. It is a transparent display that presents data without requiring the user to look away from his viewpoint. The technology developed by CSIR-CSIO (Central Scientific Instrument Organisation) for use in Light Combat Aircraft, has been transferred to M/s. Bharat Electronics Limited, Panchkula and production has begun.  Commercialization of the ATBS (acrylamido tertiary butyl sulfonic acid) Technology: The ATBS process was developed by a team at CSIR-NCL and has been commercialized by M/s Vinati Organics Limited (VOL) at MIDC, Lote Parsuram, Chiplun. This technology has major impact of Economic & Strategic nature on company (VOL) as well as country. With ATBS Plant commissioned, VOL has become the 2nd largest manufacturer of ATBS in world (18000 TPA at present). With variety of polymers manufactured ATBS plant of the Vinati Organics Ltd.
  38. 38. 20 (different mol wt polymers with different process conditions), ATBS finds applications in innumerable products e.g. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), Acrylic dye fiber pick-up, Water treatment, Medical polymers, Personal care application etc. With increase in crude prices EOR has become very important. ATBS is one of the important ingredients used in EOR so its usage is going up. Due to this VOL is also under expansion which will make it largest producer of ATBS in the world. 4.4 CSIR Building up Technology Portfolio aimed at Socio – Economic Impact: Some cases in point  Tractors - From Swaraj to Sonalika to Krishi Shakti: Based on the success of Swaraj, CSIR-CMERI has developed an advanced tractor named ‘Sonalika’ and the technology was transferred to M/s International Tractors Ltd. Today more than 1,00,000 tractors are tilling the Indian soil with an annual turnover of the M/s ITL at Rs.1400 crores. Continuing the R&D, CSIR developed a 10hp tractor named ‘Krishi Shakti’, which is low cost (Rs.1 lakh) and is suitable for small and marginal farmers.  Streptokinase – from natural to recombinant to next generation: Streptokinase is a vital, life-saver injectable protein drug that saves upto 40% of human lives after heart attacks if given within a few hours of the onset of chest pain. The Indian sub-continent has been recognized by the WHO as a highly vulnerable population pool for cardiac problems, with over 20 million patients in India alone who are suffering from heart-related maladies. CSIR has developed a portfolio of Streptokinase technology which includes: o o Natural Streptokinase: Natural streptokinase, ‘British’ Pharmacopaeic grade, was developed. The technology was transferred to M/s Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Ahmedabad. Cadila is manufacturing the drug indigenously, a first in India. As a result, the price of the imported brands even reduced in the country by about 40%, resulting in a major saving to the Indian consumer and thus making it within the reach of a common man. IMT’s process is highyielding (approx. 70% yields) and delivers drug of exceptionally pure quality (> 99% SK protein) that is safe toxicologically and stable for extended periods of time. Recombinant Streptokinase: Recombinant streptokinase using the recombinant DNA route has been developed. The technology was transferred to M/s. Shasun Drugs and Chemicals Ltd., Chennai. The product was launched after all regulatory testing mandatory for rDNA based therapeutics. The technology has led to making available this vital life saver drug available to the consumer at most affordable costs.
  39. 39. 21 o o  Clot-specific Streptokinase: The clot-specific streptokinase is an engineered streptokinase with decreased side effects. This is a cutting edge technology that has a truly international potential since it can compete with the most advanced clot buster drug currently available (TPA and tissue plasminogen activator). Patents for this advanced version have been filed in several countries. The technology is currently being scaled up so that its transfer to a commercial partner has minimum take off period. Development of New-Generation Thrombolytic Molecules: CSIR has licensed for commercialization of new generation (third and fourth) thrombolytic molecules. These New Generation Clot-buster(s) comprise clinically beneficial thrombolytic molecules with enhanced half lives as well as target (fibrin/clot) specificity. In addition, these have the property of thrombin inactivation in situ, that is, at the site of vascular injury to thwart re-occlusion, a major problem limiting present-day clot busters. Affordable healthcare o Risorine: CSIR-IIIM with Cadila Pharmaceuticals has developed for the first time a novel therapy obtained from Ayurveda named as “RISORINE” for the treatment of tuberculosis. Lead for this novel therapy is obtained from Ayurveda. Concerted research led to identification of Piperine as an active ingredient of Trikatu responsible for enhancement of bioavailability. Commercialization of Risorine has reduced cost of Rifampicin - Isoniazide containing formulation by 23%. While reducing the cost of therapy, Risorine also overcomes certain disadvantages of Rifampicin. Rifampicin is known to have decreased bioavailability over time. Risorine offers advantage of providing consistent levels of Rifampicin over entire therapy period and significant reduction in gastrointestinal side effects. o Prostalyn: CSIR-IICB developed a herbal formulation for the treatment and remedy of prostate problem. The technology was licensed for commercial exploitation. Using CSIR/IICB technology, the company has started marketing this drug in the name of Prostalyn. The drug inhibits abnormal proliferation within the prostate gland in men and relieves urinary symptoms associated with prostate megaly. This leads to decrease in its size, improved urinary flow, more complete emptying of the bladder, decreased urine retention and relief from the symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia. o Memory Enhancer: CSIR-CDRI has developed bacosides enriched standardised extract BESEB (“Bacosides Enriched Standardized
  40. 40. 22 Extract of Bacopa”) of Bacopa - a single plant based unique natural memory enhancer formulation and patented the development. The results of the clinical trials conducted by CSIR-CDRI in India and also in Australia prove that it is good for the prevention and early treatment of dementia. The formulation is useful for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children, Age Associated Memory Impairment (AAMI) in elderly persons as well as for those with stress, tension, anxiety and to improve the memory. BESEB is successfully commercialized and its efficacy has been established. o Caerulomycin A: CSIR-IMTech isolated a bipyridyl compound from a novel species of actinomycetes Actinoalloteichus spitiensis from the Himalayan region which inhibits the proliferation of activated lymphocytes, especially CD4 T cells (both Th1 and Th2) and B cells, which are the cornerstone of adaptive immunity. It also suppresses the production of cytokines. Further, it delays the onset of rejection of skin allografts in mice. The bioactive compound is identified and characterized as Caerulomycin A. The molecule is of immense interest because it exhibits better immunosuppression than the drugs that are currently in clinical use. The molecule will have use in the survival of transplants and treatment of autoimmune diseases.The technology has been licensed for further development and commercialization. o New contraceptives: CSIR-IICB developed a pharmaceutical composition which has virucidal and spermicidal activity. AcaciasideB (Ac-B) has emerged as a prospective candidate molecule for prevention of HIV infection along with potential for use as/in vaginal contraceptive/ formulation. It possesses anti-HIV property at a tolerably low concentration, is non-mutagenic and does not harm the niche of Lactobacilli. Centchroman is the world’s first nonsteroidal oral contraceptive. It is a weak estrogen and a potent antiestrogen with a high therapeutic index. It is marketed by M/s Hindustan Latex Ltd. under the trade name Saheli. An improved, economical, safe, environmental friendly process for production of Dl-Centchroman was developed and transferred for commercialization. o Anti-malarial formulation: A blood schizontocidal antimalarial drug αβ Arteether (Brand name E-mal) has been developed by CSIR-CDRI from the plant Artemisia annua. The drug is effective in treatment of uncomplicated and complicated cases of malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum and marketed by Themis Medicare. The drug was launched in Ghana for marketing and is being marketed in more than 35 countries of Asia and Africa continents.
  41. 41. 23  Technologies for Water: CSIR Laboratories have developed significant knowledgebase on water, ranging from source finding to mapping of water resources, from quality assessment to enhancing potability of water and from recycling to waste water treatment. The R&D activities in the current plan have led to further expansion of the knowledgebase in place. Some of the significant contributions are summarized below: o CSIR-CSMCRI developed a defect-free high flux hollow fibre membrane based technology for water disinfection and purification at affordable cost using polymers and their blends. The technology has been transferred for commercial exploitation. Further, inter polymer ion exchange membrane based technology has been developed by the Laboratory for production of ultrapure water (resistivity-18.2 mega ohm cm) to cater to important industrial sectors like pharmaceutical and semi-conductor industries. Such units are presently imported. The technology has been transferred for commercial use. A treatment prototype has also been developed by combining features of Electro Dialysis and Reverse Osmosis for efficient desalination of brine water. o In yet another development having societal implications, resin-based domestic unit for removal of arsenic from drinking water has been developed along with cost-effective kits for monitoring of arsenic levels. CSIR-IMMT has further refined the simple portable and compact device, the Terafil water filter which is capable of removing microorganisms, turbidity and colloids from drinking water without the use of chemicals. The device is especially handy in remote areas and in the event of natural disaster where the access to pure water and electricity is difficult. o o CSIR-NGRI continued its activities relating to developing and deploying technologies including remote sensing and geotechnical tools for ground water mapping. o First community scale solar RO desalination plant in Kotri, Rajasthan was set up by CSIR-CSMCRI with subsequent development of power boosting through V-trough, thereby making the process costeffective. Desalination of highly saline brines using diesel engine waste heat have also been developed besides setting a 20 MLD RO plant for desalination of lignite mine water in Nagaur, Rajasthan.
  42. 42. 24 o o 4.5        CSIR has also contributed in the aftermath of natural calamities including Kosi flood and Cyclone Aila by providing fresh drinking water in the affected areas. Some other important initiative that CSIR Laboratories have taken included setting up of RO plants in friendly countries like Afghanistan and Kenya besides putting many plants in India. Catalyzing the Industrial Growth – Some Examples of Technology Transfer during the Eleventh Plan CSIR has signed the unique deal with Nostrum Pharmaceuticals for worldwide licensing of clinical development of new generation thrombolytic molecules. CSIR will be receiving over 150 million US$ through various milestone payments and royalties. This is an outstanding example of Public-Private-Partnership that will ultimately benefit the mankind. The effort is part of CSIR’s endeavour on providing affordable healthcare. Design and development of a new generation clot specific protein that displays plasminogen activation property. The technology for this new drug molecule has been transferred to M/s Nostrum Pharmaceuticals, USA at Rs.19.60 crore plus 5% royalty. Development of a technology for Caerulomycin A, and its proprietary derivatives and analogues (“Caerulomycin”) for their novel indication of immuno-suppression – a discovery of immense importance in tissue transplantation like in kidney and heart. The technology has been licensed to M/s Nostrum Pharmaceuticals, USA at Rs.14.70 crore plus royalty 2%. Launch of recombinant streptokinase by M/s Shasun Drugs & Chemicals through M/s Lupin Pharmaceuticals and M/s Alembic Chemicals. The technology for the production of recombinant streptokinase produced from E.coli gives higher yield than that of conventional system. This technology would bring down the prices of clot busters significantly. The technology was transferred at a cost of Rs.1.00 crore plus 3.5% royalty. A New anti-ulcer drug - CSIR’s patented know-how on a natural agent for treatment of gastro-intestinal toxicity associated symptom and ulcer, has been licensed to M/s IPCA Laboratories Ltd, Mumbai at Rs. 2.5 crore plus royalty. A facile process for Heptafluropropoane (FM 200),- a halon substitute used in fire fighting systems has been transferred to M/s Mechvac Fabricators (I) P. Ltd., Mumbai for commercial production. The market size for this halon substitute is about Rs. 150 crores per annum An improved and patented catalytic process for the manufacture of epichlorohydrin from allyl chloride. It is a chlorine free process. The plant of 3000 TPa (Aditya Birla Group) went on stream at Ryong, Thailand. This is the first plant of its kind in the world. The technology transferred at a cost of Rs.1.64 crore.
  43. 43. 25  4.6 Process technology for fractionation of sugarcane bagasse for the recovery of cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin licensed to M/s Godavari Sugars at Rs. 6.5 crore plus 3% royalty. The technology uses the waste products of sugarcane bagasse to produce products like biodegradable polymer, cement binder, biofuel etc. The Godavari is raising Rs. 500 crore from the market to establish a commercial plant, the first of its kind in the world. CSIR 800 – S&T Interventions for Base of the Economic Pyramid CSIR has launched an ambitious, socially relevant programme named CSIR 800. This programme aims at developing and providing innovative R&D based products and processes which would be affordable by the common masses. These would come out handy for not only removing drudgery but also add to economic upliftment of Indian populace by successfully launching small scale enterprises.  Soleckshaw: CSIR has designed and developed an eco-friendly dual powered rickshaw named 'Soleckshaw'. It is driven partly by pedal and partly by electric power supplied by a battery that is charged from solar energy. This dual powered Soleckshaw has very low carbon foot print. The rickshaw would eliminate the drudgery being faced by the rickshaw pullers and also enhance their earnings. The technology has been transferred to many industries for commercial production. Union Budget 2010 proposed to provide a concessional excise duty of 4 per cent to this product. Its key parts and components are also being exempted from customs duty.  Ashwagandha Variety: A novel variety of Ashwagandha with high root yield of 15 quintal/hectare has been developed and released to farmers which would help farmers with more earnings. The Ashwagandha has useful applications in pharma applications as anti-inflammatory, anti-stroke and anti-arthritis.  Cultivar of Lavender: A high yielding cultivar of Lavender developed by CSIR has proved to be an excellent alternate crop for cultivation by farmers in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.  CSIR’s Activities for the North Eastern States and Women  CSIR Post Harvest Technology Centres: CSIR has set up post harvest centres in Mizoram (Aizawl) and Arunachal Pradesh (Pashighat). These centres are focused at helping the local farmers in the region for value addition to their agricultural produce. The
  44. 44. 26 centres house technology for high efficiency drying and processing of ginger, cardamom, turmeric, chilies etc. More than 10,000 farmers of North-East region would be able to sell their produce at 20 – 25% higher price to these processing centres. The CSIR Post Harvest Technology Centres would generate direct employment to about 300 people.  CSIR-NEIST organized focused training programmes to engage rural farmers including women for production of protein rich mushroom. Around 140 farmers have adopted cultivation of edible mushroom species successfully. Three mushroom spawn production units have been set up in the region.  Training programmes on muga sericulture have been rendered for socioeconomic development in the NE region. Clustering of the trained farmers was done to develop a small scale business model for self sustainability and income enhancement. 4.7  Other Significant Achievements A New Organ in CSIR System: Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR): The Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR) has been set up by CSIR as an institution for imparting instructions and awarding degrees in frontier areas of Science and Technology (Gazette notification 17th July 2010). The Board of the Academy has been constituted with internationally reputed scientists and the first meeting has been held. The Academy has registered new students for M.Tech. (160) & Ph.D. (578). Also, about 400 interdisciplinary courses have been framed and over 150 are being offered presently. The Academy Bill has been introduced in the Parliament and is recommended by the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology without any change. The Bill has been passed by the Lok Sabha recently. The Academy would take advantage of the existing state of art infrastructure and scientific manpower of CSIR. The Academy would be a world class institution of national importance. The Academy will primarily focus on research and imparting training in such areas that are not ordinarily provided by the existing universities in India. The curricula, pedagogy and evaluation will be innovative and directed towards creating highest quality personnel in cross disciplinary areas.  CSIR Tech Pvt Ltd – A company to valorize CSIR IP: CSIR and its constituent laboratories are home to cutting edge scientific capabilities, talent, know-how and intellectual property. To further enhance the innovation capacity of CSIR and to explore newer models of bringing processes, products and services to the markets, an independent company,
  45. 45. 27 namely, CSIR‐Tech Private Limited (CTPL) has been incorporated in Pune on May 2, 2011. The main purpose of CSIR Tech was to hold equity and give feedback loop of technology creation and transfer.  A new platform for innovation - The Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD) Programme of CSIR: In the context of the Decade of Innovation, it is necessary to look at alternate models of innovation to make healthcare affordable to the common man. CSIR launched Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD) programme (based on the realization that the current Intellectual Property based models of pharmaceutical innovation do not address the diseases of the poor such as Tuberculosis) has emerged as a new platform for innovation in the domain of healthcare. This CSIR-led ‘Team India’ consortium with global partnership has more than 4500 researchers from over 100 countries as registered participants.  CSIR opens a new line of research - Ayurgenomics: Ayurgenomics is an integrative approach of Ayurveda and Genomics for discovery of predictive markers for preventive and personalized medicine. In a CSIR study, recently a paper has been published in PNAS (Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences), wherein scientists have reported identification of a gene and a genetic marker linked to high altitude adaptation and hypoxia responsiveness, through genetic analysis of extreme constitution types as defined in Ayurveda. EGLN1, a key oxygen sensor gene was linked to high altitude adaptation and Hypoxia responsiveness using this novel integrative approach of clinical phenotyping methods of Ayurveda, population genetics and disease genomics. Earlier CSIR has published paper on gene expression and biochemical correlates of extreme constitution types (vate, pita and kapha) in 2008, in Journal of translational medicine. Following one of the cues from gene expression differences, wherein a gene could be identified and the genetic marker associated with high altitude adaptation and a high altitude illness. The predictive markers that are identified within this gene by the CSIR group have also been filed for patent. Ayurgenomics study so far has not only provided a novel molecular framework for integration of these two disciplines, but also highlighted that this integrative approach of Ayurgenomics can accelerate/assist discovery of markers for predictive and personalized medicine.  Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL): Historically, India has been rich in traditional knowledge. The traditional knowledge embodied in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha systems of healthcare are most sought in other countries. This traditional knowledge needs to be protected for the benefit of the society. CSIR has played a major role in protecting the traditional knowledge by creating a Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL).The TKDL contains information in 5 international
  46. 46. 28 languages, i.e. English, Japanese, Spanish, French and German in 34 million pages concerning 2.26 lakh medicinal formulations in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. Through the TKDL access agreement concluded with European Patent Office (EPO) (34 Member States), US Patent & Trade Mark Office (USPTO),Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), IP Australia, Japan Patent Office (JPO),United Kingdom Patent and Trademark Office (UKPTO) and German Patent Office (GPO) examiners of these offices can utilize TKDL for search and examination of Intellectual Property applications filed but cannot make any third party disclosure. TKDL is recognized globally as a model for protection of traditional knowledge.  CSIR’s Solar Energy Initiative – Mega Project TAPSUN: Conceptualized as a mega-project in partnership with MNRE, CSIR led R&D initiatives on solar energy with number of complementary and complimentary approaches are being implemented under the umbrella programme ‘Technologies and Products for Solar energy utilization through Networks (TAP-SUN)’. The project envisages creating networks of research institutes, academia and industry with an objective to integrate various components of technology development. To achieve its objectives, it proposes to establish a virtual network of institutes within CSIR. This network of institutions would conduct aggressive research, development and deployment of solar energy technologies, products and systems. The umbrella program TAP-SUN envisages to align its mission to the targets set by JNNSM and will play a transformational role in bringing the benefits of solar energy to the people of India across the pyramid – from the bottom to the apex. TAP-SUN hopes to efficiently network its vast human capital and infrastructure to meet the scientific and engineering challenges and provide total solutions. Furthermore, it envisages to creatively leveraging partnership with academia and industry in fulfillment of the stated mission.  CSIR Innovation Complexes: CSIR has conceptualized new initiative for setting up Innovation Complexes focused at translational research in diverse domains. These Complexes would be the state-of-the-art facilities in plug and play mode and would help catalyze innovation in their regions of operation. The Complexes would support research institutes, academia and industry for development of products, technologies and service models, through identified translational research. 4.8 Extra Budgetary Resources of CSIR During the period XI Five Year Plan period till date, CSIR’s extra budgetary resources increased from Rs. 474 crore in 2007-08 to Rs. 631 crore in 2010-11 as shown in the following figure:
  47. 47. 29 Rs in Lakhs External Budgetary Resources 65000 63028 63148 2009-10 Year 2010-11 55153 47472 45000 2007-08 2008-09 It includes earnings from contract R&D, knowledge based technical services, premia & royalty and internal receipts. 5. National Laboratories: Sectoral Achievements 5.1 Aerospace Science & Engineering a) Scientific Excellence  Experimental flow physics studies on a rudimentary four wheel landing gear: It is known that the landing gear is the principal contributor to airframe noise. In order to understand the flow of physics for providing a complete database for CFD validation, surface topology and steady & unsteady pressures on a tripped model at a turbulent Reynolds number has been investigated., At CSIR-NAL, the entire rudimentary landing gear model was instrumented with 76 static pressure ports and in the 1.5m low speed wind tunnel. It was found that the pressure drops to a lower value on the ground side of the wheel, corresponding to the higher velocity observed on that side. The pressure peak on the ground side is reached at ahead of that on the wing side. The results obtained revealed the complex flow features associated with such configurations.  Density field measurements of a micro-explosion using background oriented schlieren (BOS) technique: An attempt to quantify the density flow field of a micro-explosion for the first time using BOS was carried out at CSIR-NAL. In this study, a microexplosion was generated using non-electrical NONEL® tube and a detonating device. The spatio-temporally evolving density field was
  48. 48. 30 captured by precise triggering circuit used to control the illumination and imaging. Using the axis symmetry the flow density field was successfully reconstructed. The study shows the enormous potential of BOS data for both density as well as validation of CFD models. Understanding both basic physics associated with explosive driven shock wave propagation as well as validation data for modeling efforts is on-going. Key Achievements - Aerospace Science & Engineering Scientific Excellence - An airframe suiting pulsejet engine was designed, fabricated and successfully test flown - A connected mode scramjet test facility been designed, developed and set-up at CSIR-NAL - CSIR-NAL's Multi-sensor data fusion- hybrid situation assessment model developed to serve as a pilot decision making aid for BVR (Beyond Visual Range) combat Technology Development/Commercialization - India's pride, Chandrayaan-1 satellite was tested by CSIR-NAL along with the Eutelsat - CSIR-NAL delivered two Hansa-3 aircrafts to the Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) - CSIR-NAL's technology for carbon fibres and pregregs was commercialized by M/s Kemrock industries - CSIR-CEERI's MEMS acoustic sensor for ISRO PSLV flights- packaged sound pressure measurement in launch vehicles of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) Societal Impact - CNM5, a 5-seater all-metal aircraft designed and developed by CSIRNAL and Mahindra Aerospace, was successfully test flown - AAM Rath, a six-seater air ferry system made up of bamboo material developed & tested at MEG Center, Bangalore  A study on boundary-layer transition induced by free-stream turbulence: Boundary-layer transition at different free-stream turbulence levels has been investigated using the particle-image velocimetry technique. The measurements show organized positive and negative fluctuations of the stream-wise fluctuating velocity component, which resemble the forward and backward jet-like structures reported in the direct numerical simulation of bypass transition. The similarity in the dominant eigen functions at different Reynolds numbers suggests that the flow prevails its structural identity even in intermittent flows. This analysis also indicated the possibility of the existence of a spatio-temporal symmetry associated with a travelling wave in the flow.
  49. 49. 31  Electromagnetic performance analysis of a novel monolithic radome for airborne applications: The electromagnetic performance parameters were evaluated for a novel monolithic half-wave hybrid variable thickness radome (hy-VTR) design based on 3-D ray-tracing with aperture integration method. The hy-VTR design based on optimized power reflection offers superior Electromagnetic characteristics due to the minimization of internal reflections. The Electromagnetic analysis carried out is more accurate than the conventional approach due to the incorporation of antenna and radome as a system, and the finite-dimensional nature of the antenna. A comparative study of radome performance parameters established the superior electromagnetic performance of the hy-VTR design over the conventional constant thickness designs.  Dual beam synthesis using element position perturbations and the G3-GA algorithm: Studies for dual beam synthesis using element position perturbations and the G3-GA algorithm have been undertaken at CSIR-NAL. The problem of finding the element position perturbations is treated as a nonlinear problem and has been solved using a the generalized generation gap steady state genetic algorithm (G3-GA) using parent centric crossover. The position phase synthesis method using the G3-GA approach is compared with the G3-GA phase-only synthesis technique. It is found that, an optimal set of element-perturbed positions in a constrained position range with uniform amplitude, unequally spaced elements with unequal phases has the potential to overcome the design challenge of phase only syntheses that uses a larger number of elements to get the same desired side lobe level.  Ram scramjet technology: A connected mode scramjet test facility having the conditions of Mach 2 at 8 bar, 1700 K, 20 kg/s airflow with oxygen replenishment has been designed, developed and set-up at CSIR-NAL. All the safety aspects required for such a facility have been addressed. Control logic and sequence of operations similar to any other rocket test facility has been finalized and implemented. Supersonic ignition, stable supersonic combustion and dual mode operation in the research combustor have been carried out successfully in the facility with Inlet conditions being Mach number of 2, total temperature of 600 K and total pressure of 8 bar. Fuel is basically kerosene with pilot hydrogen.  Pulse jet engine technology: The feasibility study on pulsejet engine as a possible propulsion system for MAV was undertaken and demonstrated for both valved and valveless engines at higher scales with hydrogen as fuel. Scaling of the engines was made for both types of engines. Detailed measurement of unsteady pressure and thrust were carried out to understand the flow physics. A
  50. 50. 32 thrust stand was specially designed and made to quantify the thrust developed by the engines. A suitable air frame was designed, fabricated and successfully test flown with an in-house developed valved pulsejet engine.  Multi-sensor data fusion: As an application of Level 1 data fusion to air defence, a seeker filter based on Interacting Multiple Model Modified Extended Kalman Filter (IMMMAEKF) has been designed by NAL to track air breathing targets. The challenge was to design the filter using RF seeker measurements, which are corrupted by non-Gaussian noise due to RCS fluctuations and glint noise, and also suffer from data eclipsing problems. The seeker filter was coded in C language for real time applications and integrated with the interceptor simulation code for closed loop performance evaluation using Monte Carlo simulations. The seeker filter exhibited robust performance under different interceptor-target engagement geometries, target aspect ratios, levels of process noise in the filter model and mode transition probability matrix. As Level 2 data fusion development, a fuzzy-logic, Bayesian network-based hybrid situation assessment model has also been developed to serve as a pilot decision making aid for BVR (Beyond Visual Range) combat. Typical air-to-air combat scenarios required for validation of the model were realized using GUI-based software. An aircraft carrying Radar, Radar warning receiver, electro-optical sensor and infra red sensor models was used to detect a maximum of six targets (T1T6) based on their field of view and received power. The states of all the targets in the scenario, at each instant of time, were estimated using measured data from the sensors using multi-sensor multi-target data fusion algorithms. The estimated states processed by Fuzzy Event Detector (FED) were used as inputs to the Bayesian network for situation assessment. b) Technology Development For Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA): Helping India build a modern fighter aircraft LCA-TEJAS Carbon Fiber Wing for LCA-Tejas: The national CFC wing team led by CSIR-NAL (with HAL & DRDO) pioneered the design, development, fabrication and structural testing of composite wing for the LCA-Tejas aircraft. Other components developed include composite fin, rudder, LG bay doors, center fuselage parts, fairings etc. by deploying innovative and cost-effective coThe Composite curing and co-bonding fabrication technologies; LCA-Tejas parts of Tejas is the lightest combat aircraft in its class in the world, and developed at CSIRhas successfully completed IOC for induction into IAF. NAL CSIR-NAL with Tata Advanced Materials as its production partner is manufacturing and supplying twenty sets of CFC
  51. 51. 33 parts for LCA-Tejas series production aircraft at a total cost of Rs. 63 crores. Control Laws for LCA-Tejas: The national control law team led by CSIR-NAL (with members from DRDO, & HAL) successfully developed a flight standard control laws and airdata algorithms for the LCA-Tejas. Tejas pilots have cleared this control law and expressed complete satisfaction with its performance. An exclusive real time design simulator was specially built at CSIR-NAL to optimize the control law performance. Wind Tunnel Models and Testing for the LCA-Tejas: CSIR- NAL has fully supported wind tunnel testing of all the LCA-Tejas configurations. The successful validation and updating of the wind tunnel aero database of TEJAS aircraft from flight test data using state of the art system identification techniques was a major step towards the release of Initial Operation Clearance (IOC) version flight control laws. Engineer-in-the-LoopSimulator (ELS): simulates the handling qualities of LCA-Tejas LCA Stores Studies High Speed Combustor Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Forging a strong partnership for National Defense Wind Tunnel Testing: CSIR-NAL has been supporting all the wind tunnel testing requirements of DRDO programmes apart from those of ADA : DRDL (All missile programmes); ADE (UAV programs); ARDE (Bomb and rocket programs); CABS (ASWACS); DEBEL and DGAQA (Pilot helmet). Test facility 1 Golden Hawk 300mm Establishment of Facilities for DRDL: CSIR-NAL has established test facilities for RAMJET/SCRAMJET combustor testing, and SCRAMJET combustor technology development for HSTDV programme. KAVERI Engine Studies for GTRE: Design Studies on Kaveri engine for LCA-Tejas have been carried out which involved rigorous testing and detailed flow analysis. Cascade wind tunnel testing was extensively used in the detailed flow analysis. CSIR-NAL carried out flow visualization studies on the Kaveri Marine engine exhaust volute system and optimized the geometry for improved performance. CSIR-NAL also participated in High Altitude Tests of Kaveri Engine in Russia. Wankel engine development and IVHM studies on Nishant UAV: CSIR-NAL in collaboration with ADE/VRDE has designed, developed and test flown a 55 HP Wankel en gine for UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) applications. For
  52. 52. 34 Nishant UAV, CSIR-NAL devised an in-flight structural health monitoring scheme using fibre optic sensing (FBG) which yielded valuable data on the vehicle health during its flight. MAV & MUAV development with DRDO: The development of 300 mm class, 200 gms micro air vehicle for aerial photography and monitoring with autonomous control, guidance and navigation capability is a major joint development with ADE. Based on the success of this MAV development, NAL and ADE have taken up a joint project for the development of a Two-kg Class Fixed Wing Mini Unmanned Air Vehicle (FWMUAV). This fully autonomous mini UAV is planned to have a range of 10 km, endurance of 60 minutes and provide real-time video surveillance using electro-optic daylight and thermal imaging sensors. Other Contributions:  Design & development of Carbon Epoxy shells for launch segments LIS1LVS3 of HSTDV, DRDL & LWMS for NSTL;  Establishment of test facility for indigenous Aircraft grade lubricants & bearings (HAL, CEMILAC, GTRE etc.);  In-flight Vibration Measurement programme on MIG-29 aircraft for CEMILAC; Indian Air Force (IAF) Growing ties of IAF with CSIR Full Scale Fatigue Testing Facility & Failure Investigations: CSIR-NAL’s full scale fatigue testing facility provided invaluable inputs in assessing the safe life of fighter aircraft and helicopter airframes for IAF. CSIR-NAL can now undertake assessment or extension of fatigue life for any IAF aircraft. CSIR has carried out more than 750 failure investigations for IAF. Innovative Bonding Techniques for Composite Parts: CSIR-NAL uses innovative bonding techniques to repair metallic and composite aircraft structures. A portable adaptive cure controller has been developed to repair aircraft structures on the airfield itself. CSIR-NAL has helped the IAF in setting up a repair facility at Eleven BRD, Nasik. Smart Fatigue Meter: Smart fatigue meter developed by CSIR-NAL is being used in Jaguar aircraft; eight units have been supplied to IAF through private industry collaboration. Composite nose radome: CSIR-NAL indigenously designed, developed and fabricated a composite nose radome for the Fire Control Radar of Jaguar Maritime Aircraft for HAL, Bangalore, and the end Smart Fatigue meter used in aircraft to sense changes in 'g' levels Airborne Radome
  53. 53. 35 user being IAF. In continuation to the development, technology for fabrication of these Jaguar Nose Radomes has been transferred to HAL on 16th April, 2010. SARAS Aircraft: IAF will be the launch customer (Fifteen aircraft initially) to be manufactured at HAL-Kanpur. SARAS aircraft is ideally suited for transport, pilot training, air ambulance, light cargo carrier and short haul passenger flights. For Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO): A very fruitful association Cooler for Infrared Camera of INSAT Satellite: CSIR-NAL developed highly polished aluminum mirrors for the passive radioactive coolers used on ISRO’s INSAT series of satellites. These mirrors help to significantly improve the quality of infrared photographs taken from INSAT satellites of the clouds and earth below it. The Acoustic Test Facility (ATF): ATF is a national test facility for acoustic environmentalqualification testing of satellites, launch vehicle stages and their sub-systems for ISRO. The ATF has so far successfully carried out a large number of acoustic qualification tests on all satellites/sub-systems of ISRO: IRS series, INSAT series & others; for launch vehicle stages/sub-systems: ASLV series, PSLV series and GSLV series. CSIR-NAL has designed & built a state-of-the-art 1500 cu. m acoustic test facility at ISITE, Bangalore, which was inaugurated on April 7, 2011. GSLV under Test Wind Tunnel Testing for ISRO Launch Vehicles: CSIR-NAL has been supporting all the ISRO programmes for wind tunnel testing, and in the last four years a large number of blow-downs have been carried out on RLV-TD, PSLV, GSLV, DMRJ, and HSP FEM model of RLV Structural Analyses and Aeroelastic Studies of Launch Vehicles: Structural analyses and aeroelastic studies of SLV3, ASLV, PSLV, and GSLV launch vehicles have been completed. Support to the Reusable Launch Vehicle (Technology Development) – RLV TD: ISRO Satellite of ATF CSIR-NAL has provided extensive support to the RLV-TD program in several niche areas including, wind tunnel testing, airframe aerodynamics, structural analysis, flight dynamics and control. HANSA-3