Maldives

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Maldives

  1. 1. Questions - Maldives <ul><li>What is the Maldives’ major landform? </li></ul><ul><li>What is their number one industry? </li></ul><ul><li>What might happen to them as the sea level rises? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Maldives
  3. 3. Physical characteristics <ul><li>made of 26 atolls (includes 1192 islets) - this is the only major landform </li></ul><ul><li>flattest country in the world </li></ul><ul><li>tropical climate </li></ul><ul><li>fish and white sandy beaches are the major resources </li></ul><ul><li>the beaches and ocean activities bring many tourists </li></ul>
  4. 4. The capital of the Maldives, Malé.
  5. 5. Economics and Government <ul><li>Tourism and fishing are the main industries </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping, banking and manufacturing are growing </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential republic </li></ul><ul><li>President nominated by Majlis (parliament) for five-year term </li></ul><ul><li>50 members of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Currently writing a constitution </li></ul>
  6. 7. Demographics <ul><li>Mixture of ethnicities from South India and mainland Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Separation between noble and common people, but no caste system </li></ul><ul><li>Language is Dhivehi, but English used also </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim country; requirement for citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>97.2% literate, US is 99% </li></ul>
  7. 9. Brief History <ul><li>an independent Islamic sultanate for most of its history from 1153 to 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonized by Dutch in the 16th century for about 15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>British protectorate from 1887 until July 25, 1965. Sultanate until 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>November 1988, Tamil mercenaries from Sri Lanka invaded the Maldives; India helped out </li></ul><ul><li>On 26 December 2004 the Maldives were devastated by a tsunami following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake </li></ul>
  8. 10. Grand Friday Mosque
  9. 11. Problems and interesting facts <ul><li>Rising sea level covers islands </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh water running out </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread belief in evil spirits; charms and spells to ward them off are used in rural areas </li></ul>
  10. 12. Sources <ul><li>www.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.visitmaldives.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html </li></ul>

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