Waste management
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Waste management

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  • outsourcing the disposal of waste to private contractors who would mechanise much ofthe operations
  •  Using the principle of Extended Producers’, Sellers’ and Users’ Responsibility, BMC and state government should fix obligations on manufacturers and traders of various categories of waste-generating products – such as automobiles, soft-drinks, fast foods & refreshments, packaging, etc. The government may also consider levying a suitable surcharge in the form of a ‘Green Tax’ or ‘Recycling Tax’ on these products, the accruals from which should go exclusively to a ‘Cleanliness Fund’. Additionally, manufacturers should be mandated to introduce pro-active schemes such as ‘Buyback’ of bags/ pouches/ PET bottles/ bread wrappers, etc.  
  • 109 slide pre waste
  •  should be mandated to become zero-garbage through compulsory bio-degradation of wet waste and disposal of dry waste to recycling businesses -- possibly with a tipping fee to push for minimization of their garbage going to landfills.  
  • Garbage disposal in slum areas presents a formidable challenge. the poor are being compelled to packing their garbage in used polybags and throwing it in nullahs and open drains. Greater institutional coordination between the BMC and various state and central government agencies that impact the life of Mumbai is indeed the need of the hour. The most workable approach seems to be house-to-house or cluster-wise collection, at specified timings, by ghanta gaadis and the seamless transportation of waste in municipal vehicles. Waste-pickers should be integrated into this operation, as has been successfully done in Pune. BMC should provide sheds and depots for sorting and processing of dry waste, so that waste-pickers can realize better value for the recyclable material.   

Waste management Waste management Presentation Transcript

  • Waste Management
  • Team
    Ashish Pendam
    Awadhesh Kumar
    Hemant Patil
    Pranay Petkar
    Shantanu Parihar
    Vishal Raj
  • Agenda
  • Overview
  • Generation of MSW in various countries
    Source: Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management, Govt. of Indi, 2000
  • Composition of waste
  • Current Practices in India
    Waste generation: households, business, industry etc.
    Final Disposal
    Direct route (as in high income countries and some villages etc.)
    Individual conveyance of ‘Primary Collection’ by waste collectors
    Secondary collection
    Recyclable waste bought by itinerant waste buyers and recyclers
    Transfer Point
    Sorting by waste pickers
    Sorting by waste pickers
    Recycling
  • Stakeholders
    Occasional roles
    Common roles
  • Issues involved
  • Issues involved
  • Major Impacts
  • Objectives
  • Proposed system: principles
  • Waste hierarchy
  • ISWM
  • Life cycle Perspective
    Reduction
    Production
    Natural Resources
    Recycled Resources
    Material Recycling
    Reduction
    Direct consumption
    Consumption
    (Products & Services)
    Discarding
    Proper reatment
    & recovery
    Sustainable consumption
    Directly Recyled resources
    Treatment
    Final Disposal
    Reuse
    Proper disposal
  • Residential
    Hazardous Waste for Treatment & Disposal
    Resources
    Collection of Waste
    Segregation of Waste
    Recycling Waste
    (organic & inorganic)
    Waste Exchange
    Discarded Waste
    Final Disposal
    Treatment Recovery Final Waste
    Services (Healthcare, Laboratory, etc.)
    Industrial & Commercial
    Generation Source Perspective
    3R
    3R
    3R
    Methane & Heat
    Energy
    Plastics, wood, steel, paper, glass and compost/biogas
    Sanitary Landfill, Incineration
  • Stakeholders/Management
    Effective regulations & financial mechanisms for generators, service providers & businesses
    Technological innovations Efficiency & efficacy
    Waste disposal regulations
    3R
    SWM Service Providers (Collection, segregation, transportation of recycling and non-recycling waste, treatment (sanitary landfill, incineration) and disposal)
    Government (Local and national government departments)
    Waste Generators (Residents, industries & services)
    Collection transportation & segregation
    Treatment & final disposal
    Waste Generation
    Businesses (To generate compost, energy and recycling materials/products)
    Technological innovations & development
    Recycling, composting and energy
  • Waste Audit
  • PPP model
  • Need for PPP
  • Govt. bodies
    Equity Investors
    Lenders
    SWM
    Special Purpose Vehicle
    Private Operator
    NGOs
    Organizational Structure
    Equity Share Capital
    Concession + Land Lease Agreements
    Equity
    Share
    Capital
    Collection & Transfer
    Agreement
    2. OMDA for landfills
    Term Debt
    Equity Share Capital
    Partner for awareness
    Collection in slums
  • Operational Structure
  • Government Bodies - Responsibilities
  • Government Bodies- Benefits
  • Private WM Company -Responsibilities
  • Private WM Company- Benefits
  • NGO- Responsibilities
  • NGO- Benefits
  • Organizational Restructuring
  • Pilot Project for Mumbai
  • Situation analysis
  • Key details of Mumbai
  • Magnitude of Waste Management
  • Waste Data for Mumbai
  • Waste Collection in Mumbai
    Houses
    Hotels
    Commercial Units
    Wheel Barrows
    Ghanta Trucks
    Hotel Trucks
    Bins
    Dumper Placers
    Compactors
    Transfer Stations
    Bulk Refuse Carrier
    Landfill
  • Transfer Stations and Disposal site Locations in Mumbai
    Kanjurmarg
  • Crisis
  • Opportunities
  • Policy Measures
  • 3R-Policy
  • Producers responsibilities
  • Zero Garbage Zones
  • Operational Measures
  • Collection & Transfer of waste
  • Services
  • Commercial Services
  • Residential Services
  • Services to Slums
  • Truck Routing
  • MIS - GPS for solid waste management
  • MIS - GPS for solid waste management
    Solid Waste Management (SWM)
    MIS
    GPS
    City level data
    Zone level data
    Truck routes
    City level data
    Quantum of waste
    Wet, Dry
    City level route
    Zone level data
    Quantum of waste
    Wet, Dry
    Start collection point
    Middle collection point
    End collection point
    Generation of reports
    Daily, Weekly, Monthly
    Quantum of waste
  • Benefits of MIS-GPS
  • Processing of waste
  • Solid Waste Processing - Objectives
  • Proposed plants for processing
  • Composting
  • Composting (Contd..)
  • Proposed Bio-methanation Plant
  • Benefits of Bio-methanation
  • C&D Recycling Plant
  • Recycling
  • Fees & Taxes
  • Revenue Sources
  • Awareness & Generating Motivation
  • Mindset - NIMBY
  • Public education & involvement
    ADOPTION
    MAINTENANCE
    TRIAL
    AWARENESS
    EVALUATION
    INTEREST
    News release, news articles,
    guest spots on radio, flyers,
    Posters, billboards, commercials,
  • Curriculum
  • On Air time
  • Promotion
  • Social Networking Websites
  • Cleanliness drives
  • Thank You