Tenses and its uses
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Tenses and its uses Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TENSES AND ITS USES SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE FUTURE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS FUTURE CONTINOUS PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTUREPERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • 2. SIMPLE PRESENT
    • For habitual actions:
      • I read the newspaper every day .
    • For instantaneous present:
      • He bowls from the pavilion end.
    • For historical present:
      • Here goes Laika into space.
    • Future expressed with certainty:
      • He arrives on the 7 th .
    • To indicate possessions:
      • He has a golden ring.
    • In proverbs:
      • Haste makes waste.
  • 3. SIMPLE PAST
    • To refer to past actions/events:
    • I saw a film ten days ago.
    • To refer to present time:
    • I wondered if I could borrow your bike.
    • In conditional clause 2:
    • If I were a bird I would fly.
    • In reported speech:
    • NASA asked her to join duty.
  • 4. Simple future
    • To refer to future time or events with certainity:
    • I will go to my uncle’s house tomorrow.
    • To refer to ordinary future actions:
    • The count down will begin at 8.00a.m. tomorrow.
  • 5. PRESENT CONTINOUS
    • To refer to an action in progress at the moment of speaking or writing:
    • He is reading the newspaper now.
    • With ‘always’ to express anger or irritation:
    • He is always disturbing me when I’m studying.
    • To refer to future time:
    • They are visiting the planetarium next week.
  • 6. PAST CONTINUOUS
    • To refer to an action in progress in the past:
    • He was surfing the net.
    • To refer to an action which started before the action in the simple past:
    • He was watching the cricket when I phoned him.
  • 7. FUTURE CONTINUOUS
    • To refer to an action as going on some time in the future:
    • They will be coming to my house next Sunday .
  • 8. PRESENT PERFECT
    • To refer to an action just completed:
    • He has bought a telescope.
    • To refer to a past action recollected at the present time:
    • I have visited all the tourist spots in Tamilnadu.
    • To refer to past action or events whose results are seen in the present:
    • It has rained here.
  • 9. PAST PERFECT
    • To refer to the earlier of the two past actions:
    • When he switched on the computer the power had failed.
  • 10. FUTURE PERFECT
    • To refer to an activity or state extending up to a definite point in the future:
    • They will have settled that problems next week.
  • 11. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
    • To refer to an action which began in the past and progress at the present moment:
    • It has been raining heavily since last night.
  • 12. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
    • To refer to an activity of limited duration in the distant past:
    • Last year, he had been pestering his father for a full week to give his share of the property.
  • 13. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
    • To refer to an activity or state in progress at a definite point in the future:
    • Next month by now I will have been traveling to North India