History

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History

  1. 1. 17th Century resources Sri Gur Katha, Bhai Jaita Sri Gur Katha is work of Bhai Jiwan Singh, composed in the last decade of the seventeenth century,[11] does not mention about Dasam Granth but does mention Chopai(Charitar 404), Savaiyey(Akal Ustat) and Jaap Sahib recitation during creation of Khalsa Panth.[12] 18th Century resources Rehitnama, Bhai Prehlad Singh This booklet contains short poem having 38 couplets written by Bhai Prehlad Singh in early 18th century, whose hymn, Sab Sikhan ko Hukam hai Guru Maneyo Granth, is heavily quoted among Sikhs.[13] This Rahitnama mentioned first composition of Dasam Granth i.e. Jaap Sahib, a Sikh liturgy. Following is quote from the same: ' ' ' ' , || One who is spending life(doing religious activities) without Understanding of Japuji Sahib and Jaap Sahib, , ਜਨਮ || he is living insect of excreta and will lose this birth. Rehatnama Hazuri, Bhai Chaupa Singh This Rehitnama is the most elaborate statement of rules of conduct for the Sikhs which is traditionally ascribed to Bhai Chaupa Singh Chhibbar concluded AD 1702/1706.[13] This rehitnama states various lines from different Banis of Dasam Granth. Sri Gur Sobha, Poet Senapati This historical book was completed by Senapati, The court poet of Guru Gobind Singh, after his demise in 1711.[14] The source does not mention about Dasam Granth as granth was compiled later to this source by Mani Singh. Though, this source mentioned about content of Bachitar Natak and Kalki Avtar. The main topic is stated with the Akal Purkh’s declaration of the purpose for which Guru Gobind Singh was deputed to take birth in this world. This is reminiscent of ‘Akal Purkh’s Bach’ of Bachittar Natak. The book ends with poet’s wishful thinking that the Master will come again to Anandgarh to redeem the world by defeating the evil-forces and protecting and caring for the holy persons. This is on similar lines as Nihkalank Kalki Avtar described in Dasam Granth [15] which indicates presence of Bachitar Natak during that period. This book is written not only in the style and language of the Sri Dasam Granth but some verses are similar to the verses found in Sri Bachitra Natak, most notably the battles of Guru Gobind Singh. Letter to Mata Sundri, Bhai Mani Singh The letter was written by Bhai Mani Singh to Mata Sundri, after 5 years of demise of Guru Gobind Singh.[16] This manuscript provides evidence of existence of 303 Charitars, Shastar Nam Mala and
  2. 2. Krishna Avtar compositions.[17] Among critics Gyani Harnam Singh Balabh believes that only 303 Charitars were written by Guru Gobind Singh among 404 Charitars in Charitropakhyan.[18] Parchi Gobind Singh - Bava Sevadas This manuscript was finished sometime in the first quarter of the eighteenth century(around 1741) by Seva Das, an Udasi.[19] This book mentioned two shabads of Rama Avtar[20] and from 33 Swaiyey.[21] It also mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh had written Zafarnamah and stories in Hikaaitaan during his lifetime.[22] This serve as evidence of existence of these hymns and composition during early 18th century and it's spread among scholars and common people of that period. The source does not mention about Dasam Granth as it contains events of Guru's lifetime but it evident existence of 4 compositions in early 18th century. Gurbilas Patshahi 10, Bhai Koer Singh Kalal This book mentioned about serve as evidence to Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib, written in 1751 after 43 years of Guru Gobind Singh demise also mentioned most of compositions of Dasam Granth. Though, this book does not cover events happened after demise of Guru in much detail. This book confirms writing of Chobis avtar, Jaap Sahib and Akal Ustat at Paonta, Bachitar Natak, Chandi di Var[23] It mentioned that Hikaaitaan was embed at end of Zafarnama by guru Gobind Singh and sent it to Aurangzeb.[24] Mahima Parkash, Sarup Das Bhalla This book was completed by Sarup Das, who belong to lineage of Guru Amar Dass, in 1776. He had access to whole Dasam Granth and mentioned that 404 Charitars and Chaubis Avtar was written by Guru Gobind Singh. He also mentioned various chapters of Bachitar Natak. He mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh did translation of various other Sanskrit Books. Guru Kian Sakhian, Sarup Singh Kaushish Guru Kian Sakhian is a historical piece of information about lives of Sikh Gurus written by Bhatt Sarup Singh Kaushish completed in 1790 AD at Bhadson[25] and it is most referred book as it contains dates and events are sketchy and brief. This book does not mention about compilation of Dasam Granth but it does refer to writings inside dasam granth which includes Bachitar Natak written at Anandpur, Krishna Avtar written at Paunta Sahib.[26] The book mentioned various lines from 33 Sawaiyey,[27] Shastarnam Mala and terminology used in Dasam granth.
  3. 3. 19th Century resources Dasam Granth frontispiece ca. 1825-1850 Sketch of Sikhs, JB Malcolm Among several valuable works John Malcolm completed Sketch of Sikhs in 1812 and mentioned about Dasam Granth which converted many to Sikhism to fight against thranny. Following is quote from his book: Guru Govind Singh, in the Vichitra Natac, a work written by himself, and inserted in the Dasania Padshah ka Granth, traces lhc descent of the Cshatriya tribe of Sondi, to which he belongs, from a race of Hindu head, and throw it into the fire, he would he resus- citated to the enjoyment of the greatest glory. The Guru excused himself from trying this experiment, deelaring that he was content that his descendants should enjoy the fruits of that tree which he had planted. [28] Shaheed Bilas Bhai Mani Singh, Poet Seva Singh Shaheed Bilas Bhai Mani Singh is historical account of Bhai Mani Singh completed by Poet Seva Singh before 1846.[29] He mentioned about writing of Krishna Avtar at Paunta Sahib shown here under: । ਉਨ । । ਰਸ । ਮਧ । ਖੜਗ ਘ । ।ਧਰਮ । ( 47, )
  4. 4. Compilation History Timeline Name of Composition Written at Verses Timeline Pen Names Jaap Sahib Paunta Sahib 199 Akal Ustat Paunta Sahib 271.5 Bachitar Natak Paunta Sahib 471 Chandi Charitar Ukati Bilas Paunta Sahib 233 Chandi Charitar II Paunta Sahib 266 Chandi di Var Paunta Sahib 55 Chaubis Avtar Paunta Sahib, Anandpur Sahib 5571 Brahma Avtar Paunta Sahib 348 Rudra Avtar Paunta Sahib, Anandpur Sahib 855 Shabad Patshahi 10 Anandpur Sahib, Machiwara 10 33 Sawaiyey Anandpur Sahib 33 Khalsa Mahima Kapal Mochan 4 Gyan Parbodh Anandpur Sahib 336 Shastar Nam Mala Purana Paunta Sahib 1317 Ath Pakhyan Chairtar Likhyate Paunta Sahib, Anandpur Sahib 7569 Zafarnama Dina Kangar 868
  5. 5. Compilation of Scripture Regarding compilation of writings by Bhai Mani Singh, Giani Gian Singh states in Panth Parkash: ਸ . .... ਇਕ . ਕਰ ਧਰ . 20. ਏਕ ਕਰ . ਩ਰ .[30] ( . ) One day in 1778 Bikrami (1721 AD) the panth got together... Bhai Mani Singh accepted the orders of the panth And he collected the banees of the Dasam Guru. Compiled in one bind (the beerh) ends at Hikayat (Giani Gian Singh, Panth Parkash. Page 305) Historical writings Following is in brief about Historical books after Demise of Guru Gobind Singh which mention that Compositions in present Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh: 1. Rehitnama Bhai Nand Lal mentioned Jaap Sahib is an important Bani for a Sikh.[4] 2. RehitNama Chaupa Singh Chibber quotes various lines from Bachitar Natak, 33 Swiayey, Chopai Sahib, Jaap Sahib.[5] 3. In 1711, Sri Gur Sobha was written by Poet Senapat mentioned Conversation of Guru Gobind Singh and Akal Purakh, and written three of its Adhyay on base of Bachitar Natak.[6] 4. In 1741, Parchian Srvadas Kian quoted lines from Rama Avtar, 33 Swaiyey and mentioned Zafarnama with Hikayats.[7] 5. in 1751, Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Koyar Singh Kalal, mentioned Guru Gobind Singh composed Bachitar Natak, Krisna Avtar, Bisan Avtar, Akal Ustat, Jaap Sahib, Zafarnama, Hikayats etc. This is first Granth mentioned Guruship of Guru Granth Shahib.[7] 6. In 1766, Kesar Singh Chibber mentioned history of Compilation of Dasam Granth by Bhai Mani Singh Khalsa on directions of Mata Sundri, as he was first who wrote history after death of Guru Gobind Singh. 7. In 1766, Sri Guru Mahima Parkash - Sarup Chand Bhalla, mentioned about various Banis of Guru Gobind Singh and Compilation of Dasam Granth 8. In 1790, Guru Kian Sakhian - Svarup Singh Kashish, mentione Guru Gobind Singh Composed, bachitar Natak, Krishna Avtar, Shastarnaam Mala, 33 Swaiyey etc. 9. In 1797, Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Sukkha Singh, mentioned compositions of Guru Gobind Singh. 10.In 1812, JB Malcolm, in Sektch of Sikhs mentioned about Dasam Granth as Bani of Guru Gobind Singh.
  6. 6. History The History of Dasam Granth begins with the time when included compositions were verbally spoken, composed and compiled by Guru Gobind Singh. These compositions of Guru Gobind Singh was in the form of booklets and Granths which were created over various period of the Guru's life. Later (after 1708), they were combined in the form of the present-day granth or single volume by Bhai Mani Singh Khalsa, with help of other Khalsa brothers. This was done on the direct instruction of Mata Sundri and this volume is presently recognized as Sri Dasam Granth Sahib.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Following is in brief about Historical books mentioneing Dasam Guru's Compositions - 1. Rehitnama Bhai Nand Lal mentioned Jaap Sahib is an important Bani for a Sikh. 2. RehitNama Chaupa Singh Chibber quotes various lines from Bachitar Natak, 33 Swiayey, Chopai Sahib, Jaap Sahib. 3. In 1711, Sri Gur Sobha was written by Poet Senapat mentioned Conversation of Guru Gobind Singh and Akal Purakh, and written three of it's Adhyay on base of Bachitar Natak.[8] 4. In 1741, Parchian Srvadas Kian quoted lines from Rama Avtar, 33 Swaiyey and mentioned Zafarnama with Hikayats.[9] 5. in 1751, Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Koyar Singh Kalal, mentioned Guru Gobind Singh composed Bachitar Natak, Krisna Avtar, Bisan Avtar, Akal Ustat, Jaap Sahib, Zafarnama, Hikayats etc. This is first Granth mentioned Guruship of Guru Granth Shahib. 6. In 1766, Kesar Singh Chibber mentioned history of Compilation of Dasam Granth by Bhai Mani Singh Khalsa on directions of Mata Sundri, as he was first who wrote history after death of Guru Gobind Singh. 7. In 1766, Sri Guru Mahima Parkash - Sarup Chand Bhalla, mentioned about various Banis of Guru Gobind Singh and Compilation of Dasam Granth 8. In 1790, Guru Kian Sakhian - Svarup Singh Kashish, mentione Guru Gobind Singh Composed, bachitar Natak, Krishna Avtar, Shastarnaam Mala, 33 Swaiyey etc.[10] 9. In 1797, Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Sukkha Singh, mentioned compositions of Guru Gobind Singh. 10. In 1812, JB Malcolm, in Sektch of Sikhs mentioned about Dasam Granth as Bani of Guru Gobind Singh. Historical Books It is evident from contemporary Sri Gur Sobha - Poet Senapati, who wrote first three section on base of Bachitar Natak in same way Guru Sahib wrote. In Addition to that Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Koer Singh(1751) mentioned most of Banis written during time of Patshahi 10. Svaroop Singh Kaushish- Guru Kian Sakhian, had written about compositions of Guru Gobind Singh composed at Anandpur and Paunta Sahib. Rehitnamas also quoted dasam banis and quotes. Even writers during times of Gurus and later tried to follow same writing style as followed by Guru Gobind Singh
  7. 7. Proponents of the Dasam Granth's Legitimacy Giani Ditt Singh used and got inspiration from Dasam Bani which could be seen in his writings like Kalgidhar Chamatkar, Abla Nind, Rajniti Parbodh and other books. Before 1900's Singh Sabha Movement activists include Giani Ditt Singh had quoted in his writings that whole Dasam granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1902 A.D., Bhai Bishan Singh of Sangrur, son of Bhai Gurdiyal Singh Anandpuri, wrote the book Dasam Granth Sahib Kisne Banaiya? ("Who Created the Tenth Granth?"). According to the method and style of the writings and much other evidence, he proved that the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1935, Bhai Sher Singh of Kashmir wrote a book, Dasmesh Darpan ("Mirror of the Tenth Guru") in which he gave many proofs that the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1937, Dr. Jaswant Singh of Lucknow published a series of articles in Amrit magazine. This was scholarly research in which after great effort, giving many proofs from the scripture itself and the style of writing, he concluded that the whole book was written by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1941, Professor Sahib Singh written articles where he proved with all facts that Chandi Charitars, Bachitar Natak, Shastarnaam Mala, Zafarnama etc. were written by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1955, Dr. Tarlochan Singh published his scholarly writing in 4 consecutive issues of Sikh Review, giving the history of the compilation of the Dasam Granth. He provided solid proofs that all the writings in Dasam Granth are those of Guru Gobind Singh. In 1955, Bhai Randhir Singh, eminent member of Sikh History Society Amritsar, wrote a book entitled Dasme Patshah Ji ka Granth da Itihas ("History of the Tenth Guru's Granth"). After 20 years of labour collecting proofs, he firmly established that the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. This book was published by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandak Committee. The first printing was sold out within a few days of its publication, and there was great demand from the public. Ultimately, three printings were made of this publication. In April 1959, Sardar Kapoor Singh, I.C.S., published an article in the Gurmat Prakash magazine and proved that the whole of the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. Dr. Taran Singh, Punjabi University, Patiala, published a book in 1967 entitled Dasam Granth Roop te Ras ("Dasam Granth's Form and Taste"). He proved that the whole of the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. This book was published by the Guru Gobind Singh Foundation, Chandigarh.In 1980, Giani Harbans Singh, Chandigarh, wrote the book Dasam Granth Darpan ("Mirror of the Dasam Granth"), and proved that the entire Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. Professor Piara Singh Padam wrote a book entitled Dasam Granth Darshan, printed in 1968, again proving that the whole scripture was written by Guru Ji. Pandit Tara Singh Narodam, in his writing, has concurred that the whole of Dasam Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh. Bhagwant Singh Hari, son of Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha, wrote Dasam Granth Tuk Tatkara ("Line Index of Dasam Granth"), published in 1969. The preface of this book is written by Dr. Balbir Singh, who was younger brother of the, famous scholar Bhai Vir Singh. In that preface, he has written that the entire Dasam Granth is the writing of Guru Gobind Singh. After 1955, people began research of Dasam Granth to obtain PhD degrees. In 1955 Dr. Dharam Pal Ashta and in 1959 Dr. Harbajan Singh proved in their research papers that the entire Granth was written by Guru Gobind Singh.
  8. 8. In 1961, Dr. Parsini Sehgal offered her research paper along the lines of the former two scholars. Dr. Lal Manohar Upadihiya of Benares University, Dr. Om Prakash Bhardwaj of Agra University, Dr. Sushila Devi of Punjab University, Dr. Shamir Singh of Guru Nanak Dev University, Dr. Mohan Jit Singh of Usmaniya University, Dr. Bhushan Sach Dev of Punjabi University, Dr. Nirmal Gupta of Punjabi University, etc.-about two dozen scholars wrote their PhD and DLit research papers on the subject. They have all agreed that the Dasam Granth was written by Guru Sahib. After all this research, it is clearly evident that this scripture is great not only due to its religious aspects but also due to its literary merit. The scholars who have studied the Dasam Granth have written great praises of the high standard of its poetry. Modern research on Sri Dasam Granth has been undertaken by Gurinder Singh Mann(Leicester) whose 2001 MA thesis was,"The role of the Dasam Granth in Khalsa". In 2011, Kamalroop Singh completed his Phd on Sri Dasam Granth. They have both undertaken extensive research on the history and manuscripts of Guru Gobind Singh's Granth. They published their first book on the Granth on 15th August 2011, entitled Sri Dasam Granth Sahib: Questions and Answers.The book contains the earliest manuscripts and historical sources of Sri Dasam Granth Sahib. Today the Dasam Granth is being kept open with reverence at Takht Patna Sahib, Takht Sach Khand Hazur Sahib Nander, and all gurdwaras maintained by Nihang Singh. In these places, its meanings are being explained and hukamnama (holy commandment for the congregation) is also being taken from the scripture. Other Proponents of Sri Dasam Granth's Legitimacy Bhai Vir Singh Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha Principal Teja Singh Harbhajan Singh Yogi Bhai Randhir Singh Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale Baba Mitt Singh (Buddha Dal) Professor Piara Singh Padam Giani Sant Singh Maskeen (To name a few) Keertanis That Recite Kirtan from Sri Dasam Granth Bhai Harjinder Singh Sri Nagar Wale Bhai Maninder Singh Bhai Manpreet Singh Kanpuri Chardi Kala Jatha (Espanola, New Mexico) Bhai Avtar Singh Ji Ragi Bhai Anoop Singh (Una Sahib Wale) Giani Amolak Singh Bhai Gurmeet Singh Shaant Bhai Balbir Singh (Jawaddi Taksal) (To name a few)
  9. 9. Jathebandis in Support: AKJ, Damdami Taksal, Nihang Singh, Nirmala, Udasi, Sevapanthi, Sant Samaj, (To name a few) 18th Century (1701-1800) Guru Gobind Singh left his holy abode of Nanded, India in 1708. In the late 17th Century (particularly after 1670 onwards) was the time when the Sikhs had to hide in jungles due to the constant attempts by the Mughal empire to eradicate them though various acts of persecution. There were very few attempts of writing Sikh history in this period in the 17th Century. Many of the compositions of Guru Gobind Singh were spread across India by Sikhs and a few more were shared by Mata Sundri at Delhi. Sikhs had access to various pothis (booklets) of Guru Gobind Singh's writings. These were available from contemporary historians and writers who wrote about Guru Gobind Singh's life. Sri Gur Sobha - Poet Senapat(1711) Poet Senapat Mentioned Guru Gobind Singh and Akal Purakh Conversation in his Granth The following are conclusive points reached about the Dasam Bani while studying Sri Gur Shobha: 1. Poet Senapati had access to the Bachitar Natak Granth. 2. Poet Senapati has narrated the conversation of Guru Gobind Singh and Akal Purakh, which is a part of Bachitar Natak. 3. Poet Senapati has written history of religion in the same way and style as in the Bachitar Natak Composition. 4. Poet Senapati used words like Sri Kaal, Chandi Sudhari in his poems which means, that these words were part of Sikh hymns of that time. 5. Poet Senapati used the language in futuristic accent as used in Kalki Avtar of Dasam Bani. Following is a detailed explanation, which shows that the Bachitar Natak Granth was present up until 1711: This was one of the first book to illuminate the writings in the Sri Dasam Granth. This book is written not only in the style and language of the Sri Dasam Granth but some verses are similar to the verses found in Sri Bachitra Natak, most notably the battles of Guru Gobind Singh. It is clear that the court poets wanted to emulate the writings of Guru Gobind Singh Ji as these were read in the Guru’s darbars and gatherings.
  10. 10. Rehitnama Bhai Chaupa Singh (Early 18th Century) This Rehitnama was written in early 18th Century. As per Prof. Ganda Singh, Prof Piara Singh Padam, this was written in early 18th Century after the demise of Guru Gobind Singh. The Rehitnama contains many couplets from Bani of the 10 Patshahi (tenth Guru). Following facts about Guru Gobind Singh's compositions are present in this text: 1. Chaupa Singh quoted various couplets from Bachitar Natak Bani written by Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur Sahib. 2. Chaupa Singh also quoted various lines from Swaiyeys writen by Guru sahib. 3. Chaupa Singh also elaborated on the knowledge that Guru Gobind Singh had about Puranas (Hindu holy volumes) and Gurmukhi Lipi (alphabet). Rehitnama/TankhahNama Bhai Nand Lal(Early 18th Century) TankhahNama/RehitNama - Bhai Nand Lal (Early 17th Century): These were written by this famous Court poet of Guru Gobind Singh and he is well known to Sikhs. He mentoined the following parts of Guru Gobind Singh's compositions in his writings: 1. Jaap Sahib was present and was part of Daily Liturgy. It was read along side Japji Sahib, the first composition by Guru Nanak found at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib. 2. Bhai Nand Lal also believed that one should "Not blindly share important things and not to trust "blindly" anyone, especially sly women". This was as a warning to naive Sikhs to be vigilant and to be aware of people who act deceptively to trap them and violate their trust and their rights. This issue was first addressed by Guru Ram Das and then Guru Gobind Singh explained this with help of stories. This fact is acceptable in almost all Rehitnamas and historical books. Some people consider this text to be degrading to women folks but this is due to a misunderstanding of the intention of these writing. Rehitnama Bhai Prahlad Singh Rehitnama Bhai Prahlad Singh contains a line which says that Jaap Sahib is a Sikh Litergy. Bhai Prahlad Singh states: ' ' ' ' , || , ਜਨਮ || One who is spending life(doing religious activities) without Understanding of Japuji Sahib and Jaap Sahib, he is living insect of excreta and will lose this birth. Guru Mahima - Poet Chand Svarankaar(Early 18th Century) Poet Chaand Svarkaar was Court Poet of Guru Gobind Singh. The Poet mentioned in his composition that Guru Gobind Singh meditated on Kalika. Guru Gobind Singh mentioned this in Bachitar Natak. ਝਕ ਮਰਦ || ਭਝ ਆਠ || ਗ੝ਰ || ਗਈ ||
  11. 11. Chandd Narbad Singh Bhatt(Early 18th Century) Narbad Singh Bhatt was a Court poet of Guru Gobind Singh. He mentioned that GUru Gobind Singh told him the real wisdom and real meaning of Saarda which Gobind Singh told in Akal Ustat and Krishna Avtar. Poet Said ਸਤਗ੝ਰ || ਭ੝ ਤ੝ ੝ ਕ੝ || Guru Gobind Singh told: ਮਨ ਭਜ ਅਨਗਨ ਗ੝ਨ ॥ O mind! Remember the goddess Sharda of innumerable qualities; ਗ੝ ਇਹ ਜਉ ਕ੝ ॥੬॥ And if she be kind, I may compose this Granth (based on) Bhagavata.6. (Krishna Avtar, Guru Gobind Singh) Parchi Gobind Singh Ki - Bava Seva Dass (1741) Stub is under construction 1. Parchian Prove this that the though process of Dasam Bani was prevelent during that time. 2. Parchian Quote a verse from Ram Avtar and 33 Svaiyey. 3. Parchian also mention presence of Zafarnama with Hikayats. 4. Parchian also include words like Bhagauti Sri Kaal etc. Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Koer Singh Kalal(1751) Key Facts regarding history of Dasam Guru's Compositions are: 1. Gurbilas mentions Krishna Charitar was written in Paonta Sahib, including Bisan Charitars. 2. Gurbilas Mentions Bachitar Natak granth was writrten By Guru Gobind Singh at anandpur 3. Gurbilas Mention that Chandi Di Vaar was written by Guru Gobind Singh. 4. Gurbilas mention that Jaap Sahib, Akal Ustat was written by Guru Gobind Singh. 5. It also mentions that all 11 Hikayats were written by Guru Gobind Singh and source of these persian tales are Charitropakhyan. It is believed that he must collected this all material for more then 5-10 years which give us lighten that Compositions of Guru Gobind Singh was available before 1740. As verses mentioned in Sri Gur Sobha(1711) and Parchian Sevadas(1741), which gives us strong belief about it's Creation. BansavaliNama Dasan Patshahi Ka - Kesar Singh Chibber (1769) This is first attempt to write history post Guru Gobind Singh demise at large scale thats why it is target of Anti Dasam People to degrade this text as it mentions Dasam Bani was collected and made in form of Granth. It is called ""Chotha Granth"". This source mention all events of creating and purpose of creating Dasam Granth.
  12. 12. Sri Guru Mahima Parkash - Sarup Chand Bhalla (1776) Guru Mahima Parkash contains : 1. All Bachitar Natak History. 2. 404 Charitar was written by Guru Gobind Singh. 3. Chaubis Avtar was written by Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Kian Sakhian - Svaroop Singh Kausish (1790) 1. Guru Kian Sakhian says that Bachitar Natak was written by Guru Gobind Singh at Anandpur. 2. Sakhian mentions about writing Krishna Avtar which was written by Gobind Singh at Paunta. 3. Sakhian quotes various portions of 33 Swaiyey. 4. Sakhian quotes various terminology of Guru Gobind SIngh like Mahakaal, Chandi etc. 5. Sakhian quotes various lines from Shastarnaam mala and Bachitar Natak. Gurbilas Patshahi 10 - Giani Sukkha Singh (1797) Giani Sukkha Singh was Priest at Patna. He wrote about Gurbilas Patshahi 10. 1. Sukkha Singh mentioned about Hemkunt, but he haven't mentioned Hemkunt in geographical Location. 2. Sukkha Singh mentioned Akal Purakh and Guru Gobind Singh discussion. 3. He explained the use of Shastarnaam Mala he got in his life 4. Sukkha Singh mentioned about Zafarnama written by Guru Gobind Singh. Das Guru Katha - Kavi Kankan(Late 18th Century) Kavi Kankan was believe to lived during time of three Gurus and was one of Poet of Guru Gobind Singh's Darbar. In his book he mentioned history of 10 Gurus. He ended his narration of Guru's history upto Khalsa Panth creation. Scholars fixed Das Guru Katha, is to be Creation of 1699, but some affix it to be of late 18th Century. About Bani of Dasam Patshah, following facts comes out from his COmposition: He mentioned Many lines from Bachitar Natak He Mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh was not worshipper of Idol Chandi but his chandi is something else. 19th Century (1801-1900) Sketch of Sikhs - JB Malcolm (1812) In 1812, JB Malcolm collected account of Sikhs and mentioned about Dasam Granth at various pages. During his time the collection of GUru Gobind SIngh's composition is called Dasama Padshah da Granth. He added many things into sikhism with this granth. Acc. to him he established this war like granth to fight against tyranny. He also added translations of Some shastras for people to study.
  13. 13. Following are some of extracts from his book: Page 51 - Guru Govind Singh, in the Vichitra Natac, a work written by himself, and inserted in the Dasania Padshah ka Granth, traces lhc descent of the Cshatriya tribe of Sondi, to which he belongs, from a race of Hindu head, and throw it into the fire, he would he resus- citated to the enjoyment of the greatest glory. The Guru excused himself from trying this experiment, deelaring that he was content that his descendants should enjoy the fruits of that tree which he had planted. Shaheed Bilas Bhai Mani Singh Text from Shaheed Bilas Bhai Mani Singh, By Kavi Sewa Singh In Shaheed Bilas Bhai mani Singh, Kavi Seva Singh has written that Krishna Avtar was written by Guru Gobind Singh in Paonta Sahib. He wrote: । ਉਨ । । ਰਸ । ਮਧ । ਖੜਗ । । ਧਰਮ । ( 47, ) Gurpartap Suraj Granth - Kavi Santokh Singh Max Arthur Macaliffe Giani Gian Singh's Writings Giani Gian Singh (1822-1921), poet and historian, was born of a Dullat Jatt family on 5 Baisakh 1879 sk/15 April 1822, at Laungoval, a village in present-day Sangrur district of the Punjab. The Panth Prakash and Twarikh Guru Khalsa are the most important but not the only works of Giani Gian Singh. About Dasam Banis he was believer of Whole Dasam Granth Sahib. Panth Parkash is started with Manglachara of Gurus and Chandi. Following are facts of Dasam Bani present in his literature: 1. He mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh has written Chandi Charitars and Vishnu Avtaar. 2. He mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh at paunta written Jaapu Sahib, Akal Ustati etc. 3. He Mentioned that Guru Gobind Singh wrote zafarnama with 12 HIkayats. 4. He mentioned about all birs of Dasam Granth.
  14. 14. Giani Ditt Singh's Writings , ਕਢ ਕਢ , , ਭ੝ , ਆ਩ ਗਝ The Great Sikh Scholar and a known part of Singh Sabha Movement was strong believer of Dasam Guru's Banis. He explained and quotes various things from Dasam guru's Bani. He written a huge writing called Durga Parbodh in which he tried to clear every aspect of Durga in a the form of dialogue between Durga Bhagat and Tat Khalsa. He has written Raaj Parbodh Natak which contains various aspects of Triya Charitar. he compose a poetry with many couplets base of on Dasam bani. for eg. matey matang jare jar sang, bhur bictar natak mahe, khtan kara satgur jo vahe etc. With this one could easily think that Singh Sabha Movement beginners were all believers of Dasam granth. For Ditt Singh's writings one may contact Pritam Singh, a resident of Mohali who collected all writings(70+) of Ditt Singh. 20th Century (1901-2000) Kahn Singh Nabha's writings Bhai Randhir Singh's Writings Bhai Randhir Singh Research Scholar's Writings Bhai Veer Singh's Writings Sirdar Kapur Singh's Writings Historian Karam Singh's Writings Joginder Singh Talwarha's Writings Giani Haribas Singh's Writings Dr. Trilochan Singh's Writings Professor Sahib SIngh's Writings Professor Sahib Singh was great Sikh scholar who did interpretation of Guru Granth Sahib and mentioned in his writings about Dasam Granth as writings of Guru Gobind Singh. He quoted various aspects of Dasam granth in his teekas and writings. He did teeka(interpretation) of Jaap Sahib. To read Click here He had written an article in 1941 to prove Guru Gobind Singh was not worshipper of Lady/Idol Chandi. He quoted varuious banis of Dasam Granth like Bhagauti Astotar, Chandi Charitar, Shastarnaam Mala, Triya Charitar 1, Bachitar Natak etc. To read Click here Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale, was a head of Damdami Taksaal who was MartyredIn 1984 at the Akal Takhat. He was great supporter of Dasam Granth. He gave various lectures on Dasam Granth and did katha of Bachitar Natak, Jaap Sahib and Other Banis [8]
  15. 15. " A Brief History of Sri Dasam Granth " - Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha In the year Samvat 1778 (1721 A.D.) i.e. thirteen years after Guru Gobind Singh ji's demise Mata Sundri ji appointed Bhai Mani Singh ji as Granthi of Darbar Sahib, Sri Amritsar. Bhai Mani Singh ji discharged his duty very efficiently and during his tenure compiled different books including volumes of Sri Guru Granth Sahiband a volume containing writings of Guru Gobind Singh ji. He took a lot pain to collect writing from poets and devout Sikhs and prepared A Granth of the Tenth Master, known as Dasvin Patshahi ka Granth. Bhai Mani Singh ji attained martyrdom in Samvat 1795 (1738 A.D.) i.e. thirty years after the Guru Gobind Singh ji left this world. Thereafter the Sikhs chose to send the volume of Dasam Granth to Damdama Sahibfor perusal which was the seat of learning at that time and was known as Guru ki Kanshi. Volume of this Dasam Granth was discussed in detail in the Khalsa Divan. There three views emerged. First: the entire volume be kept as such and be not split into different parts. Second: we should have oneGranth only which has been conferred guru ship by Guru Gobind Singh ji himself and this Granth be split into different books so that the learned, scholars, Gianis and students are able to study it according to their competency. Third: many said that it should be split into two parts, one containing sri mukhvak baneewhich enunciates the principles of the of Khalsa and the second volume should contain the history etc. Fourth: many said that the volumeprepared by Bhai Mani Singh ji should remain intact but certain deficiencies be removed, like searching missing portions etc .Fifth: many were of the view that the rest of the Granth be kept as such but the Chritras and eleven Hikayats, which could not be recited in the open divan and is more difficult for ladies, should be kept in another volume. Many more suggestions came but the gathering could not reach to any conclusion. Then Bhai Mehtab Singh Mirankotia came to the venue and said “I am going to punish Massa Ranghar for desecration of Sri Harimandir Sahib. If I come back alive after killing Massa Ranghar then this Granth should be preserved as such, and if I attain martyrdom then this should be split into different books”. Bhai Mahtab Singh returned safe after accomplishing the feat and the ' beer' of Dasam Granth remained intact.

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