Organic

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Organic

  1. 1. Molecules in biochemistry <ul><li>Biochemical molecules C, H, O, N, P, S </li></ul><ul><li>Some trace elements example: Zn 2+ , Fe </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  2. 2. Review of Organic Functional Groups Don’t panic, its organic! www.freelivedoctor.com
  3. 3. Alkane <ul><li>single bonds </li></ul><ul><li>nonpolar </li></ul><ul><li>Key reaction: Combustion </li></ul><ul><li>CH 3 -CH 2 -CH 3 + 5 O 2 ——> 3 CO 2 + 4 H 2 O + heat </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  4. 4. Alkenes: Contain double bonds <ul><li>Cis-trans Isomers </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  5. 5. Addition Reactions www.freelivedoctor.com
  6. 6. Addition of water to alkene www.freelivedoctor.com
  7. 7. Alcohol <ul><li>OH </li></ul><ul><li>H-bonding </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleophilicity: electron pair donor </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  8. 8. Alcohols: Formation of Esters <ul><li>Carboxylic acid + alcohol -----> ester + water </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  9. 9. Carbonyl <ul><li>aldehydes and ketones </li></ul><ul><li>polarity of carbonyl </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  10. 10. Carbonyl reactions <ul><li>Nucleophilic and electrophilic additions </li></ul><ul><li>oxidation </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  11. 11. Carbonyl reactions <ul><li>Hemiacetal and hemiketal formation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(seen in sugars) </li></ul></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  12. 12. Carboxylic acids <ul><li>Weak acids </li></ul><ul><li>H bonders </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  13. 13. Carboxylic Acid reactions <ul><li>Esterification </li></ul><ul><li>Amide formation </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  14. 14. Amines <ul><li>Basicity </li></ul><ul><li>H-bonding </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  15. 15. Esters <ul><li>resonance </li></ul><ul><li>thioesters </li></ul><ul><li>phosphoesters </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  16. 16. Amides <ul><li>Planarity </li></ul><ul><li>hydrolysis </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  17. 17. Rings <ul><li>planarity </li></ul><ul><li>hydrophobicity </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  18. 18. 3-D structure <ul><li>Stereoisomers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonsuperimposable mirror images </li></ul></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  19. 19. Stereospecificity <ul><li>Binding sites are specific to only one stereoisomer </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  20. 20. Reaction types <ul><li>Redox </li></ul><ul><li>Rearrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Forming or Breaking C-C bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Condensation </li></ul><ul><li>Group Transfers </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  21. 21. Redox <ul><li>Already discussed </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  22. 22. Rearrangements www.freelivedoctor.com
  23. 23. Forming or Breaking C-C bonds www.freelivedoctor.com
  24. 24. Condensation <ul><li>Already Discussed </li></ul>www.freelivedoctor.com
  25. 25. Group Transfers www.freelivedoctor.com

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