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Organic
 

Organic

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    Organic Organic Presentation Transcript

    • Molecules in biochemistry
      • Biochemical molecules C, H, O, N, P, S
      • Some trace elements example: Zn 2+ , Fe
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    • Review of Organic Functional Groups Don’t panic, its organic! www.freelivedoctor.com
    • Alkane
      • single bonds
      • nonpolar
      • Key reaction: Combustion
      • CH 3 -CH 2 -CH 3 + 5 O 2 ——> 3 CO 2 + 4 H 2 O + heat
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    • Alkenes: Contain double bonds
      • Cis-trans Isomers
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    • Addition Reactions www.freelivedoctor.com
    • Addition of water to alkene www.freelivedoctor.com
    • Alcohol
      • OH
      • H-bonding
      • Nucleophilicity: electron pair donor
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    • Alcohols: Formation of Esters
      • Carboxylic acid + alcohol -----> ester + water
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    • Carbonyl
      • aldehydes and ketones
      • polarity of carbonyl
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    • Carbonyl reactions
      • Nucleophilic and electrophilic additions
      • oxidation
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    • Carbonyl reactions
      • Hemiacetal and hemiketal formation
        • (seen in sugars)
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    • Carboxylic acids
      • Weak acids
      • H bonders
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    • Carboxylic Acid reactions
      • Esterification
      • Amide formation
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    • Amines
      • Basicity
      • H-bonding
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    • Esters
      • resonance
      • thioesters
      • phosphoesters
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    • Amides
      • Planarity
      • hydrolysis
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    • Rings
      • planarity
      • hydrophobicity
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    • 3-D structure
      • Stereoisomers
        • Nonsuperimposable mirror images
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    • Stereospecificity
      • Binding sites are specific to only one stereoisomer
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    • Reaction types
      • Redox
      • Rearrangements
      • Forming or Breaking C-C bonds
      • Condensation
      • Group Transfers
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    • Redox
      • Already discussed
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    • Rearrangements www.freelivedoctor.com
    • Forming or Breaking C-C bonds www.freelivedoctor.com
    • Condensation
      • Already Discussed
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    • Group Transfers www.freelivedoctor.com