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  • 1. Molecules in biochemistry
    • Biochemical molecules C, H, O, N, P, S
    • Some trace elements example: Zn 2+ , Fe
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  • 2. Review of Organic Functional Groups Don’t panic, its organic! www.freelivedoctor.com
  • 3. Alkane
    • single bonds
    • nonpolar
    • Key reaction: Combustion
    • CH 3 -CH 2 -CH 3 + 5 O 2 ——> 3 CO 2 + 4 H 2 O + heat
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  • 4. Alkenes: Contain double bonds
    • Cis-trans Isomers
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  • 5. Addition Reactions www.freelivedoctor.com
  • 6. Addition of water to alkene www.freelivedoctor.com
  • 7. Alcohol
    • OH
    • H-bonding
    • Nucleophilicity: electron pair donor
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  • 8. Alcohols: Formation of Esters
    • Carboxylic acid + alcohol -----> ester + water
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  • 9. Carbonyl
    • aldehydes and ketones
    • polarity of carbonyl
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  • 10. Carbonyl reactions
    • Nucleophilic and electrophilic additions
    • oxidation
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  • 11. Carbonyl reactions
    • Hemiacetal and hemiketal formation
      • (seen in sugars)
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  • 12. Carboxylic acids
    • Weak acids
    • H bonders
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  • 13. Carboxylic Acid reactions
    • Esterification
    • Amide formation
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  • 14. Amines
    • Basicity
    • H-bonding
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  • 15. Esters
    • resonance
    • thioesters
    • phosphoesters
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  • 16. Amides
    • Planarity
    • hydrolysis
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  • 17. Rings
    • planarity
    • hydrophobicity
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  • 18. 3-D structure
    • Stereoisomers
      • Nonsuperimposable mirror images
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  • 19. Stereospecificity
    • Binding sites are specific to only one stereoisomer
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  • 20. Reaction types
    • Redox
    • Rearrangements
    • Forming or Breaking C-C bonds
    • Condensation
    • Group Transfers
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  • 21. Redox
    • Already discussed
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  • 22. Rearrangements www.freelivedoctor.com
  • 23. Forming or Breaking C-C bonds www.freelivedoctor.com
  • 24. Condensation
    • Already Discussed
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  • 25. Group Transfers www.freelivedoctor.com