1  B  Actino
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1 B Actino

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    1  B  Actino 1 B Actino Presentation Transcript

    • Actinomycetes Page 3
    • Actinomycetes (order)
      • Three genera
      • Actinomyces species
      • Nocardia species
      • Streptomyces species
    • Gram Positive Filamentous Bacteria no YES aerobe Streptomyces PARTIALLY sometime aerobe Nocardia no YES ANAEROBE Actinomyces yes no aerobe Mycobacteria ACIDFAST GRANULE OXYGEN GENUS
    •  
    • Actinomycosis A chronic suppurative and granulomatous disease of the cervico-facial, thoracic or abdominal areas
    • Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii
    • Ecological Niche Actinomyces Endogenous (man and animals)
    •  
    • CLINICAL SPECIMENS Actinomyces
      • Pus
    • Sulphur granules
    •  
    • Drug of Choice
      • Penicillin
      • (large doses)
    • Serological Test
      • None available
    •  
    • Nocardiosis
      • Subcutaneous infections, pulmonary infections, and brain abscesses
    • Ecological Association Soil Endogenous ?
    • Geographic Distribution
      • World wide
    • Nocardiosis
      • N. asteroides – Pulmonary
      • N. brasiliensis - Abscesses
    •  
    •  
    • Clinical Specimens
      • Sputum
      • Pus
      • Biopsy tissue
    •  
    • Serological Test
      • None available
    • Drug of Choice Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
    • STREPTOMYCOSIS Streptomyces species
    • Mycetoma
      • Streptomyces species
    • Ecological Association Soil
    •  
    • Streptomyces may invade bone
    • Clinical specimens Pus Biopsy material
    •  
    •  
    • Serological Test None available
    • Treatment
      • Surgical debridement
      • Sulfa drugs
      • Amphotericin B
    •