Essay on bullying

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Essay on bullying

  1. 1. Essay on bullying: should it be addressed by schools or by parents by Ms. Jorita F. Nalinga English 8, M.S.H.E. “To educate a person in the mind but not in morals is to educate a menace to society.” -Theodore Roosevelt- Bullying is defined as unwanted, aggressive conduct among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance, threat or injury. The behavior is also repeated or has the potential to be repeated over time (Barbati, 2013). Bullying is also defined as aggressive behaviour toward peers (Roland & Galloway, 2002). Children who were victims of bullying often suffer from repeated trauma. They become timid and exhibit an inferiority complex which can aggravate to the extent that it may affect their future, in the academe or in their social circles, or could lead to death by suicide. It is a serious issue in our society that needs to be addressed immediately. But should we solely rely on schools or should parents handle this concern all by themselves? Schools and parents should work together to tackle the issue. They have to be keen on this issue since they handle the formative development of children. Most cases of bullying starts inside the school and within the campus. There are also incidents of bullying in public places such as parks and recreation centers where children socialize with each other. In this digital age, the topic moves across physical boundaries and even permeates social networking sites thru the internet such as Facebook and Twitter. Parents, school officials, even local authorities and the government should come up with programs to deal with this predicament. The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development’s Building Respectful and Safe Schools identified four types of bullying. These include physical, verbal, covert and cyberbullying. Physical bullying includes hitting, kicking, tripping, pinching and pushing or damaging property. Verbal bullying includes name calling, insults, teasing, intimidation, homophobic or racist remarks, or verbal abuse. Covert bullying is often harder to recognize and can be carried out behind the bullied person's back. It is designed to harm someone's social
  2. 2. reputation and/or cause humiliation. Covert bullying includes: lying and spreading rumors, negative facial or physical gestures, menacing or contemptuous looks, playing nasty jokes to embarrass and humiliate, mimicking unkindly, encouraging others to socially exclude someone and damaging someone's social reputation or social acceptance. Cyberbullying is overt or covert bullying behaviors using digital technologies. Examples include harassment via a mobile phone, setting up a defamatory personal website or deliberately excluding someone from social networking spaces. Cyberbullying can happen at any time. It can be in public or in private and sometimes only known to the target and the person bullying. In the Philippines, these types of bullying have been experienced by children of different ages- elementary pupils, high school and even college students. At a young age, children may experience simple teasing and taunting from classmates and peers. This could escalate to isolation, trauma and depression which led Millie, a college student, to end her life. Some institutions have started interventions to eliminate or minimize bullying. The Educational Equity Center (EEC) at the Academy for Educational Development (AED) in the US developed “Quit it!” This is a program that promotes respect and civility among students in the early grades, provides teachers with strategies and guidelines on dealing with teasing and bullying in the classroom and in school. The program helps guide teachers and school administrators to formulate their own bully-busting policies. On September 2013 President Aquino signed into law Republic Act (RA) 10627, also known as the Anti-Bullying Act of 2013 which complements the Department of Education’s (DepEd) existing “Child Protection Policy.” RA 10627 requires all elementary and secondary schools to adopt policies to prevent and address bullying in their institutions. Recently, Duke University professors Copeland, Wolke, Angold, and Costello revealed that those who have experienced being bullied as a child have a higher risk of developing mental health problems like anti-social personality disorder, anxiety, depression and panic disorders in their latter years (Perugini, 2013). Bullies may have been a victim of bullying themselves. “Unfortunately, there is often very little the school can do as they cannot monitor thousands of students at the same time, all the time” (Ramos, 2013). In a 24-hour period (on a regular school
  3. 3. day), an average pupil or student may be in school for 6-8 hours a day and spend the rest of their time at home. As the most fundamental of human institutions and being the smallest unit of society, the family specifically the parents, should actively take part in monitoring their children’s behaviour when these kids leave the school premises. A child with morally supportive parents has higher chances of not being bullied or overcoming the effects of bullying. Parents should be keen regarding their child’s social and academic progress since they are at the frontline in the fight against this problem. Although I strongly believe that parents cannot entirely address the matter alone. Bullying is a social problem thus the society should take part in addressing this growing concern. Day after day the issue on bullying is getting more and more attention. And if everyone will do their responsibility well, the parents, school, community, authorities-the society as a whole, we can provide better and brighter tomorrow for these aspiring future leaders. References Barbati, D. (2013, 12 October). Mountain View Middle School addresses bullying. Retrieved October 28, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.alamogordonews.com/ alamogordo-news/ci_24299038 Flores, H. (2013, 18 September). Noy signs anti-bullying law. The Phillipine Star. Flores, H. and Sy, M. (2013, 19 September). Anti-bullying law enacted. The Phillipine Star. Frey et al (2005). Research on Anti-Bullying Programs. Retrieved October 27, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://bullyingproject.com/research/ Gagatiga, Z. G. (2011 January). Stop the Bullying! Star Teacher Magazine. Guadalupe, Makati City. Jardin Printing Corporation Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge Vol 7. (1995), Danburry, Connecticut United States of America, Academic American Encyclopedia, p 203.
  4. 4. Juvonen, J., Nishina, A., &Graham, S. (2001). Self-views versus peer perceptions of victim status among early adolescents. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 105–124). New York: Guilford. Perugini, C. (2013, 3 June). Childhood bullying linked to adult psychiatric disorders. Retrieved October 28, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.stopbullying.gov/blog/2013/05/31/research-brief-childhood-bullying-linked- adult-psychiatric-disorders Ramos, S. (2013, 16 June). Bullying can lead to suicide. The Phillipine Star. Lifestyle Feature: Ask Nanay Section "Types of Bullying." Types of Bullying-Kids-Bullybusters Mercyside Antibullying Campaign. 20 November 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.bullybusters.org.uk/kids/types_of_bullying/.

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