International Business Machines (IBM) is the worlds largest information technology(IT) company. Engaged in providing business, technology and consulting services. Offerings include consulting, delivery and implementation of services, enterprise software, systems and financing. IBM operates in more than 170 countries across the world. The company’s headquarter - Armonk, New York Employs 426,751 people.
The history of IBM dates back to the Computing Tabulating Recording(CTR), incorporated in 1911 in Binghamton, New York. This company was formed as a result of a merger of the Tabulating Machine Company, the Computing Scale Company and the International Time Recording Company. In 1924, CTR changed its name to International Business Machines Corporation (IBM). The merger was done by noted financier Charles Flint.
Samuel J. Palmisano - Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer Alain J. P. Belda – Director Kenneth I. Chenault - Director Michael L. Eskew - Director Shirley Ann Jackson – Director Andrew N. Liveris – Director W. James McNerney – Director James W. Owens – Director
Joan E. Spero – DirectorSidney Taurel – DirectorLorenzo H. Zambrano – DirectorRodney C. Adkins - Senior Vice President, Systems and Technology GroupMichael E. Daniels - Senior Vice President and Group Executive, ServicesJon C. Iwata - Senior Vice President, Marketing and Communications
John E. Kelly - Senior Vice President and Director of IBM ResearchR. Franklin Kern - Senior Vice President, IBM Global Business ServicesMark Loughridge - Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Finance and Enterprise Transformation
J. Randall MacDonald - Senior Vice President, Human ResourcesSteven A. Mills - Senior Vice President and Group Executive – Software and SystemsVirginia M Rometty - Senior Vice President and Group Executive Sales, Marketing and Strategy
SERVERS AND SYSTEMSa. Linux serversb. Mainframe serversc. Intel processor based services STORAGEa. Disk systemsb. Hard drives/ Micro drivesc. Storage softwared. Tape systems
INTERNET SECURITY POINT OF SALE SERVICESa. POS systemsb. Self servicec. Peripherals WORKSTATIONSa. BladeCenter HC10b. IntelliStation Proc. IntelliStation POWER
LAPTOPS DESKTOPS MONITORS IT SERVICESa. Business continuity and resiliency servicesb. End user servicesc. IT strategy and architecture servicesd. Maintenance and technical support servicese. Services for IT Managers
OUTSOURCING SERVICES TRAINING FINANCINGa. Leasing, financing and asset disposalb. Working capital to financec. Remanufacturing and remarketingBRANDSa. Lotusb. Tivolic. WebSphered. Cognose. Informix
1914 – 76 years before the US Disabilities Act, IBM hired its first disabled employee. 1930 – IBM receives its first patent for a traffic signal timing system. 1932 – IBM started education programs for employees and customers. 1934 – IBM introduces group life insurance (in the midst of the great depression). 1935 – IBM opens the first professional training school for women.
1941 – IBM hired a legally blind employee, psychologist Dr. Michael Supa, to make its products more usable by the visually impaired and to assist in the hiring of 181 people with disabilities over the following two years. 1942 – IBM launches a disabled employee training program. 1943 – Ruth Leach Amonette is elected IBM’s first female vice-president.
1946 – IBM hires T.J. Laster, their first black sales representative,18 years before the Civil Rights Act of 1964. 1953 – IBM chairman Thomas Watson issue’s the first equal Opportunity Policy letter. 1967 – IBM employee Benoit Mandelbrot asks how long is the Coast of Britain and a new branch of Mathematics(Fractal Geometry) is born. 1981 – IBM introduces the first IBM PC.
2004 – IBM creates the World Community Grid(a public grid computing project to tackle scientific research projects that benefit humanity. 2008 – IBM creates the Smarter Planet and Smarter cities programs. Inventions of ATM, Barcode and DRAM. At least 3 IBM’ers have won Nobel Prize.
Full year 2010 - $29.5 billion Full year 2011 - $106.9 billion 1st quarter 2012 - $24.7 billion
IBM has introduced a 2015 road map i.e. a management model organized around major clients of its earnings.1. Operating leverage – Aiming for $8 million of productivity improvement over the next 5 years. Part will go to bottom line, part will go to investments that improve competitiveness in the market.2. Share repurchase – Continue returning value to consumers. Calls for $50 billion in anticipated share repurchases and $20 billion in dividend.3. Growth strategies – Focus on 4 growth priorities :-
a. Growth marketsb. Business analytics and optimizationc. Cloud and smarter computingd. Smarter planet
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BSNL TATA RELIANCETime ofday/time Yes Yes YesintervalroutingDay of week Yes Yes YesroutingOrigin Yes No YesdependentPercent No Yes YesallocationCondition Yes Yes Yesbased routingBlack and Yes Yes Yeswhite listGrey list Yes Yes No