Denotation and Connotation One of the initial ways in which to analyse a media text is look at it’s denotation and connotation. The denotation is simply describing what something is. The connotation is to think about what the meaning the object is(what does it make you think of).
Denotation/ Connotation • Denotation A photograph of a handgun on a white background. • Connotation The gun symbolises violence, death, war, act ion, pain etc...
Camera Shots• What kind of camera shots or angles are there?• Close ups• Long Shot• Wide Shot• High Angle• Low Angle• How can we find connotations in camera angles?
Close Ups • Close ups connote that the audience is next to the character. • It suggest intimacy and emotional closeness. • Close ups are normally used in dramatic scenes.
Close Ups• There are three main types of close up.Medium Close Up Close Up (CU) Extreme Close Up (MCU) (ECU)
Long/ Wide Shots • Wide shots are often depict cityscapes, views or vistas. • Wide shots connote a sense of scale or grandeur. • They put the characters and story into a “bigger picture”
High Angle/ Low Angle• A high angle shot makes the • A low angle shot makes the audience feel as if they are audience look up at towering above a character. someone.• This can connote the • This can connote a sense of character is intimidation or symbolise vulnerable, isolated or the power of a character. powerless.
• Watch the following clip and write down the types of camera angle you see throughout.• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0OYBEquZ _j0
Mise-en-scene• Mise-en-scene is French for “visual theme”.• It is used to describe how the camera shots, clothes, lighting, set design, objects and space in a scene are used to create “a look”.• In a film, Mise-en-scene would be everything except for the dialogue and sound.