1. Photographic Emulsion Method for screen printing industry
The photo emulsion technique is the most desired method for making silk screening
stencils because it can create the printing text or images with fine line drawings, a range
of hand and commercial lettering techniques including photographic half-tone positives.
You can get your own personally-designed unique prints on fabric, clothing, paper, or
whatever you like under your screen.
Photo emulsion is thick liquid material that response to light and it gets attached to
surface at the time of exposing to light. This situation is ideal for formulating a stencil:
we'll "toughen" up parts of the stencil which is needed to keep it solid, and then wash
away the rest.
Apply polyester or other appropriate synthetic fabric or screen material. Restrain from
applying silk or organdy if you want to retrieve the screen.
There exist three things for all methods of photographic Screen Printing
• a screen prepared with a light-sensitive coating,
• a film positive, or equal, and
• a light source facilitating to transmit the solid images on your positive to the light-
Applying the Emulsion
Apply a thin layer of photosensitive emulsion over both sides on the screen with either a "scoop
coater" or a standard squeegee and let it dry. Thumb tacks stuck into the corners of your frame
work so that the emulsion-coated top side is not laying on the surface at the time of flipping it
over. Ensure that the both side of the screen is covered entirely so that no ink can get through
any holes. The edges are particularly prone to this, and will provide stray lines of ink to show up
You then need to place a black image on transparent or translucent surface, set it against the
screen, and then expose the screen to light. The light will make the emulsion toughen and joined
with the fabric.
The place in which the light hits the screen, the emulsion will attach creating a solid layer.
Alternatively the place in which the light is blocked the emulsion stays water-soluble.
You must spray down the screen with water after exposing the screen and wash off the emulsion
where your image was positioned. This is the clear area in which ink will be pushed through the
screen at the time of printing.
At last, you put down the screen on your t-shirt, other fabric, or paper, put ink on the inside of the
screen, and press the ink through the screen. In the case of applying textile ink, you can heat-set
the ink after it getting dried. It'll become everlasting and washable.
This publication provides detailed information on Photo Emulsion method for standard screen
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