• Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9,
1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who
designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works.
• Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity
and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy
was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called
"the best all-time work of American architecture".
• Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture, and
developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban
planning in the United States.
• His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building
types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums.
• Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the
furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles, and was
a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe.
PERSONAL STYLE AND CONCEPTS
• Wright conceived virtually every detail of both the external design and the
internal fixtures, including furniture, carpets, windows, doors, tables and
chairs, light fittings and decorative elements.
• He was one of the first architects to design and supply custom-made,
purpose-built furniture and fittings that functioned as integrated parts of the
• He got his influences from Nature, particularly shapes/forms and
colors/patterns of plant life.
• He made innovative use of new building materials such asprecast
concrete blocks, glass bricks and zinc cames (instead of the traditional lead)
for his leadlight windows, and he famously used Pyrex glass tubing as a major
element in the Johnson Wax Headquarters.
• Wright was also one of the first architects to design and install custom-made
electric light fittings, including some of the very first electric floor lamps, and
his very early use of the then-novel spherical glass lampshade (a design
previously not possible due to the physical restrictions of gas lighting).
• Fallingwater (Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr.
Residence), Pennsylvania, 1935–
• Frank Lloyd Wright Home and
Studio, Oak Park, Illinois, 1889–1909
• Johnson’s wax headquarters,
• Unity Temple, Oak Park, Illinois,
• Taliesin I, Spring Green, Wisconsin,
• Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, Japan, 1923
• Usonian homes, various locations,
• Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum,
New York City, 1956–1959
• Dana-Thomas House, Springfield,
in Robie House, Chicago
HEADQUATERS Solomon museum
A National Historic Landmark, the Hanna-
Honeycomb House was Frank Lloyd
Wright's (1867-1959) first work in the San
The entire site includes the main house, a
guesthouse, hobby shop, storage building,
double garage, carport, breezeway, and
garden house with pools and water
The first and best example of Wright's
innovative hexagonal design. Patterned
after the honeycomb of a bee.
Its floor plan is based on a unit system of
FIRST ”Economic house”of USA
Nowhere compromised on quality
The use of wider angles opens up the
floor plan in a unique way and makes for a
more interesting arrangement of space
than the conventional square unit system
This house incorporates six-sided figures
with 120-degree angles in its plan, in its
numerous tiled terraces, and even in built-
Wright created an organic architecture
The Hanna house is one of the better
known Usonian home
He created a new construction
system based on repeated units that
would fit together to form a whole. He
used inexpensive materials such as
plywood, brick, and concrete. Wright
also made sure that the wood
assembly was simple enough.
Wright's system of Polygonal
modules could provide the openness
that he associated with freedom of
movement while gracefully integrating
the house with its sloping topography
Based on hexagonal geometry, with
no right angles in the floor plan.
The house is one-story high with a central clerestory
It is constructed of native redwood board and batten, San Jose
brick, cement and plate glass.
Hot water tubes were concealed with concrete flooring .
Almost every thing in the house were hexagonal right from the
plan to pavement
The walls are easy to assemble and take apart, so the interior
spaces can be rearranged depending on the needs of the
family that lives there
This is currently being used by Standfort university after recent