FL WRIGHT

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FL WRIGHT

  1. 1. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT 1
  2. 2. 2 • Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works. • Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture".[1] • Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture, and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. • His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. • Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles, and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe.
  3. 3. 3 PERSONAL STYLE AND CONCEPTS • Wright conceived virtually every detail of both the external design and the internal fixtures, including furniture, carpets, windows, doors, tables and chairs, light fittings and decorative elements. • He was one of the first architects to design and supply custom-made, purpose-built furniture and fittings that functioned as integrated parts of the whole design. • He got his influences from Nature, particularly shapes/forms and colors/patterns of plant life. • He made innovative use of new building materials such asprecast concrete blocks, glass bricks and zinc cames (instead of the traditional lead) for his leadlight windows, and he famously used Pyrex glass tubing as a major element in the Johnson Wax Headquarters. • Wright was also one of the first architects to design and install custom-made electric light fittings, including some of the very first electric floor lamps, and his very early use of the then-novel spherical glass lampshade (a design previously not possible due to the physical restrictions of gas lighting).
  4. 4. 4 MAJOR WORKS • Fallingwater (Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. Residence), Pennsylvania, 1935– 1937 • Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Oak Park, Illinois, 1889–1909 • Johnson’s wax headquarters, Wisconsin • Unity Temple, Oak Park, Illinois, 1904 • Taliesin I, Spring Green, Wisconsin, 1911 • Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, Japan, 1923 • Usonian homes, various locations, 1930s–1950s • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, 1956–1959 • Dana-Thomas House, Springfield, Illinois, 1902 Wright-designed window in Robie House, Chicago (1906)
  5. 5. FALLING WATER JOHNSON WAX HEADQUATERS Solomon museum UNITY TEMPLE HANNA RESIDENCE
  6. 6. HANNA RESIDENCE  A National Historic Landmark, the Hanna- Honeycomb House was Frank Lloyd Wright's (1867-1959) first work in the San Francisco region.  The entire site includes the main house, a guesthouse, hobby shop, storage building, double garage, carport, breezeway, and garden house with pools and water cascade  The first and best example of Wright's innovative hexagonal design. Patterned after the honeycomb of a bee.  Its floor plan is based on a unit system of hexagons 6
  7. 7. HANNA RESIDENCE 7 FIRST ”Economic house”of USA Nowhere compromised on quality The use of wider angles opens up the floor plan in a unique way and makes for a more interesting arrangement of space than the conventional square unit system This house incorporates six-sided figures with 120-degree angles in its plan, in its numerous tiled terraces, and even in built- in furnishings Wright created an organic architecture
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9.  The Hanna house is one of the better known Usonian home  He created a new construction system based on repeated units that would fit together to form a whole. He used inexpensive materials such as plywood, brick, and concrete. Wright also made sure that the wood assembly was simple enough.  Wright's system of Polygonal modules could provide the openness that he associated with freedom of movement while gracefully integrating the house with its sloping topography  Based on hexagonal geometry, with no right angles in the floor plan. 9
  10. 10. SIMILARITIES IN USONIAN HOMES 10
  11. 11. 11  The house is one-story high with a central clerestory  It is constructed of native redwood board and batten, San Jose brick, cement and plate glass.  Hot water tubes were concealed with concrete flooring .  Almost every thing in the house were hexagonal right from the plan to pavement  The walls are easy to assemble and take apart, so the interior spaces can be rearranged depending on the needs of the family that lives there  This is currently being used by Standfort university after recent renovation
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  13. 13. 13 Wright designed this oak armchair for the Raymond Evans House in Chicago, Illinois. Wright would commonly use wooden screens in his design.
  14. 14. 14 THANK YOU

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